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Polychaeta taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella Blainville, 1828 
AphiaID: 129211

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSedentaria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolecida (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitellidae (Family)
Status accepted
Rank Genus
Typetaxon Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLumbricus capitatus Fabricius, 1780 (type by original designation)
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitellidae Grube, 1862
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchiocapitella Fauvel, 1932 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitomastus Eisig, 1887 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsomastus Gravier, 1911 (Subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMatla Stephenson, 1908 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorValla Johnston, 1865 (subjectiva synonym)
Sources  original description Blainville, H. de 1828. Dictionnaire des Sciences naturelles, dans lequel on traite méthodiquement des differens êtres de la nature, considérés soit en eux-mêmes, d'après l'état actuel de nos connaisance, soit relativement a l'utilité qu'en peuvent retirer la médicine, l'agriculture, le commerce et les arts. Suivi d'une biographie des plus célèbres naturalistes. Volume 57. 628FG Levrault. Strasbourg & Paris., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/81595#page/5/mode/1up
page(s): 443 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorslangpier  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcapitelle  [details]
Direct child
taxa (26)

[show all]
[sort alpha..]
 Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella aberranta Hartman & Fauchald, 1971
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella aciculata (Hartman, 1959)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella capitata (Fabricius, 1780)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella caribaeorum Warren & George, 1986
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella dizonata Johnson, 1901
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella giardi (Mesnil, 1897)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella gracilis (Verrill, 1880)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella hermaphrodita Boletzky & Dohle, 1967
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella intermedia Czerniavsky, 1881
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella jonesi (Hartman, 1959)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella minima Langerhans, 1881
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella ovincola Hartman, 1947
Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella perarmata (Gravier, 1911)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella singularis (Fauvel, 1932)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella teleta Blake, Grassle & Eckelbarger, 2009

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella perarmatus (Gravier, 1911) represented as Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella perarmata (Gravier, 1911) (alternate representation)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella tripartita Hartman, 1961 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella capitata tripartita Hartman, 1961 (alternate representation)

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella costana Claparède, 1869 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteromastus filiformis (Claparède, 1864)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella fabricii Blainville, 1828 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella capitata (Fabricius, 1780)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella filiformis Claparède, 1864 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteromastus filiformis (Claparède, 1864)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella fimbriata Van Beneden, 1857 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteromastus filiformis (Claparède, 1864)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella I [informal, 1976] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella teleta Blake, Grassle & Eckelbarger, 2009
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella major Claparède, 1869 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotomastus profundus (Eisig, 1887)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella prototypa Czerniavsky, 1881 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella capitata (Fabricius, 1780)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella rubicunda Keferstein, 1862 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotomastus latericeus Sars, 1851
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella similis Czerniavsky, 1881 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella capitata (Fabricius, 1780)
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution 
From other sources
Barents Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKongsfjord [details]
Feedingtypes  deposit feeder: subsurface [details]
grazer [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Two twin species can be found in the North Sea: Capitella capitata and Capitella minima. These two species are morphologically very hard to distinguish from each other, hence we speak of a Capitella complex. Capitella looks like earthworms because the exterior appendages (parapodia and gills) are very much reduced. The body is rather fragile and may contract and/or expand. The head is built rather simply and tapers conically. The colour of the living specimens is purple. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Barring a single exception the distribution of Capitella capitata/minima is limited to the near-coastal zone. In the 1976-1986 period the complex was found in the entire near-coastal zone with a low frequency of occurrence. In the 1994-2001 period the complex of species had a higher relative
occurence, but its distribution was limited to the western near-coastal zone. Its maximum density
increased from 40 ind./m2 in the 1976-1986 period to 700 ind./m2 in the 1994-2001 period. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Capitella capitata/minima is found in all sediment types present on the Belgian part of the North Sea. Although this species occurs in very fine to coarse sediments, it tends to prefer fine-grained sediments with a median grain size of 50-250 µm. Capitella capitata/minima is almost completely absent in sediments without mud. The maximum relative occurrence (> 60%) is observed in sediments with a mud content of 10-20% whereas C. capitata/minima has a relative occurrence of 20 to 30% in sediments with higher mud contents. [details]
ImageChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Capitella sp.
Capitella sp.
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129211
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Bellan, Gérard
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
2011-12-25 22:58:18Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
  
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  Citation: Read, G. (2014). Capitella Blainville, 1828. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database at http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129211 on 2014-07-11