Cetacea taxon details

Globicephala melas (Traill, 1809)

137097  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137097)

accepted
Species
marine
Traill, T. S. (1809). Description of a new species of whale, Delphinus melas. In a letter from Thomas Stewart Traill, M. D. to Mr. Nicholson. Journal of Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, and the Arts. February, 1809:81--83. [details]   
Note Scapay Bay, Pomona, Orkney Islands, Scotland, UK  
From editor or global species database
Type locality Scapay Bay, Pomona, Orkney Islands, Scotland, UK [details]
Distribution in all oceans except Northern Indian Ocean and North Pacific (where they occurred historically off Japan).  
Distribution in all oceans except Northern Indian Ocean and North Pacific (where they occurred historically off Japan). [details]

Distribution Antarctica/Southern Ocean; Southeast Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean, Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean  
Distribution Antarctica/Southern Ocean; Southeast Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean, Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean [details]
Perrin, W.F. (2018). World Cetacea Database. Globicephala melas (Traill, 1809). Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/cetacea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137097 on 2018-04-21
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-08-20 11:25:36Z
checked

original description Traill, T. S. (1809). Description of a new species of whale, Delphinus melas. In a letter from Thomas Stewart Traill, M. D. to Mr. Nicholson. Journal of Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, and the Arts. February, 1809:81--83. [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Carwardine, M., E. Hoyt, R. E. Fordyce and P. Gill. 1998. Whales, dolphins and porpoises. Time-Life Books. Nature Company Guides, USA. 288 p. [details]   

additional source University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. Animal Diversity Web., available online at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Mead, J. G.; Brownell, R. L. Jr. (2005). Cetacea. In Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp. 723--743., available online at http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/ [details]   

additional source Rice, D. W. (1998). Marine mammals of the world. Systematics and distribution. Society for Marine Mammalogy Special Publication. 4., available online at http://www.marinemammalscience.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/MarineMammalsOfTheWorld.pdf [details]   

additional source Hershkovitz, P. (1966). Catalog of Living Whales. Bulletin of the United States National Museum. (246): 1-259., available online at https://doi.org/10.5479/si.03629236.246 [details]   

additional source Jefferson, T. A., M. A. Webber and R. L. Pitman. (2008). Marine mammals of the world. Academic Press, Amsterdam. [details]   

additional source IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, available online at http://www.iucnredlist.org [details]   

additional source Perrin, W.F.; Würsig, B.; Thewissen, J.G.M. (2009). Encyclopedia of marine mammals. Second edition. Academic Press: London. ISBN 978-0-12-373553-9. xxix, 1316 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 431-554. [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

basis of record  (ofGlobicephala melaena (Traill, 1809)) Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofGlobicephala melaena (Traill, 1809)) Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Diet squid mostly but also a variety of fish. [details]

Distribution in all oceans except Northern Indian Ocean and North Pacific (where they occurred historically off Japan). [details]

Distribution Antarctica/Southern Ocean; Southeast Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean, Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean [details]

Habitat offshore; generally occupy areas of high relief or submerged banks. [details]

Holotype None; see Lectotype [details]

IUCN Red List Category Data Deficient (DD) [details]

Importance Are still hunted in Faero Islands. [details]

Lectotype Figured specimen, one of 92 whales stranded December 1806; skull in British Museum (Natural History), no. 363a--44.12.3.2, purchased 1844 from Traill. [details]

Morphology Distinguishing characteristics: black-coloured whales with a white belly, spherical melon and a robust body. No constriction at the neck and the body is quite cylindrical from the head backward to the region of the dorsal fin. Dorsal fin has a long base, it is low, directed backwards and is set for forward on the body. 8-13 teeth in each of the 4 jaws and flippers which are 1/5 of the body length. [details]

Reproduction Female matures sexually at 6-7 years, male not until 12 years. In North Atlantic, mate in February and March in warm water and the young are born between July and October 15 to 16 months later in cooler water. Nursed for 20 months. Remain with their mother for 2 years. [details]

Type locality Scapay Bay, Pomona, Orkney Islands, Scotland, UK [details]

From other sources
Dimensions Legth: male 13-25' (4-7.6 m), female 10-18 1/2' (3-5.6 m), at birth 6' (1.9 m) [details]

Habitat temperate and subpolar, mostly oceanic [details]

Predators None [details]
 

LanguageName 
Afrikaans langvinloodswalvis  [details]
Arabic kouraoui arras achaii  [details]
Basque izurde pilotua  [details]
Catalan cap d'olla negrecap d'olla  [details]
Croatian kit debeloglavacbjelogrii dupin  [details]
Czech kulohlavec černý  [details]
Danish langluffet grindehvalgrind  [details]
Dutch griend  [details]
English social whaleround-headed porpoiseroundheadpotheadnorthern pilot whalelong-finned pilot whaleIndian pilot whaledriving whalecommon pilot whalecommon blackfishcaa'ing whaleblackfishAtlantic blackfishAmerican black-fish  [details]
Faroese grindaquealurgrindahvalur  [details]
Finnish pallopaagrindvalas  [details]
French globicéphale noirglobicéphale conducteurglobicéphale commundéducteurdauphin pilotechaudroncachelot svineval  [details]
Galician caldeiro  [details]
German SchwarzwalGrindwal  [details]
Hebrew natav shachor  [details]
Icelandic nydingurmarsvinleifturgrindhvalur  [details]
Indonesian paus hitam  [details]
Italian gobicefalo [from synonym]globicefalo neroglobicefalodelfino pilota  [details]
Kalaallisut nisarnaq  [details]
Lithuanian paprastoji grinda  [details]
Maltese baliena sewda  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Μαυροδέλφινοmavrodélfino  [details]
Norwegian svinehvalgrinzehvalgrindhvalgrinde  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål grindhval  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk grindkval  [details]
Polish grindwal długopłetwyalbrzymi delfin  [details]
Portuguese cachalote-añaoboca de panelabaleia piloto de peitoral longa  [details]
Russian обыкновенная гриндаsharogolovyi delfingrindy  [details]
Slovenian obloglavka  [details]
Spanish morfinglobicefalo negrocalderón negrocalderón de aleta largacalderón comúncabeza de buzoballena piloto  [details]
Swedish grindval  [details]
Turkish uzun yüzgeçli kara balinasiyah yunus [from synonym]  [details]
Ukrainian Звичайна гринда Гринда звичайна  [details]
Welsh morfil pengrwn  [details]