WoRMS taxon details

Serpulidae Rafinesque, 1815

988  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:988)

accepted
Family
Genus Apomatus Philippi, 1844
Genus Bathyditrupa Kupriyanova, 1993
Genus Bathyvermilia Zibrowius, 1973
Genus Brochus Brown, 1827
Genus Carpathiella †
Genus Chitinopoma Levinsen, 1884
Genus Chitinopomoides Benham, 1927
Genus Crozetospira
Genus Crucigera Benedict, 1887
Genus Cyenoserpula Ziegler, 1984 †
Genus Dasynema de Saint-Joseph, 1894
Genus Ditrupa Berkeley, 1835
Genus Dorsoserpula Parsch, 1956 †
Genus Eulaeospira Pillai, 1970
Genus Ficopomatus Southern, 1921
Genus Filograna Berkeley, 1835
Genus Filogranella Ben-Eliahu & Dafni, 1979
Genus Filogranula Langerhans, 1884
Genus Floriprotis Uchida, 1978
Genus Flucticularia Regenhardt, 1961 †
Genus Galeolaria Lamarck, 1818
Genus Genicularia Quenstedt, 1858 †
Genus Gynaeconitis Regenhardt, 1961 †
Genus Hyalopomatus Marenzeller, 1878
Genus Hydroides Gunnerus, 1768
Genus Janita Saint Joseph, 1894
Genus Josephella Caullery & Mesnil, 1896
Genus Kimberleya Pillai, 2009
Genus Laeospira Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
Genus Laminatubus ten Hove & Zibrowius, 1986
Genus Mammetuba Ghare & Vartak, 1984 †
Genus Marifugia Absolon & Hrabe, 1930
Genus Metavermilia Bush, 1905
Genus Microprotula Uchida, 1978
Genus Mucroserpula Regenhardt, 1961 †
Genus Neomicrorbis Rovereto, 1904
Genus Neovermilia Day, 1961
Genus Nogrobs Montfort, 1808 †
Genus Omphalopomopsis Saint-Joseph, 1894
Genus Pannoserpula Jaeger, Kapitzke & Rieter, 2001 †
Genus Paraprotis Uchida, 1978
Genus Paumotella Chamberlin, 1919
Genus Pentaditrupa Regenhardt, 1961 †
Genus Peraserpula Regenhardt, 1961 †
Genus Placostegus Philippi, 1844
Genus Pomatostegus Schmarda, 1861
Genus Proliserpula Regenhardt, 1961 †
Genus Propomatoceros Ware, 1975 †
Genus Protectoconorca Jäger, 1983 †
Genus Protis Ehlers, 1887
Genus Protula Risso, 1826
Genus Pseudochitinopoma Zibrowius, 1969
Genus Pseudoprotula Pillai, 2009
Genus Pseudovermilia Bush, 1907
Genus Pyrgopolon de Montfort, 1808
Genus Rhodopsis Bush, 1905
Genus Rotularia Defrance, 1827 †
Genus Ruxingella Stiller, 2000 †
Genus Salmacina Claparède, 1870
Genus Salmacinoidea Katto, 1977 †
Genus Sarcinella Regenhardt, 1961 †
Genus Semivermilia ten Hove, 1975
Genus Serpula Linnaeus, 1758
Genus Sinoditrupa Yu & Wang, 1981 †
Genus Spiraserpula Regenhardt, 1961
Genus Spirobranchus Blainville, 1818
Genus Spirodiscus Fauvel, 1909
Subfamily Spirorbinae Chamberlin, 1919
  » Genus Anomalorbis Vine, 1972
  » Genus Bipygmaeus Regenhardt, 1961 †
  » Genus Charybs Montfort, 1810 in Mörch, 1863
  » Tribe Circeini
  » Tribe Januini Knight-Jones, 1978
    » Genus Janua Saint-Joseph, 1894
    » Genus Leodora Saint-Joseph, 1894
    » Genus Neodexiospira Pillai, 1970
    » Genus Pillaiospira Knight-Jones, 1973
  » Tribe Paralaeospirini Knight-Jones, 1978
  » Tribe Pileolariini
    » Genus Amplicaria Knight-Jones, 1984
    » Genus Bushiella Knight-Jones, 1973
    » Genus Nidificaria Knight-Jones, 1984
    » Genus Pileolaria Claparède, 1868
    » Genus Protoleodora Pillai, 1970
    » Genus Simplaria Knight-Jones, 1984
    » Genus Vinearia Knight-Jones, 1984
    » Genus Jugaria Knight-Jones, 1978 represented as Bushiella (Jugaria) Knight-Jones, 1978 (rank downgrade to subgenus)
    » Genus Amplaria Knight-Jones, 1973 accepted as Amplicaria Knight-Jones, 1984 (homonym)
  » Tribe Romanchellini P. Knight-Jones, 1978
    » Genus Helicosiphon Gravier, 1907
    » Genus Knightjonesia Pillai, 2009
    » Genus Metalaeospira Pillai, 1970
    » Genus Protolaeospira Pixell, 1912
    » Genus Romanchella Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
  » Tribe Spirorbini Chamberlin, 1919
    » Genus Spirorbis Daudin, 1800
  » Genus Dexiospira Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Neodexiospira Pillai, 1970 (preoccupied in protozoan Dexiospira Ehrenberg, 1858)
  » Genus Duplicaria Vine, 1972 accepted as Vinearia Knight-Jones, 1984 (homonym)
  » Genus Mera Saint-Joseph, 1894 accepted as Janua Saint-Joseph, 1894 (subjective synonym)
  » Genus Nidularia Knight-Jones, 1978 accepted as Nidificaria Knight-Jones, 1984 (homonym)
  » Genus Simplicaria Knight-Jones, 1973 accepted as Simplaria Knight-Jones, 1984 (homonym)
  » Genus Sinistrella Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Bushiella Knight-Jones, 1973 (homonymy)
  » Genus Spirillum Oken, 1807 accepted as Circeis Saint-Joseph, 1894
  » Genus Spirorbella Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Dexiospira Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Neodexiospira Pillai, 1970
  » Genus Spirorbides Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Paradexiospira Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
Genus Tanturia Ben-Eliahu, 1976
Genus Triditrupa Regenhardt, 1961 †
Genus Turbocavus Prentiss, Vasileiadou, Faulwetter, Arvanitidis & ten Hove, 2014
Genus Vepreculina Regenhardt, 1961 †
Genus Vermiliopsis Saint-Joseph, 1894
Genus Vitreotubus Zibrowius, 1979
Genus Weixiserpula †
Genus Zibrovermilia Kupriyanova & Ippolitov, 2015

Genus Heterodisca Fleming, 1825 (taxon inquirendum)
Genus Piratesa Templeton, 1835 (taxon inquirendum)
Genus Stoa de Serres, 1855 (taxon inquirendum)
Genus Vermilia Lamarck, 1818 (taxon inquirendum, all species in Vermilia are taxa inquirenda)

Genus Anisomelus Templeton, 1835 (nomen dubium)
Genus Bunodus Guettard, 1770 (nomen dubium)
Genus Omphalopoma Mörch, 1863 (nomen dubium, confused, most taxa transferred to genus Filogranula)
Genus Protoplacostegus Bush, 1905 (nomen dubium)
Genus Semiserpula Wetzel, 1957 † (nomen dubium)
Genus Spiroglyphus Daudin, 1800 (nomen dubium)

Genus Chaetinopoma Sumner, Osburne & Cole, 1913 represented as Chitinopoma Levinsen, 1884 (lapsus)
Genus Helicosyphon Gravier, 1907 represented as Helicosiphon Gravier, 1907
Genus Isovermilia Rosenfeldt, 1979 represented as Semivermilia ten Hove, 1975 (lapsus calami)
Genus Mercerella Fauvel, 1923 represented as Mercierella Fauvel, 1923 accepted as Ficopomatus Southern, 1921 (lapsus calami for Mercierella)
Genus Merceriella Fauvel, 1923 represented as Ficopomatus Southern, 1921 (lapsus calami for Mercierella)
Genus Microserpula Dons, 1930 represented as Chitinopoma Levinsen, 1884 (lapsus calami for Miroserpula)
Genus Omphalopomatopsis Saint Joseph, 1894 represented as Omphalopomopsis Saint-Joseph, 1894
Genus Peotula Sun, 1998 represented as Protula Risso, 1826
Genus Plagostegus Philippi, 1844 represented as Placostegus Philippi, 1844
Genus Pomalostegus Schmarda, 1861 represented as Pomatostegus Schmarda, 1861
Genus Tricopomatus Southern, 1921 represented as Ficopomatus Southern, 1921

Genus Amphiserpula Uchida accepted as Spiraserpula Regenhardt, 1961 (junior synonym of Spiraserpula (lineatuba) and Serpula (rubens) )
Genus Antalium Guettard, 1770 accepted as Serpula Linnaeus, 1758 (junior synonym)
Genus Apomatolos Uchida, 1978 accepted as Rhodopsis Bush, 1905 (junior synonym)
Genus Apomatopsis de Saint-Joseph, 1894 accepted as Apomatus Philippi, 1844 (junior synonym)
Genus Bonhourella Gravier, 1905 accepted as Ditrupa Berkeley, 1835 (junior synonym)
Genus Calcareopomatus Straughan, 1967 accepted as Neovermilia Day, 1961 (subjective synonym)
Genus Codonytes [sensu Quatrefages, 1866, non delle Chiaje, 1828] accepted as Hydroides Gunnerus, 1768 (misapplied to Polychaeta)
Genus Conchoserpula Blainville, 1818 accepted as Spirobranchus Blainville, 1818 (subjective synonym, nomen oblitum)
Genus Conopomatus Pillai, 1960 accepted as Spirobranchus Blainville, 1818 (junior sysnonym)
Genus Crinoserpula Uchida, 1978 accepted as Serpula Linnaeus, 1758 (junior synonym)
Genus Crosslandiella Monro, 1933 accepted as Pseudovermilia Bush, 1907 (junior synonym)
Genus Cymospira Blainville, 1828 accepted as Spirobranchus Blainville, 1818
Genus Cystopomatus Gravier, 1911 accepted as Hyalopomatus Marenzeller, 1878 (junior synonym)
Genus Dipomatus Ehlers, 1913 accepted as Serpula Linnaeus, 1758 (subjective synonym, juvenile)
Genus Ditrypa accepted as Ditrupa Berkeley, 1835 (alternate spelling)
Genus Ehlerprotula Uchida, 1978 accepted as Protula Risso, 1826 (junior synonym)
Genus Enponatus [misspelling] accepted as Eupomatus Philippi, 1844 accepted as Hydroides Gunnerus, 1768 (misspelling for Eupomatus, synonym of Hydroides)
Genus Eoplacostegus Regenhardt, 1961 † accepted as Placostegus Philippi, 1844 (subjective synonym)
Genus Eucarphus Mörch, 1863 accepted as Hydroides Gunnerus, 1768 (junior synonym)
Genus Eupamotus [misspelling] accepted as Eupomatus Philippi, 1844 accepted as Hydroides Gunnerus, 1768 (misspelling for Eupomatus, synonym of Hydroides)
Genus Eupomatus Philippi, 1844 accepted as Hydroides Gunnerus, 1768 (subjective synonym)
Genus Filigrana [Filograna auct. misspelling] accepted as Filograna Berkeley, 1835 (lapsus by Mörch for Filograna )
Genus Filipora Fleming, 1828 accepted as Filograna Berkeley, 1835 (nomen oblitum)
Subfamily Filograninae Rioja, 1923 (superfluous subfamily)
Genus Galeoloria accepted as Galeolaria Lamarck, 1818 (lapsus calami)
Genus Glossopsis Bush, 1905 accepted as Hydroides Gunnerus, 1768 (junior synonym)
Genus Hamulus Morton, 1834 † accepted as Pyrgopolon de Montfort, 1808 (junior synonym)
Genus Hyalopomatopsis de Saint-Joseph, 1894 accepted as Hyalopomatus Marenzeller, 1878 (junior synonym)
Genus Leospira [auct. misspelling for 'Laeospira'] accepted as Laeospira Caullery & Mesnil, 1897 (data entry misspelling of no significance)
Genus Longitubus Howell, 1943 † accepted as Protula Risso, 1826 (subjective synonym)
Genus Marsipospira Bailey, 1969 accepted as Protolaeospira Pixell, 1912 (subjective synonym)
Genus Membranopsis Bush, 1910 accepted as Protula Risso, 1826 (subjective synonym)
Genus Mercierella Fauvel, 1923 accepted as Ficopomatus Southern, 1921 (junior synonym)
Genus Mercierellopsis Rioja, 1945 accepted as Ficopomatus Southern, 1921 (junior synonym)
Genus Miroserpula Dons, 1930 accepted as Chitinopoma Levinsen, 1884 (synonym)
Genus Neopomatus Pillai, 1960 accepted as Ficopomatus Southern, 1921 (junior synonym)
Genus Olga Jones, 1962 accepted as Spirobranchus Blainville, 1818 (subjective synonym)
Genus Olgaharmania Rioja, 1941 accepted as Hydroides Gunnerus, 1768 (junior synonym)
Genus Paraprotula Uchida, 1978 accepted as Protula Risso, 1826 (junior synonym)
Genus Paraserpula Southward, 1963 accepted as Serpula Linnaeus, 1758 (junior synonym)
Genus Paravermilia Bush, 1905 accepted as Vermiliopsis Saint-Joseph, 1894 (junior synonym)
Genus Penicillum Seba, 1758 accepted as Spirobranchus Blainville, 1818 (pre Linnean name)
Genus Phycopomatus [lapsus] accepted as Ficopomatus Southern, 1921 (Misspelling for Ficopomatus)
Genus Pixellgrana Uchida, 1978 accepted as Protis Ehlers, 1887 (subjective synonym)
Genus Pixellia Pillai, 1970 accepted as Paralaeospira Caullery & Mesnil, 1897
Genus Placostegopsis Saint-Joseph, 1894 accepted as Placostegus Philippi, 1844 (junior synonym)
Genus Podioceros Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Spirobranchus Blainville, 1818 (subjective synonym)
Genus Polyphragma Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Hydroides Gunnerus, 1768 (subjective synonym)
Genus Pomatoceropsis Holly, 1935 accepted as Spirobranchus Blainville, 1818 (junior synonym)
Genus Pomatoceropsis Gravier, 1905 accepted as Spirobranchus Blainville, 1818 (junior synonym)
Genus Pomatoceros Philippi, 1844 accepted as Spirobranchus Blainville, 1818 (subjective synonym)
Genus Pomatocerus [Pomatoceros auct. misspelling] accepted as Pomatoceros Philippi, 1844 accepted as Spirobranchus Blainville, 1818 (incorrect subsequent spelling by Mörch)
Genus Pomatoleios Pixell, 1913 accepted as Spirobranchus Blainville, 1818 (subjective synonym)
Genus Potamoceras [Pomatoceros auct. misspelling] accepted as Pomatoceros Philippi, 1844 accepted as Spirobranchus Blainville, 1818 (misspelling including letter transpositions of Pomatoceros)
Genus Potamoceros [auct. misspelling] accepted as Pomatoceros Philippi, 1844 accepted as Spirobranchus Blainville, 1818 (transposition error for intended Pomatoceros)
Genus Protohydroides Uchida, 1978 accepted as Hydroides Gunnerus, 1768 (junior synonym)
Genus Protoserpula Uchida, 1978 accepted as Serpula Linnaeus, 1758
Genus Protulopsis Saint-Joseph, 1894 accepted as Protula Risso, 1826 (synonym)
Genus Pseudopomatoceros Holly, 1936 accepted as Spirobranchus Blainville, 1818 (junior synonym)
Genus Pseudoserpula Straughan, 1967
Genus Psygmobranchus Philippi, 1844 accepted as Protula Risso, 1826 (junior synonym)
Genus Salmacinopsis Bush, 1910 accepted as Protula Risso, 1826
Genus Schizocraspedon Bush, 1905 accepted as Hydroides Gunnerus, 1768 (junior synonym)
Genus Sclerostyla Mörch, 1863 accepted as Pyrgopolon de Montfort, 1808 (subjective synonym)
Genus Semiserpula Imajima, 1979 accepted as Serpula Linnaeus, 1758 (junior subjective synonym, moreover preoccupied by Semiserpula Wetzel, 1957)
Genus Serpulites Blumenbach, 1803 † accepted as Serpula Linnaeus, 1758 (unavailable (Art. 20) subjective synonym)
Genus Serpulus Montfort, 1810 accepted as Serpula Linnaeus, 1758 (objective synonym)
Genus Sphaeropomatus Treadwell, 1934 accepted as Ficopomatus Southern, 1921 (junior synonym)
Genus Spirabranchus Blainville, 1818 accepted as Spirobranchus Blainville, 1818 (alternate representation)
Genus Spiramella Blainville, 1828 accepted as Protula Risso, 1826 (junior synonym)
Genus Spiroglyphis [sic] accepted as Spiroglyphus Daudin, 1800 (incorrect subsequent spelling [by Rafinesque, 1815] of Spiroglyphus Daudin, 1802)
Genus Spirorbula Nielsen, 1931 † accepted as Neomicrorbis Rovereto, 1904 (junior synonym)
Genus Subprotula Bush, 1910 accepted as Vermiliopsis Saint-Joseph, 1894 (junior synonym)
Genus Temporaria Straughan, 1967 accepted as Spirobranchus Blainville, 1818 (subjective synonym)
Genus Tetraserpula Parsch, 1956 † accepted as Nogrobs Montfort, 1808 † (junior synonym)
Genus Vermeliopsis [auct. lapsus] accepted as Vermiliopsis Saint-Joseph, 1894 (misspelling of 'Vermiliopsis')
Genus Zopyrus Kinberg, 1867 accepted as Serpula Linnaeus, 1758 (junior synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
 Rafinesque, C. S. [-Schmaltz]. (1815). Analyse de la Nature ou Tableau de l'univers et des corps organisés. <em>[Book].</em> 1-224, (self-published?) Palermo., available online at http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k98061z.r=rafinesque.langEN
page(s): 136 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
WoRMS (2018). Serpulidae Rafinesque, 1815. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=988 on 2018-10-16
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
db_admin
2007-03-12 12:43:33Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2009-11-02 21:56:08Z
changed
2018-01-16 13:57:28Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  Rafinesque, C. S. [-Schmaltz]. (1815). Analyse de la Nature ou Tableau de l'univers et des corps organisés. <em>[Book].</em> 1-224, (self-published?) Palermo., available online at http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k98061z.r=rafinesque.langEN
page(s): 136 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  Lamarck, J.B. (1818). Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres, préséntant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; precedes d'une Introduction offrant la determination des caracteres essentiels de l`Animal, sa distinction du vegetal et desautres corps naturels, enfin, l'Exposition des Principes fondamentaux de la Zoologie. <em>Paris, Deterville.</em> 612 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12886879
page(s): 357; note: Used "Les Serpulées" as a grouping. [details]   

additional source  Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

status source  Hove, Harry A. ten.; Kupriyanova, Elena K. (2009). Taxonomy of Serpulidae (Annelida, Polychaeta): The state of affairs. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 2036: 1-126., available online at http://www.mapress.com/j/zt/issue/view/2173
page(s): 5 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

identification resource  Hove, Harry A. ten.; Kupriyanova, Elena K. (2009). Taxonomy of Serpulidae (Annelida, Polychaeta): The state of affairs. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 2036: 1-126., available online at http://www.mapress.com/j/zt/issue/view/2173 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

identification resource  Rzhavsky, Alexander V.; Kupriyanova, Elena K.; Sikorski, Andrei V.; Dahle, Salve. (2014). Calcareous tubeworms (Polychaeta, Serpulidae) of the Arctic Ocean. KMK Scientific Press, Moscow. 191 p. [ISBN 978-5-87317-988-6]., available online at http://www.sevin.ru/menues1/index_rus.html?../news/739.html [details]   

identification resource  Bastida-Zavala, J. Rolando. (2009). Serpulidae Rafinesque, 1815 <i>In</i>. <em>Poliquetos (Annelida: Polychaeta) de México y América Tropical.</em> vol. 3, chapter 43 p. 521-554. de León-González, J.Á.; Et al (eds). Direccion de Publicaciones, Universidad Autonoma de Nueva Leon, Monterrey, Mexico. isbn 978-607-433-235-3., available online at http://www.fcb.uanl.mx/silpoly/
note: includes keys [details]   

identification resource  Bastida-Zavala, J. Rolando; McCann, Linda D.; Keppel, Erica; Ruiz, Gregory M. (2017). The fouling serpulids (Polychaeta: Serpulidae) from United States coastal waters: an overview. <em>European Journal of Taxonomy.</em> (344): 1-76., available online at https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2017.344 [details]   

identification resource  Bianchi, C.N. 1981. Policheti Serpuloidei. Guide per il riconoscimento delle specie animali delle acque lagunari e costiere italiane. AQ/1/96, 5: 1-187. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Authority Rafinesque (1815:136) used "S F Serpularia" for "Les Serpulaires" and included Serpula, Filigrana [sic], and Spirorbis, in the grouping, amongst others not all now serpulids. This is some way off from the first use of the formulation "Serpulidae" and the work has minimal detail, but he did use a family-level name clearly based on genus Serpula. Not long later Lamarck (1818:357) (or as Savigny in Hartman) used "Les Serpulées" as a grouping in his major monograph, and has at times been credited with the family authorship, although with evident less justification. [G. Read] [details]

Classification For Spirorbidae see Spirorbinae. ten Hove & Kupriyanova (2009: 5) summarized Serpulidae classification history as follows: "The Serpulidae Rafinesque, 1815 had been traditionally divided into subfamilies Serpulinae Rafinesque, 1815 (although probably in most papers attributed to MacLeay, 1840) and Spirorbinae Chamberlin, 1919 until Rioja (1923) established the subfamily Filograninae. Pillai (1960) included 5 brackish-water serpulid genera in the subfamily Ficopomatinae but ten Hove & Weerdenburg (1978) revised the group and placed all its genera in the genus Ficopomatus. Uchida (1978) created 11 sub-families and numerous new genera, but his scheme, strongly criticized by ten Hove (1984) has not been accepted widely. Pillai (1970) elevated Spirorbinae to the family Spirorbidae, but later a number of authors suggested that Spirorbidae are more closely related to Serpulinae than to Filograninae (ten Hove 1984, Fitzhugh 1989, Smith 1991, Rouse & Fitzhugh 1994) and that the maintenance of the family Spirorbidae is not justified. Recent phylogenetic analyses confirmed the position of Spirorbinae as a subfamily of Serpulidae (Kupriyanova 2003, Kupriyanova et al. 2006, Lehrke et al. 2007, Kupriyanova & Rouse 2008)." [details]
 



LanguageName 
Dutch kalkkokerwormen  [details]
English fanwormscalcareous tubeworms  [details]
German Kalkröhrenwürmer  [details]
Japanese カンザシゴカイ  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål kalkrørsormer  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk kalkrøyrsormar  [details]