CaRMS Logo
Introduction | Search taxa | Taxon tree | Taxon match | Checklist | Literature | Stats | Photogallery | OBIS Vocab | Log in

CaRMS taxon details

Desmophyllum pertusum (Linnaeus, 1758)

1245747  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:1245747)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

(ofLophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
Taxonomic remark Based on molecular evidence, Addamo et al. (2012) first suggested that Lophelia be synonymized with Desmophyllum, and later...  
Taxonomic remark Based on molecular evidence, Addamo et al. (2012) first suggested that Lophelia be synonymized with Desmophyllum, and later Addamoet al. (2016) formally stated that Lophelia was a junior synonym. The basic difference between the two taxa is that Desmophyllum is solitary and Lophelia colonial, which to a traditional morphologist like me (S. Cairns) is a significant one. Since the molecular results seemed convincing to me, I asked the opinion of three molecular biologists that work with Scleractinia. They were all somewhat skeptical, or rather cautious, concerning the immediate need for a taxonomic change that would synonymize Lophelia. Lophelia is one of the few cosmopolitan scleractinian species, and is also one of the most studied species in the order, especially in the North Atlantic. To change its nomenclature with the possibility that it might have to revert to the original would cause much taxonomic confusion. My molecular colleagues convinced me to be cautious and wait for the next two or three studies to be published on the matter, in which more genes may be used. I therefore represent the minority view of view on this matter in suggesting maintaining the name Lophelia prolifera until more study is done. [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2018). World List of Scleractinia. Desmophyllum pertusum (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: Kennedy, M.K., L. Van Guelpen, G. Pohle, L. Bajona (Eds.) (2018) Canadian Register of Marine Species at: http://marinespecies.org/carms/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1245747 on 2018-12-18
Kennedy, M.K., L. Van Guelpen, G. Pohle, L. Bajona (Eds.) (2018). Canadian Register of Marine Species. Desmophyllum pertusum (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/carms./aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1245747 on 2018-12-18
Date
action
by
2018-04-10 12:47:39Z
created
2018-08-17 16:44:54Z
changed

original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

original description  (ofLophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758)) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

new combination reference Addamo, A. M.; Vertino, A.; Stolarski, J.; García-Jiménez, R.; Taviani, M.; Machordom, A. (2016). Merging scleractinian genera: the overwhelming genetic similarity between solitary Desmophyllum and colonial Lophelia. <em>BMC Evolutionary Biology.</em> 16(1)., available online at https://doi.org/10.1186/s12862-016-0654-8 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Taxonomic remark Based on molecular evidence, Addamo et al. (2012) first suggested that Lophelia be synonymized with Desmophyllum, and later Addamoet al. (2016) formally stated that Lophelia was a junior synonym. The basic difference between the two taxa is that Desmophyllum is solitary and Lophelia colonial, which to a traditional morphologist like me (S. Cairns) is a significant one. Since the molecular results seemed convincing to me, I asked the opinion of three molecular biologists that work with Scleractinia. They were all somewhat skeptical, or rather cautious, concerning the immediate need for a taxonomic change that would synonymize Lophelia. Lophelia is one of the few cosmopolitan scleractinian species, and is also one of the most studied species in the order, especially in the North Atlantic. To change its nomenclature with the possibility that it might have to revert to the original would cause much taxonomic confusion. My molecular colleagues convinced me to be cautious and wait for the next two or three studies to be published on the matter, in which more genes may be used. I therefore represent the minority view of view on this matter in suggesting maintaining the name Lophelia prolifera until more study is done. [details]
 

LanguageName 
English white stony coral [from synonym]spider hazards [from synonym]eye coral [from synonym]  [details]
French scléractiniaire perforé [from synonym]  [details]
German Augenkoralle [from synonym]  [details]
Living coral thickets on Galway Mound, Porcupine Seabight
 Living coral thicke...
[image from synonym]

A detail of Lophelia pertusa and Madrepora oculata
 A detail of Lopheli...
[image from synonym]

Lophelia pertusa, 478 m West Florida Escarpment, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-Pelagic Research Services. Identification by P. Etnoyer and D. Wagner.
 
[image from synonym]

Lophelia pertusa, 496 m West Florida Escarpment, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-Pelagic Research Services. Identification by P. Etnoyer and D. Wagner.
 
[image from synonym]

Lophelia pertusa, 397 m Triceratops, South Atlantic Bight.

Photograph courtesy of S. Brooke et al., NOAA-OE, HBOI. Identification by S. Brooke.
 
[image from synonym]

Lophelia pertusa, 397 m Triceratops, South Atlantic Bight.

Photograph courtesy of S. Brooke et al., NOAA-OE, HBOI. Identification by S. Brooke.
 
[image from synonym]

Website and databases developed and hosted by VLIZ · Page generated 2018-12-18 GMT · contact: