HABs taxon details
Pseudo-nitzschia seriata (Cleve) H.Peragallo, 1899
|Parent|| ||Pseudo-nitzschia H. Peragallo in H. Peragallo & M. Peragallo, 1900|
|Orig. name|| ||Nitzschia seriata Cleve, 1883|
Nitzschia seriata Cleve, 1883 (Synonym)|
original description Cleve P.T. 1883: Vega-ekspeditionens Vetenskapliga Iakttagelser 3: 455-517 [details]|
additional source Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway., available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]
additional source Lundholm N., Skov, J., Pocklington R. & Moestrup Ø. 1994. Domoic acid, the amino acid responsible for amnesic shellfish poisoning, now in Pseudo-nitzschia seriata (Bacillariophyceae) in Europe. Phycologia 33: 475-478. [details]
additional source Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]
redescription Hasle, G. R. (1965). Nitzschia and Fragilariopsis species studied in the light and electron microscopes. II. The group Pseudonitzschia. Skrifter utgitt av Det norske Videnskaps-Akademi i Oslo. Mat.-Naturv. Klasse, Ny serie. vol 18, 45pp. [details]
new combination reference Peragallo H. & Peragallo M. 1897-1908. Diatomées de France (Ed. by M.J. Tempère). Micrographe-Editeur, Grez-sur-Loing, 2, 492 pp.
basis of record (of Nitzschia seriata Cleve, 1883) Hällfors, G. (2004). Checklist of Baltic Sea Phytoplankton Species (including some heterotrophic protistan groups). Baltic Sea Environment Proceedings. No. 95: 210 pp., available online at http://helcom.fi/Lists/Publications/BSEP95.pdf [details]
|Environment|| ||marine, |terrestrial
|Fossil range|| ||recent only|
type locality contained in Tindingen [details]|
From regional or thematic species database
|Links|| ||Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe (DAISIE) |
Published in AlgaeBase
To Barcode of Life
To Biodiversity Heritage Library (2 publications)
To Encyclopedia of Life
To GenBank (21 nucleotides; 0 proteins)
From regional or thematic species database
Distribution P. seriata is a cold-water species. Previously known only from the Northern Hemisphere in the Atlantic, but recently also from the Northern Pacific. Recently, it was recorded from the Southern cold Pacific. Due to morphological variability of P. seriata and related species, this needs to be confirmed. [details]
Harmful effect P. seriata has been implicated in toxic episodes in the field in Europe (Denmark, Ireland, Scotland) and Canada. It has caused DA in sea scallops and molluscan shellfish in Canada, in blue mussels in Denmark, and associated with DA in king scallops in Scotland.
DA levels above the regularory limit (20µm g-1) has been found at concentrations of 50-62,000 cells L-1 in Canada and Denmark. [details]
Identification The main characteristics of P. seriata are the asymmetric valve and the 4 rows of poroids (2 outer rows of larger poroids and 2 inner rows of smaller poroids).
P. seriata is phylogenetically and morphologically closely related to P. obtusa and P. australis, two other species with asymmetric valves. The main differences are in the number of poroid rows in the striae, poroid density, and valve vidth. However, in P. seriata number of poroid rows and poroid density has been found to decrease with increasing temperature, making identification difficult.
P. seriata: (2)-4 rows - 6-9 poroids µm-1 - 4.6-8.0µm
P. obtusa: 2 rows - 6-8 poroids µm-1 - 2.9-5.0µm
P. australis: 2 rows - 4-5 poroids µm-1 - 6.5-8.0µm
Toxicology Strains of the species have been confirmed to produce domoic acid (DA) in cultures from the cold temperate Northern Atlantic and Northern Arctic. Some strains have in addition to DA been shown to produce the two isomers isodomoic acid A (IA) and isodomoic acid B (IB). DA have so far been found to make up the largest proportion of the toxins. DA production in cultures have been found to vary from 0.16 pg cell-1 to 33.6 pg cell-1.
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| || ||Citation: Guiry, Michael D. (2015). Pseudo-nitzschia seriata (Cleve) H.Peragallo, 1899. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2016). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Accessed through: Moestrup, Ø.; Akselmann, R.; Fraga, S.; Hansen, G.; Hoppenrath, M.; Iwataki, M.; Komárek, J.; Larsen, J.; Lundholm, N.; Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=149152 on 2017-02-27|
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