Copepoda name details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHastigerella Nicholls, 1935

115338  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:115338)

Unaccepted: synonym, or anything that is not accepted unaccepted
Genus
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHastigerella abbotti Lang, 1965 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlabrotelson abbotti (Lang, 1965) Huys, 2009
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHastigerella antarctica Dahms & Schminke, 1992 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlabrotelson antarcticum (Dahms & Schminke, 1992) Huys, 2009
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHastigerella bengalensis Rao, 1972 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlabrotelson bengalense (Rao, 1972) Huys, 2009
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHastigerella bodini Apostolov, 1974 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlabrotelson bodini (Apostolov, 1974) Huys, 2009
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHastigerella bozici Soyer, 1974 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlabrotelson bozici (Soyer, 1974) Huys, 2009
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHastigerella chappuisi Soyer, 1974 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlabrotelson chappuisi (Soyer, 1974) Huys, 2009
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHastigerella clavata (Rao & Ganapati, 1969) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlabrotelson clavatum (Rao & Ganapati, 1969) Huys, 2009
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHastigerella grandimandibularis Wells, 1967 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlabrotelson leptoderma (Klie, 1929) Huys, 2009 (junior subjective synonym, see Wells & Rao, 1987)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHastigerella leptoderma (Klie, 1929) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlabrotelson leptoderma (Klie, 1929) Huys, 2009
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHastigerella mehuinensis Mielke, 1986 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlabrotelson mehuinense (Mielke, 1986) Huys, 2009
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHastigerella meridionalis (Chappuis, 1954) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlabrotelson meridionale (Chappuis, 1954) Huys, 2009
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHastigerella monniotae (Guille & Soyer, 1966) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlabrotelson monniotae (Guille & Soyer, 1966) Huys, 2009
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHastigerella noodti (Rao & Ganapati, 1969) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlabrotelson noodti (Rao & Ganapati, 1969) Huys, 2009
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHastigerella palpilabra Nicholls, 1935 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctinosoma tenuissima Klie, 1929 (synonomized by McLachlan & Moore, 1978)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHastigerella psammae (Noodt, 1955) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlabrotelson psammae (Noodt, 1955) Huys, 2009
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHastigerella scheibeli Mielke, 1975 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlabrotelson scheibeli (Mielke, 1975) Huys, 2009
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHastigerella setosa (Rao & Ganapati, 1969) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlabrotelson setosum (Rao & Ganapati, 1969) Huys, 2009
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHastigerella soyeri Bodin, 1979 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlabrotelson soyeri (Bodin, 1876) Huys, 2009
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHastigerella tenuissima Klie, 1929 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlabrotelson tenuissima (Klie, 1929)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHastigerella unisetosa (Wells, 1965) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlabrotelson unisetosa (Wells, 1965)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Nicholls (1935: 381) established the genus...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Nicholls (1935: 381) established the genus Hastigerella for a new species Hastigerella palpilabra Nicholls, 1935 (type species by monotypy) collected in Kames Bay, Millport (Scotland), and considered it most closely related to the genus Arenosetella Wilson, 1932. The principal diagnostic difference between the genera Arenosetella and Hastigerella is the presence of anal hooks or claws in the latter. McLachlan and Moore (1978: 198) relegated H. palpilabra to a junior synonym of Ectinosoma tenuissima Klie, 1929 (incorrect original spelling of tenuissimum) and – based on their assertion that Nicholls (1935) had overlooked the anal claws – transferred this species to Arenosetella. They retained Hastigerella as a valid generic name and designated Ectinosoma leptoderma Klie, 1929 as the new type species. This course of action is in violation with the Code since, once fixed, name-bearing types are stable and provide objective continuity in the application of names (ICZN Art. 61.1.3).
It is, however, not clear from McLachlan and Moore’s (1978) publication whether they had also re- examined Nicholls’s type specimens of H. palpilabra to substantiate their claim of the presence of anal claws in this species. Since Nicholls’s (1935) descriptions are excellent by contemporary standards it would be surprising if he indeed had overlooked such conspicuous stuctures. If on the other hand his observation proves to be correct, there would be no grounds for removing H. palpilabra from Hastigerella and thus no need to resolve a non-existent issue – simply a need to reverse an error. The only material of H. palpilabra from Kames Bay that has ever been deposited in the Natural History Museum in London (NHM reg. nos 1947.10.14.28–30) consists of a jar containing five vials with a considerable number of specimens and a label stating that the material was transferred to ethanol by C.G.M., suggesting Dr Colin Moore had examined it (Nicholls’s material was originally preserved in formalin). The vials each contained a label mentioning the name “longisetosus” but the jar also contained an additional label in A.G. Nicholls’s handwriting, stating “longisetosus = MS name for Hastigerella palpilabra”. There is no doubt that this material represents the type series (syntypes) designated by Nicholls and was subsequently re-examined by McLachlan and Moore (1978). Re-examination confirmed the latter authors’ observation; however, the anal claws are less well developed and curved than in e.g. Arenosetella germanica Kunz, 1937, and are also aligned to the margins of the anal opening which is probably the reason why Nicholls (1935) had overlooked them.
Adopting McLachlan and Moore’s (1978) synonymy of H. palpilabra renders Hastigerella a junior subjective synonym of Arenosetella and therefore an invalid name. The orphaned taxonomic grouping equivalent to Hastigerella sensu McLachlan and Moore (1978) needs a new generic name for which I propose Glabrotelson gen. nov. (Latin glaber = bald, alluding to the absence of anal hooks which differentiates the genus from Arenosetella; gender: neuter). Hastigerella mehuinensis Mielke, 1986 is here formally fixed as the type of the new genus-group name. The generic diagnosis of Glabrotelson gen. nov. coincides with that given
by Huys et al. (1996: 188) for the genus Hastigerella (according to ICZN Art. 13.1.2 such bibliographic reference is sufficient to satisfy the criteria of availability).
The genus Glabrotelson contains the following species and subspecies: Ectinosoma leptoderma Klie, 1929 = G. leptoderma (Klie, 1929) comb. nov.; Pararenosetella meridionalis Chappuis, 1954a = G. meridionale (Chappuis, 1954a) comb. nov.; Pararenosetella psammae Noodt, 1955a = G. psammae (Noodt, 1955a) comb. nov.; Hastigerella abbotti Lang, 1965 = G. abbotti (Lang, 1965) comb. nov.; Pararenosetella monniotae Guille & Soyer, 1966 = G. monniotae (Guille & Soyer, 1966) comb. nov.; Pararenosetella clavata Rao & Ganapati, 1969 = G. clavatum (Ra [details]
Walter, T. Chad; Boxshall, G.; Huys, R. (2015). Hastigerella Nicholls, 1935. In: Walter, T.C. & Boxshall, G. (2017). World of Copepods database. Accessed at http://www.marinespecies.org/copepoda/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=115338 on 2017-12-16

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-08-06 13:32:15Z
changed
2013-04-03 14:11:57Z
changed
2015-06-25 06:36:05Z
changed

basis of record Huys, R. (2001). Copepoda - Harpacticoida, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 268-280 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Nicholls, A.G. (1935). Copepods from the Interstitial Fauna of a Sandy Beach. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom N. Ser. 20: 379-405, figs. 1-10. (VIII-1935).
page(s): 381 [details]   

additional source Webber, W.R.; Fenwick, G.D.; Bradford-Grieve, J.M.; Eagar S.G.; Buckeridge, J.S.; Poore, G.C.B.; Dawson, E.W.; Watling, L.; Jones, J.B.; Wells, J.B.J.; Bruce, N.L.; Ahyong, S.T.; Larsen, K.; Chapman, M.A.; Olesen, J.; Ho, J.; Green, J.D.; Shiel, R.J.; Rocha, C.E.F.; Lörz, A.; Bird, G.J.; Charleston, W.A. (2010). Phylum Arthropoda Subphylum Crustacea: shrimps, crabs, lobsters, barnacles, slaters, and kin, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2010). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 2. Kingdom Animalia: Chaetognatha, Ecdysozoa, Ichnofossils. pp. 98-232. [details]   

additional source Huys, R. (2009). Unresolved cases of type fixation, synonymy and homonymy in harpacticoid copepod nomenclature (Crustacea: Copepoda). Zootaxa. 2183:1-99., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2009/2/zt02183p099.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Bodin, P. (1997). Catalogue of the new marine harpacticoid copepods. 1997 edition. Studiedocumenten van het K.B.I.N. = Documents de Travail de l'I.R.Sc.N.B., 89. Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen: Brussels, Belgium. 304 pp. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 381 [details]   
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Nicholls (1935: 381) established the genus Hastigerella for a new species Hastigerella palpilabra Nicholls, 1935 (type species by monotypy) collected in Kames Bay, Millport (Scotland), and considered it most closely related to the genus Arenosetella Wilson, 1932. The principal diagnostic difference between the genera Arenosetella and Hastigerella is the presence of anal hooks or claws in the latter. McLachlan and Moore (1978: 198) relegated H. palpilabra to a junior synonym of Ectinosoma tenuissima Klie, 1929 (incorrect original spelling of tenuissimum) and – based on their assertion that Nicholls (1935) had overlooked the anal claws – transferred this species to Arenosetella. They retained Hastigerella as a valid generic name and designated Ectinosoma leptoderma Klie, 1929 as the new type species. This course of action is in violation with the Code since, once fixed, name-bearing types are stable and provide objective continuity in the application of names (ICZN Art. 61.1.3).
It is, however, not clear from McLachlan and Moore’s (1978) publication whether they had also re- examined Nicholls’s type specimens of H. palpilabra to substantiate their claim of the presence of anal claws in this species. Since Nicholls’s (1935) descriptions are excellent by contemporary standards it would be surprising if he indeed had overlooked such conspicuous stuctures. If on the other hand his observation proves to be correct, there would be no grounds for removing H. palpilabra from Hastigerella and thus no need to resolve a non-existent issue – simply a need to reverse an error. The only material of H. palpilabra from Kames Bay that has ever been deposited in the Natural History Museum in London (NHM reg. nos 1947.10.14.28–30) consists of a jar containing five vials with a considerable number of specimens and a label stating that the material was transferred to ethanol by C.G.M., suggesting Dr Colin Moore had examined it (Nicholls’s material was originally preserved in formalin). The vials each contained a label mentioning the name “longisetosus” but the jar also contained an additional label in A.G. Nicholls’s handwriting, stating “longisetosus = MS name for Hastigerella palpilabra”. There is no doubt that this material represents the type series (syntypes) designated by Nicholls and was subsequently re-examined by McLachlan and Moore (1978). Re-examination confirmed the latter authors’ observation; however, the anal claws are less well developed and curved than in e.g. Arenosetella germanica Kunz, 1937, and are also aligned to the margins of the anal opening which is probably the reason why Nicholls (1935) had overlooked them.
Adopting McLachlan and Moore’s (1978) synonymy of H. palpilabra renders Hastigerella a junior subjective synonym of Arenosetella and therefore an invalid name. The orphaned taxonomic grouping equivalent to Hastigerella sensu McLachlan and Moore (1978) needs a new generic name for which I propose Glabrotelson gen. nov. (Latin glaber = bald, alluding to the absence of anal hooks which differentiates the genus from Arenosetella; gender: neuter). Hastigerella mehuinensis Mielke, 1986 is here formally fixed as the type of the new genus-group name. The generic diagnosis of Glabrotelson gen. nov. coincides with that given
by Huys et al. (1996: 188) for the genus Hastigerella (according to ICZN Art. 13.1.2 such bibliographic reference is sufficient to satisfy the criteria of availability).
The genus Glabrotelson contains the following species and subspecies: Ectinosoma leptoderma Klie, 1929 = G. leptoderma (Klie, 1929) comb. nov.; Pararenosetella meridionalis Chappuis, 1954a = G. meridionale (Chappuis, 1954a) comb. nov.; Pararenosetella psammae Noodt, 1955a = G. psammae (Noodt, 1955a) comb. nov.; Hastigerella abbotti Lang, 1965 = G. abbotti (Lang, 1965) comb. nov.; Pararenosetella monniotae Guille & Soyer, 1966 = G. monniotae (Guille & Soyer, 1966) comb. nov.; Pararenosetella clavata Rao & Ganapati, 1969 = G. clavatum (Ra [details]