Hydrozoa source details

van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO).
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van der Land, J. (ed)
2008
UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO)
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Abietinaria cartilaginea Kirchenpauer, 1884 accepted as Abietinaria variabilis (Clark, 1877) (source of synonymy)
Abietinaria costata (Nutting, 1901) accepted as Abietinaria filicula (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (source of synonymy)
Abietinaria labrata (Murray, 1860) accepted as Abietinaria anguina (Trask, 1857) (source of synonymy)
Abietinaria urceolus Naumov, 1960 accepted as Abietinaria gigantea (Clark, 1877) (source of synonymy)
Acryptolaria pulchella (Allman, 1888) (source of synonymy)
Aeginodiscus Haeckel, 1879 (basis of record)
Agglutinaria Antsulevich, 1987 (basis of record)
Aglantha conica Hargitt, 1902 accepted as Aglantha digitale (O. F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Aglaophenia aperta Nutting, 1900 accepted as Aglaophenia lophocarpa Allman, 1877 (source of synonymy)
Aglaophenia howensis Briggs, 1918 accepted as Lytocarpia howensis (Briggs, 1918) (source of synonymy)
Aglaophenia insolens Fraser, 1943 accepted as Aglaophenia rhynchocarpa Allman, 1877 (source of synonymy)
Aglaophenia minima Nutting, 1900 accepted as Aglaophenia latecarinata Allman, 1877 (source of synonymy)
Aglaophenia minuta Fewkes, 1881 accepted as Aglaophenia latecarinata Allman, 1877 (source of synonymy)
Aglaophenia perforata Allman, 1885 accepted as Aglaophenia latecarinata Allman, 1877 (source of synonymy)
Aglaophenia perpusilla Allman, 1877 accepted as Aglaophenia latecarinata Allman, 1877 (source of synonymy)
Aglaophenia rathbuni Nutting, 1900 accepted as Aglaophenia rhynchocarpa Allman, 1877 (source of synonymy)
Aglaophenia secundus Kirchenpauer, 1872 accepted as Monoserius pennarius (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Aglaophenia tridentata Versluys, 1899 accepted as Lytocarpia tridentata (Versluys, 1899) (source of synonymy)
Aglauropsis Müller, 1865 (basis of record)
Altairina Vargas-Hernandez & Ochoa-Figuera, 1991 accepted as Corymorpha M. Sars, 1835 (basis of record)
Altairina cargoi Vargas-Hernandez & Ochoa-Figueroa, 1991 accepted as Corymorpha cargoi (Vargas-Hernandez & Ochoa-Figueroa, 1991) (source of synonymy)
Amphinema rugosum shantungensis Chow & Huang, 1958 accepted as Amphinema rugosum (Mayer, 1900) (source of synonymy)
Amphisbetia clarkii (Mereshkovsky, 1878) accepted as Sertularella clarkii Mereschkowsky, 1878 (source of synonymy)
Amphisbetia pulchella (D'Orbigny, 1846) accepted as Amphisbetia operculata (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Anarthroclada Naumov, 1955 (basis of record)
Antennella africana Broch, 1914 accepted as Antennella quadriaurita Ritchie, 1909 (source of synonymy)
Antennella integerrima (Jäderholm, 1896) accepted as Antennellopsis integerrima Jäderholm, 1919 (source of synonymy)
Antennella ritchiei Totton, 1930 accepted as Corhiza scotiae (Ritchie, 1907) (source of synonymy)
Antennella serrata Totton, 1930 accepted as Antennella quadriaurita Ritchie, 1909 (source of synonymy)
Antennella variabilis Fraser, 1936 accepted as Antennella quadriaurita Ritchie, 1909 (source of synonymy)
Antennellopsis Jäderholm, 1896 (basis of record)
Antennellopsis dofleini Stechow, 1907 accepted as Antennellopsis integerrima Jäderholm, 1919 (source of synonymy)
Anthohydra Salvini Plawen & Chandrasekhara Rao, 1973 accepted as Eugymnanthea Palombi, 1936 (basis of record)
Arancialia Hissmann, 2005 (basis of record)
Astrohydra Hashimoto, 1981 (basis of record)
Astrolabia Naumov, 1955 (basis of record)
Astya Stechow, 1921 (basis of record)
Asyncoryne Warren, 1908 (basis of record)
Asyncorynidae Kramp, 1949 (basis of record)
Australomedusa Russell, 1970 (basis of record)
Australomedusidae Russell, 1971 (basis of record)
Balella Stechow, 1919 (basis of record)
Balella irregularis (Fraser, 1938) accepted as Balella mirabilis (Nutting, 1906) (source of synonymy)
Baleum Billard, 1929 accepted as Halecium Oken, 1815 (basis of record)
Barnettia Schuchert, 1996 (basis of record)
Bibrachium Stechow, 1919 (basis of record)
Bicorona Millard, 1966 (basis of record)
Bicorona tricycla (Schuchert, 1996) accepted as Coryne tricycla Schuchert, 1996 (source of synonymy)
Bimeria humilis Allman, 1877 accepted as Bimeria vestita Wright, 1859 (source of synonymy)
Bimeria laxa Farser, 1938 accepted as Garveia laxa (Fraser, 1938) (source of synonymy)
Bimeria robusta Torrey, 1902 accepted as Garveia robusta (Torrey, 1902) (source of synonymy)
Bimeria tunicata Fraser, 1943 accepted as Garveia franciscana (Torrey, 1902) (source of synonymy)
Blasthothela Verrill, 1878 accepted as Acaulis Stimpson, 1854 (basis of record)
Boeromedusa Bouillon, 1995 (basis of record)
Boeromedusidae Bouillon, 1995 (basis of record)
Bonneviella minor Fraser, 1938 accepted as Scandia minor (Fraser, 1938) (source of synonymy)
Bougainvillia nigritella Forbes, 1848 accepted as Bougainvillia muscoides (Sars, 1846) (source of synonymy)
Bythocellata Nair, 1951 (basis of record)
Calamphora Allman, 1888 (basis of record)
Callicarpa Fewkes, 1881 (basis of record)
Calpasoma Fuhrmann, 1939 (basis of record)
Calvinia Nutting, 1900 (basis of record)
Calyptospadix Clarke, 1882 accepted as Garveia Wright, 1859 (basis of record)
Calyptospadix cerulea Clarke, 1882 accepted as Garveia cerulea (Clarke, 1882) (source of synonymy)
Caminothujaria von Campenhausen, 1896 (basis of record)
Campaniclava clionis Vanhöffen, 1910 accepted as Pandea clionis (Vanhöffen, 1910) (source of synonymy)
Campanularia alta Stechow, 1919 accepted as Campanularia hincksii Alder, 1856 (source of synonymy)
Campanularia altitheca Fraser, 1948 accepted as Campanularia hincksii Alder, 1856 (source of synonymy)
Campanularia castellata Fraser, 1925 (basis of record)
Campanularia edwardsi Nutting, 1901 accepted as Clytia hemisphaerica (Linnaeus, 1767) (source of synonymy)
Campanularia emarginata Fraser, 1938 accepted as Campanularia hincksii Alder, 1856 (source of synonymy)
Campanularia fragilis Hincks, 1863 accepted as Laomedea neglecta Alder, 1856 (source of synonymy)
Campanularia frigida (Stechow, 1923) accepted as Orthopyxis frigida Stechow, 1923 (source of synonymy)
Campanularia fujianensis (Huang & Xu, 1994) accepted as Orthopyxis fujianensis Huang & Xu, 1994 (source of synonymy)
Campanularia gracilicaulis Fraser, 1938 accepted as Clytia gracilicaulis (Fraser, 1938) (source of synonymy)
Campanularia integriformis Marktanner-Turneretscher, 1890 accepted as Orthopyxis integra (MacGillivray, 1842) (source of synonymy)
Campanularia laevis Couch, 1844 accepted as Orthopyxis integra (MacGillivray, 1842) (source of synonymy)
Campanularia lennoxensis Jäderholm, 1903 (source of synonymy)
Campanularia levinseni Shidlovskii, 1902 accepted as Campanularia groenlandica Levinsen, 1893 (source of synonymy)
Campanularia magnifica Fraser, 1913 accepted as Campanularia crenata Allman, 1876 (source of synonymy)
Campanularia ritteri Nutting, 1901 accepted as Orthopyxis integra (MacGillivray, 1842) (source of synonymy)
Campanularia speciosus Clark, 1877 accepted as Campanularia crenata Allman, 1876 (source of synonymy)
Campanularia tincta Hincks, 1861 accepted as Orthopyxis tincta (Hincks, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Campanularia urceolata Clark, 1877 accepted as Campanularia volubilis (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Campanulina ramosa Fraser, 1938 accepted as Opercularella ramosa (Fraser, 1938) (source of synonymy)
Cannota Haeckel, 1879 (basis of record)
Ceratella crosslandi Thornely, 1908 accepted as Solanderia secunda (Inaba, 1892) (source of synonymy)
Ceratocymba indica Daniel, 1971 accepted as Ceratocymba sagittata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1827) (source of synonymy)
Cheiloporidion Cairns, 1983 (basis of record)
Chiarella Maas, 1897 (basis of record)
Chromatonema hertwigi (Vanhöffen, 1911) accepted as Chromatonema rubra Fewkes, 1882 accepted as Chromatonema rubrum Fewkes, 1882 (source of synonymy)
Cirrholoveniidae Bouillon, 1984 (basis of record)
Cladacanthella Calder, 1997 (basis of record)
Cladocarpoides Bogle, 1984 (basis of record)
Cladocarpus plumularioides Jarvis, 1922 accepted as Cladocarpus distomus Clarke, 1907 (source of synonymy)
Cladocarpus speciosus Verrill, 1879 accepted as Cladocarpus formosus Allman, 1877 (source of synonymy)
Cladocoryne pelagica Allman, 1876 accepted as Cladocoryne floccosa Rotch, 1871 (source of synonymy)
Cladocorynopsis Mammen, 1963 accepted as Cladocoryne Rotch, 1871 (basis of record)
Cladonema mayeri Perkins, 1906 accepted as Cladonema radiatum Dujardin, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Cladonema perkinsii Mayer, 1904 accepted as Cladonema radiatum Dujardin, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Arctic Ocean for Aeginopsis laurentii Brandt, 1838 
Arctic Ocean for Garveia polarsterni Stepanjants, 2001 
Arctic Ocean for Leuckartiara abyssi (G.O. Sars, 1874) 
Arctic Ocean for Ptychogena lactea Agassiz, 1865 
Arctic Ocean for Rhizorhagium roseum M. Sars, 1874 
Arctic Ocean for Stegopoma plicatile (Sars, 1863)  (inaccurate)
Atlantic Ocean for Sertularella cylindritheca (Allman, 1888) 
Australia for Bimeria australis Blackburn, 1937 
Australia for Pteronema darwinii Haeckel, 1879 
Australia for Ralpharia coccinea Watson, 1984 
Australia for Solanderia fusca (Gray, 1868) 
Central Indo-Pacific for Amphogona apsteini (Vanhöffen, 1902) 
Central Indo-Pacific for Sertularia malayensis Billard, 1925 
Central Pacific Ocean for Aequorea globosa Eschscholtz, 1829 
Central Pacific Ocean for Aequorea macrodactyla (Brandt, 1835) 
Central Pacific Ocean for Bougainvillia involuta Uchida, 1947 
China for Hydra daqingensis Fan, 2000 
China for Hydra harbinensis Fan & Shi, 2003 
Circum-equitorial for Abyla haeckeli Lens & van Riemsdijk, 1908 
East Atlantic for Stylaster rosaceus (Greeff, 1886) 
East North Atlantic for Calycella gracilis Hartlaub, 1897 
East North Atlantic for Coryne pusilla Gaertner, 1774 
East North Atlantic for Eirene viridula (Péron & Lesueur, 1810) 
East North Atlantic for Eudendrium vaginatum Allman, 1863 
East North Atlantic for Leuckartiara abyssi (G.O. Sars, 1874) 
East North Atlantic for Lizzella hyalina (Van Beneden, 1866) 
East North Atlantic for Mitrocomella brownei (Kramp, 1930) 
East North Atlantic for Mitrocomella polydiademata (Romanes, 1876) 
East North Atlantic for Rhizorhagium roseum M. Sars, 1874 
East North Atlantic for Sarsia lovenii (M. Sars, 1846) 
East North Atlantic for Sarsia prolifera Forbes, 1848 
East North Atlantic for Stegopoma plicatile (Sars, 1863) 
East North Pacific for Aequorea victoria (Murbach & Shearer, 1902) 
East North Pacific for Bougainvillia multitentaculata Foerster, 1923 
East North Pacific for Candelabrum fritchmanii Hewitt & Goddard, 2001 
East North Pacific for Chiarella centripetalis Maas, 1897 
East North Pacific for Crossota millsae Thuesen, 2003 
East North Pacific for Euphysa ruthae Norenburg & Morse, 1983 
East North Pacific for Euphysa vervoorti Brinckmann-Voss & Arai, 1998 
East North Pacific for Eutimalphes brownei Torrey, 1909 
East North Pacific for Paulinum lineatum Brinckmann-Voss & Arai, 1998 
East North Pacific for Stomotoca atra L. Agassiz, 1862 
East North Pacific for Voragonema pedunculata (Bigelow, 1913) 
East Pacific for Errinopora pourtalesii (Dall, 1884) 
East Pacific for Stylantheca porphyra Fisher, 1931 
East Pacific for Stylaster californicus (Verrill, 1866) 
East Pacific for Stylaster verrillii (Dall, 1884) 
Eastern Central Pacific for Colobonema typicum (Maas, 1897) 
Eastern Central Pacific for Leuckartiara zacae Bigelow, 1940 
Eastern South Atlantic for Cnidostoma fallax Vanhöffen, 1911 
Eastern South Pacific for Sertularella microtheca Leloup, 1974 
Indian Ocean for Aglantha ignea (Vanhöffen, 1902) 
Indian Ocean for Gossea indica Bouillon, 1978 
Indian Ocean for Halammohydra sagarensis Chandrasekhara Rao & Misra, 1980 
Indian Ocean for Octophialucium indicum Kramp, 1958 
Indian Ocean for Tiaropsidium polyradiatum Kramp, 1965 
Indo-West Pacific for Aglaophenia cupressina Lamouroux, 1816 
Indo-West Pacific for Coryne pusilla Gaertner, 1774 
Indo-West Pacific for Halopteris polymorpha (Billard, 1913) 
Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone for Hataia parva Hirai & Yamada, 1965 
Mediterranean Sea for Arctapodema australis (Vanhöffen, 1912) 
Mediterranean Sea for Bougainvillia aurantiaca Bouillon, 1980  (doubtful)
Mediterranean Sea for Coryne pusilla Gaertner, 1774  (inaccurate)
Mediterranean Sea for Dipurena dolichogaster Haeckel, 1864 
Mediterranean Sea for Eirene viridula (Péron & Lesueur, 1810) 
Mediterranean Sea for Merga violacea (Agassiz & Mayer, 1899) 
Mediterranean Sea for Pachycordyle pusilla (Motz-Kossowska, 1905) 
Mediterranean Sea for Sertularella cylindritheca (Allman, 1888) 
Mediterranean Sea for Sertularella mediterranea Hartlaub, 1901 
Mediterranean Sea for Sertularella ornata Broch, 1933 
New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone for Halecium fraseri Ralph, 1958 
North Atlantic for Colobonema apicatum Russell, 1961 
North East Atlantic for Aeginopsis laurentii Brandt, 1838 
North East Atlantic for Clytia islandica (Kramp, 1919) 
North East Atlantic for Corydendrium dispar Kramp, 1935 
North East Atlantic for Melicertum octocostatum (M. Sars, 1835) 
North East Atlantic for Ptychogena crocea Kramp & Damas, 1925 
North Indian Ocean for Neoturris bigelowi Kramp, 1959 
Northern North Atlantic for Cyclocanna welshi Bigelow, 1918 
Northern North Atlantic for Ptychogena lactea Agassiz, 1865 
Northern North Pacific for Bonneviella naumovi Antsulevich & Regel, 1986 
Northern North Pacific for Rathkea jaschnowi Naumov, 1956 
South Africa for Bicorona elegans Millard, 1966 
South Atlantic for Amphogona apicata Kramp, 1957 
South Australia (state) for Australomedusa baylii Russell, 1970 
South West Atlantic for Leuckartiara adnata Pagès, Gili & Bouillon, 1992 
South West Indian Ocean for Amphogona apicata Kramp, 1957 
South West Pacific Ocean for Fiordlandia protecta Schuchert, 1996 
South West Pacific Ocean for Sertularella geodiae Totton, 1930 
South West Pacific Ocean for Staurocladia wellingtoni Schuchert, 1996 
South West Pacific Ocean for Synthecium brucei Vervoort & Watson, 2003 
South West Pacific Ocean for Turritopsis rubra (Farquhar, 1895) 
South West Pacific Ocean for Wanglaophenia longicarpa Vervoort & Watson, 2003 
South West Pacific Ocean for Wanglaophenia rostrifrons Vervoort & Watson, 2003 
Southern Ocean for Arctapodema australis (Vanhöffen, 1912) 
Southern Ocean for Heterotentacula mirabilis (Kramp, 1957) 
Southern Ocean for Pantachogon scotti Browne, 1910 
Southern Ocean for Sertularella antarctica Hartlaub, 1901 
Southern Ocean for Staurocladia hodgsoni (Browne, 1910) 
Southern Ocean for Voragonema laciniata Bouillon, Pagès & Gili, 2001 
Actornithophilus ceruleus (Timmermann, 1954) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Actornithophilus grandiceps (Piaget, 1880) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Actornithophilus incisus (Piaget, 1880) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Actornithophilus piceus (Denny, 1842) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Alofia ginae Giglioli in Sambon, 1922 parasitic: endoparasitic in Crocodylus porosus Schneider, 1801
Alofia merki Giglioli in Sambon, 1922 parasitic: endoparasitic in Crocodylus porosus Schneider, 1801
Amphilina japonica Goto & Ishii, 1936 parasitic: endoparasitic
Ancistrona fagelli (Fabricius, 1787) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Antarcticobdella crozetensis Sawayer, 1972 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Antarctophthirus callorhini (Osborn, 1899) parasitic: ectoparasitic on Callorhinus ursinus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Antarctophthirus lobodontis Enderlein, 1909 parasitic: ectoparasitic on Lobodon carcinophagus (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1842)
Antarctophthirus mawsoni Harrison, 1937 parasitic: ectoparasitic on Ommatophoca rossii Gray, 1844
Antarctophthirus microchir (Trouessart & Neumann, 1888) parasitic: ectoparasitic on Otariidae Gray, 1825
Antarctophthirus ogmorhini Enderlein, 1906 parasitic: ectoparasitic on Leptonychotes Gill, 1872
Antarctophthirus trichechi (Bohemann, 1865) parasitic: ectoparasitic on Odobenus rosmarus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Austramphilina elongata Johnson, 1931 parasitic: endoparasitic
Austrobdella anoculata (Moore, 1940) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austrobdella bilobata (Ingram, 1957) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austrobdella californica (Burreson, 1977) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austrobdella coliumicus Williams, Urrutia & Burreson, 2007 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austrobdella losmoliniensis Williams, Urrutia & Burreson, 2007 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austrobdella oosthuizeni Utevsky, 2004 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austrobdella rapax (Verrill, 1873) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austrobdella translucens (Badham, 1916) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austrogoniodes antarcticus Harrison, 1937 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austrogoniodes bifasciatus (Piaget, 1885) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austrogoniodes brevipes (Giebel, 1876) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austrogoniodes concii (Kéler, 1952) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austrogoniodes cristati Kéler, 1952 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austrogoniodes demersus Kéler, 1952 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austrogoniodes gressitti Clay, 1967 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austrogoniodes hamiltoni Harrison, 1937 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austrogoniodes keleri Clay, 1967 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austrogoniodes macquariensis Harrison, 1937 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austrogoniodes mawsoni Harrison, 1937 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austrogoniodes waterstoni (Cummings, 1914) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austromenopon affine (Piaget, 1890) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austromenopon atrofulvum (Piaget, 1880) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austromenopon brevifimbriatum (Piaget, 1880) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austromenopon bulweriae Timmermann, 1963 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austromenopon echinatum Edwards, 1960 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austromenopon edwardsi Price & Clay, 1972 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austromenopon elliotti Timmermann, 1954 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austromenopon enigki Timmermann, 1963 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austromenopon fuscofasciatum (Piaget, 1880) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austromenopon haematopi Timmermann, 1954 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austromenopon hatutuensis Timmermann, 1963 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austromenopon longithoracicum (Piaget, 1880) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austromenopon narboroughi (Kellogg & Kuwana, 1902) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austromenopon navigans (Kellog, 1896) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austromenopon nigropleurum (Denny, 1842) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austromenopon oceanodromae Price & Clay, 1972 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austromenopon ossifragae (Eichler, 1949) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austromenopon paululum (Kellogg & Chapman, 1899) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austromenopon pelagicum Timmermann, 1963 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austromenopon pinguis (Kellogg, 1896) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austromenopon popellus (Piaget, 1890) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austromenopon stammeri Timmermann, 1963 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Austromenopon transversum (Denny, 1842) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Bdellamaris eptatreti Richardson, 1953 parasitic: ectoparasitic on Eptatretus cirrhatus (Forster, 1801)
Bdellamaris manteri (Richardson, 1959) parasitic: ectoparasitic on Leptoscopus Gill, 1859
Bedfordiella unica Thomson, 1937 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Branchellion angeli Sigalas, 1921 parasitic: ectoparasitic on Rhina Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Branchellion australis Leigh-Sharpe, 1916 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Branchellion borealis Leigh-Sharpe, 1933 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Branchellion lobata Moore, 1952 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Branchellion orbiniensis Quatrefages, 1852 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Branchellion parkeri Richardson, 1949 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Branchellion plicobranchus Sanjeeva Raj, 1954 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Branchellion ravenelii (Girard, 1851) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Branchellion torpedinis Savigny, 1822 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Brumptiana lineata Knight-Jones & Llewellyn, 1984 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Calliobdella knightjonesi Burreson, 1984 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Calliobdella lophii Van Beneden & Hesse, 1863 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Calliobdella nodulifera (Malm, 1863) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Carcinobdella bimaculata (Oka, 1933) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Carcinobdella tigrina (Oka, 1910) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Caspiobdella caspica (Selensky, 1915) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Caspiobdella fadejewi Epshtein, 1961 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Caspiobdella tuberculata Epshtein, 1966 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Cottobdella epshteini (S. Y. Utevsky, 1997) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Cottobdella marcewitschi Utevsky, 1997 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Crangonobdella orientalis (S. Y. Utevsky, 1999) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Craspedonirmus atricolor (Kellogg, 1896) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Cryobdella levigata Harding, 1922 parasitic: ectoparasitic on Trematomus Boulenger, 1902
Cryobdella ljadovi Epshtein & Utevsky, 1994 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Cryobdella michaelseni (Johansson, 1911) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Cryobdellina bacilliformis Brinkmann, 1947 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Cystobranchus vividus Verrill, 1872 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Docophoroides brevis (Dufour, 1835) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Docophoroides ferrisi Harrison, 1937 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Docophoroides harrisoni Waterston, 1917 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Docophoroides levequei Timmermann, 1963 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Docophoroides murphyi (Kellogg, 1914) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Docophoroides pacificus (Kellogg, 1914) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Docophoroides simplex (Waterston, 1914) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Echinophthirius horridus (von Olfers, 1816) parasitic: ectoparasitic on Phocidae Gray, 1821
Episbates pederiformes (Dufour, 1835) parasitic: ectoparasitic
Galatheabdella bruuni Richardson & Meyer, 1974 parasitic: ectoparasitic
Ganymedebdella cratere Leigh-Sharpe, 1915 parasitic: ectoparasitic
English 10-tentacle burrowing anemone for Halcampa decemtentaculata Hand, 1955
English 12-tentacle burrowing anemone for Halcampa duodecimcirrata (Sars, 1851)
English 12-tentacle parasitic anemone for Peachia parasitica (Agassiz, 1861)
English Abbott's booby for Papasula abbotti Ridgway, 1893
English aberrant toothshell for Gadila aberrans (Whiteaves, 1887)
English adhesive sea anemone for Cryptodendrum adhaesivum (Klunzinger, 1877)
English African pillow coral for Siderastrea savignyana Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850
English African squid [from synonym] for Loligo africana (Adam, 1950)
English Agassiz toothshell for Gadila agassizii (Dall, 1881)
English Alaskan anemone for Charisea saxicola Torrey, 1902
English Aleutian tern [from synonym] for Sterna aleutica Baird, 1869
English Amazon tern [from synonym] for Sterna superciliaris Vieillot, 1819
English American tuskshell for Paradentalium americanum (Chenu, 1843)
English anagolous bobtail for Sepiola affinis Naef, 1912
English ancient murrelet for Synthliboramphus antiquus (Gmelin, 1789)
English Andean gull for Larus serranus Tschudi, 1844
English Andrew's frigatebird for Fregata andrewsi Mathews, 1914
English anemone coral for Goniopora albiconus Veron, 2000
English anemone coral for Goniopora burgosi Nemenzo, 1955
English anemone coral for Goniopora cellulosa Veron, 1990
English anemone coral for Goniopora ciliatus Veron, 2000
English anemone coral for Goniopora columna Dana, 1846
English anemone coral for Goniopora djiboutiensis Vaughan, 1907
English anemone coral for Goniopora eclipsensis Veron & Pichon, 1982
English anemone coral for Goniopora fruticosa Saville-Kent, 1891
English anemone coral for Goniopora lobata Milne Edwards, 1860
English anemone coral [from synonym] for Goniopora minor Crossland, 1952
English anemone coral for Goniopora norfolkensis Veron & Pichon, 1982
English anemone coral for Goniopora palmensis Veron & Pichon, 1982
English anemone coral for Goniopora pandoraensis Veron & Pichon, 1982
English anemone coral for Goniopora pearsoni Veron, 2000
English anemone coral for Goniopora pendulus Veron, 1985
English anemone coral for Goniopora planulata (Ehrenberg, 1834)
English anemone coral for Goniopora polyformis Zou, 1980
English anemone coral for Goniopora savignyi (Dana, 1846)
English anemone coral for Goniopora somaliensis Vaughan, 1907
English anemone coral for Goniopora stokesi Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851
English anemone coral [from synonym] for Goniopora stutchburyi Wells, 1955
English anemone coral for Goniopora sultani Veron, DeVantier & Turak, 2000
English anemone coral for Goniopora tenella (Quelch, 1886)
English anemone coral for Goniopora tenuidens (Quelch, 1886)
English angel squid for Ancistroteuthis lichtensteinii (Férussac [in Férussac & d'Orbigny], 1835)
English Angola flying squid for Todarodes angolensis Adam, 1962
English angular sea whip for Pterogorgia anceps (Pallas, 1766)
English annulate sticky hydroid for Eudendrium vaginatum Allman, 1863
English annulate tuskshell for Episiphon sowerbyi (Guilding, 1834)
English Antarctic flying squid for Todarodes filippovae Adam, 1975
English Antarctic fulmar for Fulmarus glacialoides (Smith, 1840)
English Antarctic neosquid for Alluroteuthis antarcticus Odhner, 1923
English Antarctic skua [from synonym] for Catharacta antarctica (Lesson, 1831)
English Antillean tuskshell for Antalis antillaris (d'Orbigny, 1853)
English Antilles bobtail squid for Austrorossia antillensis (Voss, 1955)
English Arafura file snake for Acrochordus arafurae McDowell, 1979
English arch-beaked whale for Mesoplodon carlhubbsi Moore, 1963
English Arctic brooding anemone for Epiactis arctica (Verrill, 1868)
English Argentine shortfin squid for Illex argentinus (Castellanos, 1960)
English armed cranch squid for Galiteuthis armata Joubin, 1898
English Armenian gull for Larus armenicus Buturlin, 1934
English Arnoux's beaked whale for Berardius arnuxii Duvernoy, 1851
English artichoke coral for Scolymia cubensis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848)
English Ascension frigatebird for Fregata aquila (Linnaeus, 1758)
English ashy storm-petrel for Oceanodroma homochroa (Coues, 1864)
English Atlantic armhook squid for Gonatus steenstrupi Kristensen, 1981
English Atlantic banded octopus for Octopus zonatus Voss, 1968
English Atlantic bird squid for Ornithoteuthis antillarum Adam, 1957
English Atlantic bobtail for Sepiola atlantica d'Orbigny [in Férussac & d'Orbigny], 1839–1842
English Atlantic cranch squid for Teuthowenia megalops (Prosch, 1849)
English Atlantic gonate squid for Gonatus steenstrupi Kristensen, 1981
English Atlantic hump-backed dolphin for Sousa teuszii (Kükenthal, 1892)
English Atlantic mushroom coral for Scolymia lacera (Pallas, 1766)
English Atlantic warty octopus for Scaeurgus unicirrhus (Delle Chiaje [in Férussac & d'Orbigny], 1841)
English Auckland chag [from synonym] for Phalacrocorax colensoi Buller, 1888
English Audouin's gull for Larus audouinii Payraudeau, 1826
English Australasian gannet for Morus serrator (Gray, 1843)
English Australian fur seal for Arctocephalus pusillus (Schreber, 1775)
English Australian pelican for Pelecanus conspicillatus Temminck, 1824
English Australian snubfin dolphin for Orcaella heinsohni Beasley, Robertson & Arnold, 2005
English banana coral for Trachyphyllia geoffroyi (Audouin, 1826)
English banded tuskshell for Antalis circumcincta (Watson, 1879)
English banded water snake for Nerodia fasciata (Linnaeus, 1758)
English band-rumped storm-petrel for Oceanodroma castro (Harcourt, 1851)
English bank cormorant for Phalacrocorax neglectus (Wahlberg, 1855)
English Bartsch's squid [from synonym] for Uroteuthis bartschi Rehder, 1945
English beaded sea anemone for Heteractis aurora (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)
English bean coral [from synonym] for Euphyllia fimbriata (Spengler, 1799)
English Beck's petrel for Pseudobulweria becki (Murphy, 1928)
English Beka squid [from synonym] for Loligo beka Sasaki, 1929
English Bennetts watersnake for Enhydris bennetti (Gray, 1842)
English Bermuda petrel for Pterodroma cahow (Nichols & Mowbray, 1916)
English berry armhook squid for Gonatus berryi Naef, 1923
English berry tuskshell for Antalis berryi (A. G. Smith & Gordon, 1948)
English bigeye inshore squid [from synonym] for Loligo ocula Cohen, 1976
English big-fin bobtail squid for Rossia megaptera Verrill, 1881
English black fan-shaped hydroid for Solanderia gracilis Duchassaing & Michelin, 1846
English black jelly for Chrysaora achlyos Martin, Gershwin, Burnett, Cargo & Bloom, 1997
English black noddy for Anous minutus Boie, 1844
English black right whale for Balaena mysticetus Linnaeus, 1758
English Black Sea fan for Iciligorgia schrammi Duchassaing, 1870
English Black Sea rod for Plexaura homomalla (Esper, 1794)
English Black Sea turtle [from synonym] for Chelonia agassizii Bocourt, 1868
 Biology

Only medusa phase known [details]

 Biology

Only medusa stage known [details]

 Biology

Only medusa stage known [details]

 Biology

Only medusa stage known [details]

 Biology

calcareous colonies, no free medusae [details]

 Biology

calcareous colonies, no free medusae [details]

 Biology

calcareous colonies, no free medusae [details]

 Biology

calcareous colonies, no free medusae [details]

 Biology

calcareous colonies, no free medusae [details]

 Biology

calcareous colonies, no free medusae [details]

 Biology

calcareous colonies, no free medusae [details]

 Biology

calcareous colonies, no free medusae [details]

 Biology

colonial [details]

 Biology

colonial [details]

 Biology

colonial [details]

 Biology

colonial [details]

 Biology

colonial [details]

 Biology

colonial [details]

 Biology

colonial [details]

 Biology

colonial [details]

 Biology

colonial [details]

 Biology

colonial [details]

 Biology

colonial (small), free medusae [details]

 Biology

colonial hydroid, free medusae [details]

 Biology

colonial hydroid, free medusa [details]

 Biology

colonial hydroid, free medusa [details]

 Biology

colonial hydroid, free medusa [details]

 Biology

colonial hydroid, free medusae [details]

 Biology

colonial hydroid, free medusa [details]

 Biology

colonial hydroid, free medusae [details]

 Biology

colonial hydroid, free medusa [details]

 Biology

colonial polyp, gonophores a free medusa [details]

 Biology

colonial polyps, free medusae [details]

 Biology

colonial, fixed sporosacs [details]

 Biology

colonial, fixed sporosacs [details]

 Biology

colonial, free medusae [details]

 Biology

colonial, free medusae [details]

 Biology

colonial, free medusae [details]

 Biology

colonial, free medusae [details]

 Biology

colonial, free medusae [details]

 Biology

colonial, gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial, gonophores (no medusae) [details]

 Biology

colonial, no medusae, sporosacs [details]

 Biology

colonial, no medusae [details]

 Biology

colonial, no medusae, sporosacs [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; fixed gonophores [details]

 Biology

colonial; free medusae [details]

 Biology

colonial; free medusae [details]

 Biology

colonial; on hermitcrabs [details]

 Biology

direct development [details]

 Biology

Fixed sporosacs [details]