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Deep-Sea taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoidae Kinberg, 1856

939  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:939)

accepted
Family
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdmetellinae Uschakov, 1977
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArctonoinae Hanley, 1989
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathyedithinae Pettibone, 1976
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathymacellinae Pettibone, 1976
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathymariana Levenstein, 1978
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBenhamisetosus Averintsev, 1978
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchinotogluminae Pettibone, 1985
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchinotogluma Pettibone, 1985
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOpisthotrochopodus Pettibone, 1985 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchinotogluma Pettibone, 1985 (male morph subjective synonym)
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchiplicatinae Pettibone, 1985
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchipolynoinae Pettibone, 1984
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEulagiscinae Pettibone, 1997
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidastheniinae Pettibone, 1989
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidogyra Hartman, 1967
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidonotinae Willey, 1902
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidonotopodinae Pettibone, 1983
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacellicephalinae Hartmann-Schröder, 1971
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustropolaria Neal, Barnich, Wiklund & Glover, 2012
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathybahamas Pettibone, 1985
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathycanadia Levenstein, 1981
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathycatalina Pettibone, 1976
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathyedithya Levenstein, 1981
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathyeliasona Pettibone, 1976
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathyfauvelia Pettibone, 1976
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathykermadeca Pettibone, 1976
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathykurila Pettibone, 1976
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathylevensteina Pettibone, 1976
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathymiranda Levenstein, 1981
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathypolaria Levenstein, 1981
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathytasmania Levenstein, 1982
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathyvitiazia Pettibone, 1976
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBruunilla Hartman, 1971
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLevensteiniella Pettibone, 1985
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacellicephala McIntosh, 1885
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNatopolynoe Pettibone, 1985
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSinantenna Hartmann-Schröder, 1974
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacellicephaloidinae Pettibone, 1976
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacelloidinae Pettibone, 1976
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNemidia Malmgren, 1866
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParapolyeunoa Barnich, Gambi & Fiege, 2012
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPeinaleopolynoe Desbruyères & Laubier, 1988
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllantinoe McIntosh, 1876
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllosheila Pettibone, 1961
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolaruschakovinae Pettibone, 1976
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoella McIntosh, 1885
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoinae Kinberg, 1856
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthicolepis McIntosh, 1900
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntarctinoe Barnich, Fiege, Micaletto & Gambi, 2006
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntinoe Kinberg, 1856
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntinoella Augener, 1928
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrolaenilla Bergström, 1916
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBarrukia Bergström, 1916
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathymoorea Pettibone, 1967
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathynotalia Levenstein, 1982
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrychionoe Hanley & Burke, 1991
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBylgides Chamberlin, 1919
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEucranta Malmgren, 1866
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEunoe Malmgren, 1866
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGattyana McIntosh, 1897
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGorekia Bergström, 1916
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGorgoniapolynoe Pettibone, 1991
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarmothoe Kinberg, 1856
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHermadion Kinberg, 1856
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteropolynoe Bidenkap, 1907
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKermadecella Darboux, 1899
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLagisca Malmgren, 1866
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeucia Malmgren, 1867
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMalmgrenia McIntosh, 1874
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMalmgreniella Hartman, 1967
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMelaenis Malmgren, 1866
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeobylgides Pettibone, 1993
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeolagisca Barnich & Fiege, 2000
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeopolynoe Loshamn, 1981
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParalepidonotus Horst, 1915
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolyeunoa McIntosh, 1885
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoe Lamarck, 1818
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRobertianella McIntosh, 1885
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScalisetosus McIntosh, 1885
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTottonpolynoe Pettibone, 1991
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVampiropolynoinae Marcus & Hourdez, 2002

Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntinoana Hartman & Fauchald, 1971 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBylgides Chamberlin, 1919 (subjective synonym)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEvarne Malmgren, 1866 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarmothoe Kinberg, 1856 (Homonym, replacement Evarnella a synonym)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerdmanella Darboux, 1899 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacellicephala McIntosh, 1885 (subjective synonym)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaenilla Malmgren, 1866 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarmothoe Kinberg, 1856 (subjective synonym, in part at least in Harmothoe)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Kinberg, J.G.H. (1856). Nya slägten och arter af Annelider, Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhhandlingar Stockholm, 12 (9-10), 381-388 [read 1855; printed 1856]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/54201#page/395/mode/1up
page(s): 383 [as family Polynoina] [details]   
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (2014). Polynoidae Kinberg, 1856. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: Glover, A.G., Higgs, N., Horton, T. (2017). World Register of Deep-Sea species at http://www.marinespecies.org/deepsea./aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=939 on 2017-12-18

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
db_admin
2007-01-18 14:44:44Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2012-09-19 03:31:54Z
changed
2013-11-17 03:35:09Z
changed
2014-07-02 10:50:40Z
changed

original description Kinberg, J.G.H. (1856). Nya slägten och arter af Annelider, Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhhandlingar Stockholm, 12 (9-10), 381-388 [read 1855; printed 1856]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/54201#page/395/mode/1up
page(s): 383 [as family Polynoina] [details]   

additional source Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358
page(s): 4 [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Barnich, R.; Fiege, D. 2003. The Aphroditoidea (Annelida: Polychaeta) of the Mediterranean Sea. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft. 559: 167pp., available online at http://www.schweizerbart.de/publications/detail/isbn/9783510613533/The-Aphroditoidea-Annelida-Polychaeta-of-the-Mediterranean-Sea [details]   

additional source Wehe, Thomas. (2006). Revision of the scale worms (Polychaeta:Aphroditoidea) occurring in the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula. Part I: Polynoidae. Fauna of Arabia. 22: 23–197. [details]   

identification resource Chambers, S.J.; Muir, A.I. (1997). Polychaetes: British Chrysopetaloidea, Pisionoidea and Aphroditoidea. Synopses of the British Fauna (New Series). 54: 1-202. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 67 [details]   

identification resource Pettibone, Marian H. 1969. Review of some species referred to Scalisetosus McIntosh (Polychaeta, Polynoidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 82: 1-30., available online at http://hdl.handle.net/10088/3412 [details]   

identification resource Barnich, R.; Gambi, M. C.; Fiege, D. (2012). Revision of the genus Polyeunoa McIntosh, 1885 (Polychaeta, Polynoidae). Zootaxa. 3523: 25-38., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/list/2012/3523.html [details]   

identification resource Barnich, Ruth. (2011). Identification of scale worms in British and Irish waters. NMBAQC 2010 taxonomic workshop, Dove Marine Laboratory. 52 pp., available online at http://www.nmbaqcs.org/scheme-components/invertebrates/literature-and-taxonomic-keys/identification-of-scale-worms.aspx [details]   
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAuthority Malmgren (1867:4) may have been the first to use the "Polynoidae" spelling, but he cites Kinberg's (1856) family "Polynoina" which seems sufficient indication to credit Kinberg with the authorship of the family. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClassification Remarkable for the number of small subfamilies which have been erected. The total is twenty one, or twenty two including the nominal subfamily (Polynoinae), and Hanley (1989) lists 17 to that date. As an example Pettibone (1985) had established subfamily Branchinotogluminae for a single new genus Branchinotogluma with three new species, and earlier (1976) she had created five new subfamilies (Macellicephaloidinae, Macelloidinae, Bathyedithinae, Polaruschakovinae, Bathymacellinae). She has created 12 subfamilies in Polynoidae. The latest subfamily is Uncopolynoinae Wehe, 2006, for one genus, with one species imperfectly known. The validity of all these subfamilies needs re-evaluation.

Polynoidae sub-families in chronological order (updated from Hanley, 1989)

Polynoinae Kinberg, 1856 [nominal]
Iphioninae Baird 1865
Lepidonotinae Willey 1902
Harmothoinae Willey 1902 [= Polynoinae Kinberg]
Macellicephalinae Hartmann-Schroder 1971
Bathyedithinae Pettibone 1976
Polaruschakovinae Pettibone 1976
Macelloidinae Pettibone 1976
Macellicephaloidinae Pettibone 1976
Bathymacellinae Pettibone 1976
Admetellinae Uschakov 1977
Polyodontinae Muir 1982 [= family Acoetidae]
Gesiellinae Muir 1982
Lepidonotopodinae Pettibone 1983
Branchipolynoinae Pettibone 1984
Branchiplicatinae Pettibone 1985a
Branchinotogluminae Pettibone 1985b
Lepidastheniinae Pettibone 1989
Acholoinae Pettibone, 1996 [= Polynoinae Kinberg]
Eulagiscinae Pettibone, 1997
Vampiropolynoinae Marcus & Hourdez, 2002
Uncopolynoinae Wehe, 2006
 [details]
 



Feeding Type
omnivore [details]
predator [details]
scavenger [details]
LanguageName 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorzeerupsen  [details]
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorscaleworms  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorウロコムシ  [details]
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