Copepoda name details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterolaophonte Lang, 1944

534144 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:534144)
Unaccepted: synonym, or anything that is not accepted unaccepted (No type species designated until Lang 1948)
Genus
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterolaophonte stroemii stroemii (Baird, 1837) (type by original designation)
marine
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Heterolaophonte Lang, 1944 (Family...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Heterolaophonte Lang, 1944 (Family Laophontidae)
In his revision of the Laophontidae, Nicholls (1941b: 98) divided the type genus Laophonte Philippi, 1840 into five subgenera: Laophonte Philippi, 1840 (type species Laophonte cornuta Philippi, 1840 by monotypy), Mesolaophonte Nicholls, 1941b (type species Laophonte littorale Scott & Scott, 1893b by original designation; an incorrect original spelling of littoralis), Metalaophonte Nicholls, 1941b (type species Laophonte depressa Scott, 1894b by original designation), Monolaophonte Nicholls, 1941b (type species Laophonte curvata Douwe, 1929 by monotypy) and Neolaophonte Nicholls, 1941b (type species Laophonte trilobata Willey, 1929 by original designation).
Lang (1944: 34) proposed the generic name Heterolaophonte but did not fix a type species. He divided the genus into seven species-groups and designated a ‘Typus’ for each: (1) stroemii-group (type Cyclops stroemii Baird, 1837), (2) minuta-group (type Laophonte minuta Boeck, 1873), (3) littoralis-group (type L. littoralis Scott & Scott, 1893b), (4) quinquespinosa-group (type L. quinquespinosa Sewell, 1924), (5) discophora- group (type L. discophora Willey, 1929), (6) campbelliensis-group (type L. campbelliensis Lang, 1934) and (7) tenuispina-group (type L. tenuispina Lang, 1934). Wells et al. (1982: 178) proposed a new genus Quinquelaophonte Wells, Hicks & Coull, 1982 (type by original designation Laophonte quinquespinosa Sewell, 1924) for the species of the quinquespinosa-group. Nowadays, the other groups are no longer recognized as taxonomically useful units (Wells 2007: 85).
Many of the names and nomenclatural acts proposed by Lang (1948) take precedence in the 1944 preamble to his monograph. Lang’s (1944) paper was not widely disseminated (but nevertheless satisfied the criteria of publication) and most post-1948 authors have ignored it or were not aware of its existence (a notable exception is Vervoort (1964) who was unfairly criticised by Lang (1965: 547) for his allegedly “imperfect knowledge” of the literature!). Recent workers (Wells & Rao 1987; Huys & Willems 1989; Huys 1990a, 1992; Huys & Conroy-Dalton 1996; Bodin 1997; Seifried 2003; Wells 2007) have started crediting Lang (1944) with the authorship of the respective names and acts but it has remained unnoticed that some generic names, such as Heterolaophonte and Paralaophonte (see below), were not explicitly made available by that work. As pointed out by Vervoort (1964: 333), Lang (1948: 1368) formally designated Cyclops stroemii Baird, 1837 as the type species of Heterolaophonte and hence the authorship and date of the generic name Heterolaophonte should be attributed to Lang (1948). Vervoort and Holthuis (1983: 56) subsequently pointed out that Norman (1903a: 368) had already designated C. stroemii as the type species of Dactylopusia Norman, 1903a (family Dactylopusiidae) (a new replacement name for Dactylopus Claus, 1863 non Gill, 1859). Since Norman (1903a), when designating C. stroemii as the type species of Dactylopusia, had intended the dactylopusiid species identified by Claus (1863: 126, plate XVI, Figs 1–6) as such and not the real C. stroemii, Vervoort and Holthuis (1983) asked the Commission to use its plenary power to set aside all previous type fixations made for Dactylopusia Claus, 1863 and to designate Dactylopus tisboides Claus, 1863 as type species. The Commission voted in favour of Vervoort and Holthuis’s (1983) application and, as a result, the generic name Heterolaophonte Lang, 1948 and the specific name of its type species, Cyclops stroemii Baird, 1837, were placed on the Official Lists of Generic and Specific Names in Zoology, respectively (Melville 1985).
Since Lang (1948) assigned both Laophonte littoralis Scott & Scott, 1893b (spelled incorrectly by Scott and Scott (1893b: 238) as littorale) (type of Mesolaophonte Nicholls, 1941b) and Laophonte curvata Douwe, 1929 (type of Monolaophonte Nicholls, 1941b) to the genus Heterolaophonte, th [details]
Walter, T. Chad; Boxshall, G. (2015). Heterolaophonte Lang, 1944. In: Walter, T.C. & Boxshall, G. (2017). World of Copepods database. Accessed at http://www.marinespecies.org/copepoda/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=534144 on 2017-11-23

Date
action
by
2010-10-17 15:51:20Z
created
2015-06-25 06:36:05Z
changed


additional source Huys, R. (2009). Unresolved cases of type fixation, synonymy and homonymy in harpacticoid copepod nomenclature (Crustacea: Copepoda). Zootaxa. 2183:1-99., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2009/2/zt02183p099.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdditional information In this case, there were species groups mentioned in Lang, 1944, he said which was their "type." If type species was not explicitly designated that it would be the first species mentioned under the new genus name. That would make it Cyclops stroemii Baird, 1837. After thorough study Huys 2009 determined that 1948 is the valid genus date [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Heterolaophonte Lang, 1944 (Family Laophontidae)
In his revision of the Laophontidae, Nicholls (1941b: 98) divided the type genus Laophonte Philippi, 1840 into five subgenera: Laophonte Philippi, 1840 (type species Laophonte cornuta Philippi, 1840 by monotypy), Mesolaophonte Nicholls, 1941b (type species Laophonte littorale Scott & Scott, 1893b by original designation; an incorrect original spelling of littoralis), Metalaophonte Nicholls, 1941b (type species Laophonte depressa Scott, 1894b by original designation), Monolaophonte Nicholls, 1941b (type species Laophonte curvata Douwe, 1929 by monotypy) and Neolaophonte Nicholls, 1941b (type species Laophonte trilobata Willey, 1929 by original designation).
Lang (1944: 34) proposed the generic name Heterolaophonte but did not fix a type species. He divided the genus into seven species-groups and designated a ‘Typus’ for each: (1) stroemii-group (type Cyclops stroemii Baird, 1837), (2) minuta-group (type Laophonte minuta Boeck, 1873), (3) littoralis-group (type L. littoralis Scott & Scott, 1893b), (4) quinquespinosa-group (type L. quinquespinosa Sewell, 1924), (5) discophora- group (type L. discophora Willey, 1929), (6) campbelliensis-group (type L. campbelliensis Lang, 1934) and (7) tenuispina-group (type L. tenuispina Lang, 1934). Wells et al. (1982: 178) proposed a new genus Quinquelaophonte Wells, Hicks & Coull, 1982 (type by original designation Laophonte quinquespinosa Sewell, 1924) for the species of the quinquespinosa-group. Nowadays, the other groups are no longer recognized as taxonomically useful units (Wells 2007: 85).
Many of the names and nomenclatural acts proposed by Lang (1948) take precedence in the 1944 preamble to his monograph. Lang’s (1944) paper was not widely disseminated (but nevertheless satisfied the criteria of publication) and most post-1948 authors have ignored it or were not aware of its existence (a notable exception is Vervoort (1964) who was unfairly criticised by Lang (1965: 547) for his allegedly “imperfect knowledge” of the literature!). Recent workers (Wells & Rao 1987; Huys & Willems 1989; Huys 1990a, 1992; Huys & Conroy-Dalton 1996; Bodin 1997; Seifried 2003; Wells 2007) have started crediting Lang (1944) with the authorship of the respective names and acts but it has remained unnoticed that some generic names, such as Heterolaophonte and Paralaophonte (see below), were not explicitly made available by that work. As pointed out by Vervoort (1964: 333), Lang (1948: 1368) formally designated Cyclops stroemii Baird, 1837 as the type species of Heterolaophonte and hence the authorship and date of the generic name Heterolaophonte should be attributed to Lang (1948). Vervoort and Holthuis (1983: 56) subsequently pointed out that Norman (1903a: 368) had already designated C. stroemii as the type species of Dactylopusia Norman, 1903a (family Dactylopusiidae) (a new replacement name for Dactylopus Claus, 1863 non Gill, 1859). Since Norman (1903a), when designating C. stroemii as the type species of Dactylopusia, had intended the dactylopusiid species identified by Claus (1863: 126, plate XVI, Figs 1–6) as such and not the real C. stroemii, Vervoort and Holthuis (1983) asked the Commission to use its plenary power to set aside all previous type fixations made for Dactylopusia Claus, 1863 and to designate Dactylopus tisboides Claus, 1863 as type species. The Commission voted in favour of Vervoort and Holthuis’s (1983) application and, as a result, the generic name Heterolaophonte Lang, 1948 and the specific name of its type species, Cyclops stroemii Baird, 1837, were placed on the Official Lists of Generic and Specific Names in Zoology, respectively (Melville 1985).
Since Lang (1948) assigned both Laophonte littoralis Scott & Scott, 1893b (spelled incorrectly by Scott and Scott (1893b: 238) as littorale) (type of Mesolaophonte Nicholls, 1941b) and Laophonte curvata Douwe, 1929 (type of Monolaophonte Nicholls, 1941b) to the genus Heterolaophonte, th [details]
 



Laophonte stroemii from Sars, G.O. 1906
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Laophonte stroemii ...
[image from typetaxon]

Laophonte stroemii from Sars, G.O. 1906
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Laophonte stroemii ...
[image from typetaxon]