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Polychaeta source details

Hutchings, Patricia A.; Murray, Anna. (1984). Taxonomy of polychaetes from the Hawkesbury River and the southern estuaries of New South Wales, Australia. Records of the Australian Museum. Supplement 3: 1-118.
50450
10.3853/j.0812-7387.3.1984.101 [view]
Hutchings, Patricia A.; Murray, Anna
1984
Taxonomy of polychaetes from the Hawkesbury River and the southern estuaries of New South Wales, Australia.
Records of the Australian Museum
Supplement 3: 1-118
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
The polychaete fauna of the Hawkesbury River and some other estuarine areas in central and southern New South Wales is described. The majority of material comes from Merimbula, Jervis Bay, Port Hacking, Botany Bay, Hawkesbury River, Port Stephens and Broughton Island; often from seagrass habitats. The material from the Hawkesbury River has been collected over several years and detailed habitat and occurrence data are available.
Over 180 species are recorded, of which 28 species and 4 genera are new: Harmothoe charlottae n.sp., Sthenelais pettiboneae n.sp., Compsanaitis inflata n.gen., n.sp., Podarke microantennata n.sp., Augeneria verdis n.sp., Schistomeringos filiformis n.sp., Caulleriella dimorphosetosa n.sp., C. longisetosa n.sp., C. retusiseta n.sp., Chaetozone platycerca n.sp., Tharyx aphelocephalus n.sp., Lobochesis bibrancha n.gen., n.sp., L. longiseta n.sp., Ophelia elongata n.sp., O. multibranchia n.sp., Notomastus annulus n.sp., N. chrysosetus n.sp., N. estuarius n.sp., Polycirrus rosea n.sp., Pseudostreblosoma serratum n.gen., n.sp., Streblosoma atos n.sp., S. latitudinis n.sp., Longicarpus glandulus n.gen., n.sp., Nicolea amnis n.sp., Terebella pappus n.sp., Desdemona aniara n.sp., Euchone variabilis n.sp., and Laonome triangularis n.sp. For each species a full description is given except where a recent easily accessible description in English is available, in which case only a reference to that description is given. Habitat data where known is given together with the Australian distribution of the species. Many of the species are new records for Australia or for New South Wales. Keys to the families and species described in the paper are given.
Australia
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Augeneria verdis Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (original description)
Caulleriella dimorphosetosa Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (original description)
Caulleriella longisetosa Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (original description)
Caulleriella retusiseta Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (original description)
Chaetozone platycera Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (original description)
Cirrosyllis incerta Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Schistomeringos incerta (Schmarda, 1861) (status source)
Compsanaitis Hutchings & Murray, 1984 accepted as Paranaitis Southern, 1914 (original description)
Compsanaitis inflata Hutchings & Murray, 1984 accepted as Paranaitis inflata (Hutchings & Murray, 1984) (original description)
Desdemona aniara Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (original description)
Euchone variabilis Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (original description)
Hadrachaeta aspeta Hutchings, 1977 (additional source)
Harmothoe charlottae Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (original description)
Laonome triangularis Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (original description)
Leonnates stephensoni Rullier, 1965 (additional source)
Lobochesis Hutchings & Murray, 1984 accepted as Thoracophelia Ehlers, 1897 (original description)
Lobochesis bibrancha Hutchings & Murray, 1984 accepted as Thoracophelia bibrancha (Hutchings & Murray, 1984) (original description)
Lobochesis longiseta Hutchings & Murray, 1984 accepted as Thoracophelia longiseta (Hutchings & Murray, 1984) (original description)
Longicarpus Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (original description)
Longicarpus glandulus Hutchings & Murray, 1984 accepted as Longicarpus modestus (Quatrefages, 1866) (original description)
Nicolea amnis Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (original description)
Nicolea minima Hartmann-Schröder, 1984 accepted as Nicolea amnis Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (source of synonymy)
Notomastus (Clistomastus) chrysosetosus Hutchings & Murray, 1984 accepted as Notomastus chrysosetus Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (original description)
Notomastus annulus Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (original description)
Notomastus chrysosetus Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (original description)
Notomastus estuarius Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (original description)
Ophelia elongata Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (original description)
Ophelia multibranchia Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (original description)
Pista pectinata Hutchings, 1977 (additional source)
Pista typha Grube, 1878 (additional source)
Podarke microantennata Hutchings & Murray, 1984 accepted as Oxydromus microantennatus (Hutchings & Murray, 1984) (original description)
Polycirrus rosea Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (original description)
Pseudostreblosoma Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (original description)
Pseudostreblosoma serratum Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (original description)
Schistomeringos filiforma Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (original description)
Schistomeringos incerta (Schmarda, 1861) (status source)
Sthenelais pettiboneae Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (original description)
Streblosoma atos Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (original description)
Streblosoma latitudinis Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (original description)
Terebella pappus Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (original description)
Tharyx aphelocephalus Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (original description)
New South Wales for Nicolea amnis Hutchings & Murray, 1984 
Paratype NHMUK 1983.1725, locality Hawkesbury River, identified as Compsanaitis inflata Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype NHMUK 1983.1740, locality Merimbula, identified as Lobochesis bibrancha Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype NHMUK 1983.1741, locality Broken Bay, identified as Lobochesis longiseta Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype NHMUK 1983.1742, locality New South Wales, identified as Ophelia elongata Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype NHMUK 1983.1743-45, locality New South Wales, identified as Ophelia multibranchia Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype NHMUK 1983.1750-52, locality Jervis Bay, identified as Nicolea amnis Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype NHMUK 1983.1753, locality Merimbula, identified as Terebella pappus Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype USNM 81470, locality Hawkesbury River, identified as Notomastus annulus Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype USNM 81471, locality Hawkesbury River, identified as Notomastus chrysosetus Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype USNM 81472, locality New South Wales, identified as Notomastus estuarius Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype USNM 81484, locality Hawkesbury River, identified as Compsanaitis inflata Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype USNM 81485, locality Port Phillip Bay, identified as Longicarpus glandulus Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype USNM 81487, locality New South Wales, identified as Pseudostreblosoma serratum Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype AM 81488, locality Port Stephens, identified as Streblosoma latitudinis Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype USNM 81490, locality Merimbula, identified as Lobochesis bibrancha Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype USNM 81491, locality Broken Bay, identified as Lobochesis longiseta Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype USNM 81492, locality New South Wales, identified as Ophelia elongata Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype USNM 81493, locality New South Wales, identified as Ophelia multibranchia Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype LACM AHF POLY 1404, locality Hawkesbury River, identified as Compsanaitis inflata Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype LACM AHF POLY 1414, locality Broken Bay, identified as Lobochesis longiseta Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype LACM AHF POLY 1415, locality Merimbula, identified as Lobochesis bibrancha Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype LACM AHF POLY 1416, locality New South Wales, identified as Ophelia elongata Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype LACM AHF POLY 1417, locality New South Wales, identified as Ophelia multibranchia Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype USNM USNM 81486, locality New South Wales, identified as Nicolea amnis Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Holotype AM W.12446, locality Port Stephens, identified as Streblosoma latitudinis Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Holotype AM W.13053, locality Kurnell, Botany Bay, identified as Streblosoma atos Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Holotype USNM W.18618, locality Hawkesbury River, identified as Notomastus annulus Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Holotype AM W.18623, locality Hawkesbury River, identified as Notomastus chrysosetus Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Holotype AM W.18635, locality New South Wales, identified as Notomastus estuarius Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Holotype AM W.19029, locality New South Wales, identified as Ophelia multibranchia Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Holotype AM W.194965, identified as Thoracophelia bibrancha (Hutchings & Murray, 1984)
Holotype AM W.194965, locality Merimbula, identified as Lobochesis bibrancha Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype AM W.194966, locality Merimbula, identified as Lobochesis bibrancha Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Holotype AM W.195000, locality Broken Bay, identified as Lobochesis longiseta Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Nontype AM W.195001, locality Broken Bay, identified as Lobochesis longiseta Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Nontype AM W.195002, locality Broken Bay, identified as Lobochesis longiseta Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Holotype AM W.195332, locality Port Jackson, identified as Longicarpus glandulus Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype AM W.195333, locality Port Jackson, identified as Longicarpus glandulus Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype AM W.195646, locality New South Wales, identified as Ophelia multibranchia Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype AM W.195651, locality New South Wales, identified as Ophelia multibranchia Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Holotype AM W.196195, locality Merimbula, identified as Terebella pappus Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Holotype AM W.196218, locality New South Wales, identified as Nicolea amnis Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype AM W.196230, locality New South Wales, identified as Ophelia multibranchia Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype AM W.196582, locality Hawkesbury River, identified as Compsanaitis inflata Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Holotype AM W.196585, locality Hawkesbury River, identified as Compsanaitis inflata Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Paratype AM W.196598, locality Hawkesbury River, identified as Compsanaitis inflata Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Holotype AM W.196900, locality Hawkesbury River, identified as Polycirrus rosea Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Holotype AM W.8812, locality New South Wales, identified as Ophelia elongata Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Holotype AM W18949, locality New South Wales, identified as Pseudostreblosoma serratum Hutchings & Murray, 1984
 Depth range

2-5.5 fathoms (about 3.5-10 m). [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal, at mid to low tide levels. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal. [details]

 Depth range

Not stated in the original description. Intertidal. [details]

 Depth range

Not stated. Probably intertidal to shallow water. [details]

 Diagnosis

Original diagnosis by Hutchings & Murray (1984: 92): ''Compact prostomium. Three pairs of branchiae on segments 2, ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Original diagnosis by Hutchings & Murray (1984: 24): ''Body narrow with well developed parapodia whose bases are ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Original diagnosis by Hutchings & Murray (1984: 75): ''Fusiform body with ventral groove running along either ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Original diagnosis by Hutchings & Murray (1984: 97): ''Prostomium and peristomium not expanded or proboscis-shaped. ... [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales (Kernell, Botany Bay; Burwood Beach). [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales (Hawkesbury River; Port Stephens); Queensland (Mary River). [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales (Hawkesbury River; Look-At-Me-Now Headland). [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales (Botany Bay; Broughton Island; Jervis Bay; Port Stephens). Widely distributed in New ... [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales (Lake Merimbula; Port Jackson); Victoria (Port Phillip Bay). [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales; Queensland; South Australia; Tasmania; Victoria; Western Australia. Widespread in southern ... [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales (Botany Bay). [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales (Belmont Beach; Burwood Beach; Dolls Point; Merewether Beach; Trial Bay). [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales (Byron Bay; Ocean Beach, Broken Bay). [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales (Hawkesbury River). [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales (Belmont Beach; Merewether Beach; Merimbula Lake; Shoalhaven); Queensland (Pallarenda ... [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales (Botany Bay). [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales (Gunnamatta Bay; Hawkesbury River). [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales (Hawkesbury River). [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales. Widespread in reduced-salinity environments, such as estuaries. [details]

 Ecology

In 175 it was recorded as being abundant only during the months of January, February and April. [details]

 Ecology

Small individuals collected in November 1980, and adults in November 1980 and June 1981, both at Ocean Beach ... [details]

 Editor's comment

Online catalogues (consulted November 29, 2016) of the collections of the Australian Museum, Sidney (AM), the ... [details]

 Etymology

The generic name is composed by the Ancient Greek noun lobos, meaning 'lobe', and the Ancient Greek noun skhesis or ... [details]

 Etymology

The generic name is composed by the Greek adjective compso, meaning 'elegant' or 'pretty', and the name of the ... [details]

 Etymology

The generic name is composed by the name of the genus Streblosoma M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872, preceded by the ... [details]

 Etymology

The generic name is composed by the words longi-, the combining form of the Latin adjective longus and meaning ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet latitudinis is the genitive singular of the Latin noun latitudo, meaning 'breadth' or 'width', ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet rosea (masculine: roseus) is a Latin adjective meaning 'pink', and refers to the colour of the ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet glandulus seems to be an incorrect spelling of the Latin adjective glandulosus, meaning ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet amnis is a Latin noun meaning 'stream', 'current', or 'torrent', and refers to the estuarine ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet pappus is a Latin noun with Greek origin, being an affectionate term for elderly men, ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet is stated by the authors to be derived from the Greek word atos, and to refer to the medial ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet serratum is a Latin adjective meaning 'serrated', and refers to the serrated notochaetae of ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet bibrancha is composed by the Latin prefix bi-, meaning 'twice' or 'two', and brancha, from the ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet inflata is a Latin word meaning 'inflated' or 'having become swollen', and refers to the ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet longiseta (masculine: longisetus) is a Latin adjective meaning 'having long hair', and refers ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet elongata is the feminine of the Latin participle elongatus, meaning 'prolonged'or 'elongated', ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet multibranchia is composed by the Latin prefix multi-, meaning 'many', and the Latin noun of ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet estuarius is a latinized form derived of the Latin noun aestuarium, meaning 'estuary' or ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet annulus is a Latin noun meaning 'ring', and refers to the development of the girdle in the ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet chrysosetus is composed by the prefix of Greek origin chryso-, meaning 'gold', and the word ... [details]

 Grammatical gender

The gender of Pseudostreblosoma is neuter (Hutchings & Murray, 1984: 92). [details]

 Habitat

Posidonia seagrass beds and between and underneath boulders covered in oysters and barnacles. [details]

 Habitat

Amongst mangroves of Avicennia marina, in muddy sediment. [details]

 Habitat

Associated with clumps of ascidians, mussels or small solid structures in soft bottom deposits, an in Posidonia ... [details]

 Habitat

Fine mud and sandy mud with much shell, in shallow protected environments with salinities of 33-35 ‰. [details]

 Habitat

Intertidally in sandy mud flats, or on rock platforms in crevices, under stones, boulders, and in soft sediment in ... [details]

 Habitat

Mud to muddy sand and sandy mud, in salinities of 27-35 ‰, shallow water in protected areas. [details]

 Habitat

Muddy sand and sandy mud sediments, between 4-12 m depth, in salinities of 30-35‰. [details]

 Habitat

Sand in protected bay, at 3-4 m. [details]

 Habitat

Sandy exposed beaches, intertidal. [details]

 Habitat

Sandy intertidal protected beaches, often at seaward margins of estuaries. [details]

 Habitat

Sandy mud, 4 m depth in a salinity of 33.4 ‰. [details]

 Habitat

Sandy subtidal surf beaches. [details]

 Habitat

Sediments of muddy sand (fine to coarse), in salinities of 0.0-29.0 ‰, at shallow water in the upper reaches of ... [details]

 Habitat

Silty clay, silty sand, sand and artificial reefs, at shallow water in fully marine protected bay situations.  [details]

 Holotype

Deposited at the Australian Museum, Sydney (AM W18949). [details]

 Holotype

Deposited at the Australian Museum, Sydney, Australia (AM W.196585). [details]

 Holotype

Deposited at the Australian Museum, Sydney, Australia (AM W. 18618). [details]

 Holotype

Deposited at the Australian Museum, Sydney, Australia (AM W.18623). [details]

 Holotype

Deposited at the Australian Museum, Sydney, Australia (AM W.18635). [details]

 Holotype

Deposited at the Australian Museum, Sydney, Australia (AM W. 196900). [details]

 Status

Hutchings & Murray (1984: 52) commented under remarks on S. loveni that "Schmarda's description is based solely on ... [details]

 Type locality

Avoca Lake (= Avoca Lagoon or Bulbararing Lagoon), New South Wales, Australia (gazetteer estimate -33.460°, 151.427°). [details]

 Type locality

Botany Bay, New South Wales, Australia (gazetteer estimate -33.99°, 151.16°). [details]

 Type locality

Botany Bay, north east Dolls Point, New South Wales, Australia (gazetteer estimate -33.99°, 151.16°), 3-4 m, sand ... [details]

 Type locality

Botany Bay, underneath Captain Cook Bridge, New South Wales, Australia (gazetteer estimate -34.007944, 151.127608), ... [details]

 Type locality

Burwood Beach, New South Wales, Australia (gazetteer estimate -32.959°, 151.743°), subtidal, sandy surf beach. [details]

 Type locality

Hawkesbury River, near Hungry Beach, New South Wales, Australia (gazetteer estimate -33.582°, 151.276°), 4 m, ... [details]

 Type locality

Hawkesbury River, New South Wales, Australia (gazetteer estimate -33.542°, 151.244°), 7 m, sandy mud, salinity ... [details]

 Type locality

Hawkesbury River, New South Wales, Australia (gazetteer estimate -33.5326, 151.2174), 5 m, mud, salinity range ... [details]

 Type locality

Hawkesbury River, New South Wales, Australia (gazetteer estimate -33.546°, 151.230°), 7 m, sandy, shelly mud, ... [details]

 Type locality

Kurnell, Botany Bay, New South Wales, Australia (gazetteer estimate -34.016°, 151.194°), amongst mangroves of ... [details]

 Type locality

Merimbula Lake, in oyster lease area 300 m above Merimbula Bridge, New South Wales, Australia (gazetteer estimate ... [details]

 Type locality

Merimbula Lake, seaward side between mouth and jetty 200 m upstream, New South Wales, Australia (gazetteer estimate ... [details]

 Type locality

Ocean Beach, Broken Bay, New South Wales, Australia (gazetteer estimate -33.528°, 151.316°), intertidal, sandy ... [details]

 Type locality

Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia (gazetteer estimate -33.858°, 151.252°). [details]

 Type locality

Port Stephens, New South Wales, Australia (gazetteer estimate -32.7°, 152.1°), Posidonia seagrass beds. [details]

 Type material

HOLOTYPE: AM W.196900, Australia, New South Wales, Hungry Beach, Hawkesbury River. [details]