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Polychaeta taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella Blainville, 1828

129211  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129211)

accepted
Genus
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchiocapitella Fauvel, 1932 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitellides Mesnil, 1897 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitomastus Eisig, 1887 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsomastus Gravier, 1911 (Subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMatla Stephenson, 1908 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorValla Johnston, 1865 (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella aberranta Hartman & Fauchald, 1971
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella aciculata (Hartman, 1959)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella ambonensis Pamungkas, 2017
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella capitata (Fabricius, 1780)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella caribaeorum Warren & George, 1986
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella dizonata Johnson, 1901
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella giardi (Mesnil, 1897)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella gracilis (Verrill, 1880)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella hermaphrodita Boletzky & Dohle, 1967
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella iatapiuna Silva, Shimabukuro, Alfaro-Lucas, Fujiwara, Sumida & Amaral, 2016
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella jonesi (Hartman, 1959)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella minima Langerhans, 1881
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella ovincola Hartman, 1947
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella perarmata (Gravier, 1911)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella singularis (Fauvel, 1932)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella teleta Blake, Grassle & Eckelbarger, 2009
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella teres (Treadwell, 1939)

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella perarmatus (Gravier, 1911) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella perarmata (Gravier, 1911)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella tripartita Hartman, 1961 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella capitata tripartita Hartman, 1961

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella costana Claparède, 1869 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteromastus filiformis (Claparède, 1864) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella fabricii Blainville, 1828 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella capitata (Fabricius, 1780) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella filiformis Claparède, 1864 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteromastus filiformis (Claparède, 1864) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella fimbriata Van Beneden, 1857 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteromastus filiformis (Claparède, 1864) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella I [informal, 1976] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella teleta Blake, Grassle & Eckelbarger, 2009 (informal OTU)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella intermedia Czerniavsky, 1881 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella capitata (Fabricius, 1780) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella major Claparède, 1869 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotomastus profundus (Eisig, 1887) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella prototypa Czerniavsky, 1881 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella capitata (Fabricius, 1780) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella rubicunda Keferstein, 1862 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotomastus latericeus Sars, 1851 (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella similis Czerniavsky, 1881 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella capitata (Fabricius, 1780) (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Blainville, H. de. (1828). Dictionnaire des Sciences naturelles, dans lequel on traite méthodiquement des différens êtres de la nature, considérés soit en eux-mêmes, d'après l'état actuel de nos connoissances, soit relativement a l'utilité qu'en peuvent retirer la médicine, l'agriculture, le commerce et les arts. Suivi d'une biographie des plus célèbres naturalistes. F.G. Levrault, Strasbourg & Paris. Volume 57: 1-628., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/81595#page/5/mode/1up
page(s): 443 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Two twin species can be found in the North...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Two twin species can be found in the North Sea: Capitella capitata and Capitella minima. These two species are morphologically very hard to distinguish from each other, hence we speak of a Capitella complex. Capitella looks like earthworms because the exterior appendages (parapodia and gills) are very much reduced. The body is rather fragile and may contract and/or expand. The head is built rather simply and tapers conically. The colour of the living specimens is purple. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Barring a single exception the distribution of...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Barring a single exception the distribution of Capitella capitata/minima is limited to the near-coastal zone. In the 1976-1986 period the complex was found in the entire near-coastal zone with a low frequency of occurrence. In the 1994-2001 period the complex of species had a higher relative
occurence, but its distribution was limited to the western near-coastal zone. Its maximum density
increased from 40 ind./m2 in the 1976-1986 period to 700 ind./m2 in the 1994-2001 period. [details]
Read, G.; Bellan, G. (2017). Capitella Blainville, 1828. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed at http://marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129211 on 2017-12-14

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2011-12-25 22:58:18Z
changed
2017-02-06 23:08:45Z
changed

original description Blainville, H. de. (1828). Dictionnaire des Sciences naturelles, dans lequel on traite méthodiquement des différens êtres de la nature, considérés soit en eux-mêmes, d'après l'état actuel de nos connoissances, soit relativement a l'utilité qu'en peuvent retirer la médicine, l'agriculture, le commerce et les arts. Suivi d'une biographie des plus célèbres naturalistes. F.G. Levrault, Strasbourg & Paris. Volume 57: 1-628., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/81595#page/5/mode/1up
page(s): 443 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitellides Mesnil, 1897) Mesnil, F. 1897. Note sur un capitellidien nouveau (Capitellides n.gen., giardi n.sp.). Zoologischer Anzeiger, 20: 441-443. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitomastus Eisig, 1887) Eisig, H. 1887. Monographie der Capitelliden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden meeres-abschnitte nebst untersuchungen zur vergleichenden anatomie und physiologie. Fauna und Flora des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte, 16: xxvi + 906 pp. + 37 plates., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.7348
page(s): 290 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsomastus Gravier, 1911) Gravier, C. (1911). Expédition Antarctique Française du "Pourquoi-Pas", dirigée par le Dr. J.-B. Charcot (1908-1910). Espèces nouvelles d'annélides polychètes. Bulletin du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris. 17: 310-316., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/106649#page/348/mode/1up
page(s): 313-314 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMatla Stephenson, 1908) Stephenson, J. (1908). The fauna of brackish ponds at Port Canning, Lower Bengal. Part VIII.—Preliminary description of an oligochæte worm of uncertain position. Records of the Indian Museum, Calcutta. 2(1): 39-42., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/109280#page/81/mode/1up
page(s): 39-42 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorValla Johnston, 1865) Johnston, George. (1865). A catalogue of the British non-parasitical worms in the collection of the British Museum. [book]. 1-365. British Museum. London. [See also separate entry for Baird supplement]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/12291
page(s): 67 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

identification resource Silva, C.F.; Shimabukuro, M.; Alfaro-Lucas, J.M.; Fujiwara, Y.; Sumida, P.Y.; Amaral, A.C. (2016). A new Capitella polychaete worm (Annelida: Capitellidae) living inside whale bones in the abyssal South Atlantic. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers. 108: 23-31., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2015.12.004
page(s): 28-29; note: synoptic table for all the hitherto known species [details]   

identification resource Pamungkas, Joko. (2017). Capitella ambonensis: a new polychaete species (Annelida: Capitellidae) collected from a mangrove habitat on Ambon Island, Indonesia. Zootaxa. 4227(4): 573-582., available online at http://www.mapress.com/j/zt/article/view/zootaxa.4227.4.7
page(s): 579; note: Table of characters of Capitella species [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitellides Mesnil, 1897) Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitomastus Eisig, 1887) Warren, Lynda M. (1991). Problems in capitellid taxonomy. The genera Capitella, Capitomastus and Capitellides (Polychaeta). Ophelia supplement. 5 (Systematics, Biology and Morphology of World Polychaeta): 275-282.
page(s): 281 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchiocapitella Fauvel, 1932) Fauchald, K. (2007). World Register of Polychaeta. , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchiocapitella Fauvel, 1932) Magalhães, Wagner F.; Bailey-Brock, Julie H. 2012. Capitellidae Grube, 1862 (Annelida: Polychaeta) from the Hawaiian Islands with description of two new species. Zootaxa *(3581): 1-52 , available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/list/2012/3581.html
page(s): 3 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsomastus Gravier, 1911) Gravier, C. 1911. Annélides polychètes recueillis par la Seconde Expéditon Antarctique Française (1908-1910). Deuxième Expédition Antarctique Française (1908-1910) Commandée par le Dr. Jean Charcot, 1: 1-165, 12 pls., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.12005
page(s): 113-122, plate VIII figs. 88-93, plate IX figs. 94-108 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitellides Mesnil, 1897) Warren, Lynda M. (1991). Problems in capitellid taxonomy. The genera Capitella, Capitomastus and Capitellides (Polychaeta). Ophelia supplement. 5 (Systematics, Biology and Morphology of World Polychaeta): 275-282.
page(s): 281 [details]   

status source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitomastus Eisig, 1887) Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf
page(s): 33 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitomastus Eisig, 1887) Nomenclator Zoologicus Online. , available online at http://uio.mbl.edu/NomenclatorZoologicus/ [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorValla Johnston, 1865) McIntosh, W.C. 1912. Notes from the Gatty Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews. No. 33. 1. On a white Porpoise. 2. On the spawning of the Hake (Merluccius merluccius, L.). 3. On Eteone depressa Mgrn., var., a species not hitherto found in Britain. 4. On Nereis zonata Mgrn. in Britain. 5. On the British Capitellidae (Halelminthidae). 6. On the Capitellidae procured by H.M.S. 'Porcupine'. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 10: 117-130.
page(s): 124; note: Valla noted as a synonym of Capitella [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsomastus Gravier, 1911) Hartman, O. 1947. Polychaetous annelids. Part VII. Capitellidae. Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions, 10(4/5): 391-481., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/26531#page/407/mode/1up
page(s): 400, 404 [details]   
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Two twin species can be found in the North Sea: Capitella capitata and Capitella minima. These two species are morphologically very hard to distinguish from each other, hence we speak of a Capitella complex. Capitella looks like earthworms because the exterior appendages (parapodia and gills) are very much reduced. The body is rather fragile and may contract and/or expand. The head is built rather simply and tapers conically. The colour of the living specimens is purple. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Barring a single exception the distribution of Capitella capitata/minima is limited to the near-coastal zone. In the 1976-1986 period the complex was found in the entire near-coastal zone with a low frequency of occurrence. In the 1994-2001 period the complex of species had a higher relative
occurence, but its distribution was limited to the western near-coastal zone. Its maximum density
increased from 40 ind./m2 in the 1976-1986 period to 700 ind./m2 in the 1994-2001 period. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Capitella capitata/minima is found in all sediment types present on the Belgian part of the North Sea. Although this species occurs in very fine to coarse sediments, it tends to prefer fine-grained sediments with a median grain size of 50-250 µm. Capitella capitata/minima is almost completely absent in sediments without mud. The maximum relative occurrence (> 60%) is observed in sediments with a mud content of 10-20% whereas C. capitata/minima has a relative occurrence of 20 to 30% in sediments with higher mud contents. [details]
 



Feeding Type
deposit feeder: subsurface [details]
grazer [details]
LanguageName 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorslangpier  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcapitelle  [details]