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Deep-Sea source details

SourceID4179
NameClarke, A.; Johnston, N.M. (2003). Antarctic marine benthic diversity. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review 41: 47-114
Type Publication
NoteAn unpublished species checklist compiled for background to this paper was used as basis for the Register of Antarctic Marine Species. The paper itself contains no species lists.
Ant'Phipoda Literature database.
IMIS-ID63604
Full textAvailable for editors  PDF available
AbstractSpecies lists have been compiled for all the major groups of Southern Ocean benthic marine invertebrates, eliminating synonymies where possible and providing a subjective estimate of completeness and reliability for each group. Antarctic marine diversity (pelagic and benthic) is relatively high at the phylum and class level, with the gaps mostly comprising minor, meiofaunal or parasitic groups. Most benthic diversity data come from the continental shelves, with relatively few samples from deeper water. Even for the continental shelves, however, sampling is highly patchy with some areas hardly investigated at all. Over 4100 benthic species have been reported from the Southern Ocean, with the most speciose groups being polychaetes, gastropods and amphipods. Comparison with tropical and temperate regions suggest that decapods, bivalves and teleost fishes are poorly represented in the Southern Ocean benthic marine fauna, whereas pycnogonids, echinoderms and many suspension feeding groups are rich and diverse. Some groups that are currently low in diversity were previously well represented in the Antarctic shallow water marine fauna, notably decapods and many fishes. Other groups have undergone marked radiations in the Southern Ocean, including pycnogonids, amphipods, isopods and teleost fishes; in all cases, however, it is only some lineages that have diversified. This indicates that evolutionary questions concerning the origin, diversification or extinction of the Southern Ocean marine fauna will have no single answer; the evolutionary history of each group appears to reflect a different response to the tectonic, climatic and oceanographic changes to which they have been subject through history. The disposition of southern hemisphere continents makes it difficult to assess whether there is a latitudinal cline in shallow-water marine diversity to mirror that known from the northern hemisphere. Within Antarctica, many species appear to have circumpolar distributions, and the long established biogeographical division into continental Antarctic, Antarctic Peninsula and sub-Antarctic regions have not been challenged by recent sampling. For most groups the frequency distribution of species per genus ratios is typical, though none is well described by the predictions from current evolutionary or null models. Where data are available, size spectra indicate that many Southern Ocean taxa are small, a few spectacular examples of gigantism notwithstanding, and species abundance plots are normal. Knowledge of the Southern Ocean benthic marine fauna has reached a stage where we can now ask powerful evolutionary questions, and the development of new molecular techniques provides the mechanism for answering them
Geographical
term
Antarctic
Taxonomic
terms
Amphipoda
Polychaeta
Taxa
(1,357)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus agassizii (Pfeffer, 1889) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus cavernosus (Philippi, 1845) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus curvidens Mortensen, 1836 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus ingens Koehler, 1926 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus shackletoni Koehler, 1911 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbyssoclymene Hartman, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbyssoclymene annularis Hartman, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbyssocucumis liouvillei (Vaney, 1914) Gutt, 1988 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStaurocucumis liouvillei (Vaney, 1914) Ekman, 1927 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcantharcturus acutipleon Schultz, 1981 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthaspidia drygalskii Vanhöffen, 1914 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthomunna spinipes (Vanhöffen, 1914) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthophragma Hayward, 1993 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthophragma polaris Hayward, 1993 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthorhabdus fragilis Burton, 1929 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAchelia communis (Bouvier, 1906) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAchelia spicata (Hodgson, 1915) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcodontaster Verrill, 1899 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcodontaster capitatus (Koehler, 1912) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcodontaster conspicuus (Koehler, 1920) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcodontaster elongatus (Sladen, 1889) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcodontaster hodgsoni (Bell, 1908) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcodontaster marginatus (Koehler, 1912) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcodontaster waitei (Koehler, 1920) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcodontaster conspicuus (Koehler, 1920) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorActinernus elongatus (Hertwig, 1882) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorActinoscyphia plebeia (McMurrich, 1893) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorActinostola crassicornis (Hertwig, 1882) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcutiserolis Brandt, 1988 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcutiserolis johnstoni (Hale, 1852) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcutiserolis spinosa (Kussakin, 1967) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdelascopora Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdelascopora jeqolqa Moyano, 1989 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdelascopora secunda Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdelascopora secunda Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAedicira belgicae (Fauvel, 1936) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricidea (Allia) belgicae (Fauvel, 1936) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAegiochus antarctica (Hodgson, 1910) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAegiochus glacialis (Tattersall, 1920) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus digitatus Hartman, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus foliosus Hartman, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus groenlandiae Hartman, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus ornatus Hartman, 1967 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus trissophyllus (Grube, 1877) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus paramalmgreni Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1992 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus posterobranchus Hartman, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus trissophyllus (Grube, 1877) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaoprimnoa Bayer, 1996 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaoprimnoa stefanii Bayer, 1996 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAimulosia Jullien, 1888 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAimulosia antarctica (Powell, 1967) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonidium J.V.F.Lamouroux, 1813 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonidium flabelliforme Kirkpatrick, 1902 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonidium mytili Dalyell, 1848 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonidioides mytili (Dalyell, 1848) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmage sculpta Ehlers, 1908 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmastigia Busk, 1852 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmastigia antarctica (Kluge, 1914) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmastigia cabereoides (Kluge, 1914) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmastigia gaussi (Kluge, 1914) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmothea allopodes Fry & Hedgpeth, 1969 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmothea calmani Gordon, 1932 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmothea carolinensis Leach, 1814 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmothea clausi Pfeffer, 1889 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmothea gigantea Gordon, 1932 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmothea glacialis (Hodgson, 1907) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmothea gordonae Child, 1994 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmothea longispina Gordon, 1932 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmothea meridionalis Hodgson, 1915 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmothea minor (Hodgson, 1907) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmothea sextarticulata Munilla, 1991 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmothea spinosa (Hodgson, 1907) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmothea striata (Möbius, 1902) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmotrypane breviata Ehlers, 1913 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmotrypane nematoides Ehlers, 1913 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmotrypane setigera Hartman, 1978 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmperima velacula Agatep, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmpharana Hartman, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmpharana antarctica Hartman, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmpharete kerguelensis McIntosh, 1885 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiblestrum Gray, 1848 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiblestrum familiaris Hayward & Thorpe, 1989 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiblestrum inermis (Kluge, 1914) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiblestrum rossi Hayward & Thorpe, 1989 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiodia Verrill, 1899 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiophiura gibbosa Mortensen, 1936 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiophiura inops (Koehler, 1908) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiophiura rowetti G.A. Smith, 1923 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus peregrinator (Koehler, 1912) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipneustes brevisternalis (Koehler, 1926) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipneustes lorioli Koehler, 1901 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipneustes marsupialis (Koehler, 1926) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipneustes similis Mortensen, 1936 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiporidae (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiporus Ehrenberg, 1831 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Amphiura) angularis Lyman, 1879 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura belgicae Koehler, 1900 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura deficiens Koehler, 1922 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura joubini Koehler, 1912 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura lymani Studer, 1885 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Amphiura) lymani Studer, 1885 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura proposita Koehler, 1922 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura protecta Hertz, 1926 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmythas Benham, 1921 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmythas membranifera Benham, 1921 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnaitides madeirensis (Langerhans, 1880) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllodoce madeirensis Langerhans, 1880 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnaitides patagonica (Kinberg, 1866) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllodoce patagonica (Kinberg, 1866) (basis of record)

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history
Date   action   by
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z  created  db_admin
2014-02-09 21:01:17Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
2014-02-10 00:57:53Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
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