Participation in the Nile Delta
Nile Delta area is about 20000 km2 and it extends from Alexandria in the west to Port Said in the east and covers nearly 240 km of Mediterranean coastline. Coastlines in Nile Delta are naturally subjected to erosion, accretion and sea-level rise. The coastal resources are expected to suffer direct impacts due to sea level rise and inundation of low elevation areas. It is estimated that sea level rise combined with local Nile Delta subsidence will lead to negative impacts on the low level coastal zones by submerging some of the north parts of the Nile Delta, affecting the aquifer near the coast and the quality of agricultural land.
Most of the economic activities in Egypt (farming, mining, fishing, aquaculture, harbour, industrial area, tourism resort and archaeological tourism) are taking place in the Nile Delta. Integrated Coastal Zone management plan is required to solve conflicts among stakeholder and to preserve the ecosystems and achieve sustainable development. The Nile Delta Coastal Management Group has been established in order to identify the key issues regarding the management of the area and to develop the ICZM plan for the Nile Delta.
Modifications and realization
In order to develop the ICZM plan, the Nile Delta Coastal Management Group was divided in 4 thematic sub-groups (land use, shore line management, natural resources management and water quality). Each sub-groups was responsible for the development of an action plan for the specific key issue. During several general meeting the contributions of each sub-groups were discussed and further elaborated.
Experiences made and lessons learned
- Need of guarantee quality of coordination, collection, and communication of information as well as data exchange between stakeholders.
- Need to provide information on development issues in order to share experiences.
- Need to disseminate information on coastal management practices (guidelines, directives, codes of practice, etc.).
- Need to promote capacity building programmes for ICZM.
Please note that others may also have edited the contents of this article.