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Polychaeta source details

Blake, James A. (2018). Bitentaculate Cirratulidae (Annelida, Polychaeta) collected chiefly during cruises of the R/V Anton Bruun, USNS Eltanin, USCG Glacier, R/V Hero, RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer, and R/V Polarstern from the Southern Ocean, Antarctica, and off Western South America. Zootaxa. 4537(1): 1-130.
336604
10.11646/zootaxa.4537.1.1 [view]
Blake, James A.
2018
Bitentaculate Cirratulidae (Annelida, Polychaeta) collected chiefly during cruises of the R/V Anton Bruun, USNS Eltanin, USCG Glacier, R/V Hero, RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer, and R/V Polarstern from the Southern Ocean, Antarctica, and off Western South America
Zootaxa
4537(1): 1-130
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb). Open access at Zootaxa
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
Forty-one species in five genera of bitentaculate cirratulids are reported from new collections from South America, the Southern Ocean, and seas around Antarctica. Twenty-seven species are new to science; one new genus is described to deal with some species formerly identified as Chaetozone. New records, synonymies, and new combinations are reported. Previous records are reviewed with type specimens of most species reexamined and redescribed. The sub-Antarctic species Aphelochaeta cincinnata (Ehlers, 1908) does not occur in Antarctica: the numerous published records of this species instead belong to several new species. The types of Tharyx epitocus Monro, 1930, and Tharyx fusiformis Monro, 1939, have spines in posterior setigers and are referred to other genera. Among the 41 species treated in this study, 11 belong to Aphelochaeta , eight are new; eight species belong to Caulleriella, six are new; six species belong to Chaetocirratulus n. gen., three are new; 12 species belong to Chaetozone, seven are new; and four species belong to Tharyx, three are new. Numerous samples come from slope and abyssal depths, expanding our knowledge of the distribution of Southern hemisphere deep-sea cirratulids.
Antarctic
Southern Ocean: Antarctic and Subantarctic marine regions together (= E+W+S+M(+T))
Systematics, Taxonomy
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
Date
action
by
2018-12-21 04:12:57Z
created

Aphelochaeta antelonga Dean & Blake, 2016 (taxonomy source)
Aphelochaeta aubreyi Blake, 2018 (original description)
Aphelochaeta bimaculata Blake, 2018 (original description)
Aphelochaeta brandtae Blake, 2018 (original description)
Aphelochaeta dearborni Blake, 2018 (original description)
Aphelochaeta hormosa Blake, 2018 (original description)
Aphelochaeta longisetosa (Hartmann-Schröder, 1965) (redescription)
Aphelochaeta magellanica Blake, 2018 (original description)
Aphelochaeta palmeri Blake, 2018 (original description)
Aphelochaeta spectabilis Blake, 2018 (original description)
Caulleriella alata chilensis Carrasco, 1977 accepted as Caulleriella chilensis Carrasco, 1977 (new combination reference)
Caulleriella antarctica Hartman, 1978 (redescription)
Caulleriella bransfieldensis Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1989 accepted as Chaetozone bransfieldensis (Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1989) (new combination reference)
Caulleriella dimorphosetosa Hutchings & Murray, 1984 accepted as Chaetozone dimorphosetosa (Hutchings & Murray, 1984) (additional source)
Caulleriella ecuadoriana Blake, 2018 (original description)
Caulleriella eltaninae Blake, 2018 (original description)
Caulleriella fimbriata Blake, 2018 (original description)
Caulleriella fucata Blake, 2018 (original description)
Caulleriella homosetosa Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1989 accepted as Chaetozone homosetosa (Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1989) (new combination reference)
Caulleriella kacyae Blake, 2018 (original description)
Caulleriella magnaoculata Hartmann-Schröder, 1962 (redescription)
Caulleriella obtusa Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1990 accepted as Tharyx obtusus (Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1989) (new combination reference)
Caulleriella serrata Eliason, 1962 accepted as Kirkegaardia serrata (Eliason, 1962) (new combination reference)
Caulleriella suroestense Blake, 2018 (original description)
Chaetocirratulus Blake, 2018 (original description)
Chaetocirratulus abyssalis Blake, 2018 (original description)
Chaetocirratulus furvus Blake, 2018 (original description)
Chaetocirratulus neogracilis Blake, 2018 (original description)
Chaetozone australosetosa Blake, 2018 (original description)
Chaetozone biannulata Blake, 2018 (original description)
Chaetozone castanea Blake, 2018 (original description)
Chaetozone corona Berkeley & Berkeley, 1941 (additional source)
Chaetozone cristata Blake, 2018 (original description)
Chaetozone curvata Hartmann-Schröder, 1965 (taxonomy source)
Chaetozone gesae Blake, 2018 (original description)
Chaetozone pinguis Hartman, 1978 accepted as Chaetocirratulus pinguis (Hartman, 1978) (new combination reference)
Chaetozone reticulata Blake, 2018 (original description)
Chaetozone shackletoni Blake, 2018 (original description)
Chaetozone spinosa Moore, 1903 (additional source)
Cirratulidae Ryckholt, 1851 (taxonomy source)
Heterocirrus andersenensis Augener, 1932 accepted as Chaetocirratulus andersenensis (Augener, 1932) (new combination reference)
Heterocirrus cincinnatus Ehlers, 1908 accepted as Aphelochaeta cincinnata (Ehlers, 1908) (redescription)
Tharyx coloris Blake, 2018 (original description)
Tharyx epitoca Monro, 1930 accepted as Chaetocirratulus epitocus (Monro, 1930) (new combination reference)
Tharyx fusiformis Monro, 1939 accepted as Chaetocirratulus andersenensis (Augener, 1932) (source of synonymy)
Tharyx moniliformis Blake, 2018 (original description)
Tharyx tierralobos Blake, 2018 (original description)
Holotype LACM LACM-AHF Poly 10200, geounit Antarctic Peninsula, identified as Aphelochaeta aubreyi Blake, 2018
Holotype LACM LACM-AHF Poly 10219, geounit Antarctic Peninsula, identified as Chaetozone australosetosa Blake, 2018
Holotype LACM LACM-AHF Poly 10225, geounit Antarctic Peninsula, identified as Tharyx coloris Blake, 2018
Holotype LACM LACM-AHF Poly 10229, geounit Antarctic Peninsula, identified as Tharyx moniliformis Blake, 2018
Holotype SMF 24908, geounit Antarctic Peninsula, identified as Caulleriella fimbriata Blake, 2018
Holotype SMF 24909, geounit Weddell Sea, identified as Caulleriella kacyae Blake, 2018
Holotype SMF 24934, geounit Scotia Sea, identified as Chaetozone shackletoni Blake, 2018
Holotype SMF 24954, geounit Weddell Sea, identified as Aphelochaeta brandtae Blake, 2018
Holotype USNM 1013879, geounit South Shetland Islands, identified as Aphelochaeta dearborni Blake, 2018
Holotype USNM 1013884, geounit Antarctic Peninsula, identified as Aphelochaeta palmeri Blake, 2018
Holotype USNM 1013888, geounit Antarctic Peninsula, identified as Caulleriella eltaninae Blake, 2018
Holotype USNM 1013891, geounit Antarctic Peninsula, identified as Caulleriella fucata Blake, 2018
Holotype USNM 1490704, geounit Weddell Sea, identified as Aphelochaeta bimaculata Blake, 2018
Holotype USNM 1490710, geounit East Antarctic Wilkes Land, identified as Aphelochaeta hormosa Blake, 2018
Holotype USNM 1490712, geounit Magellan Strait, identified as Aphelochaeta magellanica Blake, 2018
Holotype USNM 1490719, geounit Antarctic Peninsula, identified as Aphelochaeta spectabilis Blake, 2018
Holotype USNM 1490723, geounit Ecuador, identified as Caulleriella ecuadoriana Blake, 2018
Holotype USNM 1490725, geounit Juan Fernandez Islands, identified as Caulleriella suroestense Blake, 2018
Holotype USNM 1490735, geounit Peru, identified as Chaetocirratulus furvus Blake, 2018
Holotype USNM 1490737, geounit Peru-Chile Trench, identified as Chaetocirratulus neogracilis Blake, 2018
Holotype USNM 1490757, geounit Peru, identified as Tharyx tierralobos Blake, 2018
Holotype USNM 1490771, geounit Antarctic Peninsula, identified as Chaetozone cristata Blake, 2018
Holotype USNM 46817, geounit Weddell Sea, identified as Chaetozone reticulata Blake, 2018
Holotype USNM 56074, geounit Chile Central, identified as Chaetozone gesae Blake, 2018
Holotype USNM 60691, geounit Ross Sea, identified as Chaetocirratulus abyssalis Blake, 2018
Holotype ZMB 4491, geounit Kerguelen Islands, identified as Heterocirrus cincinnatus Ehlers, 1908
 Authority

Chaetozone cincinnata Augener, 1923 does not exist. The usage by Augener (1923: 81) recombined in Chaetozone is of ... [details]

 Etymology

honoring author's late colleague, Mr. Stephen B. Aubrey [details]

 Etymology

author: "epithet, bimaculata, is derived from the Latin bis, for two, and macula, for spot; referring to the ... [details]

 Etymology

honours Prof. Dr. Angelika Brandt, expedition leader for the ANDEEP surveys [details]

 Etymology

honoring the late Professor John H. Dearborn of the University of Maine, former teacher, member of James Blake's ... [details]

 Etymology

author: "epithet hormosa is derived from the Greek, hormos, for a chain or necklace, referring to the bead-like ... [details]

 Etymology

named magellanica, as the sample location is in the Straits of Magellan. [details]

 Etymology

author: "named after Nathaniel B. Palmer, American whaler, who is reputed to be among the first to sight the ... [details]

 Etymology

author: "from the Latin, spectabilis, for showy, denoting the conspicuous Methyl Green staining patterns that ... [details]

 Etymology

named after the country, Ecuador, where collected on the coast [details]

 Etymology

author: "named for the USNS Eltanin, former research vessel of the United States Antarctic Research Program" [details]

 Etymology

author: "from fimbria, Latin for thread, referring to the threadlike body of this species." [details]

 Etymology

author: "fucata, is derived from the Latin fuco, for color, in reference to the pigmentation found on these worms." [details]

 Etymology

author: "named in memory of my beautiful little cat Kacy, whose companionship over many years is greatly missed." [details]

 Etymology

author: "named for the collection site near Punta Suroestense, Juan Fernandez Islands." If 'suroestense' was an ... [details]

 Etymology

Author: "Chaetocirratulus is derived from the Greek chaeto for hair or bristle and the Latin cirrus for curl or ... [details]

 Etymology

named C. abyssalis from the Latin, abyss for deep sea. [details]

 Etymology

author: "furvus, Latin for dusky or black, referring to the black bands of pigment on the anterior segments of this ... [details]

 Etymology

author: "neogracilis is derived from the Latin, neo for new and gracile for slender or thin and indicating the ... [details]

 Etymology

author: "australosetosa is derived from the Latin austral for southern, and seta for bristle; in combination the ... [details]

 Etymology

Author: "biannulata is from the Latin, bis for two and annulatus for ringed, in reference to the two distinctly ... [details]

 Etymology

author: "from the Latin, castaneus for brown or the color of chestnuts in reference to the overall brown pigment on ... [details]

 Etymology

author: "cristata is from the Latin cristatus for crested, referring to the prominent dorsal crest on the ... [details]

 Etymology

honouring Dr. Gesa Hartmann-Schröder, formerly curator Zoological Museum of Hamburg [details]

 Etymology

author: "from the Latin, reticulatus for netlike and refers to the reticulated pigment pattern that characterizes ... [details]

 Etymology

named in honor of Sir Ernst Shackleton (1874–1922), Antarctic explorer with an association to the area of collection [details]

 Etymology

author: "Coloris is Latin for hue or tint, referring to the reddish colored pigment prominent on the anterior body ... [details]

 Etymology

author: "derived from monile, Latin for a “string of beads” and forma, Latin for “shape”, referring to the ... [details]

 Etymology

author: "The name tierralobos is derived from the name of the island “Lobos de Tierra” near the collecting site ... [details]

 Grammatical gender

Not stated. Chaetocirratulus must be masculine as Cirratulus is masculine [details]

 Identification

According to Blake (2018: 21) the numerous identifications of Aphelochaeta cincinnata from Antarctic waters are ... [details]

 Identification

author: "It is likely that most of the A. cincinnata identifications by authors of [previous Antarctic] benthic ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Blake (2018: 54, 120) changed the species-group rank from Caulleriella alata subspecies to full species [details]

 Taxonomy

Blake (2018: 54) reports that the large 'eyespots' of the original description are actually pigmented nuchal organs [details]

 Taxonomy

Eliason (1962: 267) was uncertain of his placement of his new species in genus Caulleriella, placing a question ... [details]

 Type locality

East Antarctic Peninsula, Prince Gustav Channel, -64.1745, -58.4751 (64°10.471'S, 058°28.505'W) 651 m [details]

 Type locality

Inshore Weddell Sea, Glacier Sta. 69-11, 77.15°S, 38.97°W, 851 m [details]

 Type locality

E of Antarctic Peninsula, -65.3378 -54.209 (65°20.27ʹS, 54°12.54ʹW), 1166 m [details]

 Type locality

South Shetland Islands, West of Elephant Island, USNS Eltanin Cr. 6, Sta. 428, 61.30°S, 56.142°W, 662–1120 m [details]

 Type locality

East Antarctica, Budd Coast, Wilke’s Station, 66.354°S, 110.468°E to 66.354°S, 110.471°E, dredged, 238 m [details]

 Type locality

Straits Of Magellan, Cape Forward, USNS Eltanin Cr. 11, Sta. 962, 53.93°S, 71.25°W, 256–320 m [details]

 Type locality

West Antarctic Peninsula: Anvers Island, R/V Hero Sta. 824-38-1, 64.757° S, 64.144°W, 193 m [details]

 Type locality

West Antarctic Peninsula, Biscoe Islands, Grandidie Channel, Larrouy Island, R/V Hero Sta. 824-5-1, 65.94 S, 65.297 ... [details]

 Type locality

Bahia de Santa Elena, off Salinas, Ecuador, SEPBOP, R/V Anton Bruun, Cr. 16, Sta. 6670, scuba, -2.1911, -80.9419 ... [details]

 Type locality

Northern Antarctic Peninsula, NE of Joinville Island: USNS Eltanin Cr. 12, Sta. 1003, 62.68°S, 54.72°W, trawl, ... [details]

 Type locality

Powell Basin, South of Coronation Island, Southern Ocean, R/V Polarstern, ANDEEP III (ANT-XXII/3), Sta. 67/150-8, ... [details]

 Type locality

Arthur Harbor, dock at Palmer Station, Palmer Archipelago, Anvers Island, Antarctic Peninsula, R/V Hero Sta. ... [details]

 Type locality

off Cape Norvegia, Weddell Sea, R/V Polarstern, ANDEEP III (ANT-XXII/3), Sta. 67/74-5, -71.3018, -13.9388 ... [details]

 Type locality

embayment behind Punta Suroeste, Robinson Crusoe Island, Juan Fernandez Islands, SEPBOP, R/V Anton Bruun, Cr. 12, ... [details]

 Type locality

off Cape Adare, Ross Sea, USNS Eltanin Cr. 27, Sta. 1869, 71.267°S, 171.667°E, 1565–1674 m [details]

 Type locality

South of Callao, Peru, SEPBOP, R/V Anton Bruun Cr. 17, Sta. 660-G, -12.9667, -77.2667 (12°58ʹS, 77°16ʹW), ... [details]

 Type locality

Peru-Chile Trench, SEPBOP, R/V Anton Bruun, Cr.17, Sta. 663-C, -13.7333, -77.55 (13°44ʹS, 77°33ʹW), Menzies ... [details]

 Type locality

Prince Gustav Channel, Antarctic Peninsula, RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer, SM grab, Sta. 33, -64.1993, -58.6976 ... [details]

 Type locality

North of South Shetland Islands, Drake Passage, R/V Polarstern, ANDEEP I (ANT-XIX/3), Sta. PS61/114-6, -61.7258, ... [details]

 Type locality

Off Lima, Peru, SEPBOP, R/V Anton Bruun Cr. 17, Sta. 657-K, -12.1667, -77.45 (12°10ʹS, 77°27ʹW), rock dredge, ... [details]

 Type locality

Palmer Archipelago, Gerlache Strait, Antarctic Peninsula, R/V Hero, Sta. 824-25-2, 64.34 S, 61.592 W, VV grab, 92 m [details]

 Type locality

offshore of central Chile, USNS Eltanin Cr. 4, Sta. 203, 31 Aug 1962, 35.65°S, 73.13°W, Petersen grab, 436 m [details]

 Type locality

Weddell Sea, USCG Glacier, Sta. 69-22, -73.4733, -30.4483 (73°28.4′S, 30°26.9′W), 3111 m [details]

 Type locality

Powell Basin, Scotia Sea, E of Antarctic Peninsula, R/V Polarstern, ANDEEP III (ANT-XXII/3), Sta. PS67/121-10, ... [details]

 Type locality

Kerguelen Islands, Östlich Bank, collected by trawl from 88 m; Deutsche Tiefsee Expedition, Sta. 161, 48°57ʹS, ... [details]

 Type locality

Prince Gustav Channel, Antarctic Peninsula, RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer Cr. 2000-3, coll. J.A. Blake, SM Grab, Sta. ... [details]

 Type locality

former Larsen Ice Shelf A area, RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer, Cr. 2000-3, coll. J.A. Blake, SM grab, Sta. 05, -64.7753, ... [details]

 Type locality

Isla Lobos de Tierra, N Peru coast, SEPBOP, R/V Anton Bruun, Cr. 16, Sta. 635-A, -6.45, -80.9333 (06°27ʹS, ... [details]