WoRMS taxon details
Polititapes virgineus (Linnaeus, 1767) sensu auct.
|Status|| || unaccepted (misapplication)|
|Accepted name|| || Polititapes rhomboides (Pennant, 1777)|
|Parent|| ||Polititapes Chiamenti, 1900|
Tapes virgineus (Linnaeus, 1767) sensu Jeffreys, 1864|
original description Linnaeus, C. (1767). Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae. 12th ed. v. 1 (pt 2): 533-1327, available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5 [details] [full text]|
basis of record Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS) [details]
additional source Forbes E. & Hanley S.C. (1848-1853). A history of British Mollusca and their shells. London, van Voorst : Vol. 1: i-lxxx , 1-486 , pl. A-W, AA-ZZ, AAA-ZZZ [dates uncertain]; Vol. 2: 1-480 [1 dec. 1849], 481-557 ; Vol. 3: 1-320 , 321-616 ; Vol. 4: 1-300 , pl. 1-114F [dates uncertain]. London, van Voorst., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/16341
page(s): vol. 1, p. 388, pl. 25 fig. 4, 6 [details]
basis of record (of Tapes virgineus (Linnaeus, 1767) sensu Jeffreys, 1864) Jeffreys J. G. (1862-1869). British Conchology. London, van Voorst : Vol. 1: pp. CXIV + 341 . Vol. 2: pp. 479  Il frontrespizio reca la data 1863 ma in effetti pubblicato nel 1864. Vol. 3: pp. 394 . Vol. 4: pp. 487 . Vol. 5: pp. 259 , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/55187
page(s): vol. 2 p. 353 [details]
|Links|| ||To Encyclopedia of Life |
From editor or global species database
Taxonomy The name Venus virginea Linnaeus, 1767 was used for a common European species currently known as Polititapes rhomboides (Pennant, 1777), by most British authors in the XIXth century as summarized in Forbes & Hanley (1848: vol. 1, p. 388, pl. 25 fig. 4, 6) and Jeffreys (1864, vol. 2, p. 353-355). Jeffreys explicitly wrote that this was Tapes virgineus “of modern authors”, probably not of Linnaeus. Usage of rhomboides for this species was argumented in Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus (1893: 397-400) and became universal after being adopted in Winckworth’s (1932: 244) list of British molluscs.
Dodge (1952) stated an unmarked specimen of Venus virginea with no proved type status in the Linnean Society, London, which would agree with the specimen figured by Reeve (1864, pl. 4 sp. 17a) as Tapes virginea. Reeve’s figure is clearly the same as Venus rhomboides Pennant, 1777 but this has no bearing on the Linnean species. Conversely there is a lot in University Museum, Uppsala (# 1347-1349) labelled as Venus virginea (Wallin, 2001), accompanied with the so-called "Swartz labels", and which belong to the species currently known as Venerupis geographica (Gmelin, 1791) and Polititapes aureus (Gmelin, 1791).
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| || ||Citation: Gofas, S.; Huber, M. (2015). Polititapes virgineus. In: MolluscaBase (2015). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=507877 on 2016-02-14|
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