Cetacea taxon details

Orcinus orca (Linnaeus, 1758)

137102  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137102)

accepted
Species
Grampus vectipinna Branson, 1971 (misspelling of rectipinna)
Orca atra Gray, 1871 (misspelling)
marine
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 77 [details]   

(ofDelphinus orca Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Note "Oceano Europaeo"  
From editor or global species database
Type locality "Oceano Europaeo" [details]
Distribution Antarctica/Southern Ocean; East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean  
Distribution Antarctica/Southern Ocean; East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean [details]

Distribution cosmopolitan  
Distribution cosmopolitan [details]
Perrin, W.F. (2018). World Cetacea Database. Orcinus orca (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/cetacea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137102 on 2018-07-23
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-08-20 11:25:36Z
checked

original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 77 [details]   

original description  (ofDelphinus orca Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Carwardine, M., E. Hoyt, R. E. Fordyce and P. Gill. 1998. Whales, dolphins and porpoises. Time-Life Books. Nature Company Guides, USA. 288 p. [details]   

additional source University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. Animal Diversity Web., available online at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html [details]   

additional source Mead, J. G.; Brownell, R. L. Jr. (2005). Cetacea. In Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp. 723--743., available online at http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/ [details]   

additional source Rice, D. W. (1998). Marine mammals of the world. Systematics and distribution. Society for Marine Mammalogy Special Publication. 4., available online at http://www.marinemammalscience.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/MarineMammalsOfTheWorld.pdf [details]   

additional source Hershkovitz, P. (1966). Catalog of Living Whales. Bulletin of the United States National Museum. (246): 1-259., available online at https://doi.org/10.5479/si.03629236.246 [details]   

additional source Jefferson, T. A., M. A. Webber and R. L. Pitman. (2008). Marine mammals of the world. Academic Press, Amsterdam. [details]   

additional source IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, available online at http://www.iucnredlist.org [details]   

additional source Perrin, W.F.; Würsig, B.; Thewissen, J.G.M. (2009). Encyclopedia of marine mammals. Second edition. Academic Press: London. ISBN 978-0-12-373553-9. xxix, 1316 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 431-554. [details]   

additional source Schmidly, D. J. and B. Würsig. 2009. Mammals (Vertebrata: Mammalia) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1343–1352 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Heyning, J. E. and M. E. Dahlheim. (1988). Orcinus orca. Mammalian Species 304:1--9. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

basis of record  (ofDelphinus orca Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record  (ofGrampus orca Iredale & Troughton, 1933) Slijper, E.J. (1938). Die Sammlung rezenter Cetacea des Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique [The collection of recent Cetacea of the Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique]. Bull. Mus. royal d'Hist. Nat. Belg./Med. Kon. Natuurhist. Mus. Belg. 14(10): 1-33 (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Diet Numerous fish, squid, and marine mammal species, including blue whales; even gulls, penguins and turtles. [details]

Dimensions Length: male 17-29 1/2' (5.1-9 m), female 15-25 1/2' (4.6-7.7 m), at birth 6'+ (1.9 m +). Largest of all dolphins. [details]

Holotype None in existence; name based on killer whale of authors. [details]

IUCN Red List Category Data Deficient (DD) [details]

Type locality "Oceano Europaeo" [details]

From other sources
Distribution Antarctica/Southern Ocean; East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean [details]

Distribution cosmopolitan [details]

Habitat inshore and offshore [details]

Predators None [details]

Reproduction Breed in spring and summer off the coast of Washington. Gestation is a year. [details]
 

LanguageName 
Afrikaans moordvis  [details]
Aleut dukuladaguluk  [details]
Anus nookur  [details]
Basque orkamarzuplaezpalarta  [details]
Bulgarian Косаткаkosаtkа  [details]
Catalan orca  [details]
Chukot musonkjgyssiak  [details]
Czech kosatka dravá  [details]
Danish tandthoyesvarthvalsvaerdvalspækhuggerspaekhoggerornswin  [details]
Dutch zwaardwalvisorkaorcabotskop  [details]
English swordfishsword grampusorcakiller-trasherkiller whalegrampus  [details]
Faroese bovhidehval  [details]
French orque gladiateurorque épaulardorqueepée de merepaularddorque  [details]
German SchwertwalSchwertfischOrcagroßer Schwertwal  [details]
Icelandic sverdfiscurhuydinghahyrningurhahyrnahaa-hirningurfann-fiskar-hydengen  [details]
Indonesian segunipaus pemangsa  [details]
Inuktitut adluk  [details]
Italian orca  [details]
Japanese シャチtakamatsutakashachisakamatasadshi  [details]
Kalaallisut ardlykardlursark  [details]
Korean innuatubeom-gorae  [details]
Lithuanian orka  [details]
Malagasy trozona mpamond  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Όρκα  [details]
Norwegian van hundvaghundstourvagnstourvagastaurhvalstarhyn ningspekkhuggerspaekhoggerhvalhund  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål spekkhogger  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk spekkhoggar  [details]
Polish orka  [details]
Portuguese roaz-de-bandeiraorcabaleia asesina  [details]
Russian косаткаили кит убийцаkosatkakasatka  [details]
Scottish Gaelic pictwale  [details]
Slovenian orka  [details]
Spanish orca verdaderaorca comúnorcamoscotemacheteespadartedelfin gigantecahuel-huaiquebufeo de mascarillaballena quilaballena pintaballena asesina  [details]
Swedish tunnlik tumlaresvärdfiskspäckhuggarespackhuggareoparelöpare  [details]
Thai plawan phechakhat  [details]
Turkish katil balina  [details]
Ukrainian Косатка  [details]
Welsh orca gwrywlleiddiad  [details]
Yupik languages mesungesak  [details]