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Echinoidea source details

NameClarke, A.; Johnston, N.M. (2003). Antarctic marine benthic diversity. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review. 41: 47-114.
AuthorsClarke, A.; Johnston, N.M
Year2003
TitleAntarctic marine benthic diversity
JournalOceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review
Suffix41: 47-114
Type Publication
NoteAn unpublished species checklist compiled for background to this paper was used as basis for the Register of Antarctic Marine Species. The paper itself contains no species lists.
Ant'Phipoda Literature database.
IMIS-ID63604
Full textAvailable for editors  PDF available
AbstractSpecies lists have been compiled for all the major groups of Southern Ocean benthic marine invertebrates, eliminating synonymies where possible and providing a subjective estimate of completeness and reliability for each group. Antarctic marine diversity (pelagic and benthic) is relatively high at the phylum and class level, with the gaps mostly comprising minor, meiofaunal or parasitic groups. Most benthic diversity data come from the continental shelves, with relatively few samples from deeper water. Even for the continental shelves, however, sampling is highly patchy with some areas hardly investigated at all. Over 4100 benthic species have been reported from the Southern Ocean, with the most speciose groups being polychaetes, gastropods and amphipods. Comparison with tropical and temperate regions suggest that decapods, bivalves and teleost fishes are poorly represented in the Southern Ocean benthic marine fauna, whereas pycnogonids, echinoderms and many suspension feeding groups are rich and diverse. Some groups that are currently low in diversity were previously well represented in the Antarctic shallow water marine fauna, notably decapods and many fishes. Other groups have undergone marked radiations in the Southern Ocean, including pycnogonids, amphipods, isopods and teleost fishes; in all cases, however, it is only some lineages that have diversified. This indicates that evolutionary questions concerning the origin, diversification or extinction of the Southern Ocean marine fauna will have no single answer; the evolutionary history of each group appears to reflect a different response to the tectonic, climatic and oceanographic changes to which they have been subject through history. The disposition of southern hemisphere continents makes it difficult to assess whether there is a latitudinal cline in shallow-water marine diversity to mirror that known from the northern hemisphere. Within Antarctica, many species appear to have circumpolar distributions, and the long established biogeographical division into continental Antarctic, Antarctic Peninsula and sub-Antarctic regions have not been challenged by recent sampling. For most groups the frequency distribution of species per genus ratios is typical, though none is well described by the predictions from current evolutionary or null models. Where data are available, size spectra indicate that many Southern Ocean taxa are small, a few spectacular examples of gigantism notwithstanding, and species abundance plots are normal. Knowledge of the Southern Ocean benthic marine fauna has reached a stage where we can now ask powerful evolutionary questions, and the development of new molecular techniques provides the mechanism for answering them
Geographical
term
Antarctic
Taxonomic
terms
Amphipoda
Polychaeta
Taxa
(49)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus agassizii (Pfeffer, 1889) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus bidens Mortensen, 1910 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus cavernosus bidens Mortensen, 1910 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus cavernosus (Philippi, 1845) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus cavernosus var. bidens Mortensen, 1910 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus cavernosus bidens Mortensen, 1910 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus curvidens Mortensen, 1836 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus elongatus (Koehler, 1908) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus ingens Koehler, 1926 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus philippi Lovén, 1871 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus philippii Lovén, 1871 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus shackletoni Koehler, 1911 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipneustes bifidus Mortensen, 1950 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipneustes brevisternalis (Koehler, 1926) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipneustes koehleri Mortensen, 1905 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipneustes lorioli Koehler, 1901 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipneustes marsupialis (Koehler, 1926) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipneustes rostratus (Koehler, 1926) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipneustes similis Mortensen, 1936 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipneustes tumescens (Koehler, 1926) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAporocidaris antarctica Mortensen, 1909 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrachysternaster chesheri Larrain, 1985 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCtenocidaris geliberti (Koehler, 1912) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCtenocidaris nutrix var. longispina Mortensen, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCtenocidaris (Eurocidaris) nutrix longispina Mortensen, 1928 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCtenocidaris perrieri Koehler, 1912 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCtenocidaris rugosa (Koehler, 1926) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCtenocidaris speciosa Mortensen, 1910 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCtenocidaris spinosa (Koehler, 1926) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEurocidaris Mortensen, 1909 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCtenocidaris (Eurocidaris) Mortensen, 1909 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEurocidaris rugosa Koehler, 1926 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCtenocidaris rugosa (Koehler, 1926) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHomalocidaris Mortensen, 1928b (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHomalocidaris gigantea (H.L. Clark, 1925) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocidaris gaussensis Mortensen, 1909 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocidaris mortenseni (Koehler, 1900) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocidaris spinosa Koehler, 1926 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCtenocidaris spinosa (Koehler, 1926) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParapneustes Koehler, 1912 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParapneustes abatoides (H.L. Clark, 1925) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSchizocosmus abatoides (H.L. Clark, 1925) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParapneustes cordatus Koehler, 1912 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParapneustes reductus Koehler, 1912 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlexechinus nordenskjoldi Mortensen, 1905 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntrechinus nordenskjoldi (Mortensen, 1905) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlexechinus planus (Mironov, 1978) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPourtalesia aurorae Koehler, 1926 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPourtalesia debilis Koehler, 1926 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPourtalesia hispidis A. Agassiz, 1881 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPourtalesia hispida A. Agassiz, 1879 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPourtalesia vinogradovae Mironov, 1995 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhynchocidaris triplopora (Mortensen, 1909) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSterechinus agassizii Mortensen, 1910 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSterechinus antarcticus Koehler, 1901 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSterechinus dentifer Koehler, 1926 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSterechinus neumayeri (Meissner, 1900) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorUrechinus mortenseni David & Mooi, 1990 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntrechinus mortenseni (David & Mooi, 1990) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorUrechinus wyvilli (A. Agassiz, 1879) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystechinus wyvillii A. Agassiz, 1879 (additional source)
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history
Date   action   by
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z  created  db_admin
2014-02-09 21:01:17Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
2014-02-10 00:57:53Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
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