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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCtenodrilidae Kennel, 1882 
AphiaID: 905

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSedentaria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCanalipalpata (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebellida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratuliformia (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCtenodrilidae (Family)
Status taxon inquirendum (nominal genus is within Cirratulidae molecularly)
Rank Family
Typetaxon Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCtenodrilus Claparède, 1863
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratuliformia
Sources  original description Kennel, J. 1882. Über Ctenodrilus pardalis Clpd. Ein Beitrag zur Kenntniss der Anatomie und Knospung der Anneliden. Arbeiten aus dem Zoologisch-Zootomischen Institut Würzburg 5: 373-429., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34433717
page(s): 426 [details]

status source Hartmann-Schröder, G. (1996). Annelida, Borstenwürmer, Polychaeta [Annelida, bristleworms, Polychaeta]. 2nd revised ed. The fauna of Germany and adjacent seas with their characteristics and ecology, 58. Gustav Fischer: Jena, Germany. ISBN 3-437-35038-2. 648 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]

status source Magalhães, W.F.; Bailey–Brock, J.H.; Davenport, J.S. (2011). On the genus Raphidrilus Monticelli, 1910 (Polychaeta: Ctenodrilidae) with description of two new species. Zootaxa 2804: 1–14., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2011/f/zt02804p014.pdf [details]

status source Weidhase, Michael; Bleidorn, Christoph; Simon, Carol A. (2016). On the taxonomy and phylogeny of Ctenodrilus (Annelida: Cirratulidae) with a first report from South Africa. Marine Biodiversity. 46(1): 243-252., available online at https://doi.org/10.1007/s12526-015-0355-3 [details]

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Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZeppelina Vaillant, 1890 (nomen dubium, all putative taxa reassigned to regenerate or juvenile Cirratulidae)

Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonostylos Vejdovsky, 1884 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZeppelina Vaillant, 1890
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClassification Subfamilies formerly included Ctenodrilinae, Raphidrilinae, and Heterodrilinae (to Raphidrilinae). These now moved to Cirratulidae. The independence of Ctenodrilidae from Cirratulidae was uncertain, compounded by the possibility of misidentification of cirratulid juveniles as ctenodrilids. Taxonomists Hartmann-Schröder, 1996 & recently Magalhães et al (2011) treat them as distinct, as does Salazar-Vallejo et al. (2008) in a morphological analysis, but at least some molecular work places them in cirratulids (e.g., Rousset et al. 2007). Weidhase et al (2016) further report that Raricirrus and Ctenodrilus species are Cirratulidae, thus probably Ctenodrilidae is no longer required as a taxon. They conclude "we assume that all former Ctenodrilidae are progenetic members of the Cirratulidae and the family Ctenodrilidae needs to be revised and probably abandoned." [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Body short or long, prostomium without appendages, palps absent. Pharynx a ventral muscular pad. Some anterior segments may be fused and asetigerous; some segments with median dorsal cirri; paired lateral branchiae present in some juveniles. Setae in double fascicles, all multifid hooks; parapodial lobes absent. [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:905
Edit history
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  db_admin
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
2010-03-03 00:50:30Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
2015-06-27 04:08:06Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
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  Citation: Read, G. (2015). Ctenodrilidae. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=905 on 2017-08-18
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