Cetacea taxon details

Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)

marine
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 76 [details]   

(ofBalaena musculus Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Note Firth of Forth, Scotland, UK  
From editor or global species database
Type locality Firth of Forth, Scotland, UK [details]
Distribution Found in all oceans of the world. Antarctica/Southern Ocean; East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific;...  
Distribution Found in all oceans of the world. Antarctica/Southern Ocean; East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean [details]

Distribution in all oceans  
Distribution in all oceans [details]
Perrin, W.F. (2018). World Cetacea Database. Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/cetacea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137090 on 2018-04-26
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-08-20 11:25:36Z
checked

original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 76 [details]   

original description  (ofBalaena musculus Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Carwardine, M., E. Hoyt, R. E. Fordyce and P. Gill. 1998. Whales, dolphins and porpoises. Time-Life Books. Nature Company Guides, USA. 288 p. [details]   

additional source University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. Animal Diversity Web., available online at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html [details]   

additional source Mead, J. G.; Brownell, R. L. Jr. (2005). Cetacea. In Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp. 723--743., available online at http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/ [details]   

additional source Rice, D. W. (1998). Marine mammals of the world. Systematics and distribution. Society for Marine Mammalogy Special Publication. 4., available online at http://www.marinemammalscience.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/MarineMammalsOfTheWorld.pdf [details]   

additional source Hershkovitz, P. (1966). Catalog of Living Whales. Bulletin of the United States National Museum. (246): 1-259., available online at https://doi.org/10.5479/si.03629236.246 [details]   

additional source Jefferson, T. A., M. A. Webber and R. L. Pitman. (2008). Marine mammals of the world. Academic Press, Amsterdam. [details]   

additional source IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, available online at http://www.iucnredlist.org [details]   

additional source Perrin, W.F.; Würsig, B.; Thewissen, J.G.M. (2009). Encyclopedia of marine mammals. Second edition. Academic Press: London. ISBN 978-0-12-373553-9. xxix, 1316 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 431-554. [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

basis of record  (ofBalaena musculus Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Holotype None; based primarily on Balaena fistula duplici of Artedi, 1738. [details]

IUCN Red List Category Endangered (EN); Antarctic population Critically Endangered (CR) [details]

Morphology Distinguishing characteristics: colour slate blue to grayish blue and mottled with lighter spots, particularly on the back and shoulders. Underside often covered with microorganisms, giving the belly a yellowish tinge. dorsal fin short, only about 35 cm, and placed far back on the body. Upper jaw is the widest in the genus, and the rostrum is the bluntest. There are 50-90 throat grooves that extend from the chin to just beyond the navel. Average length is adult males is 25 m and females is 27m. Largest animal in the world. [details]

Type locality Firth of Forth, Scotland, UK [details]

From other sources
Diet euphausiids with some squid, amphipods, copepods, red crabs [details]

Dimensions Length: male 65 1/2' -101 1/2' (20-31 m), female 69-110' (21-33.6 m), at birth 19 1/2' + (5.9 m+) [details]

Distribution Found in all oceans of the world. Antarctica/Southern Ocean; East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean [details]

Distribution in all oceans [details]

Habitat mostly offshore but also near the coast [details]

Habitat offshore [details]

Predators None [details]

Reproduction Gestation is 11-12 months long with young born in warm, low latitude waters in the winter months after the adults return from their high latitude feeding grounds. Weaned: 7-8 months. Sexual maturity occurs at 8-9 years and young are produced every 2-3 years. [details]
 

LanguageName 
Afrikaans blouwalvis  [details]
Aleut omgoliaabugulikh  [details]
Catalan balena blava  [details]
Chukot tnmerken-uiiutakhvorkhrikh  [details]
Czech plejtvák obrovský  [details]
Dutch blauwe vinvis  [details]
English sulphurbottom whaleSibbald's rorqualOstende whalegreat rorqualgreat northern rorqualgreat blue whalefinny whalecommon rorqualblue whaleblue rorqual  [details]
French rorqual de Sibbaldrorqual bleubaleine jubartebaleine d'Ostendbaleine bleue  [details]
German SchwefelbauchwalSchanelwalRiesenwalBlauwal  [details]
Icelandic steypireydrhrefnahafreydur  [details]
Indonesian paus birulaylan agi  [details]
Italian balenottera azzura  [details]
Japanese シロナガスクジラsiro nagasu kujira  [details]
Kalaallisut tunnolik  [details]
Korean daewang-gorae  [details]
Malagasy trozona manga  [details]
Norwegian rörqualheipe-reydurblaahval  [details]
Portuguese baleia azul  [details]
Russian sinii kitgoluboi kitbolshoi polosatikblyuval  [details]
Spanish rorcual giganterorcual azulkilagran rorcalballena azulalfawarealfaguara  [details]
Swedish muskel finnfiskjattenhvalblaval  [details]
Yupik languages takyshkoktakerrkak  [details]