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Deep-Sea name details

Fusus Bruguière, 1789

446048  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:446048)

 unaccepted (Invalid: junior homonym of Fusus Helbling, 1779. See Nomenclatural note below.)
Genus

Subgenus Fusus (Sipho) Mörch, 1852 accepted as Colus Röding, 1798
Species Fusus abyssorum P. Fischer, 1884 accepted as Mohnia abyssorum (P. Fischer, 1884) (original combination)
Species Fusus amblyterus R. B. Watson, 1886 accepted as Troschelia berniciensis (King, 1846)
Species Fusus amiantus Dall, 1889 accepted as Amiantofusus amiantus (Dall, 1889)
Species Fusus benthalis Dall, 1889 accepted as Fusinus benthalis (Dall, 1889)
Species Fusus berniciensis King, 1846 accepted as Troschelia berniciensis (King, 1846)
Species Fusus colus (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Fusinus colus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Fusus costulatus Cantraine, 1835 accepted as Amphissa acutecostata (Philippi, 1844) (invalid: junior homonym of Fusus costulatus Lamarck, 1822)
Species Fusus echinatus Kiener, 1840 accepted as Pagodula echinata (Kiener, 1840) (original combination)
Species Fusus fenestratus W. Turton, 1834 accepted as Turrisipho fenestratus (W. Turton, 1834) (original combination)
Species Fusus gracilis (da Costa, 1778) accepted as Colus gracilis (da Costa, 1778)
Species Fusus halistreptus Dall, 1889 accepted as Fusinus halistreptus (Dall, 1889)
Species Fusus hirsutus Jeffreys, 1883 accepted as Colus sabini (Gray, 1824) (synonym)
Species Fusus libratus R. B. Watson, 1886 accepted as Granulifusus dalli (R. B. Watson, 1882) (unnecessary substitute name for Fusus dalli Watson, 1882, by Watson treated as a junior secondary homonym of Neptunea dalli Friele, 1882)
Species Fusus listeri Jonas, 1846 accepted as Colus gracilis (da Costa, 1778)
Species Fusus pagodoides R. B. Watson, 1882 accepted as Columbarium pagodoides (R. B. Watson, 1882)
Species Fusus philippinarum R. B. Watson, 1882 accepted as Marshallena philippinarum (R. B. Watson, 1882) (original combination)
Species Fusus sarissophorus R. B. Watson, 1882 accepted as Fulgurofusus sarissophorus (R. B. Watson, 1882)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
masculine
Bruguière, J. G. (1789-1792). Encyclopédie méthodique ou par ordre de matières. Histoire naturelle des vers. <em>volume 1. Pancoucke, Paris.</em> Pp. 1-344 [June 1789]; 345-758 [13 Feb. 1792; dates after Evenhuis, 2003, <i>Zootaxa</i>, 166: 37; <i>Zootaxa</i>, 207]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8638
page(s): xv [details]   
Nomenclature Historically, the name Fusus was used rather indiscriminately for any kind of spindle-shaped shell, for species now placed...  
Nomenclature Historically, the name Fusus was used rather indiscriminately for any kind of spindle-shaped shell, for species now placed throughout the families of Buccinoidea and beyond (Muricoidea and even some Conoidea). However, there were several nomenclatural establishments of the name.
1. Fusus Helbling, 1779, has been placed on the Official Index by Opinion 1765 (1994, Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 51(2): 159-161), i.e. it cannot be used as a valid name. The type species of Fusus Helbling is Murex intertextus Helbling, 1779, and it belongs in the family Colubrariidae.
2. Fusus Bruguière, 1789, is invalid because it is a junior homonym of Fusus Helbling, 1779, and it has also been placed on the Official Index by Opinion 1765. The type species (by subsequent monotypy) of Fusus Bruguière is Murex colus Linnaeus, 1758, and it belongs in the family Fasciolariidae.
3. It is uncertain whether Röding really intended to establish a new genus or whether he merely used the Fusus of Helbling (unlikely) or Bruguière (probably). Whatever, Fusus Röding, 1798, has also been placed on the Official Index by Opinion 1765.

To summarize, the name Fusus, in whatever taxonomical sense, is now invalid.
Rafinesque (1815) had substituted "Fusus Lamarck" [= Fusus Bruguière] with the name Fusinus. Fusinus then becomes the valid name for the species congeneric with Murex colus Linnaeus, 1759, i.e. Fusinus colus (Linnaeus, 1758). However, many of the species historically placed in Fusus are not congeneric or even confamilial with Fusinus colus.

When databasing names in WoRMS, it is not clear to which of the different Fusus an author originally combined a specific epithet. We have arbitrarily attributed to Fusus Helbling the specific epithets of species now placed in Colubrariidae, and we have attributed to Fusus Bruguière all the others.
 [details]
MolluscaBase (2018). Fusus Bruguière, 1789. Accessed through: Glover, A.G., Higgs, N., Horton, T. (2018) World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS) at: http://www.marinespecies.org/Deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=446048 on 2018-12-14
Glover, A.G., Higgs, N., Horton, T. (2018). World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS). Fusus Bruguière, 1789. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=446048 on 2018-12-14
Date
action
by
2009-12-30 10:54:54Z
created
2010-07-05 09:58:42Z
changed
2010-07-09 09:18:48Z
changed
2010-08-31 06:44:05Z
checked
2018-12-01 17:33:02Z
changed

original description Bruguière, J. G. (1789-1792). Encyclopédie méthodique ou par ordre de matières. Histoire naturelle des vers. <em>volume 1. Pancoucke, Paris.</em> Pp. 1-344 [June 1789]; 345-758 [13 Feb. 1792; dates after Evenhuis, 2003, <i>Zootaxa</i>, 166: 37; <i>Zootaxa</i>, 207]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8638
page(s): xv [details]   

status source Snyder M.A. (2003). Catalogue of the marine gastropod family Fasciolariidae. Academy of Natural Sciences. <em>of Philadelphia, Special Publication.</em> 21iii + 1–431., available online at http://books.google.fr/books?id=9Ycn67QUAJIC [details]   

status source ICZN. (1993). Opinion 1765. <i>Fusus</i> Helbling, 1779 (Mollusca, Gastropoda): suppressed, and <i>Fusinus</i> Rafinesque, 1815 and <i>Colubraria</i> Schumacher, 1817: conserved. <em>Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature.</em> 51(2): 159-161., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12251905 [details]   
From editor or global species database
Nomenclature Historically, the name Fusus was used rather indiscriminately for any kind of spindle-shaped shell, for species now placed throughout the families of Buccinoidea and beyond (Muricoidea and even some Conoidea). However, there were several nomenclatural establishments of the name.
1. Fusus Helbling, 1779, has been placed on the Official Index by Opinion 1765 (1994, Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 51(2): 159-161), i.e. it cannot be used as a valid name. The type species of Fusus Helbling is Murex intertextus Helbling, 1779, and it belongs in the family Colubrariidae.
2. Fusus Bruguière, 1789, is invalid because it is a junior homonym of Fusus Helbling, 1779, and it has also been placed on the Official Index by Opinion 1765. The type species (by subsequent monotypy) of Fusus Bruguière is Murex colus Linnaeus, 1758, and it belongs in the family Fasciolariidae.
3. It is uncertain whether Röding really intended to establish a new genus or whether he merely used the Fusus of Helbling (unlikely) or Bruguière (probably). Whatever, Fusus Röding, 1798, has also been placed on the Official Index by Opinion 1765.

To summarize, the name Fusus, in whatever taxonomical sense, is now invalid.
Rafinesque (1815) had substituted "Fusus Lamarck" [= Fusus Bruguière] with the name Fusinus. Fusinus then becomes the valid name for the species congeneric with Murex colus Linnaeus, 1759, i.e. Fusinus colus (Linnaeus, 1758). However, many of the species historically placed in Fusus are not congeneric or even confamilial with Fusinus colus.

When databasing names in WoRMS, it is not clear to which of the different Fusus an author originally combined a specific epithet. We have arbitrarily attributed to Fusus Helbling the specific epithets of species now placed in Colubrariidae, and we have attributed to Fusus Bruguière all the others.
 [details]
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