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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona rubens (sensu Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) 
AphiaID: 605441

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDemospongiae (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteroscleromorpha (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosclerida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChalinidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona rubens (Species)
Status Unaccepted: synonym, or anything that is not accepted unaccepted (genus transfer and synonym)
Accepted name  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphimedon compressa Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona Grant, 1836
Orig. name Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia rubens sensu Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864
[show all]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorBahamian [details]
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorFloridian [details]
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorGreater Antilles [details]
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorNorthern Gulf of Mexico [details]
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorSouthwestern Caribbean [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (13 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (3 nucleotides; 3 proteins) 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Wiedenmayer (1977) (Sponges of the Western Bahamas) studied and discussed the status of Spongia rubens and Haliclona rubens, so if you want more information you can consult his work (pp.82-84). The problem with old names like Spongia rubens Pallas is that there is no type material left. In fact, Pallas simply named and described specimens from pictures in books (such as Seba, 1734-65). The pictures he indicated as belonging to his Spongia rubens came from four different works and according to Wiedenmayer these were all different species and also different genera, although none of these specimens survived. For instance the Seba picture almost certainly concerns a Agelas species judging from his plate (but no specimen is left to investigate whether that is indeed the case). The description of Pallas is so general that almost any ramose sponge with reddish color would fall within the variation. Usually, in such cases a neotype is assigned. Duchassaing & Michelotti (1864) used the name Spongia rubens for a species that is now considered an Amphimedon. Their specimens (which survived in Torino and Amsterdam collections) were found to belong to the same species as Duchassaing & Michelotti's Amphimedon compressa, and this precluded a reason for assigning their Spongia rubens as a neotype because the type material of A. compressa is still extant. Wiedenmayer proposed to adopt this name for what was called Haliclona rubens by the various previous authors (de Laubenfels, Hechtel, Hartman) and many authors followed this proposal.
The matter is further complicated by Linnaeus' 1759 Spongia nodosa, quoted by Pallas as synonym of Spongia rubens. S. nodosa is also unrecognizable and no material is extant, but technically it would have to be recognized as a senior synonym of Spongia rubens. This has not been picked up by any modern author, and is best left as unrecognizable. [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:605441
Edit history
Date   action   by
2012-07-08 10:42:31Z  created  van Soest, Rob
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  Citation: van Soest, R. (2012). Haliclona rubens (sensu Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864). In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L. (2016). World Porifera database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=605441 on 2016-06-28
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