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Echinoidea taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocentrotus mamillatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

568045  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:568045)

accepted
Species
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrocladia blainvillii (Des Moulins, 1837) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrocladia mamillata (misspelling for Acrocladia mammillata)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrocladia mammillata (Linnaeus, 1758) (transferred to Heterocentrotus)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrocladia planispina von Martens, 1886 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrocladia serialis Perrier, 1869 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidaris mammillata (Linnaeus, 1758) (transferred to Heterocentrotus)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra blainvillii Des Moulins, 1837 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra carinata (Blainville, 1825) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra mammillata (Linnaeus, 1758) (transferred to Heterocentrotus)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus carinatus Blainville, 1825 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus castaneus Perry, 1810 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus mamillatus Linnaeus, 1758 (transferred to Heterocentrotus)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus mammillatus Linnaeus, 1758 (incorrect subsequent spelling)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocentrotus mammillatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (incorrect subsequent spelling)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocentrotus postelsii Brandt, 1835 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocentrus mamillatus (misspelling for Heterocentrotus mammillatus)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus mamillatus Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 664-665 [details]   
Kroh, A. (2011). Heterocentrotus mamillatus (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2017). World Echinoidea Database. Accessed at http://www.marinespecies.org/echinoidea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=568045 on 2017-12-12

Date
action
by
2011-04-11 06:53:58Z
created

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra blainvillii Des Moulins, 1837) des Moulins, C. 1837. Troisième Mémoire sur les Échinides. - Synonymie générale. Actes de la Société Linnéenne de Bordeaux 9, 45-364. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/102751#page/114/mode/1up
page(s): 110-113; pl. 50: figs 1-6 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus castaneus Perry, 1810) Perry, G. 1810-1811. Arcana: or the Museum of Natural History. pls. 1-48 (= 1810), pls. 49-84 (= 1811), unnumbered text pages. London: James Stratford., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/120576#page/7/mode/1up
page(s): unpaginated [scan page 209-210 in BHL]; pl. [34] [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus mamillatus Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 664-665 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra (Acrocladia) planispina von Martens, 1886) Martens, E. von. 1866. Verzeichniss der von Dr. E. Schweinfurth 1864 auf seiner Reise am Rothen Meere gesammelten und nach Berlin eingesendeten zoologischen Gegenstände. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien. 16. p. 377-382, available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/86028#page/549/mode/1up
page(s): 381-382 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus carinatus Blainville, 1825) Blainville, H. M. D. d. 1825. Oursin, Echinus (Actinozoaires.). Pp. 59-98 in Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles F.G. Levrault, Strasbourg & Paris., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/81570#page/5/mode/1up
page(s): 98 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrocladia hastifera L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846) Agassiz, L. & Desor, P. J. E. 1846. Catalogue raisonné des familles, des genres, et des espèces de la classe des échinodermes. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Troisième Série, Zoologie 6, 305-374., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47986#page/311/mode/1up
page(s): 373 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrocladia serialis Perrier, 1869) Perrier, E. (1869). Recherche sur les pédicellaires et les ambulacres des astérides et des oursins. Thèses présentées à la Faculté des Sciences de Paris pour obtenir le Grade de Docteur ès Sciences Naturelles Victor Masson et fils, Paris. 5-188, plates 1-7., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/49472#page/11/mode/1up
page(s): 165; pl. 6: fig. 5a-c [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus (Heterocentrotus) postelsii Brandt, 1835) Brandt, J. F. (1835). Prodromus descriptionis Animalium ab H. Mertensio in orbis terrarum circumnavigatione observatorum, Petropooli. Fasc. I: 203-275., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/40762#page/5/mode/1up
page(s): 265 [65 in reprint version] [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrocladia mamillata) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 3. Camarodonta. II. Echinidæ, Strongylocentrotidæ, Parasaleniidæ, Echinometridæ. 446 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 409-420 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrocladia mammillata (Linnaeus, 1758)) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 3. Camarodonta. II. Echinidæ, Strongylocentrotidæ, Parasaleniidæ, Echinometridæ. 446 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 409-420 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrocladia planispina von Martens, 1886) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 3. Camarodonta. II. Echinidæ, Strongylocentrotidæ, Parasaleniidæ, Echinometridæ. 446 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 409-420 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrocladia serialis Perrier, 1869) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 3. Camarodonta. II. Echinidæ, Strongylocentrotidæ, Parasaleniidæ, Echinometridæ. 446 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 409-420 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus castaneus Perry, 1810) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 3. Camarodonta. II. Echinidæ, Strongylocentrotidæ, Parasaleniidæ, Echinometridæ. 446 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 409-420 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra (Acrocladia) planissima von Martens, 1886) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 3. Camarodonta. II. Echinidæ, Strongylocentrotidæ, Parasaleniidæ, Echinometridæ. 446 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 409-420 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus carinatus Blainville, 1825) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 3. Camarodonta. II. Echinidæ, Strongylocentrotidæ, Parasaleniidæ, Echinometridæ. 446 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 409-420 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus mamillatus Linnaeus, 1758) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 3. Camarodonta. II. Echinidæ, Strongylocentrotidæ, Parasaleniidæ, Echinometridæ. 446 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 409-420 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus mammillatus Linnaeus, 1758) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 3. Camarodonta. II. Echinidæ, Strongylocentrotidæ, Parasaleniidæ, Echinometridæ. 446 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 409-420 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocentrotus carinatus (Blainville, 1825)) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 3. Camarodonta. II. Echinidæ, Strongylocentrotidæ, Parasaleniidæ, Echinometridæ. 446 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 409-420 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocentrotus postelsii Brandt, 1835) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 3. Camarodonta. II. Echinidæ, Strongylocentrotidæ, Parasaleniidæ, Echinometridæ. 446 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 409-420 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocentrus mamillatus) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 3. Camarodonta. II. Echinidæ, Strongylocentrotidæ, Parasaleniidæ, Echinometridæ. 446 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 409-420 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrocladia blainvillei (Des Moulins, 1837)) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 3. Camarodonta. II. Echinidæ, Strongylocentrotidæ, Parasaleniidæ, Echinometridæ. 446 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 409-420 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrocladia blainvillii (Des Moulins, 1837)) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 3. Camarodonta. II. Echinidæ, Strongylocentrotidæ, Parasaleniidæ, Echinometridæ. 446 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 409-420 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrocladia hastifera L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 3. Camarodonta. II. Echinidæ, Strongylocentrotidæ, Parasaleniidæ, Echinometridæ. 446 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 409-420 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra carinata (Blainville, 1825)) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 3. Camarodonta. II. Echinidæ, Strongylocentrotidæ, Parasaleniidæ, Echinometridæ. 446 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 409-420 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra hastifera (L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846)) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 3. Camarodonta. II. Echinidæ, Strongylocentrotidæ, Parasaleniidæ, Echinometridæ. 446 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 409-420 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra mammillata (Linnaeus, 1758)) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 3. Camarodonta. II. Echinidæ, Strongylocentrotidæ, Parasaleniidæ, Echinometridæ. 446 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 409-420 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra (Acrocladia) planispina von Martens, 1886) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 3. Camarodonta. II. Echinidæ, Strongylocentrotidæ, Parasaleniidæ, Echinometridæ. 446 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 409-420 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocentrotus mammillatus (Linnaeus, 1758)) Clark, A. M.; Rowe, F. W. E. (1971). Monograph of shallow-water indo-west Pacific Echinoderms. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). London. x + 238 p. + 30 pls., available online at http://www.abctaxa.be/downloads/additional-information-volume-1/works-famous-holothuroid-workers/fwe-rowe/MonographIndoWestPacific.pdf [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocentrotus mammillatus (Linnaeus, 1758)) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 3. Camarodonta. II. Echinidæ, Strongylocentrotidæ, Parasaleniidæ, Echinometridæ. 446 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 409-420 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocentrotus mammillatus (Linnaeus, 1758)) Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidaris mammillata (Linnaeus, 1758)) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 3. Camarodonta. II. Echinidæ, Strongylocentrotidæ, Parasaleniidæ, Echinometridæ. 446 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 409-420 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra blainvillii Des Moulins, 1837) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 3. Camarodonta. II. Echinidæ, Strongylocentrotidæ, Parasaleniidæ, Echinometridæ. 446 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 409-420 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpelling This species has alternatingly been spelled mammillatus/mamillata in the literature. Linné (1758: p. 664)) established the species as Echinus mamillatus, and consistently used mamillatus/mamillata with one "m". The confusion dates back to the work of Gmelin (1778: p. 3175), who was the first to use the variant with two "m".
Gramatically both variants are correct (contratry to the statement of Mortensen, 1943: p. 419): mamillatus with one "m" when the name is derived from Latin "mamilla" (= nipple), mammillatus with two "m" would be correct if the name is derived from Latin "mamma" (= breast). There are numerous other species named "mamillatus" with a single "m" in various groups ranging from nematods to insects.

Summing up, "mamillatus" is the unambiguous original spelling and is grammatically correct and thus the correct name for this species. "mammillatus", in contrast, is an incorrect subsequent spelling (nothing in Gmelin, 1778 suggests an intentional change, i.e. an emendation). [details]
 

Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClavisodalis abbreviatus Dojiri & Humes, 1982 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClavisodalis tenuis Dojiri & Humes, 1982 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMecomerinx heterocentroti Humes, 1977 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSenariellus latiseta Humes, 1977 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
LanguageName 
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorslate pencil urchin  [details]
German Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGriffel-Seeigel  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorパイプウニ  [details]

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