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HABs name details

Prorocentrum rhathymum A.R.Loeblich III, Sherley & Schmidt, 1979

232298  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:232298)

 unaccepted (junior synonym)
Species
marine
Loeblich A.R.III, Sherley,J.L. & Schmidt R.J. 1979. The correct position of flagellar insertion in <i>Procentrum</i> and description of <i>Prorocentrum rhathymum</i> sp. nov. (Pyrrophyta). J. Plankton Res. 1:113-120. [details]   
Type locality contained in St. Johns (United Kingdom Ward)  
type locality contained in St. Johns (United Kingdom Ward) [details]
Harmful effect P. mexicanum is known to produce haemolytic toxins, not toxic to mice (Nakajima et al. 1981); water soluble acetone...  
Harmful effect P. mexicanum is known to produce haemolytic toxins, not toxic to mice (Nakajima et al. 1981); water soluble acetone precipitate is toxic to mice (Carlson & Tindall 1985). [details]

status Until recently P. rhathymum was confused with P. mexicanum (see Cortés-Altamirano R. & Sierra-Beltran A.P. 2003:...  
status Until recently P. rhathymum was confused with P. mexicanum (see Cortés-Altamirano R. & Sierra-Beltran A.P. 2003: Morphology and taxonomy of Prorocentrum mexicanum and reinstatement of Prorocentrum rhathymum (Dinophyceae). J. Phycol. 39: 221-225. In all sases where toxicity has been demonstrated this has been due to P. rhathymum, not P. mexicanum[details]
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Prorocentrum rhathymum A.R.Loeblich III, Sherley & Schmidt, 1979. Accessed through: Moestrup, Ø.; Akselmann, R.; Fraga, S.; Hoppenrath, M.; Iwataki, M.; Komárek, J.; Larsen, J.; Lundholm, N.; Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards) IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae at: http://marinespecies.org/hab/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=232298 on 2019-01-21
Moestrup, Ø.; Akselmann, R.; Fraga, S.; Hoppenrath, M.; Iwataki, M.; Komárek, J.; Larsen, J.; Lundholm, N.; Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae. Prorocentrum rhathymum A.R.Loeblich III, Sherley & Schmidt, 1979. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/hab/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=232298 on 2019-01-21
Date
action
by
2006-07-24 06:50:08Z
created
2008-11-21 08:21:07Z
checked
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z
changed
2017-07-28 14:39:02Z
changed

original description Loeblich A.R.III, Sherley,J.L. & Schmidt R.J. 1979. The correct position of flagellar insertion in <i>Procentrum</i> and description of <i>Prorocentrum rhathymum</i> sp. nov. (Pyrrophyta). J. Plankton Res. 1:113-120. [details]   

basis of record Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world's oceans. <em>Acta Bot. Croat.</em> 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. <em>World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.</em> , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

additional source Carlson R.D. & Tindall D.R. 1985. Distribution and periodicity of toxic dinoflagellates in the Virgin Islands. In: <i>Toxic Dinoflagellates</i> (Ed. by D.M. Anderson, A.W. White & D.G. Baden), pp. 171-176. Elsevier, New York. [details]   

additional source Bomber, J. W.; Aikman, K. E. (1988). The ciguatera dinoflagellates. <em>Biol. Oceanogr.</em> 6: 291-311. [details]   

additional source Steidinger, K. A., M. A. Faust, and D. U. Hernández-Becerril. 2009. Dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 131–154 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College [details]   

additional source Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

source of synonymy Gómez, F.; Qiu, D.; Lin, S. (2017). The Synonymy of the Toxic Dinoflagellates <i>Prorocentrum mexicanum</i> and <i>P. rhathymum</i> and the Description of <i>P. steidingerae</i> sp. nov. (Prorocentrales, Dinophyceae). <em>Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology.</em> , available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/jeu.12403 [details]   

toxicology source Nakajima I., Oshima Y. & Yasumoto T. 1981. Toxicity of benthic dinoflagellates in Okinawa. Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 47: 1029-1033.  [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From regional or thematic species database
Harmful effect P. mexicanum is known to produce haemolytic toxins, not toxic to mice (Nakajima et al. 1981); water soluble acetone precipitate is toxic to mice (Carlson & Tindall 1985). [details]

status Until recently P. rhathymum was confused with P. mexicanum (see Cortés-Altamirano R. & Sierra-Beltran A.P. 2003: Morphology and taxonomy of Prorocentrum mexicanum and reinstatement of Prorocentrum rhathymum (Dinophyceae). J. Phycol. 39: 221-225. In all sases where toxicity has been demonstrated this has been due to P. rhathymum, not P. mexicanum[details]

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