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Ascidiacea source details

Fofonoff, P.W.; Ruiz, G.M.; Steves, B.; Carlton, J.T. (2014). National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System (NEMESIS)
177060
Database
Invasions, introduction of alien species
Date
action
by
2014-05-19 13:30:39Z
created

Adriatic Sea for Molgula manhattensis (De Kay, 1843)  (origin: alien)
Adriatic Sea for Styela canopus (Savigny, 1816)  (origin: alien)
Argentina for Ascidiella aspersa (Müller, 1776)  (origin: alien)
Argentina for Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766)  (origin: alien)
Argentina for Ciona savignyi Herdman, 1882  (origin: alien)
Argentina for Molgula manhattensis (De Kay, 1843)  (origin: alien)
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766)  (origin: alien)
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Molgula manhattensis (De Kay, 1843)  (origin: alien)
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Styela clava Herdman, 1881  (origin: alien)
Australian part of the Coral Sea for Styela plicata (Lesueur, 1823)  (origin: alien)
Australian part of the Tasman Sea for Ciona intestinalis (Linnaeus, 1767)  (origin: alien)
Bay of Biscay for Botrylloides violaceus Oka, 1927  (origin: alien)
Belizean part of the Caribbean Sea for Ascidia sydneiensis Stimpson, 1855  (origin: alien)
Belizean part of the Caribbean Sea for Didemnum psammatodes (Sluiter, 1895)  (origin: alien)
Belizean part of the Caribbean Sea for Styela canopus (Savigny, 1816)  (origin: alien)
Black Sea for Molgula manhattensis (De Kay, 1843)  (origin: alien)
Black Sea for Styela clava Herdman, 1881  (origin: alien)
Brazil for Ascidia sydneiensis Stimpson, 1855  (origin: alien)
Brazil for Ascidia sydneiensis Stimpson, 1855  (origin: alien)
Brazil for Phallusia nigra Savigny, 1816  (origin: alien)
Brazil for Styela plicata (Lesueur, 1823)  (origin: alien)
Brazil for Styela plicata (Lesueur, 1823)  (origin: alien)
Canadian part of the Gulf of St-Lawrence for Botrylloides violaceus Oka, 1927  (origin: alien)
Canadian part of the Gulf of St-Lawrence for Ciona intestinalis (Linnaeus, 1767)  (origin: alien)
Canadian part of the Gulf of St-Lawrence for Styela clava Herdman, 1881  (origin: alien)
Caribbean Sea for Ascidia sydneiensis Stimpson, 1855  (origin: alien)
Caribbean Sea for Phallusia nigra Savigny, 1816  (origin: alien)
Caribbean Sea for Styela canopus (Savigny, 1816)  (origin: alien)
Caribbean Sea for Styela plicata (Lesueur, 1823)  (origin: alien)
Chile for Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766)  (origin: alien)
Chile for Ciona intestinalis (Linnaeus, 1767)  (origin: alien)
Cuba for Styela canopus (Savigny, 1816)  (origin: alien)
East China Sea for Polyandrocarpa zorritensis (Van Name, 1931)  (origin: alien)
Egypt for Styela canopus (Savigny, 1816)  (origin: alien)
Guernsey part of the English Channel for Styela canopus (Savigny, 1816)  (origin: alien)
Gulf of California for Ascidia sydneiensis Stimpson, 1855  (origin: alien)
Gulf of California for Styela canopus (Savigny, 1816)  (origin: alien)
Gulf of Mexico for Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766)  (origin: alien)
Gulf of Mexico for Didemnum perlucidum Monniot F., 1983  (origin: alien)
Gulf of Mexico for Phallusia nigra Savigny, 1816  (origin: alien)
Gulf of Mexico for Polyandrocarpa zorritensis (Van Name, 1931)  (origin: alien)
Gulf of Mexico for Styela canopus (Savigny, 1816)  (origin: alien)
Gulf of Suez for Styela plicata (Lesueur, 1823)  (origin: alien)
India for Styela plicata (Lesueur, 1823)  (origin: alien)
Indonesia for Didemnum perlucidum Monniot F., 1983  (origin: alien)
Irish part of the Celtic Sea for Styela clava Herdman, 1881  (origin: alien)
Israel for Phallusia nigra Savigny, 1816  (origin: alien)
Jamaican part of the Caribbean Sea for Didemnum psammatodes (Sluiter, 1895)  (origin: alien)
Jamaican part of the Caribbean Sea for Phallusia nigra Savigny, 1816  (origin: alien)
Jamaican part of the Caribbean Sea for Styela canopus (Savigny, 1816)  (origin: alien)
Japan for Ciona intestinalis (Linnaeus, 1767)  (origin: alien)
Japan for Molgula manhattensis (De Kay, 1843)  (origin: alien)
Japan for Perophora japonica Oka, 1927  (origin: alien)
Japan for Polyandrocarpa zorritensis (Van Name, 1931)  (origin: alien)
Japan for Styela plicata (Lesueur, 1823)  (origin: alien)
Japan for Styela plicata (Lesueur, 1823)  (origin: alien)
Japanese Sea for Ciona intestinalis (Linnaeus, 1767)  (origin: alien)
Japanese Sea for Molgula manhattensis (De Kay, 1843)  (origin: alien)
Lebanese part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin for Styela canopus (Savigny, 1816)  (origin: alien)
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin for Ascidia sydneiensis Stimpson, 1855  (origin: alien)
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin for Styela plicata (Lesueur, 1823)  (origin: alien)
Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin for Microcosmus squamiger Michaelsen, 1927  (origin: alien)
Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin for Styela clava Herdman, 1881  (origin: alien)
Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin for Styela plicata (Lesueur, 1823)  (origin: alien)
Mexico for Botrylloides violaceus Oka, 1927  (origin: alien)
New Zealand for Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766)  (origin: alien)
New Zealand for Didemnum vexillum Kott, 2002  (origin: alien)
New Zealand for Styela clava Herdman, 1881  (origin: alien)
New Zealand for Styela plicata (Lesueur, 1823)  (origin: alien)
North Sea for Styela clava Herdman, 1881  (origin: alien)
Norwegian part of the North Sea for Molgula manhattensis (De Kay, 1843)  (origin: alien)
Panama for Didemnum psammatodes (Sluiter, 1895)  (origin: alien)
Panama for Styela canopus (Savigny, 1816)  (origin: alien)
Panama for Styela plicata (Lesueur, 1823)  (origin: alien)
Peruvian part of the South Pacific Ocean for Ciona intestinalis (Linnaeus, 1767)  (origin: alien)
Philippines for Didemnum perlucidum Monniot F., 1983  (origin: alien)
Portugal for Styela clava Herdman, 1881  (origin: alien)
Samoa for Styela canopus (Savigny, 1816)  (origin: alien)
Senegalese part of the North Atlantic Ocean for Styela canopus (Savigny, 1816)  (origin: alien)
Senegalese part of the North Atlantic Ocean for Styela plicata (Lesueur, 1823)  (origin: alien)
Sierra Leonian part of the North Atlantic Ocean for Styela canopus (Savigny, 1816)  (origin: alien)
Somalia for Styela plicata (Lesueur, 1823)  (origin: alien)
South Africa (country) for Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766)  (origin: alien)
Spain for Ciona savignyi Herdman, 1882  (origin: alien)
Spanish part of the Balearic Sea for Ciona intestinalis (Linnaeus, 1767)  (origin: alien)
Spanish part of the Balearic Sea for Styela plicata (Lesueur, 1823)  (origin: alien)
United Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone for Botrylloides violaceus Oka, 1927  (origin: alien)
United Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone for Styela canopus (Savigny, 1816)  (origin: alien)
United Kingdom part of the English Channel for Styela clava Herdman, 1881  (origin: alien)
United States Exclusive Economic Zone for Botrylloides violaceus Oka, 1927  (origin: alien)
United States Exclusive Economic Zone for Didemnum perlucidum Monniot F., 1983  (origin: alien)
United States part of the North Atlantic Ocean for Ascidiella aspersa (Müller, 1776)  (origin: alien)
United States part of the North Atlantic Ocean for Ascidiella aspersa (Müller, 1776)  (origin: alien)
United States part of the North Atlantic Ocean for Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766)  (origin: alien)
United States part of the North Atlantic Ocean for Didemnum vexillum Kott, 2002  (origin: alien)
United States part of the North Atlantic Ocean for Didemnum vexillum Kott, 2002  (origin: alien)
United States part of the North Atlantic Ocean for Styela clava Herdman, 1881  (origin: alien)
United States part of the North Atlantic Ocean for Styela plicata (Lesueur, 1823)  (origin: alien)
United States part of the North Pacific Ocean for Botrylloides perspicuum Herdman, 1886  (origin: alien)
United States part of the North Pacific Ocean for Botrylloides violaceus Oka, 1927  (origin: alien)
 Introduced species abundance

in Gulf of Mexico (IHO Sea Area) : This could represent an isolated specimen collected from a ship.  [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Jamaican part of the Caribbean Sea : Southward (1975) and Bacon (1976) found it rare and local in Jamaica. [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Panama (Nation) : abundant [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Trinidad and Tobago (Nation) : Southward (1975) and Bacon (1976) found it largely confined to ships and ... [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in United States part of the North Atlantic Ocean (Marine Region) : abundant on the West coast [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Sea of Japan (IHO Sea Area) : This barnacle is now abundant in the region, especially in brackish waters.  [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in French part of the Bay of Biscay (Marine Region) : One specimen was collected in 1900 in Rochefort, France ... [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in New Zealand (Nation) : One specimen collected in the sea-chest of a ship sampled in New Zealand. [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in United States part of the North Pacific Ocean (Marine Region) : found in Coos Bay OR, Humboldt Bay CA and San ... [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Brazil (Nation) : sporadic occurances [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin (IHO Sea Area) : It has appeared sporadically in the Mediterranean, Caspian ... [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in White Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Crabs of this species are now regularly caught in the Archangel Bay of the White Sea ... [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Adriatic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : abundant (Mizzan 1999) [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Black Sea (IHO Sea Area) : widespread and abundant [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Panamanian part of the Caribbean Sea (Marine Region) : Abundant in the Gatun Locks in 1924 [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Baltic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : not established at this location [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Black Sea (IHO Sea Area) : One specimen was collected from a yacht harbor in Constanta, Romania, on the Black Sea. [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Croatian part of the Adriatic Sea : A single specimen was found in Croatia (Schubart 2003).  [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Italy (Nation) : According to personal communications from Italian scientists to Greg Ruiz, this crab is ... [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Romanian part of the Black Sea : One specimen was collected from a yacht harbor in Constanta, Romania, on the ... [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in East China Sea (IHO Sea Area) : 97 one-year old lobsters were experimentally released [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Gulf of California (IHO Sea Area) : abundant [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Canadian part of the Gulf of St-Lawrence (Marine Region) : western coast of Newfoundland [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in New Zealand (Nation) : It was very abundant in 2001-2002, but has not been seen in New Zealand since (Gordon et ... [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Baltic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Before the year 2000, P. elegans was limited to the southern Baltic Sea, and usually ... [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Persian Gulf (IHO Sea Area) : About 200 shrimp were transplanted into the Persian Gulf [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Italian part of the Tyrrhenian Sea (Marine Region) : Only one specimen has been reported from the western ... [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Tyrrhenian Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Only one specimen has been reported from the western Mediterranean. [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Austria (Nation) : Populations of red swamp crayfish in Europe are most dense in Spain, Portugal and Italy but ... [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Belgian part of the North Sea : Populations of red swamp crayfish in Europe are most dense in Spain, Portugal ... [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Germany (Nation) : Populations of red swamp crayfish in Europe are most dense in Spain, Portugal and Italy but ... [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Polish part of the Baltic Sea : Populations of red swamp crayfish in Europe are most dense in Spain, Portugal ... [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Switzerland (Nation) : Populations of red swamp crayfish in Europe are most dense in Spain, Portugal and Italy ... [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in United Kingdom part of the North Sea (Marine Region) : Populations of red swamp crayfish in Europe are most ... [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Dutch part of the North Sea : Its occurrence in the Netherlands has been sporadic, affected by severe winters ... [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Brazil (Nation) : Two specimens of Scylla serrata were collected in Brazil, one in Santos, Sao Paulo State in ... [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Panamanian part of the Caribbean Sea (Marine Region) : abundant [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in United States part of the North Atlantic Ocean (Marine Region) : By the late 19th century, it was abundant and ... [details]

 Introduced species abundance

in Panamanian part of the North Pacific Ocean (Marine Region) : In Panama Bay, Panama this was one of the seven ... [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Japan (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Japan (Nation) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

 Introduced species impact

in United States part of the North Atlantic Ocean (Marine Region) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Baltic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Alters trophic interactions [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Baltic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Gulf of Bothnia (IHO Sea Area) : Alters trophic interactions [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Gulf of Finland (IHO Sea Area) : Adverse habitat modification [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Gulf of Finland (IHO Sea Area) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Gulf of Riga (IHO Sea Area) : Adverse habitat modification [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Sea of Japan (IHO Sea Area) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Swedish Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Swedish Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Brazil (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Australian Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Chile (Nation) : Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Australian part of the Great Australian Bight (Marine Region) : Consumes native species (predator or herbivore) [details]

 Introduced species impact

in United States Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Belizean part of the Caribbean Sea : Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (IHO Sea Area) : Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Chile (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Japan (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

 Introduced species impact

in South Africa (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Spanish part of the Balearic Sea (Marine Region) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

 Introduced species impact

in United States part of the North Pacific Ocean (Marine Region) : Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Australian part of the Tasman Sea (Marine Region): Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Dutch part of the North Sea : Alters trophic interactions [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Luxembourg (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Ukraine (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Gulf of Mexico (IHO Sea Area) : Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

 Introduced species impact

in New Zealand (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

 Introduced species impact

in New Zealand (Nation) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Italy (Nation) : Adverse habitat modification [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Italy (Nation) : Alters bio-geochemical/hydrologic cycles [details]

 Introduced species impact

in New Zealand (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

 Introduced species impact

in New Zealand (Nation) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Uruguay (Nation) : Adverse habitat modification [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Uruguay (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Sea of Azov (IHO Sea Area) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Ukraine (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Italy (Nation) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Japan (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Turkish part of the Aegean Sea (Marine Region) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Canadian part of the Gulf of St-Lawrence (Marine Region) : Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

 Introduced species impact

in New Zealand (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

 Introduced species impact

in United States part of the North Pacific Ocean (Marine Region) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational ... [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Sea of Japan (IHO Sea Area) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Dutch part of the North Sea : Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Baltic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Japan (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Kenyan part of the Indian Ocean : Adverse habitat modification [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Kenyan part of the Indian Ocean : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Baltic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Alters trophic interactions [details]

 Introduced species impact

in United Kingdom part of the English Channel (Marine Region) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Brazil (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Spanish part of the Balearic Sea (Spanish part of the Balearic Sea) : Loss of ... [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Brazil (Nation) : Alters trophic interactions [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Brazil (Nation) : Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Gulf of Mexico (IHO Sea Area) : Alters trophic interactions [details]

 Introduced species impact

in Gulf of Mexico (IHO Sea Area) : Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

 Introduced species impact

in New Zealand (Nation) : Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

 Introduced species impact

in South Korea (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]


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