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Ophiuroidea taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura albida Forbes, 1839 
AphiaID: 124913

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinodermata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterozoa (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiuroidea (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiurida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiurina (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChilophiurina (Infraorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiuridae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiurinae (Subfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura Lamarck, 1801
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioglypha albida (Forbes, 1839)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura albida var. tuberculosa Mortensen, 1933 (synonymized)
Sources  original description Forbes, E. 1839. On the Asteriadae of the Irish Sea. Memoirs of the Wernerian Society, 8, 1-114. [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkleine slangster  [details]
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSerpent's table brittlestarUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbrittlestar  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorophiure blanche  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHeller SchlangensternUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgemeiner Schlangenstern  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhvitflekket slangestjerne  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkvitflekket slangestjerne  [details]
Swedish Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorvitfläckig fransormstjärna  [details]
All child
taxa (1)

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Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura albida var. tuberculosa Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura albida Forbes, 1839
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality Icelandic Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIcelandic Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From other sources
Croatia
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorLossini [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCalais [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
Mediterranean Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMediterranean Sea [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFrench Exclusive Economic Zone [Mediterranean part] [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAzores [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAzores Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFaroe-Shetland Channel [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth East Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBirkenfels (shipwreck) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDutch Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHelgoland [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Sea [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOosterschelde [details]
Norway
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Coast of Norway [details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBritish Isles [details]
Wadden Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWadden Sea [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFrench Exclusive Economic Zone [Atlantic part] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSwedish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]

Feedingtypes  omnivore [details]
predator [details]
scavenger [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThespesiopsyllus paradoxus (Sars G.O., 1913) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBIOTIC 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEncyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMarine Life Information Network - UK 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPlanktonNet Image 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (19 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (121 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Dyntaxa 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (4 nucleotides; 26 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Echinodermata Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Attribute Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFunctional group benthos » Stage adult (inherited from Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiuroidea) [details]
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology O. albida has separate sexes, external fertilization and pelagic larvae. The maximum age is estimated at 3 years. This shortlived species shows a relatively fast-growing strategy. O. albida may be particularly vulnerable to predation. It shows a high reproductive effort, thus maintaining the populations (Wolff, 1973; Fish & Fish, 1989; Gage, 1990). The species moves freely on the sediment (Mortensen, 1927). Small invertebrates, particularly polychaetes, bivalve mollucs and crustaceans, comprise the main food of Ophiura spp. There is evidence that scavenging and surface deposit feeding are also fairly frequent (Wolff, 1973; Warner, 1982; Fish & Fish, 1989). Young stages of trematodes and nematodes can be found in the body cavity of this brittle star (Mortensen, 1927). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBreeding Ophiopluteus larva. Summer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Brittle stars consist of a central disk clearly separated from the slender, very agile and very strong arms. Ophiura albida is very similar to Ophiura ophiura and can only be distinguished from this species by the absence of pores between the arm plates. The top is reddish to orange-brown; the bottom side is dirty white. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution From about 10 to more than 200 m depth, common on sand, muddy sand and fine gravel, all round the British Isles [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution In both periods Ophiura albida was widely spread across the Belgian part of the North Sea and was only absent in the eastern coastal zone. The species was found in relatively high densities (1976-1986 period: maximum 100 ind./m2; 1994-2001 period: maximum 900 ind./m2). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Ophiura albida prefers fine to coarse-grained sediments (median grain size 150-650 μm) without any preference for a particular median grain size. The species furthermore prefers sediments with a low to medium mud content (maximum 40%). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat O. albida lives in areas with a variety of sand and muddy sand deposits. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology O. albida has a disk with rather coarse scales. The diameter of the disk can be up to 15 mm. The arms are about four times the diameter of the disk. The dorsal and ventral arm plates have a convex outer edge. The mouth shield is small, approximately one-third of the disk radius. In contrast to O. texturata (q.v.) there are no pores present between the lower arm plates. The colour of the dorsal surface usually is reddish-brown, that of the radial shields whitish (Mortensen, 1927; Southward, 1972; Gage, 1990; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPublication date 1838 [details]
ImagesChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Picture of Ophiura albida
Picture of Ophiura albida
Ophiura albida Forbes, 1839
Ophiura albida Forbes,...
Ophiura albida Forbes, 1839
Ophiura albida Forbes,...
Ophiura albida Forbes, 1839
Ophiura albida Forbes,...
Ophiura albida Forbes, 1839
Ophiura albida Forbes,...
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:124913
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Hansson, Hans
2007-07-18 12:17:12Z  checked  Stöhr, Sabine
2011-07-13 12:05:25Z  changed  Stöhr, Sabine
  
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  Citation: Stöhr, S. (2014). Ophiura albida Forbes, 1839. In: Stöhr, S.; O’Hara, T. & Thuy, B. (Eds) (2014) World Ophiuroidea database. Accessed through: Stöhr, S.; O’Hara, T. & Thuy, B. (Eds) (2014) World Ophiuroidea database at http://www.marinespecies.org/ophiuroidea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=124913 on 2014-07-29
  
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