HABs note details

Harmful effect
English
eng
Mass mortality of ~50,000 cage-cultured fish took place in February 2014 in the West Johor Strait, Malaysia during a bloom of K. australe (0.3-2.3 million cells per litre). Effects on the fish similar to symptoms known to be caused by karlotoxin and the fishkill therefore attributed to K. australe, which comprised 69-99 % of the phytoplankton. Toxicity not reported from elsewhere.
Lim, H.C., Leaw, C.P., Tan, T.H., Kon, N.F., Yek, L.H., Hii, K.S., Teng, S.T., Razali, R.M., Usup, G., Iwataki, M. & Lim, P.T. (2014). A bloom of Karlodinium australe (Gymnodiniales, Dinophyceae) associated with mass mortality of cage-cultured fishes in West Johor Strait, Malaysia. Harmful Algae 40, 51-62.
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2017-01-02 12:49:57Z
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