Low, wet, muddy area periodically or continuously flooded by brackish or salt water to a shallow depth, usually characterized by grasses and other low plants (but not trees); land transitional between terrestrial and aquatic systems where saturation with water is the dominant factor controlling plant and animal communities and soils.
Salt marsh is a key habitat of transitional waters lying at the interface between the land and the sea, depending on, and periodically covered by tidal sea water. Chapman (1960, 1977 a, b ) describes nine different geographical salt marsh regions throughout the world.
- Salt marshes
- Dynamics, threats and management of salt marshes
- Salt marshes in Europe and temporal variability
- Natural variability and change in coastal ecosystems#Salt marshes
- Spatial and temporal scales in biogeomorphology#Coupling of mudflat to Saltmarsh
- Characteristics of muddy coasts
- Biogeomorphology of coastal systems
- Natural shore protecting barriers
- Chapman, V.J., 1960. Salt Marshes and Salt Deserts of the World. London: Leonard Hill Limited, 392p.
- Chapman, V.J., 1977. Wet Coastal Ecosystems. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 440p.
- Chapman, V.J., 1997. Coastal Vegetation. New York: Pergamon Press, 292p.