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Echinoidea name details

Aerope rostrata Norman, 1876

124366  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:124366)

 unaccepted (transferred to Aeropsis)
Species
Aërope rostrata Norman, 1876 (parent is an incorrect original spelling)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
 Norman, A.M. (1876). Crustacea, Tunicata, Polyzoa, Echinodermata, Actinozoa, Foraminifera, Polycistina and Spongida. In: Jeffreys, J.G. (ed.). Preliminary Report of the Biological Results of a Cruise in H.M.S. 'Valorous' to Davis Strait in 1875. Proceedings of the Royal Society 25:202-215., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/139559#page/222/mode/1up
page(s): 212 [details]   
Note Re-evaluation of the authority of A. rostrata...  
From editor or global species database
Type material Re-evaluation of the authority of A. rostrata (see note “Authority”) has implications on the identity of the type material. The description of Norman (1876) was based on the material from the Valorous Cruise, which thus forms (part of) the type series. The type status of Thomson’s material from the Challenger Cruise, in contrast, is not fully clear. The latter could be considered part of the type series since Article 73.2.1 of the Code states that syntypes can include “specimens not seen by the author but which form the bases of previously published descriptions or illustrations.” Thomson might have shown the Challenger specimens or illustrations thereof in order to decide that they were the same species as his taxon, in which case they might be considered part of the type series based on cited article.
Acknowledgements: I am grateful to Gary Rosenberg (Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University) for discussion of this case. [details]
Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2018). World Echinoidea Database. Aerope rostrata Norman, 1876. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/echinoidea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=124366 on 2018-10-16
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2011-04-27 12:37:20Z
changed
2013-08-20 06:10:03Z
changed
2018-02-06 05:40:24Z
changed

original description  Norman, A.M. (1876). Crustacea, Tunicata, Polyzoa, Echinodermata, Actinozoa, Foraminifera, Polycistina and Spongida. In: Jeffreys, J.G. (ed.). Preliminary Report of the Biological Results of a Cruise in H.M.S. 'Valorous' to Davis Strait in 1875. Proceedings of the Royal Society 25:202-215., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/139559#page/222/mode/1up
page(s): 212 [details]   

context source (Deepsea)  Natural History Museum, London (NHM): Collections Management Database System.  [details]   

basis of record  Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i>. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  Mortensen, T. (1950). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. V, 1. Spatangoida I. Protosternata, Meridosternata, Amphisternata I. Palæopneustidæ, Palæostomatidæ, Aëropsidæ, Toxasteridæ, Micrasteridæ, Hemiasteridæ, 432 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 328 [details]   
From editor or global species database
Authority While having been unanimously attributed to Thomson, 1877 in print, revisiting the original publications shed new light on the correct authority of Aerope rostrata. The first published description in association with this name actually was actually published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society, Vol. 25, Issue 173, published in 1876, in a work by A. M. Norman, who the biological material of the Valorous Cruise.
In this article he gives a good description of the species, as well as station details, but at the end (p. 212) mentions: “… This new and most interesting form will be names Aërope rostrata by Sir Wyville Thomson*.” The footnote reads: “When this description was read I had suggested a name for the present species; but having since learnt from Sir Wyville Thomson that it has also been procured in the ‘Challenger’ Expedition, I gladly adopt the above name, under which I found that he was about to describe it.”
Since Norman’s article predated the book in which Thomson described Aerope rostrata, under ICZN Article 50.1, Norman is the author of the species, since he was the first to fulfil the criteria of availability.
Under Article 50.1 (a name is established by the person who first published it), only one name was established: Aerope rostrata Norman, 1876; Aerope rostrata Thomson is not a separate nominal taxon.
Acknowledgements: I am grateful to Gary Rosenberg (Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University) for discussion of this case. [details]

Type material Re-evaluation of the authority of A. rostrata (see note “Authority”) has implications on the identity of the type material. The description of Norman (1876) was based on the material from the Valorous Cruise, which thus forms (part of) the type series. The type status of Thomson’s material from the Challenger Cruise, in contrast, is not fully clear. The latter could be considered part of the type series since Article 73.2.1 of the Code states that syntypes can include “specimens not seen by the author but which form the bases of previously published descriptions or illustrations.” Thomson might have shown the Challenger specimens or illustrations thereof in order to decide that they were the same species as his taxon, in which case they might be considered part of the type series based on cited article.
Acknowledgements: I am grateful to Gary Rosenberg (Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University) for discussion of this case. [details]

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