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Asteroidea source details

Ludwig, H. (1899). Echinodermen des Sansibargebietes. Abhandl. d. Senckenb. naturf. Ges., Bonn, Vol. 21(1): 537 - 563.
6130
Publication
This paper is a composition of the echinodermal fauna collected in the region of Zanzibar (defined at first page). The literature of the authors, the collectors, the find-spots and publications about the species are given.
Date
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Aldabra for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphidiaster pustulatus (von Martens, 1866) 
Ambon for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphidiaster pustulatus (von Martens, 1866) 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita schmideliana (Retzius, 1805) 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia miliaris (Muller & Troschel, 1840) 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia multifora (Lamarck, 1816) 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentaceros muricatus Gray, 1840 
Mascarene Basin for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphidiaster pustulatus (von Martens, 1866) 
Mauritius for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia ehrenbergii (Müller & Troschel) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterina cepheus (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten hemprichi Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita coriacea Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita pentangularis Gray, 1847  (inaccurate)
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita schmideliana (Retzius, 1805) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita schmideliana var. africana Döderlein, 1896 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGoniodiscus sebae Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnasteria carinifera (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeiaster coriaceus Peters, 1852 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeiaster glaber Peters, 1852 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia ehrenbergii (Müller & Troschel) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia miliaris (Muller & Troschel, 1840) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia multifora (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia savignyi (Audouin, 1826)  (doubtful)
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNardoa variolata (Retzius, 1805) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphidiaster pustulatus (von Martens, 1866) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentaceros muricatus Gray, 1840 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentaceros tuberculatus Sladen, 1889 † 
Red Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia ehrenbergii (Müller & Troschel) 
Seychelles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten polyacanthus Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Seychelles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinaster purpureus (Gray, 1840) 
Seychelles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGoniodiscus sebae Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Seychelles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnasteria carinifera (Lamarck, 1816) 
Seychelles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia miliaris (Muller & Troschel, 1840) 
Seychelles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphidiaster pustulatus (von Martens, 1866) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterina cepheus (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten hemprichi Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten polyacanthus Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita schmideliana (Retzius, 1805) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita schmideliana var. africana Döderlein, 1896 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinaster purpureus (Gray, 1840) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFerdina kuhli (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGoniodiscus sanderi Meissner, 1892 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeiaster coriaceus Peters, 1852 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia ehrenbergii (Müller & Troschel) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia miliaris (Muller & Troschel, 1840) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia multifora (Lamarck, 1816) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia savignyi (Audouin, 1826) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMithrodia clavigera (Lamarck, 1816) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNardoa variolata (Retzius, 1805) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentaceros grayi (Bell, 1884) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentaceros hiulcus Gray, 1840 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentaceros muricatus Gray, 1840 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentaceros turritus Gray, 1840 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentagonaster semilunatus (von Martens, 1866)  (inaccurate)
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRetaster cribrosus (von Martens, 1867) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Authority

Selenka is the original author in Vaney (1905). Theel as author in Kalk (1958) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Ranges eastward up to Japan (Tortonese, 1949). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed around Japan. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed around Amboia (Indonesia) and around Archipelago of Mergui (Burma) (Lampert, 1896). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed around Indonesia; Celebes (Selenka, 1867). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in whole the Pacific and the Indian Ocean (Lampert, 1896). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in Florida (Selenka, 1867) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in east coast of India, Bonin, Aru, Tonga, New Caledonie and Australia (Lambert, 1923). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in the Pacific and Indian Ocean (Lampert, 1896). From the Celebes in Selenka (1867). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in the Pacific and Indian Ocean (Lampert, 1896). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in Südsee, Sandwich Is. And Java (Selenka, 1867); Hong Kong and Pacific Islands (Pearson, 1910); ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in Singapore and the Pelew Islands (A.H. Clark, 1911). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in Guam (Clark, 1954). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also known in Australia (Lampert, 1896). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Cosmopolitan by Ludwig (1899). Also recorded from Acapulpo (Selenka, 1867) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Distribution also eastwards in the Indian Ocean to the Phillippines. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Distribution: Indian Ocean, Sumatra, Fiji Is. (Pearson, 1910). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Tropical Indo-Pacific, also distributed in Australia in Kalk (1958) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Holotype

Holotype Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA) 147, paratype Museum of ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Actinometra solaris var. albonotata Bell, 1884 has Albany Island as type locality (A.H. Clark, 1908). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Also recorded from 'Coin Peros' by Bell (1909) - locality can't be traced. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Also recorded from 'Coin Peros' by Bell (1909) - locality can't be traced. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Also recorded from 'Coin Peros' by Bell (1909) - locality can't be traced. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Can't be a valid species: genus name has been abolished by Pearson (1914). Can't trace specific epitheton to either ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Genus Pseudocucumis not valid anymore. Pseudocucumis africana Semper is treated as a synonym of Cucumaria africana ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

In family Pentagonasteridae in Ludwig (1899). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

In subgenus (Psammechinus). Holotype Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark). Type ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

In Subgenus: (Chondrocloea) Oestergren. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

In subgenus: (Hipponoë) in Ludwig (1899). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Ludwig (1899) cites Linck as authority. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Quoy & Gaim as authors in Lampert (1896). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Quoy & Gaimard are the original authors in Pearson (1910). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Status unclear: A.M. Clark (1968) refers 'the remaining species which have been referred to Pectinura' to ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Subgenus: (Euapta[details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Subgenus: (Synapta) Oestergren. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Syntipes Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA) No. 722 (12 specimens), ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type specie of the genus Muelleria Jaeger, 1833 (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

L. dubiaBrandt and L. fustigera A. Agassiz treated as a synonym of L. Imperialis (Ludwig, 1899). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

In Subgenus (Mertensiothuria) Deichmann, 1958. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Listed in the citations as E. Desorii [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Ludwig (1899) cites Koehler in that H. leucospilota is probably a synonym of H. vagabunda[details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Ludwig (1899) treats H. parva as a synonym of H. lubrica. Type species of the Subgenus (Selenkothuria) Deichmann, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Ludwig treats Holothuria pulla Selenka as a synonym of Holothuria aethiops[details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Needs confirmation [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Needs confirmation [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Needs confirmation [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Needs confirmation!! Possibly a misidentification by Bell 1909 <495>. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Needs confirmation. Clark says: '… there are none in the MCZ which can properly be called serpentina so I am ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Or misidentification by Ludwig 1899? Jangoux did not see Decary's 1924 paper. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Pearson (1914) combines the genera Muelleria and Holothuria under the latter name, and divided the old genus ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

See note on M. mauritiana [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

See remark with M. mauritiana [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

See remark with M. mauritiana [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Status of Pectinura not clear, possibly type species (only known from the holotype from the Meditteranean) only species. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Flores, Amboina. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Red Sea (Tortonese, 1949). [details]

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