WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorComatuloidea Fleming, 1828

828511  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:828511)

accepted
Superfamily
marine
Fleming, J. (1828). A History of British Animals, Exhibiting the Descriptive Characters and Systematical Arrangement of the Genera and Species of Quadrupeds, Birds, Reptiles, Fishes, Mollusca, and Radiata of the United Kingdom; Including the Indigenous, Extirpated, and Extinct Kinds, Together with Periodical and Occasional Visitants. Bell & Bradfute, Edinburgh. pp. 1–565., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18569 [details]   
Messing, C. (2015). Comatuloidea Fleming, 1828. In: Messing, C. (2017). World List of Crinoidea. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=828511 on 2017-12-14

Date
action
by
2015-01-06 17:20:56Z
created

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Fleming, J. (1828). A History of British Animals, Exhibiting the Descriptive Characters and Systematical Arrangement of the Genera and Species of Quadrupeds, Birds, Reptiles, Fishes, Mollusca, and Radiata of the United Kingdom; Including the Indigenous, Extirpated, and Extinct Kinds, Together with Periodical and Occasional Visitants. Bell & Bradfute, Edinburgh. pp. 1–565., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18569 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorComasteracea AH Clark, 1908) Clark AH (1908) New genera of unstalked crinoids. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 21:125-136. [details]   

basis of record Summers, M. M.; Messing, C. G.; Rouse, G. W. (2014). Phylogeny of Comatulidae (Echinodermata: Crinoidea: Comatulida): A new classification and an assessment of morphological characters for crinoid taxonomy. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 80: 319-339., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2014.06.030 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorComasteroidea AH Clark, 1908) Clark AH (1931) A monograph of the existing crinoids. 1(3) Superfamily Comasterida. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 82. viii + 816 pp., 82 pls., available online at https://doi.org/10.5479/si.03629236.82.3 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorComasteroidea AH Clark, 1908) Hess H, Messing CG (2011) Comatulida. In: Hess H, Messing CG, Ausich WI. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part T, Echinodermata 2 Revised, Crinoidea, vol. 3. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, Kansas, pp. 70–146. [details]   
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiagnosis Centrodorsal thick to thin discoidal or pentagonal, rarely stellate; aboral apex broad, cirrus-free, flat or slightly convex or concave, sometimes with narrow, radiating, interradial impressions; aboral star absent, but center of aboral apex sometimes depressed; centrodorsal cavity less than 30% of centrodorsal diameter, larger in very small specimens; adoral surface with interradial furrows for basals, but no radial pits or coelomic impressions. Cirrus sockets generally rather large, without distinct ornament, crowded around centrodorsal margin in 1-3 irregular tiers, never forming vertical columns. Some species of Comatula, Comanthus, Comaster, Phanogenia and Capillaster with centrodorsal thin, reduced, commonly not projecting below radials and bearing few or no cirri. Basals forming rosette with rod-like rays, commonly exposed interradially. Subradial clefts may be present, especially in large specimens. Exposed aboral surface of radials usually short, sometimes partly or completely oncealed; well exposed in species with reduced centrodorsal. Radial articular facet parallel to oral-aboral axis or nearly so and with shallow fossae. Interarticular ligament fossae large, high and wide, generally higher than aboral ligament fossa and separated by broad, shallow midradial furrow. Adoral border of interarticular fossae straight or slightly curved, horizontal or slightly sloping. Adoral muscle fossae low, always smaller than interarticular ligament fossae, forming narrow bands along horizontal adoral edge. Radial cavity large, with spongy calcareous filling in living specimens. Rays divided at least at primibrachial 2, commonly up to several times more and producing as many as 180 undivided arms. Synarthry between primibrachials 1-2 and secundibrachials 1-2, or modified synarthry either relatively featureless or resembling syzygies. True syzygies present only in Comatula. First pinnule on secundibrachial 2 (when series composed of 4 ossicles). Oral pinnules slender, flagellate, of numerous short pinnulars. Distal pinnulars of at least some oral pinnules bearing a comb formed by peg- or bladelike teeth, 1-2 per pinnular. Middle and distal pinnules commonly extremely spiny. Arms arising farthest away from eccentrically placed mouth (=posterior) commonly shorter than those arising closest to mouth, sometimes lacking ambulacral groove but with better developed gonads. Mouth typically displaced off center or marginal, and anal papilla central or subcentral on disk (commonly less so in juveniles); mouth central or subcentral in several genera. (As Comasteroidea; modified from Hess & Messing, 2011.)  [details]