Foraminifera name details

Amphistegina madagascariensis d'Orbigny in Fornasini, 1903

112865  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:112865)

 unaccepted (Considered a nomen nudum by Larsen (1976). Subjective junior synonym of A. lessonii Opinion of Fornasini (1903) see note)
Species
marine
Fornasini, C. (1903). Le otto pretese specie di Amphistegina istituite da d'Orbigny nel 1826. <em>Rendiconto delle sessioni della Reale Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna.</em> vol. 7: 142-145., available online at https://archive.org/stream/rendicontodelle02unkngoog#page/n157/
page(s): p. 143 pl. 2 n° 5 [details]   
Hayward, B.W.; Le Coze, F.; Vachard, D.; Gross, O. (2019). World Foraminifera Database. Amphistegina madagascariensis d'Orbigny in Fornasini, 1903. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/foraminifera.../aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=112865 on 2019-08-17
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2017-05-10 12:49:52Z
changed
2019-06-19 23:24:52Z
changed
2019-06-20 18:27:40Z
changed
2019-06-21 13:47:01Z
changed

original description Fornasini, C. (1903). Le otto pretese specie di Amphistegina istituite da d'Orbigny nel 1826. <em>Rendiconto delle sessioni della Reale Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna.</em> vol. 7: 142-145., available online at https://archive.org/stream/rendicontodelle02unkngoog#page/n157/
page(s): p. 143 pl. 2 n° 5 [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Yim, W. W.-S.; He, X.-X. (1988). Holocene foraminifera in Hong Kong and their palaeoenvironmental significance. <em>In: The palaeoenvironment of east asia from the mid-tertiary, Proceedings of the Second International Conference on the Paleoenvironment of East Asia, Vol. II: Oceanography, Palaeozoology and Palaeoanthropology (eds. Whyte, P. Aigner, J.S., Jablonski, N.G., Taylor, G., Walker, D., Pinxian, W. & So, C.-L.), Centre of Asian Studies, University of Hong Kong.</em> 787-809. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record Gross, O. (2001). Foraminifera, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 60-75 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Zenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N. (2010). Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union's Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution. <em>Mediterranean Marine Science.</em> 11(2): 381-493., available online at https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.87 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Zenetos, A.; Meriç, E.; Verlaque, M.; Galli, P.; Boudouresque, C.-F.; Giangrande, A.; Cinar, M.; Bilecenoglu, M. (2008). Additions to the annotated list of marine alien biota in the Mediterranean with special emphasis on Foraminifera and Parasites. <em>Mediterranean Marine Science.</em> 9(1): 119-165., available online at https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.146 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

status source Larsen, A. R. (1976). Studies of Recent Amphistegina, Taxonomy and some Ecological Aspects. <em>Israel Journal of Earth-Sciences.</em> 25: 1-26. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Synonymy First it is important to understand that from a formal point of view (ICZN), Fornasini is the author of the species not d'Orbigny (nomen nudum). The authority should be Fornasini, 1903. [I voluntarly quoted all the nomina nuda from d'Orbigny (1826): "d'Orbigny in X, date" to garanty a certain "traceability" in the hope of avoiding more confusion.]

Therefore all the elements given by Fornasini (1903) are part of the definition of the species: d'Orbigny's unpublished figure and the reference to the figures of Brady: "La quale, evidentemente, è anch'essa inseparabile da l'A. lessonii ("thicker variety often more inequilateral" di Brady): https://archive.org/stream/rendicontodelle02unkngoog#page/n159/mode/2up

The "thicker variety often more inequilateral" of A. lessonii refers to the figure 5 and 6 plate 111 of Brady (1884), which Pamela Hallock Muller said to be A. lessonii (6 with a ?).
http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-22/htm/docd111.html

A. madagascariensis is not a nomen nudum but more than probably a subjective junior synonym of A. lessonii. In my opinion Larsen (1976) only focused on d'Orbigny's figures maybe not having Fornasini's publication? Le Coze (2019) pers. comm.

Comment by Pamela Harlock Muller (2019) pers. comm.:
"Pretty straightforward evidence of the variability in A. lessonii, isn't it!"  [details]