Cetacea taxon details

Balaenopteridae Gray, 1864

136979  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:136979)

accepted
Family
Genus Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804
  » Species Balaenoptera acutorostrata Lacépède, 1804
  » Species Balaenoptera bonaerensis Burmeister, 1867
  » Species Balaenoptera borealis Lesson, 1828
  » Species Balaenoptera edeni Anderson, 1878
  » Species Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Balaenoptera omurai Wada, Oishi & Yamada, 2003
  » Species Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Balaenoptera andrejewi Author?, 1888 (nomen dubium, incertae sedis)
  » Species Balaenoptera caerulescens Lacépède, 1818 (nomen dubium, incertae sedis)
  » Species Balaenoptera grimmi Author?, 1888 (nomen dubium, incertae sedis)
  » Species Balaenoptera maculata Lacépède, 1818 (nomen dubium, incertae sedis)
  » Species Balaenoptera nigra Lacépède, 1818 (nomen dubium, incertae sedis)
  » Species Balaenoptera punctulata Lacépède, 1819 (nomen dubium, incertae sedis)
  » Species Balaenoptera sulcata represented as Balaenoptera sulcata arctica Schlegel, 1841
  » Species Balaenoptera acuturostrata Lacépède, 1804 accepted as Balaenoptera acutorostrata Lacépède, 1804 (lapsus calami)
  » Species Balaenoptera alba Giglioli, 1870 accepted as Balaenoptera borealis Lesson, 1828 (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera antarctica Gray, 1846 accepted as Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera antarctica Temminck, 1841 accepted as Eubalaena japonica (Lacépède, 1818) (lapsus for Balaena (not p. 21, pl. 30 (= Megaptera novaeangliae))
  » Species Balaenoptera antarctica Temminck, 1841 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera aragous Farines & Carcasonne, 1829 accepted as Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera arctica Temminck, 1841 accepted as Balaenoptera borealis Lesson, 1828 (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera astrolabe Pucheran, 1843 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera australis Gray, 1846 accepted as Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera australis Lesson, 1828 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera blythii Anderson, 1879 accepted as Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera brasiliensis Gray, 1846 accepted as Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera brydei Olsen, 1913 accepted as Balaenoptera edeni Anderson, 1878 (Nomen inquirendum)
  » Species Balaenoptera capensis A. Smith, 1834 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera carolinae Malm, 1866 accepted as Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera davidsoni Scammon, 1872 accepted as Balaenoptera acutorostrata Lacépède, 1804
  » Species Balaenoptera eschrichtius Rasch, 1845 accepted as Balaenoptera acutorostrata Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera gibbar Lacépède, 1804 accepted as Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera gigas Reinhardt, 1857 accepted as Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera huttoni Gray, 1874 accepted as Balaenoptera bonaerensis Burmeister, 1867 (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera indica Blyth, 1859 accepted as Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera intermedia Burmeister, 1871 accepted as Balaenoptera musculus intermedia Burmeister, 1872 (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera iwasi Gray, 1846 accepted as Balaenoptera borealis Lesson, 1828 (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera jubartes Lacépède, 1804 accepted as Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera laticeps Gray, 1846 accepted as Balaenoptera borealis Lesson, 1828 (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera leucopteron Lesson, 1842 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera mediterraneensis Lesson, 1828 accepted as Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera mediterranensis Cabrera, 1961 accepted as Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) (misspelling)
  » Species Balaenoptera microcephala Gray, 1850 accepted as Balaenoptera acutorostrata Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera miramaris Lahille, 1898 accepted as Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera musculus Van Beneden & Gervais, 1880 accepted as Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera patachonica Lahille, 1905 accepted as Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera patachonicus Burmeister, 1865 accepted as Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera patagonica Dabbene, 1902 accepted as Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera quoyii Lonnberg, 1906 accepted as Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera racovitzai Lahille, 1905 accepted as Balaenoptera bonaerensis Burmeister, 1867 (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera robusta Lilljeborg, 1861 accepted as Eschrichtius robustus (Lilljeborg, 1861) (basionym)
  » Species Balaenoptera rorqual Lacépède, 1804 accepted as Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera rostrata Van Beneden & Gervais, 1880 accepted as Balaenoptera acutorostrata Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera schlegelii Van Beneden & Gervais, 1880 accepted as Balaenoptera borealis Lesson, 1828 (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera schlegellii Dabbene, 1902 accepted as Balaenoptera borealis Lesson, 1828 (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera sibbaldi Van Beneden, 1887 accepted as Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera sibbaldii Flower, 1885 accepted as Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera swinhoii Gray, 1866 accepted as Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera syncondylus A. Mueller, 1863 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera tenuirostris Sweeting, 1840 accepted as Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera thalmaha accepted as Balaenoptera acutorostrata Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
  » Species Balaenoptera velifera Cope, 1869 accepted as Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Subfamily Balaenopterinae Gray, 1864
Genus Megaptera Gray, 1846
  » Species Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781)
    » Subspecies Megaptera novaeangliae australis (Lesson, 1828) (nomen nudum, No holotype fixed)
    » Subspecies Megaptera novaeangliae kuzira (Gray, 1850) (nomen nudum, No holotype fixed)
    » Subspecies Megaptera novaeangliae novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (nomen nudum, No holotype fixed)
  » Species Megaptera americana Gray, 1846 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (synonym)
  » Species Megaptera antarctica Gray, 1846 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (synonym)
  » Species Megaptera australis Lesson, 1828 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae australis (Lesson, 1828) (changed to subspecies by Jackson et al. 2014)
  » Species Megaptera bellicosa Cope, 1871 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (synonym)
  » Species Megaptera boops Van Beneden & Gervais, 1880 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (synonym)
  » Species Megaptera brasiliensis True, 1904 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (synonym)
  » Species Megaptera braziliensis Cope, 1867 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (synonym)
  » Species Megaptera burmeisteri Burmeister, 1866 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (synonym)
  » Species Megaptera gigas Cope, 1865 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (synonym)
  » Species Megaptera indica Gervais, 1883 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (synonym)
  » Species Megaptera kusira Trouessart, 1904 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (misspelling)
  » Species Megaptera kuzira Gray, 1850 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae kuzira (Gray, 1850) (changed to subspecies by Jackson et al. (2014))
  » Species Megaptera lalandii Gray, 1864 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (synonym)
  » Species Megaptera longimana Gray, 1846 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (synonym)
  » Species Megaptera longipinna Gray, 1846 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (synonym)
  » Species Megaptera nodosa Bonnaterre, 1789 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (synonym)
  » Species Megaptera nodosa Lahille, 1905 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (synonym)
  » Species Megaptera novaezelandiae Gray, 1864 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (synonym)
  » Species Megaptera osphya Mead & Brownell, 2005 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (misspelling)
  » Species Megaptera osphyia Cope, 1865 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (synonym)
  » Species Megaptera poescop Gray, 1846 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (synonym)
  » Species Megaptera versabilis Cope, 1869 accepted as Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (synonym)
Subfamily Megapterinae Gray, 1864

Genus Agaphelus Cope, 1868 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Genus Balaenopteris Tomilin, 1957 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Genus Balenoptera Duméril, 1806 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Genus Balenopterus Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Genus Baloenoptera Cadenat, 1957 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (misspelling)
Genus Belaenoptera Lahille, 1899 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Genus Benedenia Gray, 1864 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Genus Boops Gray, 1821 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Genus Catoptera Rafinesque, 1815 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Genus Cetoptera Rafinesque, 1815 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Genus Cuvierus Gray, 1866 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Genus Cyphobalaena Marschall, 1873 accepted as Megaptera Gray, 1846 (synonym)
Genus Dactylaena Gray, 1874 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Genus Dubertus Tomilin, 1957 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Genus Eubalaenoptera Aclogue, 1900 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Genus Fabricia Gray, 1866 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Genus Flowerius Lilljeborg, 1867 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Genus Kyphobalaena Eschricht, 1849 accepted as Megaptera Gray, 1846 (synonym)
Subfamily Megapterina Gray, 1864 accepted as Megapterinae Gray, 1864 (basionym)
Genus Mysticetus Wagler, 1830 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Genus Ogmobalaena Eschricht, 1849 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Genus Perqualus Gray, 1846 accepted as Megaptera Gray, 1846 (synonym)
Genus Phylasus Duméril, 1806 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Genus Physalis Fleming, 1822 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Genus Physalus Gray, 1821 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
  » Species Physalus antarcticus Hutton, 1874 accepted as Balaenoptera bonaerensis Burmeister, 1867 (synonym)
  » Species Physalus antarcticus Gray, 1850 accepted as Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Physalus australis Gray, 1850 accepted as Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Physalus brasiliensis Gray, 1850 accepted as Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Physalus cylindricus Lacépède, 1804 accepted as Physeter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
  » Species Physalus dugundii Heddle, 1856 accepted as Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Physalus fasciatus Gray, 1850 accepted as Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Physalus latirostris Flower, 1865 accepted as Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Physalus patachonicus Burmeister, 1866 accepted as Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Physalus sibbaldii Gray, 1847 accepted as Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Physalus verus Billberg, 1828 accepted as Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Genus Poescopia Gray, 1864 accepted as Megaptera Gray, 1846 (synonym)
Genus Pterobalaena Eschricht, 1849 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
  » Species Pterobalaena gigantea represented as Pterobalaena gigantea michrochira Barkos, 1862
  » Species Pterobalaena alba Giglioli, 1874 accepted as Balaenoptera borealis Lesson, 1828 (synonym)
  » Species Pterobalaena communis Van Beneden, 1857 accepted as Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Pterobalaena gigas Reinhardt, 1857 accepted as Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Pterobalaena grypus Munter, 1877 accepted as Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Pterobalaena minor Eschricht, 1849 accepted as Balaenoptera acutorostrata Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
  » Species Pterobalaena nana Barkow, 1862 accepted as Balaenoptera acutorostrata Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
  » Species Pterobalaena pentadactyla Flower, 1865 accepted as Balaenoptera acutorostrata Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
  » Species Pterobalaena schlegeli Tomilin, 1957 accepted as Balaenoptera borealis Lesson, 1828 (synonym)
Genus Ptychocetus Gloger, 1842 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Genus Rorqualus F. Cuvier, 1836 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (Synonym)
Genus Rudolphius Gray, 1866 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Genus Sibbaldius Flower, 1865 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Genus Sibbaldus Gray, 1864 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Genus Stenobalaena Gray, 1874 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Genus Swinhoia Gray, 1866 accepted as Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
marine
Description This family contains the larges animals ever to live; all balaenopteroids have adult body lengths of over 7 m, but some are...  
Description This family contains the larges animals ever to live; all balaenopteroids have adult body lengths of over 7 m, but some are much larger. The rorquals are streamlined animals (the humpback whale somewhat less than the others), with a series of long pleats extending from the snout tip to as far back as the navel on the ventral surface. Balaenopterids are fast and active lunge feeders; their morphology allows them to open their jaws very widely and distend their throats to take in huge mouthfuls of water during feeding. The baleen plates are of moderate length and fringe fineness. Density and fringe diameter vary among species, and along with plate number and width to length ratio, are diagnostic characters. Rorquals have dorsal fins (varying in size and shape) set beyond the midpoint of the back. The upper jaw has a relatively flat profile, a feature reflecting the structure of the skull. Within a given feature, differences among balaenopterids are often subtle variations on a theme, rather than class distinctions. Therefore, information on many features may be needed to distringuiish among them and reliance on a single character for identification is discouraged. <123> [details]
Perrin, W.F. (2018). World Cetacea Database. Balaenopteridae Gray, 1864. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/cetacea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=136979 on 2018-05-20
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-03-29 08:12:19Z
changed
2008-08-20 11:25:36Z
checked
2009-03-09 09:18:36Z
changed

basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Jefferson, T.A.; Leatherwood, S.; Webber, M.A. (1993). Marine mammals of the world. FAO Species identification guide. FAO: Rome, Italy. ISBN 92-5-103292-0. VIII, 320 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
From other sources
Description This family contains the larges animals ever to live; all balaenopteroids have adult body lengths of over 7 m, but some are much larger. The rorquals are streamlined animals (the humpback whale somewhat less than the others), with a series of long pleats extending from the snout tip to as far back as the navel on the ventral surface. Balaenopterids are fast and active lunge feeders; their morphology allows them to open their jaws very widely and distend their throats to take in huge mouthfuls of water during feeding. The baleen plates are of moderate length and fringe fineness. Density and fringe diameter vary among species, and along with plate number and width to length ratio, are diagnostic characters. Rorquals have dorsal fins (varying in size and shape) set beyond the midpoint of the back. The upper jaw has a relatively flat profile, a feature reflecting the structure of the skull. Within a given feature, differences among balaenopterids are often subtle variations on a theme, rather than class distinctions. Therefore, information on many features may be needed to distringuiish among them and reliance on a single character for identification is discouraged. <123> [details]
LanguageName 
Dutch vinvissen  [details]
English rorquals  [details]
Japanese ナガスクジラ  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål finnhvalfamilien  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk finnkvalfamilien  [details]
Swedish fenvalar  [details]