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Ludwig, H. (1899). Echinodermen des Sansibargebietes. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, Bonn. 21(1): 537-563.
6130
Ludwig, H.
1899
Echinodermen des Sansibargebietes.
Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, Bonn
21(1): 537-563
Publication
This paper is a composition of the echinodermal fauna collected in the region of Zanzibar (defined at first page). The literature of the authors, the collectors, the find-spots and publications about the species are given.
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Aldabra for Ophidiaster pustulatus (von Martens, 1866) 
Ambon for Ophidiaster pustulatus (von Martens, 1866) 
Madagascar for Culcita schmideliana (Bruzelius, 1805) 
Madagascar for Linckia miliaris (Muller & Troschel, 1840) 
Madagascar for Linckia multifora (Lamarck, 1816) 
Madagascar for Pentaceros muricatus Gray, 1840 
Mascarene Basin for Ophidiaster pustulatus (von Martens, 1866) 
Mauritius for Linckia ehrenbergii (Müller & Troschel) 
Mozambique for Asterina cepheus (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Mozambique for Astropecten hemprichi Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Culcita coriacea Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Culcita pentangularis Gray, 1847  (inaccurate)
Mozambique for Culcita schmideliana (Bruzelius, 1805) 
Mozambique for Culcita schmideliana var. africana Döderlein, 1896 
Mozambique for Goniodiscus sebae Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Gymnasteria carinifera (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Leiaster coriaceus Peters, 1852 
Mozambique for Leiaster glaber Peters, 1852 
Mozambique for Linckia ehrenbergii (Müller & Troschel) 
Mozambique for Linckia miliaris (Muller & Troschel, 1840) 
Mozambique for Linckia multifora (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Luidia savignyi (Audouin, 1826)  (doubtful)
Mozambique for Nardoa variolata (Bruzelius, 1805) 
Mozambique for Ophidiaster pustulatus (von Martens, 1866) 
Mozambique for Pentaceros muricatus Gray, 1840 
Mozambique for Pentaceros tuberculatus Sladen, 1889 † 
Red Sea for Linckia ehrenbergii (Müller & Troschel) 
Seychelles for Astropecten polyacanthus Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Seychelles for Echinaster purpureus (Gray, 1840) 
Seychelles for Goniodiscus sebae Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Seychelles for Gymnasteria carinifera (Lamarck, 1816) 
Seychelles for Linckia miliaris (Muller & Troschel, 1840) 
Seychelles for Ophidiaster pustulatus (von Martens, 1866) 
Tanzania for Asterina cepheus (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Tanzania for Astropecten hemprichi Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Tanzania for Astropecten polyacanthus Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Tanzania for Culcita schmideliana (Bruzelius, 1805) 
Tanzania for Culcita schmideliana var. africana Döderlein, 1896 
Tanzania for Echinaster purpureus (Gray, 1840) 
Tanzania for Ferdina kuhli (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Tanzania for Goniodiscus sanderi Meissner, 1892 
Tanzania for Leiaster coriaceus Peters, 1852 
Tanzania for Linckia ehrenbergii (Müller & Troschel) 
Tanzania for Linckia miliaris (Muller & Troschel, 1840) 
Tanzania for Linckia multifora (Lamarck, 1816) 
Tanzania for Luidia savignyi (Audouin, 1826) 
Tanzania for Mithrodia clavigera (Lamarck, 1816) 
Tanzania for Nardoa variolata (Bruzelius, 1805) 
Tanzania for Pentaceros grayi (Bell, 1884) 
Tanzania for Pentaceros hiulcus Gray, 1840 
Tanzania for Pentaceros muricatus Gray, 1840 
Tanzania for Pentaceros turritus Gray, 1840 
Tanzania for Pentagonaster semilunatus (von Martens, 1866)  (inaccurate)
Tanzania for Retaster cribrosus (von Martens, 1867) 
 Authority

Selenka is the original author in Vaney (1905). Theel as author in Kalk (1958) [details]

 Description

Ranges eastward up to Japan (Tortonese, 1949). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed around Japan. [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed around Amboia (Indonesia) and around Archipelago of Mergui (Burma) (Lampert, 1896). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed around Indonesia; Celebes (Selenka, 1867). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in whole the Pacific and the Indian Ocean (Lampert, 1896). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Florida (Selenka, 1867) [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in east coast of India, Bonin, Aru, Tonga, New Caledonie and Australia (Lambert, 1923). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in the Pacific and Indian Ocean (Lampert, 1896). From the Celebes in Selenka (1867). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in the Pacific and Indian Ocean (Lampert, 1896). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Südsee, Sandwich Is. And Java (Selenka, 1867); Hong Kong and Pacific Islands (Pearson, 1910); ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Singapore and the Pelew Islands (A.H. Clark, 1911). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Guam (Clark, 1954). [details]

 Distribution

Also known in Australia (Lampert, 1896). [details]

 Distribution

Cosmopolitan by Ludwig (1899). Also recorded from Acapulpo (Selenka, 1867) [details]

 Distribution

Distribution also eastwards in the Indian Ocean to the Phillippines. [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: Indian Ocean, Sumatra, Fiji Is. (Pearson, 1910). [details]

 Distribution

Tropical Indo-Pacific, also distributed in Australia in Kalk (1958) [details]

 Holotype

Holotype Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA) 147, paratype Museum of ... [details]

 Remark

Actinometra solaris var. albonotata Bell, 1884 has Albany Island as type locality (A.H. Clark, 1908). [details]

 Remark

Also recorded from 'Coin Peros' by Bell (1909) - locality can't be traced. [details]

 Remark

Also recorded from 'Coin Peros' by Bell (1909) - locality can't be traced. [details]

 Remark

Also recorded from 'Coin Peros' by Bell (1909) - locality can't be traced. [details]

 Remark

Can't be a valid species: genus name has been abolished by Pearson (1914). Can't trace specific epitheton to either ... [details]

 Remark

Genus Pseudocucumis not valid anymore. Pseudocucumis africana Semper is treated as a synonym of Cucumaria africana ... [details]

 Remark

In family Pentagonasteridae in Ludwig (1899). [details]

 Remark

In subgenus (Psammechinus). Holotype Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark). Type ... [details]

 Remark

In Subgenus: (Chondrocloea) Oestergren. [details]

 Remark

In subgenus: (Hipponoë) in Ludwig (1899). [details]

 Remark

Ludwig (1899) cites Linck as authority. [details]

 Remark

Quoy & Gaim as authors in Lampert (1896). [details]

 Remark

Quoy & Gaimard are the original authors in Pearson (1910). [details]

 Remark

Status unclear: A.M. Clark (1968) refers 'the remaining species which have been referred to Pectinura' to ... [details]

 Remark

Subgenus: (Euapta[details]

 Remark

Subgenus: (Synapta) Oestergren. [details]

 Remark

Syntipes Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA) No. 722 (12 specimens), ... [details]

 Remark

Type specie of the genus Muelleria Jaeger, 1833 (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Synonymy

L. dubiaBrandt and L. fustigera A. Agassiz treated as a synonym of L. Imperialis (Ludwig, 1899). [details]

 Synonymy

In Subgenus (Mertensiothuria) Deichmann, 1958. [details]

 Synonymy

Listed in the citations as E. Desorii [details]

 Synonymy

Ludwig (1899) cites Koehler in that H. leucospilota is probably a synonym of H. vagabunda[details]

 Synonymy

Ludwig (1899) treats H. parva as a synonym of H. lubrica. Type species of the Subgenus (Selenkothuria) Deichmann, ... [details]

 Synonymy

Ludwig treats Holothuria pulla Selenka as a synonym of Holothuria aethiops[details]

 Synonymy

Needs confirmation [details]

 Synonymy

Needs confirmation [details]

 Synonymy

Needs confirmation [details]

 synonymy

Needs confirmation!! Possibly a misidentification by Bell 1909 <495>. [details]

 Synonymy

Needs confirmation. Clark says: '… there are none in the MCZ which can properly be called serpentina so I am ... [details]

 Synonymy

Or misidentification by Ludwig 1899? Jangoux did not see Decary's 1924 paper. [details]

 Synonymy

Pearson (1914) combines the genera Muelleria and Holothuria under the latter name, and divided the old genus ... [details]

 Synonymy

See note on M. mauritiana [details]

 Synonymy

See remark with M. mauritiana [details]

 Synonymy

See remark with M. mauritiana [details]

 Synonymy

Status of Pectinura not clear, possibly type species (only known from the holotype from the Meditteranean) only species. [details]

 Type locality

Flores, Amboina. [details]

 Type locality

Red Sea (Tortonese, 1949). [details]

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