Cetacea taxon details

Orcinus orca (Linnaeus, 1758)

137102  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137102)

accepted
Species
Grampus vectipinna Branson, 1971 (misspelling of rectipinna)
Orca atra Gray, 1871 (misspelling)
marine
(of Delphinus orca Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). <i>Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis</i>. Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 77 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
Note "Oceano Europaeo"  
From editor or global species database
Type locality "Oceano Europaeo" [details]
Distribution Antarctica/Southern Ocean; East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean  
Distribution Antarctica/Southern Ocean; East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean [details]

Distribution cosmopolitan  
Distribution cosmopolitan [details]
Perrin, W.F. (2018). World Cetacea Database. Orcinus orca (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/cetacea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137102 on 2019-12-09
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-08-20 11:25:36Z
checked

original description  (of Delphinus orca Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). <i>Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis</i>. Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 77 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 375-376 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Carwardine, M., E. Hoyt, R. E. Fordyce and P. Gill. 1998. Whales, dolphins and porpoises. Time-Life Books. Nature Company Guides, USA. 288 p. [details]   

additional source Animal Diversity Web. <em>University of Michigan Museum of Zoology.</em> , available online at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html [details]   

additional source Mead, J. G.; Brownell, R. L. Jr. (2005). Cetacea. <em>In Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp.</em> 723--743., available online at http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/ [details]   

additional source Rice, D. W. (1998). Marine mammals of the world. Systematics and distribution. <em>Society for Marine Mammalogy Special Publication.</em> 4., available online at http://www.marinemammalscience.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/MarineMammalsOfTheWorld.pdf [details]   

additional source Hershkovitz, P. (1966). Catalog of Living Whales. <em>Bulletin of the United States National Museum.</em> (246): 1-259., available online at https://doi.org/10.5479/si.03629236.246 [details]   

additional source Jefferson, T. A., M. A. Webber and R. L. Pitman. (2008). Marine mammals of the world. Academic Press, Amsterdam. [details]   

additional source IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, available online at http://www.iucnredlist.org [details]   

additional source Perrin, W.F.; Würsig, B.; Thewissen, J.G.M. (2009). Encyclopedia of marine mammals. Second edition. Academic Press: London. ISBN 978-0-12-373553-9. xxix, 1316 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Heyning, J. E. and M. E. Dahlheim. (1988). Orcinus orca. Mammalian Species 304:1--9. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 431-554. [details]   

additional source Schmidly, D. J. and B. Würsig. 2009. Mammals (Vertebrata: Mammalia) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1343–1352 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Diet Numerous fish, squid, and marine mammal species, including blue whales; even gulls, penguins and turtles. [details]

Dimensions Length: male 17-29 1/2' (5.1-9 m), female 15-25 1/2' (4.6-7.7 m), at birth 6'+ (1.9 m +). Largest of all dolphins. [details]

Holotype None in existence; name based on killer whale of authors. [details]

IUCN Red List Category Data Deficient (DD) [details]

Type locality "Oceano Europaeo" [details]

From other sources
Distribution Antarctica/Southern Ocean; East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean [details]

Distribution cosmopolitan [details]

Habitat inshore and offshore [details]

Predators None [details]

Reproduction Breed in spring and summer off the coast of Washington. Gestation is a year. [details]
 

LanguageName 
Afrikaans moordvis  [details]
Aleut dukuladaguluk  [details]
Anus nookur  [details]
Basque orkamarzuplaezpalarta  [details]
Bulgarian Косаткаkosаtkа  [details]
Catalan orca  [details]
Chukot musonkjgyssiak  [details]
Czech kosatka dravá  [details]
Danish tandthoyesvarthvalsvaerdvalspækhuggerspaekhoggerornswin  [details]
Dutch zwaardwalvisorkaorcabotskop  [details]
English swordfishsword grampusorcakiller-trasherkiller whalegrampus  [details]
Faroese bovhidehval  [details]
French orque gladiateurorque épaulardorqueepée de merepaularddorque  [details]
German SchwertwalSchwertfischOrcagroßer Schwertwal  [details]
Icelandic sverdfiscurhuydinghahyrningurhahyrnahaa-hirningurfann-fiskar-hydengen  [details]
Indonesian segunipaus pemangsa  [details]
Inuktitut adluk  [details]
Italian orca  [details]
Japanese シャチtakamatsutakashachisakamatasadshi  [details]
Kalaallisut ardlykardlursark  [details]
Korean innuatubeom-gorae  [details]
Lithuanian orka  [details]
Malagasy trozona mpamond  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Όρκα  [details]
Norwegian van hundvaghundstourvagnstourvagastaurhvalstarhyn ningspekkhuggerspaekhoggerhvalhund  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål spekkhogger  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk spekkhoggar  [details]
Polish orka  [details]
Portuguese roaz-de-bandeiraorcabaleia asesina  [details]
Russian косаткаили кит убийцаkosatkakasatka  [details]
Scottish Gaelic pictwale  [details]
Slovenian orka  [details]
Spanish orca verdaderaorca comúnorcamoscotemacheteespadartedelfin gigantecahuel-huaiquebufeo de mascarillaballena quilaballena pintaballena asesina  [details]
Swedish tunnlik tumlaresvärdfiskspäckhuggarespackhuggareoparelöpare  [details]
Thai plawan phechakhat  [details]
Turkish katil balina  [details]
Ukrainian Косатка  [details]
Welsh orca gwrywlleiddiad  [details]
Yupik languages mesungesak  [details]