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Deep-Sea taxon details

Desmophyllum pertusum (Linnaeus, 1758)

1245747  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:1245747)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

(ofLophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Taxonomic remark Based on molecular evidence, Addamo et al. (2012) first suggested that Lophelia be synonymized with Desmophyllum, and later...  
Taxonomic remark Based on molecular evidence, Addamo et al. (2012) first suggested that Lophelia be synonymized with Desmophyllum, and later Addamoet al. (2016) formally stated that Lophelia was a junior synonym. The basic difference between the two taxa is that Desmophyllum is solitary and Lophelia colonial, which to a traditional morphologist like me (S. Cairns) is a significant one. Since the molecular results seemed convincing to me, I asked the opinion of three molecular biologists that work with Scleractinia. They were all somewhat skeptical, or rather cautious, concerning the immediate need for a taxonomic change that would synonymize Lophelia. Lophelia is one of the few cosmopolitan scleractinian species, and is also one of the most studied species in the order, especially in the North Atlantic. To change its nomenclature with the possibility that it might have to revert to the original would cause much taxonomic confusion. My molecular colleagues convinced me to be cautious and wait for the next two or three studies to be published on the matter, in which more genes may be used. I therefore represent the minority view of view on this matter in suggesting maintaining the name Lophelia prolifera until more study is done. [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2018). World List of Scleractinia. Desmophyllum pertusum (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: Glover, A.G., Higgs, N., Horton, T. (2018) World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS) at: http://www.marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1245747 on 2018-08-17
Glover, A.G., Higgs, N., Horton, T. (2018). World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS). Desmophyllum pertusum (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1245747 on 2018-08-17
Date
action
by
2018-04-10 12:47:39Z
created
2018-08-17 16:44:54Z
changed

original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofLophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofLophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

new combination reference Addamo, A. M.; Vertino, A.; Stolarski, J.; García-Jiménez, R.; Taviani, M.; Machordom, A. (2016). Merging scleractinian genera: the overwhelming genetic similarity between solitary Desmophyllum and colonial Lophelia. BMC Evolutionary Biology. 16(1)., available online at https://doi.org/10.1186/s12862-016-0654-8 [details]   

additional source  (ofLophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) Cairns, S.D. (2009). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge., available online at http://www.lophelia.org/online-appendices [details]   

redescription  (ofLophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) Cairns, S.D., 1979. The deep-water Scleractinia of the Caribbean and adjacent waters. Stud. Fauna Curacao, 57 (180): 341 pp. [details]   

redescription  (ofLophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) Cairns, S.D., 1982. Antarctic and Subantarctic Scleractinia. Antarctic Research Series 34: 1-74. [details]   

additional source  (ofLophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) Cairns, S.D., 1981. Marine flora and fauna of the northeastern United States. Scleractinia. NOAA Tech. Rept. NMFS Circ. 438: l4 pp., l6 figs.  [details]   

redescription  (ofLophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) Cairns, S.D., 1991. A revision of the ahermatypic Scleractinia of the Galápagos and Cocos Islands. Smith. Cont. Zool. 504: 32 pp., 12 pls.  [details]   

additional source  (ofLophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

basis of record  (ofLophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) Cairns, S.D., Hoeksema, B.W., and J. van der Land, 2001. Scleractinia, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 109-110 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofLophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) Breeze, H., D.S. Davis, M. Butler, and V. Kostylev. 1997. Distribution and status of deep sea corals off Nova Scotia. Ecology Action Centre. Halifax. 58 p. [details]   

additional source  (ofLophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) Cairns, S.D., Calder, D.R., A. Brinckmann-Voss, C.B. Castro, P.R. Pugh, C.E. Cutress, W.C. Jaap, D.G. Fautin, R.J. Larson, G.R. Harbison, M.N. Arai, and D.M. Opresko, 1991. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates of the United States and canada: Cnidaria and Ctenophora. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, 75 pp. [details]   

redescription  (ofLophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) Cairns, S.D., 1994. Scleractinia of the Temperate North Pacific. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 557:150 pp., 42 plates, 3 figs.  [details]   

additional source  (ofLophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) Cairns, S.D., Jaap, W.C., and J.C. Lang. 2009. Scleractinia (Cnidaria) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 333–347 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source  (ofLophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) Cairns, S.D. (2009). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge., available online at http://www.lophelia.org/online-appendices [details]   

ecology source  (ofLophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) Roberts, J.M., A. Wheeler, A. Freiwald, and S.D. Cairns, 2009. Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 334 pp. [details]   

additional source  (ofLophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) Cairns, S.D. (1999). Cnidaria Anthozoa: Deep-water azooxanthellate Scleractinia from Vanuatu, and Wallis and Futuna Islands. in: Crosnier, A. (Ed.) Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM 20. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. Série A, Zoologie. 180: 31-167. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofLophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) Reyes, J., N. Santodomingo and S.D. Cairns, 2009. Caryophylliidae (Scleractinia) from the Colombian Caribbean. Zootaxa 2262: 1-39, including 4 pls.  [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) Zibrowius, H. (1980). Les scléractiniaires de la Méditerranée et de l'Atlantique nord-oriental. Mémoires de l'Institut océanographique, Monaco, 11. Musée océanographique de Monaco: Monaco. 3 volumes, including bibliography and taxonomic index pp. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 126 [details]   

redescription  (ofLophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) Zibrowius, H. (1980). Les scléractiniaires de la Méditerranée et de l'Atlantique nord-oriental. Mémoires de l'Institut océanographique, Monaco, 11. Musée océanographique de Monaco: Monaco. 3 volumes, including bibliography and taxonomic index pp. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 126 [details]   

additional source  (ofLophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

redescription  (ofLophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) Cairns, S.D. (2000). A revision of the shallow-water azooxanthellate scleractinia of the Western Atlantic. Studies on the fauna of Curacao and other Caribbean Islands. 125: 1-235. [details]   

additional source  (ofLophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) Reyes-Bonilla, H. (2002). Checklist of valid names and synonyms of stony corals (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) from the eastern Pacific. Journal of Natural History. 36(1): 1-13., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/713833841 [details]   

basis of record  (ofLophelia prolifera (Pallas, 1766)) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World., available online at http://hercules.kgs.ku.edu/Hexacoral/Anemone2/ [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Taxonomic remark Based on molecular evidence, Addamo et al. (2012) first suggested that Lophelia be synonymized with Desmophyllum, and later Addamoet al. (2016) formally stated that Lophelia was a junior synonym. The basic difference between the two taxa is that Desmophyllum is solitary and Lophelia colonial, which to a traditional morphologist like me (S. Cairns) is a significant one. Since the molecular results seemed convincing to me, I asked the opinion of three molecular biologists that work with Scleractinia. They were all somewhat skeptical, or rather cautious, concerning the immediate need for a taxonomic change that would synonymize Lophelia. Lophelia is one of the few cosmopolitan scleractinian species, and is also one of the most studied species in the order, especially in the North Atlantic. To change its nomenclature with the possibility that it might have to revert to the original would cause much taxonomic confusion. My molecular colleagues convinced me to be cautious and wait for the next two or three studies to be published on the matter, in which more genes may be used. I therefore represent the minority view of view on this matter in suggesting maintaining the name Lophelia prolifera until more study is done. [details]
 

LanguageName 
English white stony coral [from synonym]spider hazards [from synonym]  [details]
French scléractiniaire perforé [from synonym]  [details]
Living coral thickets on Galway Mound, Porcupine Seabight
 Living coral thicke...
[image from synonym]

A detail of Lophelia pertusa and Madrepora oculata
 A detail of Lopheli...
[image from synonym]

Lophelia pertusa, 478 m West Florida Escarpment, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-Pelagic Research Services. Identification by P. Etnoyer and D. Wagner.
 
[image from synonym]

Lophelia pertusa, 496 m West Florida Escarpment, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-Pelagic Research Services. Identification by P. Etnoyer and D. Wagner.
 
[image from synonym]

Lophelia pertusa, 397 m Triceratops, South Atlantic Bight.

Photograph courtesy of S. Brooke et al., NOAA-OE, HBOI. Identification by S. Brooke.
 
[image from synonym]

Lophelia pertusa, 397 m Triceratops, South Atlantic Bight.

Photograph courtesy of S. Brooke et al., NOAA-OE, HBOI. Identification by S. Brooke.
 
[image from synonym]

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