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Ascidiacea taxon details

Molgula citrina Alder & Hancock, 1848

103775  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:103775)

accepted
Species
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Alder, J.; Hancock, A. (1848). Additions to the mollusca of Northumberland and Durham. Trans. Tyneside Field Club. 1: 195-207. [details]   
Distribution Arctic to Rhode Island  
Distribution Arctic to Rhode Island [details]
Shenkar, N.; Gittenberger, A.; Lambert, G.; Rius, M.; Moreira Da Rocha, R.; Swalla, B.J.; Turon, X. (2018). Ascidiacea World Database. Molgula citrina Alder & Hancock, 1848. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/ascidiacea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=103775 on 2018-05-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-12-05 12:32:01Z
checked

original description Alder, J.; Hancock, A. (1848). Additions to the mollusca of Northumberland and Durham. Trans. Tyneside Field Club. 1: 195-207. [details]   

original description  (ofMolgula echinosiphonica Lacaze-Duthiers, 1877) Lacaze-Duthiers, H. (1877). Histoire des ascidies simples des cotes de France. Deuxieme partie. Arch. Zol. Exp. Gen. 6: 457-673. [details]   

original description  (ofGymnocystis comosa Giard, 1872) Giard, A. (1872). Etude critique des travaux d'embryogenie relatifs à la parenté des vertébrés et des tuniciers. Arch. Zool. expé. géné., 1 : 233-288 et 397-428. [details]   

original description  (ofMolgula arctica Kiaer, 1896) Kiaer, J. (1896). Fortegnelse over Norgen Ascyidiae Simplices Norska. Nordhavs-Exped. 7(23), pt.3: 1-23. [details]   

original description  (ofMolgula birulai Redikorzev, 1907) Redikorzev, V. (1907). Die ascidien der russischen Polarexpedition 1900-1903. Zool. Anz. 31(17,18): 521-525. [details]   

original description  (ofMolgula littoralis Verrill, 1871) Verrill, A. E. (1871). Descriptions of some imperfectly known and new ascidians from New England. Amer. Jour. Sci, ser.3. 1: 54-58, 93-100, 211-212, 288-294, 443-446. [details]   

original description  (ofMolgula nana Kupffer, 1873) Kupffer, C. W. (1873). Tunicata. In: Möbius, K., Die wirbellosen Thiere der Ostsee. Ber. Komm. D. Meere, Berlin. 1 : 135-137. [details]   

original description  (ofMolgula nuda Wagner, 1885) Wagner, N. (1885). Die Wirbellosen des Weissen Meeres. Zool. Forschungen an der Küste des Solowetskischen Meerebusens in den Sommermonaten der Jahre 1877, 1878 und 1882. Leipzig 1885. 2 : (151-167). [details]   

basis of record Monniot, C. (2001). Ascidiacea & Sorberacea. In: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 352-355. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Bromley, J.E.C., and J.S. Bleakney. (1984). Keys to the fauna and flora of Minas Basin. National Research Council of Canada Report 24119. 366 p.  [details]   

additional source Gosner, K. L. (1971). Guide to identification of marine and estuarine invertebrates: Cape Hatteras to the Bay of Fundy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 693 p. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Linkletter, L. E. (1977). A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68: p. [details]   

additional source Meinkoth, N.A. 1981. Field guide to North American seashore creatures. The Audubon Society. Alfred A. Knopf. New York. 799 p. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Van Name, W. G. (1945). The North and South American ascidians. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 84: 1-476., available online at http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/dspace/handle/2246/1186 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Gosner, K. L. (1978). A field guide to the Atlantic seashore. Boston : Houghton Mifflin. 329p. [details]   

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist. 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source  (ofMolgula echinosiphonica Lacaze-Duthiers, 1877) van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO). , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/urmo/ [details]   

basis of record  (ofMolgula echinosiphonica Lacaze-Duthiers, 1877) Monniot, C. (2001). Ascidiacea & Sorberacea. In: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 352-355. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofMolgula echinosiphonica Lacaze-Duthiers, 1877) Monniot, C. (1969). Les Molgulidae des mers européennes. [The Molgulidae of European Seas]. Mem. Mus. natn. Hist. nat. 40(4): 172-272., available online at http://www.vliz.be/en/imis?module=ref&refid=196048 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

basis of record  (ofCaesira arctica (Kiaer, 1896)) Sanamyan, K. (2007). Database of extant Ascidiacea. Version of 2 November 2007. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofCaesira birulai (Redikorzev, 1907)) Sanamyan, K. (2007). Database of extant Ascidiacea. Version of 2 November 2007. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofCaesira citrina (Alder & Hancock, 1848)) Sanamyan, K. (2007). Database of extant Ascidiacea. Version of 2 November 2007. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofCaesira littoralis (Verrill, 1871)) Sanamyan, K. (2007). Database of extant Ascidiacea. Version of 2 November 2007. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofCaesira nana (Kupffer, 1873)) Sanamyan, K. (2007). Database of extant Ascidiacea. Version of 2 November 2007. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofGymnocystis comosa Giard, 1872) Sanamyan, K. (2007). Database of extant Ascidiacea. Version of 2 November 2007. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofMolgula litoralis Verrill, 1871) Sanamyan, K. (2007). Database of extant Ascidiacea. Version of 2 November 2007. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Genetic nomenclature abbreviation Mocitr [details]

Reproduction hermaphroditic. Embryos and tailed larvae in various stages
in the peribranchial cavity anterior to the
gonad on each side. [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Introduced species impact in United States (Alaska) part of the North Pacific Ocean (Marine Region) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in United States (Alaska) part of the North Pacific Ocean (Marine Region) : Ships: accidental with ballast water, sea water systems, live wells or other deck basins [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in United States (Alaska) part of the North Pacific Ocean (Marine Region) : More likely to be dispersed via sea chests rather than ballast water [details]

From other sources
Diet plankton feeder [details]

Dimensions 8 mm in size [details]

Distribution Arctic to Rhode Island [details]

Habitat bathyal of the Gulf and estuary [details]
 

LanguageName 
Danish citronsøpung  [details]
English sea grapes  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål sitronsekkdyr  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk sitronsekkdyr  [details]
Swedish citronsjöpung  [details]

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