Copepoda taxon details
Anoplosoma Sars G.O., 1911
|Classification: Biota > Animalia > Arthropoda > Crustacea > Multicrustacea > Copepoda > Neocopepoda > Podoplea > Harpacticoida > Ameiridae > Anoplosoma|
|Accepted name||Anoplosomella Strand, 1929|
|Typetaxon||Anoplosoma sordidum Sars G.O., 1911 (type by original designation)|
|Parent||Ameiridae Boeck, 1865|
basis of record Huys, R. (2001). Copepoda - Harpacticoida, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 268-280 (look up in IMIS) [details]|
additional source Bodin, P. (1997). Catalogue of the new marine harpacticoid copepods. 1997 edition. Studiedocumenten van het K.B.I.N. = Documents de Travail de l'I.R.Sc.N.B., 89. Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen: Brussels, Belgium. 304 pp. (look up in IMIS) [details]
additional source Sars, G.O. (1911). Copepoda Harpacticoida. Parts XXXV & XXXVI. Supplement (concluded), index, etc. An Account of the Crustacea of Norway, with short descriptions and figures of all the species. Bergen Museum, Bergen 5:421-449, i-xiv (text), i-xii (plates), title of text and of plates, suppl. pls. 43-54. [details]
additional source Strand, E. (1929). Zoological and palaeontological nomenclatorical notes. Arbeiten aus dem Systematisch-Zoologischen Institut der Lettländischen Universität, Riga. 29: 1-29., available online at http://www.gastrotricha.unimore.it/file-PDF/Strand_1929.pdf
page(s): :9 [details]
source of synonymy Huys, R. (2009). Unresolved cases of type fixation, synonymy and homonymy in harpacticoid copepod nomenclature (Crustacea: Copepoda). Zootaxa. 2183:1-99., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2009/2/zt02183p099.pdf [details]
Species Anoplosoma sordidum Sars G.O., 1911 accepted as Anoplosomella sordidum (Sars G.O., 1911)
Species Anoplosoma stryx Por, 1964 accepted as Anoplosomella stryx (Por, 1964)
|Links||3x5 C.B. Wilson Taxonomic Card - Anoplosoma |
From editor or global species databaseTaxonomy
Anoplosoma Sars, 1911c (Family Ameiridae)
Sars (1911c: 431) established the genus Anoplosoma Sars, 1911c for a new species A. sordidum Sars, 1911c (type by monotypy) and placed it in the Ancorabolidae. Lang (1944, 1948) transferred the genus to the Ameiridae (subfamily Stenocopiinae) while Por (1964a: 99) added a second species, A. stryx Por, 1964a. Sars (1911c) himself used two different spellings for the generic name, Anoplosoma in the heading of the generic diagnosis (p. 431) and the figure legend of Supplement Plate 49, and Anaplosoma in the combination with the type species name in the text (p. 432). The latter spelling was adopted by some authors (e.g. Pesta 1927: 41) but should be ranked as an incorrect original spelling (lapsus calami) since Sars (1911c: 432) clearly stated “... it is from this character [the absence of any obvious armature on the body; Greek anoplos, meaning unarmed] that the generic name here proposed has been derived...”.
Strand (1929: 9) pointed out that Anoplosoma Sars, 1911c was preoccupied by Anoplosoma Agassiz, 1846 and proposed the new replacement name Anoplosomella. This nomen novum has not been cited since and does not feature in Boxshall and Halsey’s (2004) list of unused generic names. Agassiz (1846: 25, 1848: 70) corrected the spelling of Anoplosomatum Grube, 1840 (type species: Anoplosomatum utriculus Grube, 1840) to Anoplosoma. According to ICZN Arts 32.2 and 32.5, Grube’s (1840: 47) spelling of the name Anoplosomatum is the correct original one and hence Agassiz’s subsequent spelling is an unjustified emendation (Art. 33.2.3). Anoplosoma Agassiz, 1846 therefore becomes a junior objective synonym (as an unnecessary replacement name) of Anoplosomatum Grube, 1840 and can enter into homonymy with other genus-group names. There are only a few citations of Grube’s genus in the literature and all use the original spelling without reference to Agassiz’s subsequent spelling (e.g. Siebold 1845: 321; Diesing 1859: 754, 766). Initially thought to represent a “transition” from the Echinodermata to the worms, Baird (1868: 99) subsequently listed Anoplosomatum under “Genera of Sipunculidae not sufficiently established, and the position of which is doubtful” before Delage and Hérouard (1897: 24) eventually considered it a synonym of Phascolosoma Leuckart, 1828 (Sipuncula: Phascolosomatidae).
Although the senior homonym has not been used as a valid name after 1899 (ICZN Art. 188.8.131.52), the generic name Anoplosoma Sars, 1911c cannot be maintained as a nomen protectum on the basis of prevailing usage since it has not been used in at least 25 works, published by at least 10 authors since 1960 (i.e. the immediately preceding 50 years) (ICZN Art. 184.108.40.206). Strand’s (1929: 9) replacement of it by Anoplosomella Strand, 1929 is confirmed, and the resulting new combinations must be cited as Anoplosomella sordida (Sars, 1911c) comb. nov. [type] and A. stryx (Por, 1964a) comb. nov. Note that the former is formally treated here as a new combination since Strand (1929) had not mentioned the type species Anoplosoma sordidum when he proposed the replacement name Anoplosomella.
[Taxonomic tree] [Google] [Google scholar] [Google images]
|Citation: Walter, T. Chad; Huys, R. (2015). Anoplosoma Sars G.O., 1911. In: Walter, T.C. & Boxshall, G. (2016). World of Copepods database. Accessed at http://www.marinespecies.org/copepoda/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=115191 on 2016-10-01|