Echinoidea note details

Status
English
eng
Forbes (1852, Figures and Descriptions Illustrative of British Organic Remains. Decade IV) mentions that this "beautiful Echinite was originally named by Mr. Searles Wood" and consequently used Woods' name "excavatus", mentioning (in the synonymy list), but disregarding the name woodsii established by Agassiz (in Agassiz & Desor) for that taxon in 1846. Wood's name "excavatus", however, does not appear to have been made available prior to Forbes work. The name appear in Morris (1843: p. 60) Catalogue of British Fossils, but is not accompanied by any description or illustration, being attributed to an unpublished manuscript of Wood. Forbes, clearly is the first author to fulfill the criteria for availibility (in 1852) and therefore needs to be considered the author of T. excavatus. Contrary to Mortensens opinion that the name excavatus should be kept (Mortensen 1943: p. 276) T. woodsii clearly has priority over T. excavatus, as already concluded by Gregory (1891), and according to the ICZN regulations (see also Jagt & Idema 2002: p. 224).
Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen. 

Morris, J. (1843) A Catalog of British Fossils. Comprising all the Genera and Species Hitherto Described, with References to their Geological Distribution and to the Localities in which They have been Found. John Van Voorst, London, xi + 222 pp. 

Forbes, E. (1852). Monograph of the Echinodermata of the British Tertiaries. <em>Palaeontographical Society London.</em> 6: 1-36. available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12100203 

Gregory, J. W. (1891). A revision of the British fossil Cainozoic Echinoidea. <em>Proc. Geol. Assoc. London.</em> 12: 16-60, pl. 1-2. 

Jagt, J.W.M. & Idema, J. (2002). Notes on North Sea Basin Cainozoic echinoderms, Part 2. The echinoid Temnechinus woodii (Agassiz in Agassiz & Desor, 1846) from the Pliocene of the Netherlands. <em>Contributions to Zoology.</em> 70/4: 221-227. 
Date
action
by
2020-01-29 19:35:18Z
created