Cetacea taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseteridae 
AphiaID: 136985

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChordata > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVertebrata > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGnathostomata > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTetrapoda > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMammalia > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTheria > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCetartiodactyla > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCetancodonta > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCetacea > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontoceti
Status accepted
Rank Family
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontoceti Flower, 1867
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCatodontidae F. Cuvier, 1836 (synonym)
Sources  basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376 (look up in IMIS[details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsperm whale  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspermhvalfamilien  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspermkvalfamilien  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkaskeloter  [details]
All child
taxa (66)

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 Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKogia Gray, 1846
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKogia breviceps (de Blainville, 1838)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKogia sima (Owen, 1866)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKogia brevirostris Gray, 1865 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKogia breviceps (de Blainville, 1838)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKogia floweri Gill, 1871 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKogia breviceps (de Blainville, 1838)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKogia goodei True, 1884 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKogia breviceps (de Blainville, 1838)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKogia grayi Gill, 1871 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKogia breviceps (de Blainville, 1838)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKogia greyi Trouessart, 1898 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKogia breviceps (de Blainville, 1838)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKogia macleayi Gill, 1871 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKogia breviceps (de Blainville, 1838)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKogia simus (Owen, 1866) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKogia sima (Owen, 1866)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter Linnaeus, 1758
  » Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter (Euphyseter)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter (Euphyseter) simus Owen, 1866 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter simus Owen, 1866 (alternate representation)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758
  » Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter macrocephalus cinereus Kerr, 1792 (nomen dubium)
» Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter macrocephalus niger Kerr, 1792 (nomen dubium)
» Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter macrocephalus albicans Kerr, 1792 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinapterus leucas (Pallas, 1776)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter gibbosus Schreber, 1802 (nomen dubium, incertae sedis)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter katadon Muller, 1773 (nomen dubium, incertae sedis)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter krefftii Boschma, 1938 (nomen dubium, incertae sedis)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter polycephus Quoy & Gaimard, in Freycinet, 1824 (nomen dubium, incertae sedis)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter polycystus Gray, 1866 (nomen dubium, incertae sedis)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter pterodon Trouessart, 1898 (nomen dubium, incertae sedis)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter andersonii Borowski, 1780 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter australasiensis Desmoulins, 1822 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter australis Gray, 1846 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758
  » Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter australis asiaticus Gray, 1866 (nomen dubium)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter bidens Sowerby, 1804 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMesoplodon bidens (Sowerby, 1804)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter breviceps de Blainville, 1838 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKogia breviceps (de Blainville, 1838)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter catodon Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758
  » Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter catodon australis Tomilin, 1957 (nomen dubium)
» Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter catodon catodon Tomilin, 1957 (nomen dubium)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter maximus G. Cuvier, 1798 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter microps Fabricius, 1780 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrcinus orca (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter microps falcidentatus Kerr, 1792 (nomen dubium, incertae sedis)
» Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter microps rectidentatus Kerr, 1792 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter microps Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter novaeangliae Borowski, 1780 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter orthodon Lacépède, 1804 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter simus Owen, 1866 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKogia sima (Owen, 1866)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter tursio Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758

Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCatodon Linnaeus, 1761 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter Linnaeus, 1758
  » Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCatodon (Meganeuron)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCatodon (Meganeuron) krefftii Gray, 1865 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCatodon polycyphus Lesson, 1827 (nomen dubium, incertae sedis)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCatodon polyscyphus Gray, 1866 (nomen dubium, incertae sedis)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCatodon svineval Lacépède, 1804 (nomen dubium, incertae sedis)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCatodon albicans Lacépède, 1804 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinapterus leucas (Pallas, 1776)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCatodon australis Wall, 1851 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCatodon candicans Lesson, 1828 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinapterus leucas (Pallas, 1776)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCatodon colneti Gray, 1850 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCatodon macrocephalus Lacépède, 1804 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCatodon sibbaldi Fleming, 1828 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinapterus leucas (Pallas, 1776)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCetus Billberg, 1828 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCetus cylindricus Billberg, 1828 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMeganeuron Gray, 1865 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter Linnaeus, 1758
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMegistosaurus Anonymous, in Harlan, 1828 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter Linnaeus, 1758
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhiseter Bonnaterre, 1789 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhiseter cylindricus Bonnaterre, 1789 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhiseter mular Bonnaterre, 1789 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhiseter trumpo Bonnaterre, 1789 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhysalus Lacépède, 1804 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter Linnaeus, 1758
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseterus Duméril, 1806 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseterus sulcatus Lacépède, 1818 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTursio Fleming, 1822 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTursio vulgaris Fleming, 1822 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758
Environment marine
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Note 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription The sperm whale is the largest toothed cetacean and has the highest degree of sexual dimorphism. There is a low dorsal hump, followed by a series of crenulations. It has a large head with a squarish profile, narrow underslung lower jaw, and functional teeth only in the upper haw (these fit into sockets in the upper jaw). The blowhole is located at the left front of the head. The head is highly modified, and is divided into sections called the 'junk' and the spermaceti organ, or 'case'. The spermaceti organ is a large oil-filled reservoir, the function of which is controversial. Sperm whales have a dish shape to the facial area of the skull, extreme cranial asymmetry, and a long rostrum. Sperm whales are known to be capable of very deep, long dives. <123> [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:136985
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van der Land, Jacob
2005-03-29 08:12:19Z  changed  Claus, Simon
2008-08-20 11:25:36Z  checked  Perrin, William
  
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  Citation: Perrin, W. (2014). Physeteridae. In: Perrin, W.F. (2014) World Cetacea Database. Accessed through: Perrin, W.F. (2014) World Cetacea Database at http://www.marinespecies.org/cetacea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=136985 on 2014-07-26