Cetacea taxon details

Physeteridae

136985  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:136985)

accepted
Family
Genus Physeter Linnaeus, 1758
  » Subgenus Physeter (Euphyseter)
  » Species Physeter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758
    » Subspecies Physeter macrocephalus cinereus Kerr, 1792 (nomen dubium)
    » Subspecies Physeter macrocephalus niger Kerr, 1792 (nomen dubium)
    » Subspecies Physeter macrocephalus albicans Kerr, 1792 accepted as Delphinapterus leucas (Pallas, 1776) (synonym)
  » Species Physeter gibbosus Schreber, 1802 (nomen dubium, incertae sedis)
  » Species Physeter katadon Muller, 1773 (nomen dubium, incertae sedis)
  » Species Physeter krefftii Boschma, 1938 (nomen dubium, incertae sedis)
  » Species Physeter polycephus Quoy & Gaimard in Freycinet, 1824 (nomen dubium, incertae sedis)
  » Species Physeter polycystus Gray, 1866 (nomen dubium, incertae sedis)
  » Species Physeter pterodon Trouessart, 1898 (nomen dubium, incertae sedis)
  » Species Physeter andersonii Borowski, 1780 accepted as Physeter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
  » Species Physeter australasiensis Desmoulins, 1822 accepted as Physeter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
  » Species Physeter australis Gray, 1846 accepted as Physeter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
    » Subspecies Physeter australis asiaticus Gray, 1866 (nomen dubium)
  » Species Physeter bidens Sowerby, 1804 accepted as Mesoplodon bidens (Sowerby, 1804) (basionym)
  » Species Physeter breviceps de Blainville, 1838 accepted as Kogia breviceps (de Blainville, 1838) (basionym)
  » Species Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Physeter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
    » Subspecies Physeter catodon australis Tomilin, 1957 (nomen dubium)
    » Subspecies Physeter catodon catodon Tomilin, 1957 (nomen dubium)
  » Species Physeter maximus G. Cuvier, 1798 accepted as Physeter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
  » Species Physeter microps Fabricius, 1780 accepted as Orcinus orca (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Subspecies Physeter microps falcidentatus Kerr, 1792 (nomen dubium, incertae sedis)
    » Subspecies Physeter microps rectidentatus Kerr, 1792 accepted as Physeter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
  » Species Physeter microps Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Physeter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
  » Species Physeter novaeangliae Borowski, 1780 accepted as Physeter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
  » Species Physeter orthodon Lacépède, 1804 accepted as Physeter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
  » Species Physeter simus Owen, 1866 accepted as Kogia sima (Owen, 1866) (basionym)
  » Species Physeter tursio Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Physeter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)

Genus Catodon Linnaeus, 1761 accepted as Physeter Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
  » Subgenus Catodon (Meganeuron)
  » Species Catodon polycyphus Lesson, 1827 (nomen dubium, incertae sedis)
  » Species Catodon polyscyphus Gray, 1866 (nomen dubium, incertae sedis)
  » Species Catodon svineval Lacépède, 1804 (nomen dubium, incertae sedis)
  » Species Catodon albicans Lacépède, 1804 accepted as Delphinapterus leucas (Pallas, 1776) (synonym)
  » Species Catodon australis Wall, 1851 accepted as Physeter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
  » Species Catodon candicans Lesson, 1828 accepted as Delphinapterus leucas (Pallas, 1776) (synonym)
  » Species Catodon colneti Gray, 1850 accepted as Physeter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
  » Species Catodon macrocephalus Lacépède, 1804 accepted as Physeter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
  » Species Catodon sibbaldi Fleming, 1828 accepted as Delphinapterus leucas (Pallas, 1776) (synonym)
Genus Cetus Billberg, 1828 accepted as Physeter Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
Genus Meganeuron Gray, 1865 accepted as Physeter Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
Genus Megistosaurus Anonymous in Harlan, 1828 accepted as Physeter Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
Genus Phiseter Bonnaterre, 1789 accepted as Physeter Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
Genus Physalus Lacépède, 1804 accepted as Physeter Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
Genus Physeterus Duméril, 1806 accepted as Physeter Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
Genus Tursio Fleming, 1822 accepted as Physeter Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
marine
Description The sperm whale is the largest toothed cetacean and has the highest degree of sexual dimorphism. There is a low dorsal...  
Description The sperm whale is the largest toothed cetacean and has the highest degree of sexual dimorphism. There is a low dorsal hump, followed by a series of crenulations. It has a large head with a squarish profile, narrow underslung lower jaw, and functional teeth only in the upper haw (these fit into sockets in the upper jaw). The blowhole is located at the left front of the head. The head is highly modified, and is divided into sections called the 'junk' and the spermaceti organ, or 'case'. The spermaceti organ is a large oil-filled reservoir, the function of which is controversial. Sperm whales have a dish shape to the facial area of the skull, extreme cranial asymmetry, and a long rostrum. Sperm whales are known to be capable of very deep, long dives. <123> [details]
Perrin, W.F. (2018). World Cetacea Database. Physeteridae. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/cetacea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=136985 on 2018-02-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-03-29 08:12:19Z
changed
2008-08-20 11:25:36Z
checked

basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Jefferson, T.A.; Leatherwood, S.; Webber, M.A. (1993). Marine mammals of the world. FAO Species identification guide. FAO: Rome, Italy. ISBN 92-5-103292-0. VIII, 320 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
From other sources
Description The sperm whale is the largest toothed cetacean and has the highest degree of sexual dimorphism. There is a low dorsal hump, followed by a series of crenulations. It has a large head with a squarish profile, narrow underslung lower jaw, and functional teeth only in the upper haw (these fit into sockets in the upper jaw). The blowhole is located at the left front of the head. The head is highly modified, and is divided into sections called the 'junk' and the spermaceti organ, or 'case'. The spermaceti organ is a large oil-filled reservoir, the function of which is controversial. Sperm whales have a dish shape to the facial area of the skull, extreme cranial asymmetry, and a long rostrum. Sperm whales are known to be capable of very deep, long dives. <123> [details]
LanguageName 
Japanese マッコウクジラ  [details]