WoRMS taxon details

Spirorbinae Chamberlin, 1919

989  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:989)

accepted
Subfamily
Spirorbidae Chamberlin, 1919· accepted, alternate representation (superseded subsequent rank (-idae spelling) for Spirorbinae)
Genus Anomalorbis Vine, 1972
Genus Bipygmaeus Regenhardt, 1961 †
Genus Charybs Montfort, 1810 in Mörch, 1863
Tribe Circeini
  » Genus Circeis Saint-Joseph, 1894
  » Genus Paradexiospira Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
    » Subgenus Paradexiospira (Paradexiospira) Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
    » Subgenus Paradexiospira (Spirorbides) Chamberlin, 1919
    » Species Paradexiospira cancellata (Fabricius, 1780) represented as Paradexiospira (Spirorbides) cancellata (Fabricius, 1780)
    » Species Paradexiospira violacea (Levinsen, 1883) represented as Paradexiospira (Paradexiospira) violacea (Levinsen, 1883)
    » Species Paradexiospira violaceus (Levinsen, 1883) represented as Paradexiospira (Paradexiospira) violacea (Levinsen, 1883)
    » Species Paradexiospira vitrea (Fabricius, 1780) represented as Paradexiospira (Spirorbides) vitrea (Fabricius, 1780)
    » Species Paradexiospira falklandicus Pixell, 1913 accepted as Protolaeospira (Dextralia) falklandica (Pixell, 1913) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Paradexiospira nakamurai Uchida, 1971 accepted as Paradexiospira (Spirorbides) vitrea (Fabricius, 1780) (subjective synonym)
Tribe Januini Knight-Jones, 1978
  » Genus Janua Saint-Joseph, 1894
    » Species Janua heterostropha (Montagu, 1803)
    » Species Janua echinata (Wesenberg-Lund, 1953) (nomen dubium)
    » Subgenus Janua (Dexiospira) Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Neodexiospira Pillai, 1970
      » Species Janua (Dexiospira) quasiacuta Lommerzheim, 1981 †
      » Species Janua (Dexiospira) pagenstecheri (Quatrefages, 1866) represented as Janua pagenstecheri (Quatrefages, 1866)
      » Species Janua (Dexiospira) ainu Uchida, 1971 accepted as Neodexiospira pseudocorrugata (Bush, 1905) (subjective synonym)
      » Species Janua (Dexiospira) bushi (Rioja, 1942) accepted as Spirorbis marioni Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 (subjective synonym)
      » Species Janua (Dexiospira) ceylonica (Pillai, 1960) accepted as Neodexiospira pseudocorrugata (Bush, 1905) (subjective synonym)
      » Species Janua (Dexiospira) corrugata (Montagu, 1803) accepted as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) rupestris Gee & Knight-Jones, 1962 (subjective synonym)
      » Species Janua (Dexiospira) glossoeides Harris, 1968 accepted as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) tridentatus Levinsen, 1883 (subjective synonym)
      » Species Janua (Dexiospira) karaitivensis (Pillai, 1960) accepted as Neodexiospira formosa (Bush, 1905) (subjective synonym)
      » Species Janua (Dexiospira) marioni (Caullery & Mesnil, 1897) accepted as Spirorbis marioni Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 (superseded recombination)
      » Species Janua (Dexiospira) nipponicus (Okuda, 1934) accepted as Neodexiospira alveolata (Zachs, 1933) (subjective synonym)
      » Species Janua (Dexiospira) oshoroensis Uchida, 1971 accepted as Neodexiospira brasiliensis (Grube, 1872) (subjective synonym)
      » Species Janua (Dexiospira) preacuta Vine, 1972 accepted as Neodexiospira turrita (Vine, 1972) (subjective synonym)
      » Species Janua (Dexiospira) pusilloides (Bush, 1905) accepted as Janua pagenstecheri (Quatrefages, 1866) (subjective synonym)
      » Species Janua (Dexiospira) semidentata (Bush, 1905) accepted as Paradexiospira (Spirorbides) vitrea (Fabricius, 1780) (subjective synonym)
      » Species Janua (Dexiospira) spirillum (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Circeis spirillum (Linnaeus, 1758) (superseded recombination)
      » Species Janua (Dexiospira) tricornigerus (Rioja, 1942) accepted as Spirorbis marioni Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 (subjective synonym)
      » Species Janua (Dexiospira) turrita Vine, 1972 accepted as Neodexiospira turrita (Vine, 1972) (superseded original combination)
    » Subgenus Janua (Fauveldora) Knight-Jones, 1972 accepted as Neodexiospira Pillai, 1970
      » Species Janua (Fauveldora) anticorrugata Vine, 1972 accepted as Neodexiospira brasiliensis (Grube, 1872) (subjective synonym)
      » Species Janua (Fauveldora) kayi Knight-Jones, 1972 accepted as Neodexiospira kayi (Knight-Jones, 1972) (superseded original combination)
    » Subgenus Janua (Pillaiospira) accepted as Pillaiospira Knight-Jones, 1973
    » Species Janua brasiliensis (Grube, 1872) accepted as Neodexiospira brasiliensis (Grube, 1872) (superseded recombination)
    » Species Janua corrugatus (Montagu, 1803) accepted as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) rupestris Gee & Knight-Jones, 1962 (subjective synonym)
    » Species Janua formosa (Bush, 1905) accepted as Neodexiospira formosa (Bush, 1905) (superseded recombination)
    » Species Janua kayi Knight-Jones, 1972 accepted as Neodexiospira kayi (Knight-Jones, 1972) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Janua pagenstecheri (Quatrefages, 1866) accepted as Janua heterostropha (Montagu, 1803) (superseded subsequent combination of subjective synonym)
    » Species Janua pseudocorrugata (Bush, 1905) accepted as Neodexiospira pseudocorrugata (Bush, 1905) (superseded recombination)
    » Species Janua steueri (Sterzinger, 1909) accepted as Neodexiospira steueri (Sterzinger, 1909) (superseded recombination)
  » Genus Leodora Saint-Joseph, 1894
    » Species Leodora knightjonesi Silva, 1965
    » Species Leodora laevis (Quatrefages, 1866) (nomen dubium)
    » Species Leodora abnormis (Bush, 1905) accepted as Bushiella (Bushiella) abnormis (Bush, 1905) (superseded recombination)
    » Species Leodora argutus (Bush in Moore, 1903) accepted as Eulaeospira orientalis (Pillai, 1960) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Leodora multiplata Uchida, 1971 accepted as Bushiella (Bushiella) abnormis (Bush, 1905) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Leodora perrieri (Caullery & Mesnil, 1897) accepted as Romanchella perrieri Caulleri & Mesnil, 1897 (superseded recombination)
    » Species Leodora valida (Verrill in Smith & Harger, 1874) accepted as Bushiella (Bushiella) valida (Verrill in Smith & Harger, 1874) (superseded recombination)
    » Species Leodora verruca (Fabricius in Mörch, 1863) accepted as Bushiella (Bushiella) verruca (Fabricius in Mörch, 1863) (superseded recombination)
  » Genus Neodexiospira Pillai, 1970
    » Species Neodexiospira alveolata (Zachs, 1933)
    » Species Neodexiospira brasiliensis (Grube, 1872)
    » Species Neodexiospira foraminosa (Bush in Moore & Bush, 1904)
    » Species Neodexiospira formosa (Bush, 1905)
    » Species Neodexiospira kayi (Knight-Jones, 1972)
    » Species Neodexiospira lamellosa (Lamarck, 1818)
    » Species Neodexiospira pseudocorrugata (Bush, 1905)
    » Species Neodexiospira steueri (Sterzinger, 1909)
    » Species Neodexiospira tambalagamensis Pillai, 1970
    » Species Neodexiospira turrita (Vine, 1972)
    » Species Neodexiospira fauveli Pillai, 1970 (nomen dubium)
    » Species Neodexiospira benhami Pillai, 1970 accepted as Neodexiospira pseudocorrugata (Bush, 1905) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Neodexiospira mannarensis Pillai, 1970 accepted as Neodexiospira pseudocorrugata (Bush, 1905) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Neodexiospira nipponica (Okuda, 1934) accepted as Neodexiospira alveolata (Zachs, 1933) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Neodexiospira preacuta (Vine, 1972) accepted as Neodexiospira turrita (Vine, 1972) (subjective synonym)
  » Genus Pillaiospira Knight-Jones, 1973
Tribe Paralaeospirini Knight-Jones, 1978
  » Genus Paralaeospira Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
    » Species Paralaeospira adeonella (Day, 1963)
    » Species Paralaeospira aggregata Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
    » Species Paralaeospira clavaeformis Lommerzheim, 1981 †
    » Species Paralaeospira levinseni (Caullery & Mesnil, 1897)
    » Species Paralaeospira malardi Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
    » Species Paralaeospira monacantha (Augener, 1923)
    » Species Paralaeospira parallela Vine, 1977
    » Species Paralaeospira patagonica Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
    » Species Paralaeospira pseudotenuis Rzhavsky, 1997
    » Species Paralaeospira sicula Knight-Jones P. & Knight-Jones E.W., 1994
    » Species Paralaeospira antarctica (Pixell, 1913) accepted as Metalaeospira pixelli (Harris, 1969) (superseded recombination)
    » Species Paralaeospira capensis (Day, 1963) accepted as Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira) capensis (Day, 1961) (superseded recombination)
    » Species Paralaeospira lebruni Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira) tricostalis (Lamarck, 1818) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Paralaeospira racemosa Pixell, 1912 accepted as Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira) eximia (Bush, 1905) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Paralaeospira striata Quiévreux, 1963 accepted as Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira) striata (Quievreux, 1963) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Paralaeospira vitrea (Fabricius, 1780) accepted as Paradexiospira (Spirorbides) vitrea (Fabricius, 1780)
Tribe Pileolariini
  » Genus Amplicaria Knight-Jones, 1984
  » Genus Bushiella Knight-Jones, 1973
    » Subgenus Bushiella (Bushiella) Khight-Jones, 1973
    » Subgenus Bushiella (Jugaria) Knight-Jones, 1978
    » Species Bushiella abnormis (Bush, 1905) represented as Bushiella (Bushiella) abnormis (Bush, 1905)
    » Species Bushiella asymmetrica Rzhavsky, 1988 represented as Bushiella (Bushiella) asymmetrica Rzhavsky, 1988
    » Species Bushiella atlantica (Knight-Jones, 1978) represented as Bushiella (Jugaria) atlantica (Knight-Jones, 1978)
    » Species Bushiella evoluta (Bush, 1905) represented as Bushiella (Bushiella) evoluta (Bush, 1905)
    » Species Bushiella kofiadii (Rzhavsky, 1988) represented as Bushiella (Jugaria) kofiadii Rzhavsky, 1988
    » Species Bushiella verruca (Fabricius in Mörch, 1863) represented as Bushiella (Bushiella) verruca (Fabricius in Mörch, 1863)
    » Species Bushiella vitjazi Rzhavsky, 1988 accepted as Bushiella (Bushiella) asymmetrica Rzhavsky, 1988 (subjective synonym)
  » Genus Nidificaria Knight-Jones, 1984
  » Genus Pileolaria Claparède, 1868
    » Species Pileolaria alata Knight-Jones, 1978
    » Species Pileolaria annectans Knight Jones P. & Knight-Jones E.W., 1974
    » Species Pileolaria aurita Rzhavsky & Nishi, 2011
    » Species Pileolaria berkeleyana (Rioja, 1942)
    » Species Pileolaria connexa Rzhavsky, 2010
    » Species Pileolaria daijonesi Knight-Jones, 1972
    » Species Pileolaria dakarensis Knight-Jones, 1978
    » Species Pileolaria gelasinifera Pillai, 1970
    » Species Pileolaria grandis Pillai, 1970
    » Species Pileolaria heteropoma (Zibrowius, 1968)
    » Species Pileolaria invultuosa Rzhavsky, 2010
    » Species Pileolaria lateralis Knight-Jones, 1978
    » Species Pileolaria marginata Knight-Jones, 1978
    » Species Pileolaria militaris Claparède, 1870
    » Species Pileolaria moerchi (Levinsen, 1883)
    » Species Pileolaria pettiboneae Bailey-Brock, 1987
    » Species Pileolaria pseudoclavus Vine, 1972
    » Species Pileolaria quasimilitaris Bailey, 1970
    » Species Pileolaria spinifer Knight-Jones, 1978
    » Species Pileolaria tegwyni Vine, 1977
    » Species Pileolaria tiarata Knight-Jones, 1978
    » Subgenus Pileolaria (Pileolaria) represented as Pileolaria Claparède, 1868
      » Species Pileolaria (Pileolaria) alata Knight-Jones, 1978 represented as Pileolaria alata Knight-Jones, 1978
      » Species Pileolaria (Pileolaria) annectans Knight-Jones & Knight-Jones, 1974 represented as Pileolaria annectans Knight Jones P. & Knight-Jones E.W., 1974
      » Species Pileolaria (Pileolaria) dakarensis Knight-Jones, 1978 represented as Pileolaria dakarensis Knight-Jones, 1978
      » Species Pileolaria (Pileolaria) lateralis Knight-Jones, 1978 represented as Pileolaria lateralis Knight-Jones, 1978
      » Species Pileolaria (Pileolaria) marginata Knight-Jones, 1978 represented as Pileolaria marginata Knight-Jones, 1978
      » Species Pileolaria (Pileolaria) pseudoclavus Vine, 1972 represented as Pileolaria pseudoclavus Vine, 1972
      » Species Pileolaria (Pileolaria) spinifer Knight-Jones, 1978 represented as Pileolaria spinifer Knight-Jones, 1978
      » Species Pileolaria (Pileolaria) tiarata Knight-Jones, 1978 represented as Pileolaria tiarata Knight-Jones, 1978
      » Species Pileolaria (Pileolaria) dayi Knight-Jones & Knight-Jones, 1974 accepted as Nidificaria dayi (Knight-Jones P. & E.W., 1974) (superseded original combination)
      » Species Pileolaria (Pileolaria) semimilitaris Vine, 1972 accepted as Pileolaria pseudoclavus Vine, 1972 (subjective synonym)
    » Subgenus Pileolaria (Duplicaria) accepted as Vinearia Knight-Jones, 1984 (homonym)
      » Species Pileolaria (Duplicaria) dalestraughanae Vine, 1972 accepted as Nidificaria dalestraughanae (Vine, 1972) (superseded original combination)
      » Species Pileolaria (Duplicaria) levensteinae Bailey-Brock & Knight-Jones, 1977 accepted as Nidificaria levensteinae (Bailey-Brock & Knight-Jones, 1977) (superseded original combination)
      » Species Pileolaria (Duplicaria) pocillator Vine, 1977 accepted as Nidificaria pocillator (Vine, 1977) (superseded original combination)
      » Species Pileolaria (Duplicaria) zibrowii Knight-Jones, 1978 accepted as Vinearia zibrowii (Knight-Jones, 1978) (superseded original combination)
    » Subgenus Pileolaria (Jugaria) Knight-Jones, 1978 accepted as Bushiella (Jugaria) Knight-Jones, 1978 (classification change)
      » Species Pileolaria (Jugaria) quadrangularis (Stimpson, 1854) accepted as Bushiella (Jugaria) quadrangularis (Stimpson, 1854) (superseded subsequent combination)
    » Subgenus Pileolaria (Nidularia) Knight-Jones, 1978 accepted as Nidificaria Knight-Jones, 1984
    » Subgenus Pileolaria (Simplicaria) P. Knight-Jones, 1973 accepted as Simplaria Knight-Jones, 1984 (homonym)
      » Species Pileolaria (Simplicaria) ovata Vine, 1977 accepted as Simplaria ovata (Vine, 1977) (superseded original combination)
      » Species Pileolaria (Simplicaria) potswaldi Knight-Jones, 1978 accepted as Simplaria potswaldi (Knight-Jones, 1978) (superseded original combination)
      » Species Pileolaria (Simplicaria) pseudomilitaris (Thiriot-Quiévreux, 1965) accepted as Simplaria pseudomilitaris (Thiriot-Quievreux, 1965) (superseded recombination)
      » Species Pileolaria (Simplicaria) regalis Bailey & Harris, 1968 accepted as Simplaria pseudomilitaris (Thiriot-Quievreux, 1965) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Pileolaria atlantica Knight-Jones, 1978 accepted as Bushiella (Jugaria) atlantica Knight-Jones, 1978 (superseded original combination)
    » Species Pileolaria nidica Knight-Jones, 1978 accepted as Nidificaria nidica Knight-Jones, 1978 (superseded original combination)
    » Species Pileolaria palliata Knight-Jones, 1978 accepted as Nidificaria palliata Knight-Jones, 1978 (superseded original combination)
    » Species Pileolaria potswaldi Knight-Jones, 1978 accepted as Simplaria potswaldi (Knight-Jones, 1978) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Pileolaria quadrangularis (Stimpson, 1854) accepted as Bushiella (Jugaria) quadrangularis (Stimpson, 1854) (superseded subsequent combination)
    » Species Pileolaria rosepigmentata (Uchida, 1971) accepted as Pileolaria berkeleyana (Rioja, 1942) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Pileolaria zibrowii Knight-Jones, 1978 accepted as Vinearia zibrowii (Knight-Jones, 1978)
  » Genus Protoleodora Pillai, 1970
  » Genus Simplaria Knight-Jones, 1984
  » Genus Vinearia Knight-Jones, 1984
  » Genus Jugaria Knight-Jones, 1978 represented as Bushiella (Jugaria) Knight-Jones, 1978 (rank downgrade to subgenus)
  » Genus Amplaria Knight-Jones, 1973 accepted as Amplicaria Knight-Jones, 1984 (homonym)
    » Species Amplaria spiculosa Knight-Jones, 1973 accepted as Amplicaria spiculosa (Knight-Jones, 1973) (superseded original combination)
Tribe Romanchellini P. Knight-Jones, 1978
  » Genus Helicosiphon Gravier, 1907
    » Species Helicosiphon biscoeensis Gravier, 1907
    » Species Helicosiphon biscoensis Gravier, 1907 accepted as Helicosiphon biscoeensis Gravier, 1907 (erroneous spelling )
    » Species Helicosiphon platyspira Knight-Jones, 1978 accepted as Knightjonesia platyspira (P. Knight-Jones, 1978) (superseded original combination)
  » Genus Knightjonesia Pillai, 2009
  » Genus Metalaeospira Pillai, 1970
  » Genus Protolaeospira Pixell, 1912
    » Subgenus Protolaeospira (Dextralia) Knight-Jones & Walker, 1972
    » Subgenus Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira)
      » Species Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira) augeneri Vine, 1977
      » Species Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira) calypso (Zibrowius, 1970)
      » Species Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira) capensis (Day, 1961)
      » Species Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira) cavata Knight-Jones P. & Knight-Jones E.W., 1994
      » Species Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira) eximia (Bush, 1905)
      » Species Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira) gracei Vine, 1977
      » Species Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira) pedalis Knight-Jones P. & Knight-Jones E.W., 1994
      » Species Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira) striata (Quievreux, 1963)
      » Species Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira) tricostalis (Lamarck, 1818)
      » Species Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira) triflabellis Knight-Jones, 1973
      » Species Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira) canina Knight-Jones, 1973 accepted as Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira) tricostalis (Lamarck, 1818) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Protolaeospira augeneri Vine, 1977 represented as Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira) augeneri Vine, 1977
    » Species Protolaeospira capensis (Day, 1961) represented as Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira) capensis (Day, 1961)
    » Species Protolaeospira gracei Vine, 1977 represented as Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira) gracei Vine, 1977
    » Species Protolaeospira striata (Quievreux, 1963) represented as Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira) striata (Quievreux, 1963)
    » Species Protolaeospira ambilateralis Pixell, 1912 accepted as Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira) eximia (Bush, 1905) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Protolaeospira lebruni (Caullery & Mesnil, 1897) accepted as Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira) tricostalis (Lamarck, 1818) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Protolaeospira translucens (Bailey, Harris, 1968) accepted as Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira) capensis (Day, 1961) (subjective synonym)
  » Genus Romanchella Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
Tribe Spirorbini Chamberlin, 1919
  » Genus Spirorbis Daudin, 1800
    » Subgenus Spirorbis (Laeospira)
      » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) bernardi Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
      » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) langerhansi Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
      » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) corallinae de Silva & Knight-Jones, 1962 represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) corallinae de Silva & Knight-Jones, 1962
      » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) infundibulum Harris & Knight-Jones, 1964 represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) infundibulum Harris, Knight-Jones, 1964
      » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) inornatus L'Hardy & Quievreux, 1962 represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) inornatus L'Hardy & Quievreux, 1962
      » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) endoumensis Zibrowius, 1968 accepted as Vinearia endoumensis (Zibrowius, 1968) (superseded original combination)
      » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) heteropoma Zibrowius, 1968 accepted as Pileolaria heteropoma (Zibrowius, 1968) (superseded original combination)
      » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) mediterraneus Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Pileolaria militaris Claparède, 1870
      » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) medius Pixell, 1912 accepted as Protoleodora aperata (Bush, 1905) (subjective synonym)
      » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) orientalis Pillai, 1960 accepted as Eulaeospira orientalis (Pillai, 1960) (superseded original combination)
      » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) pseudomilitaris Thiriot-Quievreux, 1965 accepted as Simplaria pseudomilitaris (Thiriot-Quievreux, 1965) (superseded original combination)
      » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) rupestris Gee & Knight-Jones, 1962 accepted as Laeospira rupestris (Gee & Knight-Jones, 1962) (superseded original combination)
      » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) sarsiae Southward, 1963 accepted as Laeospira sarsiae (Southward, 1963) (superseded original combination)
      » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) superbus Pillai, 1960 accepted as Laeospira superba (Pillai, 1960) (superseded original combination)
      » Species Spirorbis (Laeospira) umbilicatus L'Hardy & Quievreux, 1962 accepted as Laeospira rupestris (Gee & Knight-Jones, 1962) (subjective synonym)
    » Subgenus Spirorbis (Leodora)
      » Species Spirorbis (Leodora) knightjonesi Silva, 1965 accepted as Leodora knightjonesi Silva, 1965 (superseded original combination)
    » Subgenus Spirorbis (Pileolaria)
      » Species Spirorbis (Pileolaria) polyoperculata Straughan, 1969
      » Species Spirorbis (Pileolaria) berkeleyana Rioja, 1942 accepted as Laeospira berkeleyana (Rioja, 1942) (superseded original combination)
      » Species Spirorbis (Pileolaria) helenpixelli Rioja, 1942 accepted as Laeospira helenpixelli (Rioja, 1942)
      » Species Spirorbis (Pileolaria) quasimilitaris Bailey, 1970 accepted as Pileolaria quasimilitaris Bailey, 1970 (superseded original combination)
    » Subgenus Spirorbis (Romanchella) Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
      » Species Spirorbis (Romanchella) perrieri Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Romanchella perrieri Caulleri & Mesnil, 1897 (superseded original combination)
        » Subspecies Spirorbis (Romanchella) perrieri marionensis Day, 1971 (taxon inquirendum)
    » Subgenus Spirorbis (Spirillum)
    » Subgenus Spirorbis (Spirorbella)
      » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbella) bushi Rioja, 1942 accepted as Spirorbis marioni Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 (uncertain subjective synonym to S. marioni)
      » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbella) tricornigerus Rioja, 1942 accepted as Janua (Dexiospira) tricornigerus (Rioja, 1942) (superseded original combination)
    » Subgenus Spirorbis (Spirorbis) Daudin, 1800
      » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) bidentatus Bailey & Harris, 1968
      » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) bifurcatus Knight-Jones, 1978
      » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) corallinae de Silva & Knight-Jones, 1962
      » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) cuneatus Gee, 1964
      » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) infundibulum Harris, Knight-Jones, 1964
      » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) inornatus L'Hardy & Quievreux, 1962
      » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) marioni Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
      » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) placophora Bailey & Harris, 1968
      » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) rothlisbergi Knight-Jones, 1978
      » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) rupestris Gee & Knight-Jones, 1962
      » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) spatulatus Knight-Jones, 1978
      » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) spirorbis (Linnaeus, 1758)
      » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) strigatus Knight-Jones, 1978
      » Species Spirorbis (Spirorbis) tridentatus Levinsen, 1883
    » Subgenus Spirorbis (Velorbis) Knight-Jones & Knight-Jones, 1995
    » Species Spirorbis africana Sterzinger, 1909
    » Species Spirorbis albus Mörch, 1863
    » Species Spirorbis ambiguus Fleming, 1825
    » Species Spirorbis ammonita Schmidt in Mörch, 1863
    » Species Spirorbis annulus Brown in Mörch, 1863
    » Species Spirorbis antarctica Lesson, 1830
    » Species Spirorbis antillarum Augener, 1922
    » Species Spirorbis articulatus Lommerzheim, 1979 †
    » Species Spirorbis auricularis Harris, 1969
    » Species Spirorbis baltica Wood in Mörch, 1863
    » Species Spirorbis carinatus Daudin, 1800
    » Species Spirorbis catagraphus Rovereto, 1904 †
    » Species Spirorbis communis Bosc, 1802
    » Species Spirorbis conoidea Savigny in Lamarck, 1818
    » Species Spirorbis corrugatus (Montagu, 1803)
    » Species Spirorbis dagmar Ziegler, 1984 †
    » Species Spirorbis digitus Harris, 1969
    » Species Spirorbis dorsatus Bush in Moore & Bush, 1904
    » Species Spirorbis flabellis Harris, 1969
    » Species Spirorbis glomeratus Packard, 1863
    » Species Spirorbis imprimus Ziegler & Jozef, 1998 †
    » Species Spirorbis incisus Mörch, 1863
    » Species Spirorbis incongruus Bush, 1905
    » Species Spirorbis indicus Sterzinger, 1909
    » Species Spirorbis inversus Bush, 1905
    » Species Spirorbis junior Jager, 1983 †
    » Species Spirorbis kronsmoorensis Jager, 1983 †
    » Species Spirorbis labiatus Jager, 1983 †
    » Species Spirorbis laxus Hall, 1859 †
    » Species Spirorbis lineatus Bush, 1905
    » Species Spirorbis margarita Ziegler, 1984 †
    » Species Spirorbis mediokeuperinus Linck, 1972 †
    » Species Spirorbis mendosus Bush, 1910
    » Species Spirorbis milada Ziegler, 1984 †
    » Species Spirorbis mirus Lommerzheim, 1979 †
    » Species Spirorbis mutabilis Bush, 1905
    » Species Spirorbis mutsu Jager, 1983 †
    » Species Spirorbis nordenskjoeldi Ehlers, 1900
    » Species Spirorbis nudus Bush, 1910
    » Species Spirorbis obstinatus Lommerzheim, 1979 †
    » Species Spirorbis papillatus Pixell, 1913
    » Species Spirorbis phylactaema Brönnimann & Zaninetti, 1972 †
    » Species Spirorbis ponticus Eichwald in Mörch, 1863
    » Species Spirorbis porosa Chenu in Mörch, 1863
    » Species Spirorbis quingyani Stiller, 2000 †
    » Species Spirorbis recta Wood in Mörch, 1863
    » Species Spirorbis rugatus Bush, 1905
    » Species Spirorbis rugosa Chenu in Mörch, 1863
    » Species Spirorbis samchokensis Shikama & Hirano, 1969 †
    » Species Spirorbis serratus Bush, 1910
    » Species Spirorbis strigatus Knight-Jones, 1978
    » Species Spirorbis superminor Ziegler, 1984 †
    » Species Spirorbis translucens Bailey & Harris, 1968
    » Species Spirorbis transversus Daudin in Mörch, 1863
    » Species Spirorbis tricostalis Lamarck, 1818
    » Species Spirorbis tuberculatus Bailey & Harris, 1968
    » Species Spirorbis turnoviensis Ziegler, 1984 †
    » Species Spirorbis unicornis Bailey & Harris, 1968
    » Species Spirorbis variabilis Bush, 1905
    » Species Spirorbis vastus Lommerzheim, 1979 †
    » Species Spirorbis voigti Lommerzheim, 1979 †
    » Species Spirorbis ammonitiformis (Serres, 1855) (taxon inquirendum)
    » Species Spirorbis echinatus Wesenberg-Lund, 1953 (taxon inquirendum, It is oviously valid species and not of genus Spirorbis, but generic position udeterminable)
    » Species Spirorbis incurvatus Turton, 1802 (taxon inquirendum)
    » Species Spirorbis perforans (Serres, 1855) (taxon inquirendum)
    » Species Spirorbis pervius (Montagu, 1803) (taxon inquirendum)
    » Species Spirorbis plicatus (Montfort, 1810 in Mörch, 1863) (taxon inquirendum)
    » Species Spirorbis pusilla Rathke, 1837 (taxon inquirendum)
    » Species Spirorbis spirulaeformis (Serres, 1855) (taxon inquirendum)
    » Species Spirorbis zelandica Gray, 1843 (taxon inquirendum, indeterminable fide Vine 1977)
    » Species Spirorbis carinulata Mörch, 1863 (nomen dubium, indeterminable, no description)
    » Species Spirorbis bidentatus Bailey & Harris, 1968 represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) bidentatus Bailey & Harris, 1968
    » Species Spirorbis bifurcatus Knight-Jones, 1978 represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) bifurcatus Knight-Jones, 1978
    » Species Spirorbis cuneatus Gee, 1964 represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) cuneatus Gee, 1964
    » Species Spirorbis epichysis Bailey, 1970 represented as Spirorbis (Janua) epichysis Bailey, 1969
    » Species Spirorbis gesae Knight-Jones & Knight-Jones, 1995 represented as Spirorbis (Velorbis) gesae Knight-Jones P. & Knight-Jones E.W., 1995
    » Species Spirorbis infundibulum Harris & Knight-Jones, 1964 represented as Spirorbis (Laeospira) infundibulum Harris & Knight-Jones, 1964
    » Species Spirorbis inornatus L'Hardy & Quievreux, 1962 represented as Spirorbis (Laeospira) inornatus L'Hardy & Quievreux, 1962
    » Species Spirorbis lucidus represented as Spirorbis (Spirillum) lucidus
      » Subspecies Spirorbis lucidus cornea Mörch, 1863
    » Species Spirorbis marioni Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) marioni Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
    » Species Spirorbis placophora Bailey & Harris, 1968 represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) placophora Bailey & Harris, 1968
    » Species Spirorbis rothlisbergi Knight-Jones, 1978 represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) rothlisbergi Knight-Jones, 1978
    » Species Spirorbis rupestris Gee & Knight-Jones, 1962 represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) rupestris Gee & Knight-Jones, 1962
    » Species Spirorbis spatulatus Knight-Jones, 1978 represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) spatulatus Knight-Jones, 1978
    » Species Spirorbis spirorbis (Linnaeus, 1758) represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) spirorbis (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Species Spirorbis tridentatus Levinsen, 1883 represented as Spirorbis (Spirorbis) tridentatus Levinsen, 1883
    » Subgenus Spirorbis (Dexiospira) accepted as Neodexiospira Pillai, 1970
      » Species Spirorbis (Dexiospira) anguineus Belokrys, 1984 †
      » Species Spirorbis (Dexiospira) bilineatus Schmidt, 1955 †
      » Species Spirorbis (Dexiospira) fundatus Belokrys, 1984 †
      » Species Spirorbis (Dexiospira) heliciformis Belokrys, 1984 †
      » Species Spirorbis (Dexiospira) inconstans Belokrys, 1984 †
      » Species Spirorbis (Dexiospira) jiangsuensis Yu & Wang, 1981 †
      » Species Spirorbis (Dexiospira) levilatus Belokrys, 1984 †
      » Species Spirorbis (Dexiospira) obliquiannulatus Belokrys, 1984 †
      » Species Spirorbis (Dexiospira) platycrepidus Belokrys, 1984 †
      » Species Spirorbis (Dexiospira) platydiscus Belokrys, 1984 †
      » Species Spirorbis (Dexiospira) ptychopleurus Belokrys, 1984 †
      » Species Spirorbis (Dexiospira) pusilloides (Bush, 1904)
      » Species Spirorbis (Dexiospira) treadwelli Pillai, 1965
      » Species Spirorbis (Dexiospira) tumefactus Belokrys, 1984 †
      » Species Spirorbis (Dexiospira) ceylonicus Pillai, 1960 accepted as Janua (Dexiospira) ceylonica (Pillai, 1960) (superseded original combination)
      » Species Spirorbis (Dexiospira) karaitivensis Pillai, 1960 accepted as Janua (Dexiospira) karaitivensis (Pillai, 1960) (superseded original combination)
      » Species Spirorbis (Dexiospira) marioni Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Janua (Dexiospira) marioni (Caullery & Mesnil, 1897) (superseded original combination)
      » Species Spirorbis (Dexiospira) nipponicus Okuda, 1934 accepted as Janua (Dexiospira) nipponicus (Okuda, 1934) (superseded original combination)
      » Species Spirorbis (Dexiospira) pusilloides (Bush, 1905) accepted as Janua (Dexiospira) pusilloides (Bush, 1905) (superseded recombination)
    » Subgenus Spirorbis (Janua) accepted as Janua Saint-Joseph, 1894 (objective synonym)
    » Subgenus Spirorbis (Paralaeospira) Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Paralaeospira Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 (superseded original rank as subgenus)
      » Species Spirorbis (Paralaeospira) calypso Zibrowius, 1970
      » Species Spirorbis (Paralaeospira) patagonicus Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
      » Species Spirorbis (Paralaeospira) adeonella Day, 1963 accepted as Paralaeospira adeonella (Day, 1963) (superseded original combination)
      » Species Spirorbis (Paralaeospira) aggregata [auct. misspelling (gender suffix)] accepted as Spirorbis (Paralaeospira) aggregatus Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 (lapsus by Fauchald, 1977)
      » Species Spirorbis (Paralaeospira) aggregatus Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Paralaeospira aggregata Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 (superseded original combination)
      » Species Spirorbis (Paralaeospira) antarcticus Pixell, 1913 accepted as Paralaeospira antarctica (Pixell, 1913)
      » Species Spirorbis (Paralaeospira) capensis Day, 1961 accepted as Paralaeospira capensis (Day, 1963) (superseded original combination)
      » Species Spirorbis (Paralaeospira) levinseni Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Paralaeospira levinseni (Caullery & Mesnil, 1897) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis abnormis Bush, 1905 accepted as Bushiella abnormis (Bush, 1905) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis affinis Levinsen, 1883 accepted as Laeospira granulata (Linnaeus, 1767) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Spirorbis alveolatus Zachs, 1933 accepted as Neodexiospira alveolata (Zachs, 1933) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis argutus Bush in Moore & Bush, 1904 accepted as Eulaeospira arguta (Bush in Moore, 1903) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis asperatus Bush, 1905 accepted as Protoleodora aperata (Bush, 1905) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis bellulus Bush in Moore & Bush, 1904 accepted as Neodexiospira brasiliensis (Grube, 1872) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Spirorbis beneti Marion, 1879 accepted as Laeospira beneti (Marion, 1879) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis borealis Daudin, 1800 accepted as Spirorbis spirorbis (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective synonym)
      » Subspecies Spirorbis borealis acifera Mörch, 1863
      » Subspecies Spirorbis borealis reversa Mörch, 1863
    » Species Spirorbis brasiliensis Grube, 1872 accepted as Neodexiospira brasiliensis (Grube, 1872)
    » Species Spirorbis carinata Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Spirorbis incisus Mörch, 1863 (subjective synonym)
    » Species Spirorbis caulleryi McIntosh, 1916 accepted as Paradexiospira violaceus (Levinsen, 1883) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Spirorbis chilensis Blanchard in Gay, 1849 accepted as Nidificaria chilensis (Blanchard, 1849)
    » Species Spirorbis clavus Harris, 1968 accepted as Nidificaria clavus (Harris, 1968) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis comptus Bush, 1905 accepted as Janua (Dexiospira) spirillum (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Spirorbis conica Fleming in Mörch, 1863 accepted as Paradexiospira vitrea (Fabricius, 1780) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Spirorbis convexis Wiseley, 1962 accepted as Eulaeospira convexis (Wisely, 1962) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis corallinae de Silva & Knight-Jones, 1962 accepted as Laeospira corallinae (de Silva & Knight-Jones, 1962) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis cornea (Adams, 1800) accepted as Janua (Dexiospira) spirillum lucida (Montagu, 1803) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Spirorbis cornuarietis Philippi, 1844 accepted as Laeospira cornuarietis (Philippi, 1844) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis coronatus Zachs, 1933 accepted as Protoleodora coronata (Zachs, 1933)
    » Species Spirorbis evolutus Bush, 1905 accepted as Leodora verruca (Fabricius in Mörch, 1863) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Spirorbis eximius Bush, 1905 accepted as Protolaeospira (Protolaeospira) eximia (Bush, 1905) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis fabricii Malmgren, 1867 accepted as Laeospira granulata (Linnaeus, 1767) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Spirorbis fewkesii Bush in Sumner, Osburn & Cole, 1913 accepted as Janua (Dexiospira) spirillum (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Spirorbis foraminosus Bush, 1905 accepted as Neodexiospira foraminosa (Bush in Moore & Bush, 1904) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis formosus Bush, 1905 accepted as Neodexiospira foraminosa (Bush in Moore & Bush, 1904) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis granulata (Linnaeus, 1767) accepted as Spirorbis granulatus (Linnaeus, 1767) (emendation for gender agreement)
    » Species Spirorbis granulatus (Linnaeus, 1767) accepted as Bushiella (Jugaria) granulata (Linnaeus, 1767) (superseded recombination)
    » Species Spirorbis heideri Sterzinger, 1909 accepted as Neodexiospira foraminosa (Bush in Moore & Bush, 1904) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Spirorbis inventis Harris, 1969 accepted as Romanchella inventis (Haris, 1969)
    » Species Spirorbis laevis Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Leodora laevis (Quatrefages, 1866) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis lamellosa Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Neodexiospira lamellosa (Lamarck, 1818)
    » Species Spirorbis levinseni Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Paralaeospira levinseni (Caullery & Mesnil, 1897) (superseded subsequent combination, genus unchanged)
    » Species Spirorbis linnei Malm, 1874 accepted as Laeospira borealis (Daudin, 1800) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Spirorbis lucida (Montagu, 1803) accepted as Circeis spirillum (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Spirorbis mediterraneus Caullery & Mesnil, 1896 accepted as Pileolaria militaris Claparède, 1870 (juvenile form of P. militaris)
    » Species Spirorbis militaris accepted as Pileolaria militaris Claparède, 1870 (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis moerchi Levinsen, 1883 accepted as Laeospira moerchi (Levinsen, 1883) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis monocanthus Augener, 1923 accepted as Paralaeospira monacantha (Augener, 1923) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis nautiloides Lamarck, 1801 accepted as Spirorbis borealis Daudin, 1800 (subjective synonym)
    » Species Spirorbis nordenskjoldi Ehlers, 1900 accepted as Paralaeospira levinseni (Caullery & Mesnil, 1897) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Spirorbis pagenstecheri Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Janua heterostropha (Montagu, 1803) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis parallela (Vine, 1977) accepted as Paralaeospira parallela Vine, 1977 (superseded subsequent combination)
    » Species Spirorbis pixelli Harris, 1969 accepted as Metalaeospira pixelli (Harris, 1969) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis pseudocorrugatus Bush, 1905 accepted as Neodexiospira pseudocorrugata (Bush, 1905) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis pusilloides Bush, 1905 accepted as Janua (Dexiospira) pusilloides (Bush, 1905) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis quadrangularis Stimpson, 1854 accepted as Bushiella (Jugaria) quadrangularis (Stimpson, 1854) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis reflexa Adams in Mörch, 1863 accepted as Janua (Dexiospira) spirillum lucida (Montagu, 1803) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Spirorbis retortus (Turton, 1802) accepted as Serpula retorta Walker & Jacob, 1798
    » Species Spirorbis reversus (Montagu, 1803) accepted as Serpula reversa Montagu, 1803 (superseded subsequent combination)
    » Species Spirorbis scoresbyi Harris, 1969 accepted as Romanchella scoresbyi (Harris, 1969) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis semidentatus Bush, 1905 accepted as Janua (Dexiospira) semidentata (Bush, 1905) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis similis Bush, 1905 accepted as Bushiella (Jugaria) similis (Bush, 1905) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis spirillum (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Circeis spirillum (Linnaeus, 1758) (superseded recombination)
      » Subspecies Spirorbis spirillum ascendens Levinsen, 1884 (nomen dubium, confused usages)
    » Species Spirorbis steueri Sterzinger, 1909 accepted as Neodexiospira steueri (Sterzinger, 1909) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis stimpsonii Verrill, 1880 accepted as Laeospira borealis (Daudin, 1800) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Spirorbis sulcata Adams in Mörch, 1863 accepted as Laeospira granulata (Linnaeus, 1767) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Spirorbis tubaeformis Bush, 1905 accepted as Laeospira borealis (Daudin, 1800) (subjective synonym)
    » Species Spirorbis validus Verrill in Smith & Harger, 1874 accepted as Bushiella (Bushiella) valida (Verrill in Smith & Harger, 1874) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis verruca (Fabricius in Mörch, 1863) accepted as Bushiella verruca (Fabricius in Mörch, 1863) (superseded recombination)
    » Species Spirorbis violaceus Levinsen, 1883 accepted as Paradexiospira violaceus (Levinsen, 1883) (superseded original combination)
    » Species Spirorbis vitrea (Fabricius, 1780) accepted as Paradexiospira (Spirorbides) vitrea (Fabricius, 1780) (superseded recombination)

Genus Dexiospira Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Neodexiospira Pillai, 1970 (preoccupied in protozoan Dexiospira Ehrenberg, 1858)
Genus Duplicaria Vine, 1972 accepted as Vinearia Knight-Jones, 1984 (homonym)
Genus Mera Saint-Joseph, 1894 accepted as Janua Saint-Joseph, 1894 (subjective synonym)
  » Species Mera pusilla Saint-Joseph, 1894 accepted as Janua pagenstecheri (Quatrefages, 1866) (subjective synonym)
Genus Nidularia Knight-Jones, 1978 accepted as Nidificaria Knight-Jones, 1984 (homonym)
Genus Simplicaria Knight-Jones, 1973 accepted as Simplaria Knight-Jones, 1984 (homonym)
Genus Sinistrella Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Bushiella Knight-Jones, 1973 (homonymy)
  » Species Sinistrella media (Pixell, 1912) accepted as Spirorbis (Laeospira) medius Pixell, 1912 (superseded recombination)
  » Species Sinistrella verruca (Fabricius in Mörch, 1863) accepted as Bushiella verruca (Fabricius in Mörch, 1863) (superseded recombination)
Genus Spirillum Oken, 1807 accepted as Circeis Saint-Joseph, 1894
  » Species Spirillum pellucidum Oken, 1815 accepted as Circeis spirillum (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective synonym)
  » Species Spirillum spirorbis (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Spirorbis spirorbis (Linnaeus, 1758) (superseded recombination)
Genus Spirorbella Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Dexiospira Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
Genus Spirorbides Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Paradexiospira Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Chamberlin, Ralph V. 1919. The Annelida Polychaeta [Albatross Expeditions]. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 48: 1-514., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/memoirsofmuseumo4801harv
page(s): 474, 477 [details]   
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Spirorbinae Chamberlin, 1919. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=989 on 2018-02-25
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
db_admin
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
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2010-03-03 00:50:30Z
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2010-03-09 09:39:19Z
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original description Chamberlin, Ralph V. 1919. The Annelida Polychaeta [Albatross Expeditions]. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 48: 1-514., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/memoirsofmuseumo4801harv
page(s): 474, 477 [details]   

additional source Bailey, Julie H. (1969). Methods of brood protection as a basis for the reclassification of the Spirorbinae (Serpulidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, London. 48: 387-407., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.1969.tb00719.x [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

identification resource Rzhavsky, Alexander V.; Kupriyanova, Elena K.; Sikorski, Andrei V.; Dahle, Salve. (2014). Calcareous tubeworms (Polychaeta, Serpulidae) of the Arctic Ocean. KMK Scientific Press, Moscow. 191 p. [ISBN 978-5-87317-988-6]., available online at http://www.sevin.ru/menues1/index_rus.html?../news/739.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofSpirorbidae Chamberlin, 1919) Pillai, T. G. (1970). Studies on a collection of Spirorbids from Ceylon, together with a critical review and revision of Spirorbid systematics, and an account of their phylogeny and zoogeography. Ceylon Journal of Science (Biological Sciences). 8(2): 100-172. [details]   

status source  (ofSpirorbidae Chamberlin, 1919) Hove, Harry A. ten.; Kupriyanova, Elena K. (2009). Taxonomy of Serpulidae (Annelida, Polychaeta): The state of affairs. Zootaxa. 2036: 1-126., available online at http://www.mapress.com/j/zt/issue/view/2173
note: summarizes history of usage of Spirorbidae [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Classification Pillai (1970) raised Spirorbinae from the original subfamily rank to separate family rank, but this usage in the literature has declined due to solid evidence the group is part of Serpulidae (see ten Hove & Kupriyanova, 2009). Former subfamilies of Spirorbidae are now treated as tribes (Rzhavsky et al. 2013). [details]
 



LanguageName 
Dutch spiraalkokerwormen  [details]
Japanese ウズマキゴカイ  [details]