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Echinoidea taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocentrotus mamillatus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
AphiaID: 568045

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinodermata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinozoa (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoidea (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuechinoidea (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarinacea (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinacea (Superorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCamarodonta (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinidea (Infraorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontophora (Superfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometridae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocentrotus (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocentrotus mamillatus (Species)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocentrotus Brandt, 1835
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrocladia blainvillei (Des Moulins, 1837) (unjustified emendation)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrocladia blainvillii (Des Moulins, 1837) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrocladia hastifera (Eydoux & Souleyet, 1844) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrocladia mamillata (misspelling for Acrocladia mammillata)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrocladia mammillata (Linnaeus, 1758) (transferred to Heterocentrotus)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrocladia planispina von Martens, 1886 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrocladia serialis Perrier, 1869 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidaris mammillata (Linnaeus, 1758) (transferred to Heterocentrotus)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra (Acrocladia) planispina von Martens, 1886 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra (Acrocladia) planissima von Martens, 1886 (incorrect original spelling)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra blainvillii Des Moulins, 1837 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra carinata (Blainville, 1825) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra hastifera Eydoux & Souleyet, 1844 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra mammillata (Linnaeus, 1758) (transferred to Heterocentrotus)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus (Heterocentrotus) postelsii Brandt, 1835 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus carinatus Blainville, 1825 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus castaneus Perry, 1810 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus mamillatus Linnaeus, 1758 (transferred to Heterocentrotus)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus mammillatus Linnaeus, 1758 (incorrect subsequent spelling)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocentrotus carinatus (Blainville, 1825) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocentrotus mammillatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (incorrect subsequent spelling)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocentrotus postelsii Brandt, 1835 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocentrus mamillatus (misspelling for Heterocentrotus mammillatus)
Sources  basis of record (of Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocentrotus mammillatus (Linnaeus, 1758)) Clark, A.M. and F.W.E. Rowe. (1971). Monograph of Shallow-water Indo-West Pacific Echinoderms. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History): London. x + 238 p. + 30 pls., available online at http://www.abctaxa.be/downloads/additional-information-volume-1/works-famous-holothuroid-workers/fwe-rowe/MonographIndoWestPacific.pdf [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorslate pencil urchin  [details]
German Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGriffel-Seeigel  [details]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent + fossil
Distribution 
From editor or global species database
Jordan
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAqaba [details]
Red Sea
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarsa Shagra [details]
From other sources
Indian Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMascarene Basin [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWest Indian Ocean [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Kenya
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKenya [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Red Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea [details]
Republic of Mauritius
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMauritius [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Seychelles
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSeychelles [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEastern Africa & Madagascar [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]

Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClavisodalis abbreviatus Dojiri & Humes, 1982 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClavisodalis tenuis Dojiri & Humes, 1982 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMecomerinx heterocentroti Humes, 1977 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSenariellus latiseta Humes, 1977 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (39 publications) 
Attribute Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFunctional group benthos » Stage adult (inherited from Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinodermata) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFunctional group plankton » Stage larva (inherited from Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinodermata) [details]
Note 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpelling This species has alternatingly been spelled mammillatus/mamillata in the literature. Linné (1758: p. 664)) established the species as Echinus mamillatus, and consistently used mamillatus/mamillata with one "m". The confusion dates back to the work of Gmelin (1778: p. 3175), who was the first to use the variant with two "m".
Gramatically both variants are correct (contratry to the statement of Mortensen, 1943: p. 419): mamillatus with one "m" when the name is derived from Latin "mamilla" (= nipple), mammillatus with two "m" would be correct if the name is derived from Latin "mamma" (= breast). There are numerous other species named "mamillatus" with a single "m" in various groups ranging from nematods to insects.

Summing up, "mamillatus" is the unambiguous original spelling and is grammatically correct and thus the correct name for this species. "mammillatus", in contrast, is an incorrect subsequent spelling (nothing in Gmelin, 1778 suggests an intentional change, i.e. an emendation). [details]
ImagesChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Heterocentrotus mamillatus
Heterocentrotus mamill...
Heterocentrotus mamillatus stamp
Heterocentrotus mamill...
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:568045
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2011-04-11 06:53:58Z  created  Kroh, Andreas
  
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  Citation: Kroh, A. (2014). Heterocentrotus mamillatus (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2014) World Echinoidea Database. Accessed through: Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2014) World Echinoidea Database at http://www.marinespecies.org/Echinoidea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=568045 on 2014-12-19
  

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