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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoidae Kinberg, 1858 
AphiaID: 941

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErrantia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllodocida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAphroditiformia (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoidae (Family)
Status accepted
Rank Family
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAphroditiformia
Sources  original description Kinberg, J. G. H. 1858. Part 3: Annulater. 1-32. Kongliga Svenska Fregatten Eugenies Resa omkring jorden under befal af C.A. Virgin aren 1851-1853. Vetenskapliga Iakttagelser. Almquist & Wicksells. Uppsala & Stockholm., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.2467
page(s): 1 [as Pholoidea] [details]

redescription Pettibone, M. H. 1992. Contribution to the polychaete family Pholoidae Kinberg. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology. 532: 1-24., available online at http://hdl.handle.net/10088/5683 [details]

status source Norlinder, E.; Nygren, A.; Wiklund, H.; Pleijel, F. (2012). Phylogeny of scale-worms (Aphroditiformia, Annelida), assessed from 18SrRNA, 28SrRNA, 16SrRNA, mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI), and morphology. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 65(2): 490-500., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2012.07.002
page(s): 499 [details]

identification resource Barnich, Ruth. (2011). Identification of scale worms in British and Irish waters. NMBAQC 2010 taxonomic workshop, Dove Marine Laboratory. 52 pp., available online at http://www.nmbaqcs.org/scheme-components/invertebrates/literature-and-taxonomic-keys/identification-of-scale-worms.aspx [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorscaleworms  [details]
All child
taxa (46)

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 Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorImajimapholoe Pettibone, 1992
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorImajimapholoe parva (Imajima & Hartman, 1964)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaubierpholoe Pettibone, 1992
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaubierpholoe antipoda (Hartman, 1967)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaubierpholoe indooceanica Westheide, 2001
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaubierpholoe maryae Pettibone, 1992
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaubierpholoe riseri Pettibone, 1992
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaubierpholoe swedmarki (Laubier, 1975)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMetaxypsamma Wolf, 1986
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMetaxypsamma uebelackerae Wolf, 1986
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe Johnston, 1839
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe anoculata Hartman, 1965
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe assimilis Örsted, 1845
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe baltica Örsted, 1843
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe courtneyae Blake in Blake, Hilbig & Scott, 1995
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe fauveli Kirkegaard, 1983
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe glabra Hartman, 1961
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe inornata Johnston, 1839
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe longa (O.F. Müller, 1776)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe microantennata Padovanni & Amaral, 2013
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe minuta (Fabricius, 1780)
  » Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe minuta caeca Uschakov, 1950
» Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe minuta tecta (Stimpson, 1854)
» Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe minuta anoculata Hartman, 1965 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe anoculata Hartman, 1965
» Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe minuta eximia Johnson, 1839 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe minuta (Fabricius, 1780)
» Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe minuta hirsuta Rullier & Amoureux, 1979 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaylorpholoe hirsuta (Rullier & Amoureux, 1979)
» Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe minuta nana Zachs, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe minuta tecta (Stimpson, 1854)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe minutissima Hartmann-Schröder, 1980
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe pallida Chambers, 1985
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe polymorpha (Hartmann-Schröder, 1962)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe spinosa Hartmann-Schröder, 1991
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe tecta Stimpson, 1854
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe antarctica [check list lapsus] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeopolynoe antarctica (Kinberg, 1858)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe antipoda Hartman, 1967 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaubierpholoe antipoda (Hartman, 1967)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe brevicornis Panceri, 1875 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSubadyte pellucida (Ehlers, 1864)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe dorsipapillata Marenzeller, 1893 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoides dorsipapillatus (Marenzeller, 1893)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe eximia Johnston, 1865 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe minuta (Fabricius, 1780)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe mendeleevi Averincev, 1978 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoides mendeleevi (Averincev, 1978)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe parva Imajima & Hartman, 1964 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorImajimapholoe parva (Imajima & Hartman, 1964)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe swedmarki Laubier, 1975 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaubierpholoe swedmarki (Laubier, 1975)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe synophthalmica Claparède, 1868 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe inornata Johnston, 1839
  » Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe synophthalmica dinardensis Saint Joseph, 1888 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe minuta (Fabricius, 1780)
» Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe synophthalmica pontica Czerniavsky, 1882 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe inornata Johnston, 1839
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe tuberculata Southern, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe baltica Örsted, 1843
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaylorpholoe Pettibone, 1992
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaylorpholoe hirsuta (Rullier & Amoureux, 1979)
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature Kinberg (1858) introduces 'Pholoidea' as part of his classification of Aphroditea [sic] families, assumed based on genus Pholoe. No type genera are stated for any of the 7 family names, and Kinberg does not record any Pholoidae from the Eugenie Expedition. His definition is "Elytra in segmentis alternantia; cirri dorsuales nulli, nec in segmentis elytris praeditis, nec in segmentis elytris carentibus." [approximately: elytra alternate, no dorsal cirri] [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSynonymy Genus Pareupholoe Hartmann-Schröder, 1962, erected in Sigalionidae, indirectly transfers to Pholoidae as Pareupholoe fimbriata is a synonym of Pholoides asperus. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSynonymy Wiklund et al. (2005) suggested that on molecular evidence "Pisione and Pholoe are positioned within Sigalionidae, suggesting that both family names Pisionidae and Pholoidae should be treated as junior synonyms of Sigalionidae." Struck et al (2005) similarly concluded Pisionidae, Pholoidae, and Sigalionidae are closely related. Norlinder et al. (2012) decided to continue to keep Pholoidae separate from Sigalionidae, but synonymised Pisionidae.  [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:941
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  db_admin
2007-01-22 09:31:04Z  changed  Barnich, Ruth
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
2010-10-20 00:20:00Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
2012-09-19 03:31:54Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
  
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  Citation: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (2014). Pholoidae Kinberg, 1858. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=941 on 2014-11-28
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License