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Decapoda
Türkay, M. (2001). Decapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 284-292
In: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50. Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle: Paris. ISBN 2-85653-538-0. 463 pp., more
In: Collection Patrimoines Naturels.. ISSN 1158-422X

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Abstract
    he present list of European Decapoda has been adapted from a data-base which was compiled by myself before the project started. In 1999 a comprehensive list of European decapods was published by d‘Udekem d’Acoz and it was decided to make the present list as much compatible with that source as possible, because subsequent researchers will definitively base themselves on the published list containing also distribution and literature records. The present list thus also follows the classification used by d'Udekem d’Acoz (1999) on the family and generic level, however with some exceptions:

    • The generic system of Pérez-Farfante & Kensley (1997) has been used for the Penaeoid shrimps rather than the one in d’Udeken d’Acoz (1999)
    • The hippolytid genera Eualus and Thoralus are still separated, because if the mandible palpus character is removed as a primary one, the whole shrimp classification gets disputable. I do not think that such a discussion is possible at the present level of knowledge.
    • In stenopodoid shrimps two families instead of one (viz. Spongicolidae and Stenopodidae) have been recognised instead of one, which is in accordance with Holthuis (1993).
    • For the Callianassidae the classification of Sakai (1999b) has been used.
    • The system proposed by d’Udekem d’Acoz (1999) for the polybiine genera of Portunidae has not been used, as I cannot see any progress in lumping all the genera together. Before such major changes are implemented a thorough revision must take place and the arguments be fully exposed and discussed. For the time being a certain “conservatism“ seems to be more prudent.

    On the species level all species known only from the Suez-Canal have been excluded in order to stick to a merely European framework. Also all species with doubtful identity have been excluded, as well as such that have been recorded only once a long time ago close to harbours and never have been found again. The following table gives a list of such species, also ones known from other sources, with the reason for their exclusion.


    Metapenaeopsis vaillanti (Nobili, 1904) - Only Suez Canal;
    Penaeus chinensis (Osbeck, 1765) - Potential aquaculture species;
    Penaeus monodon Fabricius, 1798 - Potential aquaculture species;
    Pasiphaea princeps Smith, 1884 - Questionable records at abt. 25°N;
    Plesionika holthuisi Crosnier & Forest, 1968 - Probably a misidentification;
    Hippolyte orientalis Heller, 1862 - Only Suez-Canal;
    Gasconella parvula De Saint Laurent, 1985 - Nomen nudum, invalid name;
    Palaemon pacificus (Stimpson, 1860) - Only Suez Canal;
    Jasus lalandii (H. Milne-Edwards, 1837) - Single record, not established;
    Homarus americanus H. Milne-Edwards, 1837 - Probably escaped commercial specimens, not established;
    Thenus orientalis (Lund, 1793) - Single record from Rijeka port;
    Paguristes perspicax Nobili, 1906 - Only Suez Canal;
    Galathea pygmaea H. Milne-Edwards & Bouvier, 1894 - incertae sedis;
    Munidopsis convexa Noël, 1992 - Nomen nudum, invalid name;
    Petrolisthes bosci (Audouin, 1826) - Old record (1832) probable misidentification of Pisidia;
    Dorippe frascone (Herbst, 1795) - Only Suez-Canal;
    Ebalia granulata (Rüppell, 1830) - Only Suez-Canal;
    Philyra globosa (Bosc, 1801) - Old record (1832) probabale misidentification of Ilia; Schizophrys aspera (H. Milne-Edwards, 1834) - Only Suez-Canal;
    Liocarcinus subcorrugatus (A. Milne-Edwards, 1861) - Doubtfully from Suez-Canal;
    Portunus sanguinolentus (Herbst, 1793) - Single record from Rijeka port;
    Chaceon maritae (Manning & Holthuis, 1981) - Only doubtful records;
    Actaeodes hirsutissimus (Rüppell, 1830) - Only Suez-Canal;
    Actaea savignii (H. Milne-Edwards, 1834) - Only Suez-Canal;
    Macromedaeus voeltzkowi (Lenz, 1905) - Single record from English Channell (1913), not established;
    Parapilumnus malardi (De Man, 1913) - Single record from English Channell (1913), not established;
    Parapilumnus truncatospinosus (De Man, 1913) - Single record from English Channell (1913), not established;
    Pilumnus longicornis Hilgendorf, 1879 - Single record from English Channell (1913), not established;
    Pilumnus savignyi Heller, 1861 - Only Suez Canal;
    Plagusia chabrus (Linnaeus, 1758) - Single record from Marseille Port (1872);
    Metopograpsus messor (Forskal, 1775) - Only Suez Canal;
    Macrophthalmus depressus (Rüppell, 1830) - Only Suez Canal;
    Ocypode saratan (Forskal, 1775) - Only Suez Canal;
    Uca coarctata (H. Milne-Edwards, 1852) - Single records from Adriatic and Black Seas;
    Dotilla sulcata (Forskål, 1775) - Only Suez Canal;
    Serenella leachii (Audouin, 1826) - Only Suez Canal;
    Platymaia wyvillethomsoni Miers, 1886 - Single record Adriatic Sea (1918);
    Parthenope notialis Manning &Holthuis, 1981 - Spcm. from Cape Bojador (ca. 26°N) of unclear identity.


    Because of new publications some species names had to be changed and new species had to be added:


    • Galil (1999) recorded Melicertus hathor (Burkenroad, 1959) as a new Lessepsian migrant.
    • Sakai (1999b) described Callianassa whitei as a new species from the Adriatic Sea.
    • Sakai (1999a) examined the classical collection of J. F. W. Herbst kept at the Berlin Museum and in consequence some names of well known European crabs had to be changed: Pisa corallina is now P. hirticornis, Liocarcinus arcuatus is now L. navigator, and Xantho incisus is now X. hydrophilus.

    References


    Most of the references cited in this introduction can be found in d’Udekem d’Acoz (1999), the newer ones are cited here separately

    • Galil, B. S. (1999): Melicertus hathor Burkenroad, 1959 - a Red Sea penaeid prawn new to the Mediterranean. -- Crustaceana, 72(9): 1226-1228.
    • Sakai, K. (1999a): J. F. W. Herbst-Collection of decapod Crustacea of the Berlin Zoological Museum with remarks on certain species. -- Naturalists, Tokushima biol. Lab., 6: 1-45.
    • Sakai, K. (1999b): Synopsis of the family Callianassidae, with keys to subfamilies, genera and species, and the description of new taxa (Crustacea: Decapoda: Thalassinidea). -- Zool. Verh., 326: 1-152.
    • d’Udekem d’Acoz, C. (1999): Inventaire et distribution des crustacés décapodes de l’Atlantique nord-oriental, de la Méditerranée et des eaux continentales adjacentes au nord de 25°N. -- Patrimoines naturels (M.N.H.N./S.P.N.), 40: I-X, 1-383; Paris.

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