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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCornulites Schlotheim, 1820 † 
AphiaID: 765448

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia incertae sedis (Subkingdom)
Status accepted
Rank Genus
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia incertae sedis
Sources  original description Schlotheim, E.F. von 1820. Die Petrefactenkunde auf ihrem jetztigen Standpunkte durch die Beschreibung seiner Sammlung versteinerter und fossiler Überreste des Thier- und Pflanzenreichs der Vorwelt. Becker, Gotha, 1820, lxii + 437 pp.
page(s): 378 [details]

status source Herringshaw, Liam G.; Thomas, Alan T.; Smith, M. Paul. 2007. Systematics, shell structure and affinities of the Palaeozoic Problematicum Cornulites. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 150(4): 681-699, available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.2007.00300.x [details]

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Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortubeworm  [details]
Direct child
taxa (4)

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 Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCornulites cellulosus Herringshaw, Thomas & Smith, 2007 †
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCornulites gremialis Herringshaw, Thomas & Smith, 2007 †
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCornulites scalariformis Vine, 1882 †
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCornulites serpularius Schlotheim, 1820 †
Environment marine
Fossil range fossil only
Note 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClassification Cornulites species are shelly fossils that are "small conoidal shells of uncertain affinities" from the Silurian of Gotland and the Much Wenlock Limestone Formation of England. Originally placed as 'Vermes' and loosely called 'tubeworms' their placement to phylum remains unresolved. "The commonest interpretation of the biological affinities of cornulitids has been that they were tubicolous annelids, probably most closely related to the Serpulidae" (Herringshaw et al. 2007). However, Herringshaw et al (2007) concluded that "the combination of tabulae, lamellae, apertural grooves, cellulae and pseudopuncta gives the cornulitid skeleton a complexity far beyond that of serpulids […] there are thus no grounds for interpreting Cornulites as a member of the Annelida." They favoured a Cnidarian (coral) affinity and ruled out several other suggested affinities.  [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:765448
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2014-06-15 21:39:08Z  created  Read, Geoffrey
  
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  Citation: Read, G. (2014). Cornulites Schlotheim, 1820. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=765448 on 2014-09-17
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License