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Polychaeta source details

Fauchald, K. (1974). Sphaerodoridae (Polychaeta: Errantia) from world-wide areas. Journal of Natural History. 8(3): 257-289.
49782
10.1080/00222937400770241 [view]
Fauchald, K.
1974
Sphaerodoridae (Polychaeta: Errantia) from world-wide areas
Journal of Natural History
8(3): 257-289
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb); ; also available at: Smithsonian Repository

[From Introduction]

The sphaerodorids are small, benthic polychaetes with series of epidermal protuberances in the form of tubercles or papillae covering the dorsum and usually also the ventrum. The prostomium and the peristomium are not clearly separated from each other or from the remainder of the body. The anterior end has three to seven prostomial antennae; a pair of peristomial cirri are usually present. The unarmed proboscis is eversible. The uniramous parapodia are usually equipped with single acicula. Setae may be composite or simple. A complete survey of all original descriptions with re-distribution of the species into the several genera is given in Appendix A. A diagnosis is given for each species seen by the present author.

Systematics, Taxonomy
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Clavodorum bengalorum Fauchald, 1974 (original description)
Clavodorum longipes Fauchald, 1974 (original description)
Commensodorum Fauchald, 1974 (original description)
Commensodorum commensalis (Lützen, 1961) (new combination reference)
Ephesia Rathke, 1843 accepted as Sphaerodorum Örsted, 1843 (status source)
Ephesia antarctica McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Ephesiella antarctica (McIntosh, 1885) (source of synonymy)
Ephesia gracilis Rathke, 1843 accepted as Sphaerodorum gracilis (Rathke, 1843) (source of synonymy)
Ephesia minuta Webster & Benedict, 1887 accepted as Sphaerodoropsis minuta (Webster & Benedict, 1887) accepted as Sphaerodoridium minutum (Webster & Benedict, 1887) (source of synonymy)
Ephesiella abyssorum (Hansen, 1878) (additional source)
Ephesiella antarctica (McIntosh, 1885) (additional source)
Ephesiella gallardoi Fauchald, 1974 (original description)
Ephesiella mammifera Fauchald, 1974 (original description)
Ephesiella pallida Fauchald, 1974 (original description)
Sphaerephesia chilensis Fauchald, 1974 (original description)
Sphaerodoridae Malmgren, 1867 (taxonomy source)
Sphaerodoridium commensalis Lützen, 1961 accepted as Commensodorum commensalis (Lützen, 1961) (source of synonymy)
Sphaerodoridium octopapillatum Hartmann-Schröder, 1965 (basis of record)
Sphaerodoropsis baltica (Reimers, 1933) (additional source)
Sphaerodoropsis benguellarum (Day, 1963) (basis of record)
Sphaerodoropsis biserialis (Berkeley & Berkeley, 1944) (basis of record)
Sphaerodoropsis capense (Day, 1963) accepted as Euritmia capensis (Day, 1963) (status source)
Sphaerodoropsis disticha (Eliason, 1962) accepted as Geminofilum distichum (Eliason, 1962) (basis of record)
Sphaerodoropsis furca Fauchald, 1974 (original description)
Sphaerodoropsis laevis Fauchald, 1974 (original description)
Sphaerodoropsis malayana (Augener, 1933) (basis of record)
Sphaerodoropsis minuta (Webster & Benedict, 1887) accepted as Sphaerodoridium minutum (Webster & Benedict, 1887) (additional source)
Sphaerodoropsis oculata Fauchald, 1974 (original description)
Sphaerodoropsis parva (Ehlers, 1913) (additional source)
Sphaerodoropsis philippi (Fauvel, 1911) (additional source)
Sphaerodoropsis pycnos Fauchald, 1974 (original description)
Sphaerodoropsis sphaerulifer (Moore, 1909) (basis of record)
Sphaerodoropsis spissum (Benham, 1921) (basis of record)
Sphaerodoropsis triplicata Fauchald, 1974 (original description)
Sphaerodorum abyssorum Hansen, 1878 accepted as Ephesiella abyssorum (Hansen, 1878) (source of synonymy)
Sphaerodorum balticum Reimers, 1933 accepted as Sphaerodoropsis baltica (Reimers, 1933) (source of synonymy)
Sphaerodorum benguellarum Day, 1963 accepted as Sphaerodoropsis benguellarum (Day, 1963) (source of synonymy)
Sphaerodorum biserialis Berkeley & Berkeley, 1944 accepted as Sphaerodoropsis biserialis (Berkeley & Berkeley, 1944) (source of synonymy)
Sphaerodorum capense Day, 1963 accepted as Sphaerodoropsis capense (Day, 1963) accepted as Euritmia capensis (Day, 1963) (source of synonymy)
Sphaerodorum distichum Eliason, 1962 accepted as Geminofilum distichum (Eliason, 1962) (new combination reference)
Sphaerodorum flavum Örsted, 1843 accepted as Sphaerodorum gracilis (Rathke, 1843) (status source)
Sphaerodorum gracilis (Rathke, 1843) (additional source)
Sphaerodorum indutum Fauchald, 1974 (original description)
Sphaerodorum parvum Ehlers, 1913 accepted as Sphaerodoropsis parva (Ehlers, 1913) (source of synonymy)
Sphaerodorum philippi Fauvel, 1911 accepted as Sphaerodoropsis philippi (Fauvel, 1911) (source of synonymy)
Sphaerodorum philippi malayana Augener, 1933 accepted as Sphaerodoropsis malayana (Augener, 1933) (source of synonymy)
Sphaerodorum recurvatum Fauchald, 1974 (original description)
Sphaerodorum sphaerulifer Moore, 1909 accepted as Sphaerodoropsis sphaerulifer (Moore, 1909) (source of synonymy)
Sphaerodorum spissum Benham, 1921 accepted as Sphaerodoropsis spissum (Benham, 1921) (source of synonymy)
Sphaerodorum vietnamense Fauchald, 1974 (original description)
 Nomenclature

Almost all Ammotrypane species probably belong in Ophelina. Ophelina was published in same year, 1843, and was ... [details]

 Nomenclature

Fauchald (1974:257) reviews the complicated history of generic synonyms in Sphaerodoridae. [details]

 Nomenclature

Ephesia gracilis is senior subjective synonym to Sphaerodorum flavum as its publication date is earlier by a few ... [details]