WoRMS taxon details
Haliclona rubens (sensu Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
|Status|| || unaccepted (genus transfer and synonym)|
|Accepted name|| || Amphimedon compressa Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864|
|Parent|| ||Haliclona Grant, 1841|
|Orig. name|| ||Spongia rubens sensu Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864|
additional source Burton, M. 1954. Sponges. Pp. 215-239, pl. 9. In: The 'Rosaura' Expedition. Part 5. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology, 2(6).|
page(s): 223 [details] [full text]
additional source Hechtel, G.J. 1965. A systematic study of the Demospongiae of Port Royal, Jamaica. Bulletin of the Peabody Museum of Natural History 20: 1-103.
page(s): 18-19 [details] [full text]
additional source Laubenfels, M.W. De. (1936). A Discussion of the Sponge Fauna of the Dry Tortugas in Particular and the West Indies in General, with Material for a Revision of the Families and Orders of the Porifera. Carnegie Institute of Washington Publication. 467 (Tortugas Laboratory Paper 30) 1-225, pls 1-22.
page(s): 40-42; pl 7 fig 2 & pl 8 fig 1 [details]
additional source Laubenfels, M.W. De 1949b. Sponges of the western Bahamas. American Museum Novitates (1431): 1-25.
page(s): 9 [details] [full text]
additional source Laubenfels, M. W. De. (1953). Sponges from the Gulf of Mexico. Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean. 2(3): 511-557.
page(s): 519 [details] [full text]
additional source Little, F.J. Jr. (1963). The sponge fauna of the St. George’s Sound, Apalache Bay, and Panama City Regions of the Florida Gulf Coast. Tulane Studies in Zoology 11(2): 31-71.
page(s): 39 [details] [full text]
additional source Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details] [full text]
|Environment|| ||marine, |brackish, fresh, terrestrial
|Fossil range|| ||recent only|
From regional or thematic species database
Greater Antilles [details]
Northern Gulf of Mexico [details]
Southwestern Caribbean [details]
|Links|| ||To Biodiversity Heritage Library (13 publications) |
To GenBank (3 nucleotides; 3 proteins)
From editor or global species database
Taxonomy Wiedenmayer (1977) (Sponges of the Western Bahamas) studied and discussed the status of Spongia rubens and Haliclona rubens, so if you want more information you can consult his work (pp.82-84). The problem with old names like Spongia rubens Pallas is that there is no type material left. In fact, Pallas simply named and described specimens from pictures in books (such as Seba, 1734-65). The pictures he indicated as belonging to his Spongia rubens came from four different works and according to Wiedenmayer these were all different species and also different genera, although none of these specimens survived. For instance the Seba picture almost certainly concerns a Agelas species judging from his plate (but no specimen is left to investigate whether that is indeed the case). The description of Pallas is so general that almost any ramose sponge with reddish color would fall within the variation. Usually, in such cases a neotype is assigned. Duchassaing & Michelotti (1864) used the name Spongia rubens for a species that is now considered an Amphimedon. Their specimens (which survived in Torino and Amsterdam collections) were found to belong to the same species as Duchassaing & Michelotti's Amphimedon compressa, and this precluded a reason for assigning their Spongia rubens as a neotype because the type material of A. compressa is still extant. Wiedenmayer proposed to adopt this name for what was called Haliclona rubens by the various previous authors (de Laubenfels, Hechtel, Hartman) and many authors followed this proposal.
The matter is further complicated by Linnaeus' 1759 Spongia nodosa, quoted by Pallas as synonym of Spongia rubens. S. nodosa is also unrecognizable and no material is extant, but technically it would have to be recognized as a senior synonym of Spongia rubens. This has not been picked up by any modern author, and is best left as unrecognizable. [details]
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| || ||Citation: van Soest, R. (2012). Haliclona rubens. In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L. (2016). World Porifera database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=605441 on 2016-09-30|
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