Copepoda source details

MASDEA (1997).
6175
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'Fake' literature record to be used for all the decisions the MASDEA team has to take responsibility for
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Dactylopus Claus, 1863 accepted as Dactylopusia Norman, 1903 (basis of record)
Saphirella Scott T., 1894 accepted as Clausidiidae Embleton, 1901 (additional source)
Saphirella tropica Wolfenden, 1906 (additional source)
English abalones for Haliotidae Rafinesque, 1815
English aholeholes for Kuhliidae Jordan & Evermann, 1896
English albatrosses for Diomedeidae
English Alfonsinos for Berycidae Lowe, 1839
English anchovies for Engraulidae Gill, 1861
English angel sharks for Squatinidae de Blainville, 1816
English angelfishes for Pomacanthidae Jordan & Evermann, 1898
English anhingas for Anhingidae
English apalises for Sylviidae
English Argentines for Argentinidae Bonaparte, 1846
English ariommatids for Ariommatidae Haedrich, 1967
English aristeid shrimps for Aristeidae Wood-Mason in Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891
English armorheads for Pentacerotidae Bleeker, 1859
English Asiatic glassfishes for Ambassidae Klunzinger, 1870
English auks for Alcidae
English bamboo sharks for Hemiscylliidae Gill, 1862
English bandfishes for Cepolidae Rafinesque, 1815
English barbets & tinkerbirds for Capitonidae
English barracudas for Sphyraenidae Rafinesque, 1815
English barracudinas for Paralepididae Bonaparte, 1835
English basketstars for Euryalidae Gray, 1840
English basketstars for Gorgonocephalidae Ljungman, 1867
English batfishes for Ogcocephalidae Gill, 1893
English beaked whales for Ziphiidae Gray, 1850
English beardfishes for Polymixiidae Bleeker, 1859
English bee-eaters for Meropidae
English berycids for Berycidae Lowe, 1839
English bigeyes for Priacanthidae Günther, 1859
English billfishes for Istiophoridae Rafinesque, 1815
English bishops for Ploceidae
English bluefishes for Pomatomidae Gill, 1863
English boarfishes for Caproidae Bonaparte, 1835
English bonefishes for Albulidae Bleeker, 1849
English bonitos for Scombridae Rafinesque, 1815
English bonnethead for Sphyrnidae Bonaparte, 1840
English boxfishes for Ostraciidae Rafinesque, 1810
English bramble sharks for Echinorhinidae Gill, 1862
English bulbuls for Pycnonotidae
English bullhead sharks for Heterodontidae Gray, 1851
English butterflyfishes for Chaetodontidae Rafinesque, 1815
English calthrop crabs for Parthenopidae MacLeay, 1838
English cardinalfishes for Apogonidae Günther, 1859
English carrier shells for Xenophoridae Troschel, 1852 (1840)
English cat sharks for Scyliorhinidae Gill, 1862
English catalufas for Priacanthidae Günther, 1859
English cavebasses for Dinopercidae Heemstra & Hecht, 1986
English cichlids for Cichlidae Bonaparte, 1835
English cisticolas for Sylviidae
English citharids for Citharidae de Buen, 1935
English clingfishes and singleslits for Gobiesocidae Bleeker, 1859
English clinids for Clinidae Swainson, 1839
English cobia for Rachycentridae Gill, 1896
English cock shrimps for Hippolytidae Spence Bate, 1888
English codlets for Bregmacerotidae Gill, 1872
English combtooth blennies for Blenniidae Rafinesque, 1810
English conger eels for Congridae Kaup, 1856
English cormorants for Phalacrocoracidae
English cornetfishes for Fistulariidae Stark, 1828
English coucals for Cuculidae
English cow sharks for Hexanchidae Gray, 1851
English crab plover for Dromadidae
English crestfishes for Lophotidae Bonaparte, 1845
English crows & ravens for Corvidae
English cuckoos for Cuculidae
English cusk-eels for Ophidiidae Rafinesque, 1810
English cutlassfishes for Trichiuridae Rafinesque, 1810
English damselfishes for Pomacentridae Bonaparte, 1831
English darters for Anhingidae
English deepwater cardinalfishes for Epigonidae Poey, 1861
English deepwater flatheads for Bembridae Kaup, 1873
English deepwater stingray for Plesiobatidae Nishida, 1990
English divers for Gaviidae
English dogfish sharks for Squalidae de Blainville, 1816
English dolphinfishes for Coryphaenidae Rafinesque, 1815
English dories for Zeidae Rafinesque, 1815
English dottybacks for Pseudochromidae Müller & Troschel, 1849
English dragonets for Callionymidae Bonaparte, 1831
English driftfishes for Nomeidae Günther, 1860
English drums or croakers for Sciaenidae Cuvier, 1829
English duckbill eels for Nettastomatidae Kaup, 1859
English duckbills for Percophidae Swainson, 1839
English dugong for Dugongidae Gray, 1821
English eagle rays for Myliobatidae Bonaparte, 1835
English eeltail catfishes for Plotosidae Bleeker, 1858
English electric rays for Torpedinidae Henle, 1834
English emperors for Lethrinidae Bonaparte, 1831
English falcons for Falconidae
English false catsharks for Pseudotriakidae Gill, 1893
English false limpets for Siphonariidae Gray, 1827
English false trevallies for Lactariidae Boulenger, 1904
English filefishes for Monacanthidae Nardo, 1843
English finback catsharks for Proscylliidae Fowler, 1941
English finfoots for Heliornithidae
English fingerfishes for Monodactylidae Jordan & Evermann, 1898
English flamingos for Phoenicopteridae
English flatheads for Platycephalidae Swainson, 1839
English flycatchers & batises for Muscicapidae
English flying gurnards for Dactylopteridae Gill, 1861
English flyingfishes for Exocoetidae Risso, 1827
English freshwater eels for Anguillidae Rafinesque, 1810
 Classification

Included in separate family Stiliferidae in several sources [details]

 Classification

Listed under Pelecypoda, together with Ostrea in Dautzenberg, 1923. [details]

 Description

A deep-sea family of Comatulida with the cirri consisting of very elongated segments, usually about four times as ... [details]

 Description

A family of Comatulida with cirri bearing spines or other prominences on their more distal segments in the median ... [details]

 Description

A single rectangular, block-like oral papilla at the tip of each jaw. Richmond 1997 <282>. [details]

 Description

A terminal filament of varying length arising from a small, bluntly rounded protuberance at the tip of the snout. ... [details]

 Description

Agariciidae have very fine tentacles which are seldom extended during the day (except for Pavona ... [details]

 Description

Ahermatypic colonial corals reproducing from stolons. Corallites are small, with simple septa. Related family is ... [details]

 Description

Ahermatypic, solitary, free-living corals with non-exsert septa, no paliform lobes and thin walls primarily ... [details]

 Description

All genera are extant, hermatypic and colonial. Skeletal structures are faviid-like but are highly fused, without ... [details]

 Description

All genera in this family are highly polymorphic and all show similar growth forms in response to wave action and ... [details]

 Description

All have arms with delicate translucent, thorny spines. The arms are flexible in all directions. Jaws with clusters ... [details]

 Description

All the members of this family inhabit fresh water, and are found all over the world except inpolar regions, but ... [details]

 Description

Arms projecting from, and well fused to, the edge of the disc. Disc covered in dense coating of granules. Arm ... [details]

 Description

Arms projecting from and well-fused to the edge of the disc; arm spines short. Disc covered in naked scales. ... [details]

 Description

Asia and Oceania, Indo-west Pacific Oceans. Dorsal fin usually with 7-8 spines and 7-11 soft rays; anal fin with ... [details]

 Description

Atlantic (incl. Mediterranean) and Pacific Oceans. Differ from apogonids in having usually 25 vertebrae, more than ... [details]

 Description

Atlantic (tropical to temperate), Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Highly compressed body. Larvae with the head region ... [details]

 Description

Atlantic, Indian and Pacific. Body scaleless. Pectorals well developed. Eyes large and covered with skin. Dorsal ... [details]

 Description

Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans; marine, rarely in freshwater. Eyes on the left side. No spines in pectoral and ... [details]

 Description

Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Usually two dorsal spines; the second is usually much smaller and it may be ... [details]

 Description

Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans, mainly inshore in temperate and tropical seas. Medium to large, heavy-bodied ... [details]

 Description

Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Two dorsal fins, the first with 7-10 spines; the second with or without soine ... [details]

 Description

Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific. Anterior five or six vertebrae elongate. Pelvic fins with one spine and four ... [details]

 Description

Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific; Anal fin with 3 spines. Compressed laterally and deep-bodied. Mouth small; vomer or ... [details]

 Description

Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Two dorsal fins. Soft-rayed parts of dorsal and anal fins scaly. Preopercle ... [details]

 Description

Bathypelagic and mesopelagic: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Very elongate body. Jaws extremely long; the ... [details]

 Description

Benthic rays occurring in all oceans, from Arctic to Antarctic waters and from shallow coastal shelfs to abyssal ... [details]

 Description

Benthic, in deepwaters. Distribution: tropical and subtropical western Atlantic and Indo-Pacific. Rounded to ... [details]

 Description

Big deep-water bottom-dwelling shark of the continental and insular slopes from 200 to 1500 m. Found in all oceans ... [details]

 Description

Body strongly flattened dorsoventrally; carapace without a rostrum; legs without pincers, none of them enlarged; ... [details]

 Description

Body tubular, hairy, without enlarged spines; carapace with a small rostrum; legs without pincers, first pair much ... [details]

 Description

Body tubular; carapace with a well developed rostrum; first three pairs of legs with pincers, first pair much ... [details]

 Description

Body tubular; carapace without a rostrum or with a very rudimentary one; Leggs without true pincers; first pair not ... [details]

 Description

Centrodorsal cavity moderate to large; rosette not sunken below aboral surface of radial pentagon, its interradial ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly marine (coastal) and brackish water. Some in freshwater. Distribution: all tropical and temperate seas. ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly marine (rarely freshwater). Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Anus and anal fin origin ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly marine and brackish. Some riverine. Distribution: all tropical and subtropical seas. Mouth inferior. ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly marine and brackish; sometimes entering fresh water. Distribution: west Africa, Indo-Pacific. Body deep and ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly marine and brackish, some species are catadromous. Distribution: mostly tropical and subtropical areas. ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly marine and brackish; occasionally freshwater. Distribution: Indian and tropical Pacific Oceans. Body ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly marine. In brackish water occasionally; rare in freshwater. Distribution: most tropical seas. Very ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly marine. Many going into and inhabiting brackish and freshwater. Distribution: tropical and subtropical ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly marine. Some in brackish water; in streams (tropical Pacific Islands). Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly marine; also in brackish and freshwater. Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Side of head continuous with ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly marine; entering fresh water. Distribution: tropical and subtropical waters. Fusiform, compressed body. ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly marine; enter estuaries and freshwater, especially as juveniles. Distribution: tropical and subtropical ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly marine; occasionally freshwater. Distribution: tropical and subtropical waters. Forked caudal fin. Adipose ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly marine; rarely brackish. Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific. Supramaxilla small, if present. ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly marine; rarely brackish. Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Body generally compressed, although body shape ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly marine; rare in brackish water. All tropical seas, mainly Indo-Pacific. One nostril on each side of head; ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly marine; very rare in fresh- and brackish water. Distribution: tropical and temperate Atlantic, Indian and ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly tropical and temperate. Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Dorsal fin tripartite, the ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly tropical and subtropical marine; rare in fresh- and brackish water. Distribution: Indian, Atlantic and ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly tropical and subtropical. Distribution: Atlantic coast of the United States to Stewart Island, New Zealand. ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly tropical. Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Jaw teeth fused or parrotlike. Spines in ... [details]

 Description

Circumtropical, especially around coral reefs; five species in the Atlantic, the remaining in the Pacific and ... [details]

 Description

Coastal marine, brackish and freshwater in the Indo-West Pacific. Several species restricted to freshwater. Body ... [details]

 Description

Colonial, hermatypic, mostly extant. Colonies usually massive, laminar or ramose. Corallites have a wide size range ... [details]

 Description

Colonial, hermatypic and ahermatypic, extant and fossil. Corallites are thickened and linked by a smooth ... [details]

 Description

Colonial, hermatypic, mostly extant. Colonies have all growth forms known for hermatypic corals. Corallites ... [details]

 Description

Colonies are massive and meandroid. Valleys and walls are of uniform width. Septa are fine and regular, columella ... [details]

 Description

Common coastal tropical sharks from shallow water down to 100 m, limited to the eastern Atlantic and continental ... [details]

 Description

Cuttlebone (shell or sepion) internal, chalky (calcareous), porous, finely laminate. Mantle broad, robust, ... [details]

 Description

Deep-water fishes. Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Protrusible premaxilla. Serrated operculum ... [details]

 Description

Disc and arms covered in thick, smooth skin; arm spines short. Richmond 1997 <282>. [details]

 Description

Distribution: all major tropical and many subtropical seas. Body usually considerably depressed and flattened ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: all oceans. Upper lobe of caudal fin greatly elongate, caudal fin almost one-half of total length; ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: All tropical and temperate seas, excepting most of mid-Indian and mid-Pacific. Adults with pelvic ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Arctic, Atlantic, and Pacific. Both eyes normally on the right side. Preoperculum with a free margin. ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Ocean. Usually found near shore. Some primarily algal feeders; others ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic and Indo-West Pacific. Head depressed. Usually big-eyed. Interorbital width small. Spinous ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic and Indo-Pacific. Elongate body. Head depressed. Six to nine short free spines preceeding ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Scaleless. No swim bladder. Dorsal fin continuous with anal ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Adults with well developed gillrakers. Supramaxillaries usually ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic side of South America and Africa, Indo-Pacific (as far down to New Zealand, to Hawaii and ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific. Dorsal fins 2. Soft-rayed parts of dorsal and anal fins scaly. ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Protrusible mouth. Snout elongated in the genus Gomphosus. Most ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Ocean. Slender fishes with compressed head and body. The single dorsal ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans. Dorsal fin with 9-14 spines; soft rays 11-26. Three spines in ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Elongated body. Dorsal fins far apart. First dorsal fin with ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Well-developed sharp spines covering body. Jaws with 2 fused ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. The lower jaw much longer than upper jaw. Short pectoral and ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Schooling fishes, mostly of shallow coastal waters and estuaries ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Ocean. Pelvic fins usually present and modified into a sucking disc. ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Usually compressed body. Pelvic fins fused to one spine. First ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific. Body extremely elongate and strongly compressed. Maxilla hidden by ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific. Dorsal fin long, having a deep notch between the spinous and soft-rayed ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. A bony carapace enclosing body. Pelvic skeleton absent. Spinous ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Usually with scales. Swim bladder present. Opercle usually with ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific. Elongate body, with the head flattened and bearing a sucking disc ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific. Depth range 10-500 m (usually 50-200 m). One species (Malacanthus ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific. Scaleless or with small smooth scales. Large cuboidal head. Mouth ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Central and South America, Texas (1 species), West Indies, Africa, Madagascar, Syria, and coastal ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: circumglobal. Origin of dorsal fin in mid-trunk. Dorsal fin rays 7-16. Anal fin with a long base; fin ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Indian and Pacific Oceans. Oval and strongly compressed body; papilose. Small mouth; terminal. Dorsal ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Indo-Pacific. Compressed and deep-bodied like butterflyfishes. Mouth non-protrusible. Pelvics with ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Indo-Pacific. Dorsal fins 2. Soft-rayed parts dorsal and anal fins covered with deciduous scales. ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Indo-Pacific. Large pelvic fins before pectorals. Small pectoral fins with an oblique base. Short ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Indo-Pacific and Western Atlantic. Body very much elongated and filamentous. Scales absent. Gill ... [details]