WoRMS taxon details

Geodiinae Gray, 1867

597252  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:597252)

accepted
Subfamily
Genus Geodia Lamarck, 1815
  » Species Geodia acanthylastra Lendenfeld, 1910
  » Species Geodia agassizii Lendenfeld, 1910
  » Species Geodia alba (Kieschnick, 1896)
  » Species Geodia amadaiba Tanita & Hoshino, 1989
  » Species Geodia amphistrongyla Lendenfeld, 1910
  » Species Geodia anceps (Vosmaer, 1894)
  » Species Geodia angulata (Lendenfeld, 1910)
  » Species Geodia apiarium (Schmidt, 1870)
  » Species Geodia arabica Carter, 1869
  » Species Geodia areolata Carter, 1880
  » Species Geodia arripiens Lindgren, 1897
  » Species Geodia asteroderma Hughes, 1985 †
  » Species Geodia ataxastra Lendenfeld, 1910
  » Species Geodia atlantica (Stephens, 1915)
  » Species Geodia auroristella Dendy, 1916
  » Species Geodia australis Da Silva & Mothes, 2000
  » Species Geodia barretti Bowerbank, 1858
  » Species Geodia basilea Lévi, 1964
  » Species Geodia berryi (Sollas, 1888)
  » Species Geodia bicolor (Lendenfeld, 1910)
  » Species Geodia breviana Lendenfeld, 1910
  » Species Geodia californica (Lendenfeld, 1910)
  » Species Geodia campbellensis Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015
  » Species Geodia canaliculata Schmidt, 1868
  » Species Geodia carcinophila (Lendenfeld, 1897)
  » Species Geodia carteri Sollas, 1888
  » Species Geodia chathamensis Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015
  » Species Geodia cidaris (Lamarck, 1815)
  » Species Geodia composita Bösraug, 1913
  » Species Geodia conchilega Schmidt, 1862
  » Species Geodia contorta (Bowerbank, 1873)
  » Species Geodia cooksoni (Sollas, 1888)
  » Species Geodia copiosa Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015
  » Species Geodia corticostylifera Hajdu, Muricy, Custodio, Russo & Peixinho, 1992
  » Species Geodia cribrata Rützler, Piantoni, van Soest & Díaz, 2014
  » Species Geodia crustosa Bösraug, 1913
  » Species Geodia cumulus Schmidt, 1870
  » Species Geodia curacaoensis Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014
  » Species Geodia cydonium (Linnaeus, 1767)
  » Species Geodia cylindrica Thiele, 1898
  » Species Geodia dendyi Burton, 1926
  » Species Geodia depressa Bowerbank, 1873
  » Species Geodia distincta Lindgren, 1897
  » Species Geodia dura (Tendal, 1969)
  » Species Geodia dysoni Bowerbank, 1873
  » Species Geodia echinastrella Topsent, 1904
  » Species Geodia eosaster (Sollas, 1888)
  » Species Geodia erinacea (Lendenfeld, 1888)
  » Species Geodia ewok Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015
  » Species Geodia exigua Thiele, 1898
  » Species Geodia flemingi Bowerbank, 1873
  » Species Geodia gallica (Lendenfeld, 1907)
  » Species Geodia garoupa Carvalho, Lopes, Cosme & Hajdu, 2016
  » Species Geodia geodina (Schmidt, 1868)
  » Species Geodia gibberella de Laubenfels, 1951
  » Species Geodia gibberosa Lamarck, 1815
  » Species Geodia glariosa (Sollas, 1888)
  » Species Geodia globosa (Baer, 1906)
  » Species Geodia globostellifera Carter, 1880
  » Species Geodia globus Schmidt, 1870
  » Species Geodia harpago Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015
  » Species Geodia hentscheli Cárdenas, Rapp, Schander & Tendal, 2010
  » Species Geodia hilgendorfi Thiele, 1898
  » Species Geodia hirsuta (Sollas, 1886)
  » Species Geodia hyotania (Tanita, 1965)
  » Species Geodia imperfecta Bowerbank, 1874
  » Species Geodia inaequalis Bowerbank, 1873
  » Species Geodia inconspicua (Bowerbank, 1873)
  » Species Geodia isabella (Dickinson, 1945)
  » Species Geodia japonica (Sollas, 1888)
  » Species Geodia jousseaumei (Topsent, 1906)
  » Species Geodia kermadecensis Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015
  » Species Geodia kuekenthali Thiele, 1900
  » Species Geodia labyrinthica (Kirkpatrick, 1903)
  » Species Geodia lacunata (Lamarck, 1815)
  » Species Geodia lendenfeldi Stone, Lehnert & Reiswig, 2011
  » Species Geodia leosimi Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015
  » Species Geodia libera Stephens, 1915
  » Species Geodia lindgreni (Lendenfeld, 1903)
  » Species Geodia littoralis Stephens, 1915
  » Species Geodia lophotriaena Lendenfeld, 1910
  » Species Geodia loricata (Lendenfeld, 1894)
  » Species Geodia macandrewii Bowerbank, 1858
  » Species Geodia maculosa (Vosmaer, 1894)
  » Species Geodia magellani (Sollas, 1886)
  » Species Geodia margarita Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015
  » Species Geodia media Bowerbank, 1873
  » Species Geodia megaster Burton, 1926
  » Species Geodia megastrella Carter, 1876
  » Species Geodia mesotriaena Lendenfeld, 1910
  » Species Geodia mesotriaenella Lendenfeld, 1910
  » Species Geodia micraster (Lendenfeld, 1907)
  » Species Geodia micropora Lendenfeld, 1910
  » Species Geodia micropunctata Row, 1911
  » Species Geodia microspinosa (Wilson, 1925)
  » Species Geodia neptuni (Sollas, 1886)
  » Species Geodia nigra Lendenfeld, 1888
  » Species Geodia nigra (Lindgren, 1897)
  » Species Geodia nitida (Sollas, 1886)
  » Species Geodia nodastrella Carter, 1876
  » Species Geodia obscura (Thiele, 1898)
  » Species Geodia orthomesotriaena Lebwohl, 1914
  » Species Geodia ostracomorpha (Lévi & Lévi, 1989)
  » Species Geodia ovifractus Burton, 1926
  » Species Geodia ovis Lendenfeld, 1910
  » Species Geodia oxyastra (Lendenfeld, 1910)
  » Species Geodia pachydermata (Sollas, 1886)
  » Species Geodia papyracea Hechtel, 1965
  » Species Geodia parasitica Bowerbank, 1873
  » Species Geodia parva Hansen, 1885
  » Species Geodia paupera Bowerbank, 1873
  » Species Geodia perarmata Bowerbank, 1873
  » Species Geodia pergamentacea Schmidt, 1870
  » Species Geodia peruncinata Dendy, 1905
  » Species Geodia philippinensis Wilson, 1925
  » Species Geodia phlegraei (Sollas, 1880)
  » Species Geodia picteti (Topsent, 1897)
  » Species Geodia piriformis Bösraug, 1913
  » Species Geodia placenta Schmidt, 1862
  » Species Geodia pleiades (Sollas, 1888)
  » Species Geodia pocillum Van Soest, 2017
  » Species Geodia poculata Bösraug, 1913
    » Variety Geodia poculata var. piriformis Bösraug, 1913 accepted as Geodia piriformis Bösraug, 1913 (status change)
    » Variety Geodia poculata var. typica Bösraug, 1913 accepted as Geodia poculata Bösraug, 1913 (junior synonym)
  » Species Geodia praelonga Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015
  » Species Geodia punctata Hentschel, 1909
  » Species Geodia ramodigitata Carter, 1880
  » Species Geodia ramosa (Topsent, 1928)
  » Species Geodia regina Dendy, 1924
  » Species Geodia reniformis Thiele, 1898
  » Species Geodia reticulata Bowerbank, 1874
  » Species Geodia rex Dendy, 1924
  » Species Geodia riograndensis Silva & Mothes, 2000
  » Species Geodia robusta Lendenfeld, 1907
  » Species Geodia rovinjensis Müller et al., 1983
  » Species Geodia sadiemillsae Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015
  » Species Geodia sagitta Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015
  » Species Geodia senegalensis Topsent, 1891
  » Species Geodia sollasi (Lendenfeld, 1888)
  » Species Geodia sparsa Wilson, 1925
  » Species Geodia sphaeroides (Kieschnick, 1896)
  » Species Geodia sphaerulifer (Vacelet & Vasseur, 1965)
  » Species Geodia spheranthastra Pulitzer-Finali, 1993
  » Species Geodia spherastrea Lévi, 1964
  » Species Geodia spherastrella Topsent, 1904
  » Species Geodia spherastrosa (Wilson, 1925)
  » Species Geodia splendida Silva & Mothes, 2000
  » Species Geodia starki Lehnert, Stone & Drumm, 2014
  » Species Geodia stellata Lendenfeld, 1907
  » Species Geodia stellosa Czerniavsky, 1880
  » Species Geodia stromatodes (Uliczka, 1929)
  » Species Geodia sulcata Van Soest, 2017
  » Species Geodia tenera Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015
  » Species Geodia thomsonii Schmidt, 1870
  » Species Geodia tuberculosa Bowerbank, 1872
  » Species Geodia tuberosa Schmidt, 1862
  » Species Geodia tumulosa Bowerbank, 1872
  » Species Geodia tylastra Boury-Esnault, 1973
  » Species Geodia ulleungensis Sim & Kang, 2004
  » Species Geodia vadi Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015
  » Species Geodia variospiculosa Thiele, 1898
  » Species Geodia vaubani Lévi & Lévi, 1983
  » Species Geodia velata (Lebwohl, 1914)
  » Species Geodia vestigifera (Dendy, 1924)
  » Species Geodia vosmaeri (Sollas, 1886)
  » Species Geodia williami Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015
  » Subgenus Geodia (Cydonium) Fleming, 1828 accepted as Cydonium Fleming, 1828 (junior synonym)
    » Species Geodia (Cydonium) papyracea Hechtel, 1965 represented as Geodia papyracea Hechtel, 1965 (subgenus assignment)
  » Subgenus Geodia (Geodia) Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Geodia Lamarck, 1815 (junior synonym)
  » Subgenus Geodia (Isops) Sollas, 1880 accepted as Geodia Lamarck, 1815 (junior synonym)
    » Species Geodia (Isops) dendyi Burton, 1926 accepted as Geodia dendyi Burton, 1926 (subgenus transfer)
    » Species Geodia (Isops) ovifractus Burton, 1926 accepted as Geodia ovifractus Burton, 1926 (subgenus transfer)
  » Subgenus Geodia (Stellogeodia) Czerniavsky, 1880 accepted as Geodia Lamarck, 1815 (junior synonym)
  » Subgenus Geodia (Synops) Vosmaer, 1882 accepted as Geodia Lamarck, 1815 (subgenus transfer)
    » Species Geodia (Synops) megaster Burton, 1926 accepted as Geodia megaster Burton, 1926 (subgenus transfer)
  » Species Geodia canaliculata Carter, 1883 accepted as Geodia carteri Sollas, 1888 (preoccupied)
  » Species Geodia cariboea Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 accepted as Geodia gibberosa Lamarck, 1815 (junior synonym)
  » Species Geodia carinata Bowerbank, 1858 accepted as Placospongia carinata (Bowerbank, 1858) (genus transfer)
  » Species Geodia cordata (Wiedenmayer, 1989) accepted as Rhabdastrella cordata Wiedenmayer, 1989 (reverted genus transfer)
  » Species Geodia divaricans Topsent, 1928 accepted as Geodia nodastrella Carter, 1876
  » Species Geodia fibrosa (Schmidt, 1870) accepted as Stelletta fibrosa (Schmidt, 1870) (reverted genus transfer)
  » Species Geodia flexisclera Pulitzer-Finali, 1986 accepted as Geodia gibberosa Lamarck, 1815 (junior synonym)
  » Species Geodia gigas Schmidt, 1862 accepted as Geodia cydonium (Linnaeus, 1767)
  » Species Geodia globostella Lendenfeld, 1910 accepted as Geodia globostellifera Carter, 1880 (junior synonym)
  » Species Geodia globostellata (Carter, 1883) accepted as Rhabdastrella globostellata (Carter, 1883) (reverted genus transfer)
  » Species Geodia intermedia (Wiedenmayer, 1989) accepted as Rhabdastrella intermedia Wiedenmayer, 1989 (reverted genus transfer)
  » Species Geodia intuta (Topsent, 1892) accepted as Caminella intuta (Topsent, 1892) (genus transfer)
  » Species Geodia megastylifera (Wintermann-Kilian & Kilian, 1984) accepted as Ecionemia megastylifera Wintermann-Kilian & Kilian, 1984 (reverted genus transfer)
  » Species Geodia membranacea (Hentschel, 1909) accepted as Rhabdastrella membranacea (Hentschel, 1909) (genus transfer)
  » Species Geodia mesotriaena (Hentschel, 1929) accepted as Geodia hentscheli Cárdenas, Rapp, Schander & Tendal, 2010 (preoccupied)
  » Species Geodia muelleri (Fleming, 1828) accepted as Geodia cydonium (Linnaeus, 1767) (junior synonym)
  » Species Geodia normani (Sollas, 1888) accepted as Geodia macandrewii Bowerbank, 1858
  » Species Geodia pyriformis (Vosmaer, 1885) accepted as Geodia phlegraei (Sollas, 1880) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Geodia robusta (Lendenfeld, 1910) accepted as Geodia lendenfeldi Stone, Lehnert & Reiswig, 2011 (preoccupied)
  » Species Geodia robusta (Carter, 1883) accepted as Ancorina robusta (Carter, 1883) (reverted genus transfer)
  » Species Geodia simplex Schmidt, 1870 accepted as Geodia cydonium (Linnaeus, 1767)
  » Species Geodia simplicissima Burton, 1931 accepted as Geodia barretti Bowerbank, 1858 (junior synonym)
  » Species Geodia strongyla (Hoshino, 1981) accepted as Caminus strongyla (Hoshino, 1981) (genus transfer)
  » Species Geodia tuber Lendenfeld, 1903 accepted as Geodia tuberosa Schmidt, 1862 (junior synonym)
  » Species Geodia tuberculata (Carter, 1886) accepted as Stelletta tuberculata (Carter, 1886) (reverted genus transfer)
  » Species Geodia tuberosa (Topsent, 1892) accepted as Stelletta tuberosa (Topsent, 1892) (reverted genus transfer)
  » Species Geodia zetlandica Johnston, 1842 accepted as Geodia cydonium (Linnaeus, 1767) (junior synonym)

Genus Depressiogeodia Cárdenas, Rapp, Schander & Tendal, 2010 (temporary name)

Genus Sidonops Sollas, 1889 accepted as Geodia Lamarck, 1815 (junior synonym)
  » Species Sidonops alba (Kieschnick, 1896) accepted as Geodia alba (Kieschnick, 1896) (genus transfer)
  » Species Sidonops angulata Lendenfeld, 1910 accepted as Geodia angulata (Lendenfeld, 1910)
    » Subspecies Sidonops angulata megana Lendenfeld, 1910 accepted as Sidonops angulata Lendenfeld, 1910 (junior synonym)
    » Subspecies Sidonops angulata microana Lendenfeld, 1910 accepted as Sidonops angulata Lendenfeld, 1910 (junior synonym)
    » Subspecies Sidonops angulata orthotriaena Lendenfeld, 1910 accepted as Sidonops angulata Lendenfeld, 1910 (junior synonym)
  » Species Sidonops atlantica Stephens, 1915 accepted as Geodia atlantica (Stephens, 1915) (genus transfer)
  » Species Sidonops bicolor Lendenfeld, 1910 accepted as Geodia bicolor (Lendenfeld, 1910)
  » Species Sidonops californica Lendenfeld, 1910 accepted as Geodia californica (Lendenfeld, 1910)
  » Species Sidonops corticostylifera (Hajdu, Muricy, Custodio, Russo & Peixinho, 1992) accepted as Geodia corticostylifera Hajdu, Muricy, Custodio, Russo & Peixinho, 1992
  » Species Sidonops flemingi (Bowerbank, 1873) accepted as Geodia flemingi Bowerbank, 1873
  » Species Sidonops geodina (Schmidt, 1868) accepted as Geodia geodina (Schmidt, 1868) (genus transfer)
  » Species Sidonops globosa Baer, 1906 accepted as Geodia globosa (Baer, 1906) (genus transfer)
  » Species Sidonops lindgreni Lendenfeld, 1903 accepted as Geodia lindgreni (Lendenfeld, 1903) (genus transfer)
  » Species Sidonops mesotriaena Hentschel, 1929 accepted as Geodia hentscheli Cárdenas, Rapp, Schander & Tendal, 2010 (genus transfer and preoccupied)
  » Species Sidonops microspinosa Wilson, 1925 accepted as Geodia microspinosa (Wilson, 1925)
  » Species Sidonops neptuni (Sollas, 1886) accepted as Geodia neptuni (Sollas, 1886) (genus transfer)
  » Species Sidonops nitida (Sollas, 1886) accepted as Geodia nitida (Sollas, 1886) (genus transfer)
  » Species Sidonops oxyastra Lendenfeld, 1910 accepted as Geodia oxyastra (Lendenfeld, 1910) (genus transfer)
  » Species Sidonops picteti Topsent, 1897 accepted as Geodia picteti (Topsent, 1897) (genus transfer)
  » Species Sidonops ramosa Topsent, 1928 accepted as Geodia ramosa (Topsent, 1928) (genus transfer)
  » Species Sidonops reticulata (Bowerbank, 1874) accepted as Geodia reticulata Bowerbank, 1874
  » Species Sidonops senegalensis (Topsent, 1891) accepted as Geodia senegalensis Topsent, 1891 (genus transfer)
  » Species Sidonops stromatodes Uliczka, 1929 accepted as Geodia stromatodes (Uliczka, 1929) (genus transfer)
  » Species Sidonops vosmaeri (Sollas, 1886) accepted as Geodia vosmaeri (Sollas, 1886) (genus transfer)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Sollas, W.J. (1888). Report on the Tetractinellida collected by H.M.S. Challenger, during the years 1873-1876. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger, 1873-1876. Zoology. 25(63): 1-458, pls I-XLIV, 1 map. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Taxonomy Cárdenas et al. 2010 studied the phylogeny of Geodiidae. Using molecular sequence analysis and some morphological...  
Taxonomy Cárdenas et al. 2010 studied the phylogeny of Geodiidae. Using molecular sequence analysis and some morphological characters they reached radically different conclusions about the classification of the genera in this family departing from the latest revision of Uriz, 2002. Some of the more important changes proposed by these authors are reinstating the subfamilies Geodiinae and Erylinae, reinstating the genus Cydonium as valid, erecting a new name for a particular group of Geodia species, Depressiogeodia, sinking the genera Sidonops and Isops into the synonymy of Geodia, and subdividing Erylus in several groups. While we recognize the importance of this study, we will wait with implementing the proposed changes until a larger stock of species of Geodiidae has been reclassified using both molecular and morphological characters confirming the new proposals. [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R. (2018). World Porifera database. Geodiinae Gray, 1867. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=597252 on 2018-05-21
Date
action
by
2012-04-19 09:30:54Z
created
2012-05-10 17:20:53Z
changed
2017-09-08 13:09:24Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Sollas, W.J. (1888). Report on the Tetractinellida collected by H.M.S. Challenger, during the years 1873-1876. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger, 1873-1876. Zoology. 25(63): 1-458, pls I-XLIV, 1 map. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Cárdenas, P.; Rapp, H.T.; Schander, C.; Tendal, O.S. (2010). Molecular taxonomy and phylogeny of the Geodiidae (Porifera,Demospongiae, Astrophorida) - combining phylogenetic and Linnaean classification. Zoologica Scripta. 39 (1): 89-106., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2009.00402.x [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Cárdenas, P.; Xavier, J.R.; Reveillaud, J.; Schander, C.; Rapp, H.T. (2011). Molecular Phylogeny of the Astrophorida (Porifera, Demospongiaep) Reveals an Unexpected High Level of Spicule Homoplasy. PLoS ONE. 6 (4), e18318., available online at https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018318 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
From editor or global species database
Taxonomy Cárdenas et al. 2010 studied the phylogeny of Geodiidae. Using molecular sequence analysis and some morphological characters they reached radically different conclusions about the classification of the genera in this family departing from the latest revision of Uriz, 2002. Some of the more important changes proposed by these authors are reinstating the subfamilies Geodiinae and Erylinae, reinstating the genus Cydonium as valid, erecting a new name for a particular group of Geodia species, Depressiogeodia, sinking the genera Sidonops and Isops into the synonymy of Geodia, and subdividing Erylus in several groups. While we recognize the importance of this study, we will wait with implementing the proposed changes until a larger stock of species of Geodiidae has been reclassified using both molecular and morphological characters confirming the new proposals. [details]