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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus Röding, 1798 
AphiaID: 446049

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMollusca (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGastropoda (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaenogastropoda (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeogastropoda (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBuccinoidea (Superfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFasciolariidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusininae (Subfamily)
Status temporary name (Invalid: junior homonym of Fusus Helbling, 1779. See Nomenclature note below.)
Rank Genus
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusininae Wrigley, 1927
Source  status source ICZN 1993. Opinion 1765. Fusus Helbling, 1779 (Mollusca, Gastropoda): suppressed, and Fusinus Rafinesque, 1815 and Colubraria Schumacher, 1817: conserved. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 51(2): 159-161., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12251905 [details]

Direct child
taxa (45)

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Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus (Pisania) Bivona-Bernardi, 1832 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPisania Bivona-Bernardi, 1832
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus (Pisania) crosseanus Souverbie, 1865 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPisania billeheusti var. artensis Souverbie & Montrouzier, 1864
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus aduncus Bronn, 1831 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuthria cornea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus albus Forbes, 1847 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThesbia nana (Lovén, 1846)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus arthriticus Valenciennes, 1858 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBarbitonia arthritica (Valenciennes, 1858)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus attenuatus Jeffreys, 1877 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColus jeffreysianus (P. Fischer, 1868)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus azoricus Dautzenberg, 1889 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusinus bocagei (P. Fischer, 1882)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus bengasiensis Sturany, 1896 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusinus rostratus (Olivi, 1792)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus bicinctus Hutton, 1873 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBuccinulum vittatum bicinctum (Hutton, 1873)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus boothi Smith J., 1839 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRaphitoma concinna (Scacchi, 1836)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus cingulatus Röding, 1798 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeucozonia nassa (Gmelin, 1791)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus consimilis Marshall, 1902 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColus jeffreysianus (P. Fischer, 1868)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus conulus Risso, 1826 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuthria cornea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus costatus Hisinger, 1837 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBoreotrophon clathratus (Linnaeus, 1767)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus cumingii Reeve, 1848 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAfer cumingii (Reeve, 1848)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus edwardiensis Watson, 1882 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProbuccinum edwardiense (Watson, 1882)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus fasciolarioides Forbes, 1844 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEnginella leucozona (Philippi, 1844)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus fragilis Risso, 1826 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAporrhais pespelecani (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus granulatus Calcara, 1839 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChauvetia lefebvrii (Maravigna, 1840)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus grimaldii Dautzenberg & Fischer H., 1896 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmiantofusus amiantus (Dall, 1889)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus hellerianus Brusina, 1866 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcinebrina helleri (Brusina, 1865)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus intertextus Helbling, 1779 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCumia reticulata (Blainville, 1829)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus jeffreysianus Fischer P., 1868 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColus jeffreysianus (P. Fischer, 1868)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus karamanensis Forbes, 1844 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEnginella leucozona (Philippi, 1844)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus latericeus Møller, 1842 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColus latericeus (Møller, 1842)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus laviae Calcara, 1845 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTeretia teres (Reeve, 1844)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus maroccanus Reeve, 1848 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusinus maroccensis (Gmelin, 1791)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus minutus Deshayes, 1835 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcinebrina aciculata (Lamarck, 1822)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus obesus Sowerby G.B. III, 1880 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColus islandicus (Mohr, 1786)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus pellucidus Hancock, 1846 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColus latericeus (Møller, 1842)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus propinquus Alder, 1848 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColus jeffreysianus (P. Fischer, 1868)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus provencalis Risso, 1826 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHadriania craticulata Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1882
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus pulchellus Philippi, 1844 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusinus pulchellus (Philippi, 1844)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus pullus Reeve, 1848 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColus latericeus (Møller, 1842)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus rissoianus Locard, 1892 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusinus rostratus (Olivi, 1792)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus sinistralis Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusinus maroccensis (Gmelin, 1791)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus squamulosus Philippi, 1836 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoralliophila squamosa (Bivona Ant. in Bivona And., 1838) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHirtomurex squamosus (Bivona Ant. in Bivona And., 1838)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus strigosus Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusinus rostratus (Olivi, 1792)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus subaciculatus Brugnone, 1876 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcinebrina edwardsii (Payraudeau, 1826)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus subnigeris Brown, 1827 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChauvetia brunnea (Donovan, 1804)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus taeniatus G.B. Sowerby II, 1880 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeptunea cumingii Crosse, 1862
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus tornatus Gould, 1840 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeptunea vinlandica Fraussen & Terryn, 2007
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus turgidulus Friele, 1877 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColus turgidulus (Friele, 1877)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus turricula (Montagu, 1803) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPropebela turricula (Montagu, 1803)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus vittatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBuccinulum vittatum vittatum (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBuccinulum vittatum (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)
Note 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature Historically, the name Fusus was used rather indiscriminately for any kind of spindle-shaped shell, for species now placed throughout the families of Buccinoidea and beyond (Muricoidea and even some Conoidea). However, there were several nomenclatural establishments of the name.
1. Fusus Helbling, 1779, has been placed on the Official Index by Opinion 1765 (1994, Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 51(2): 159-161), i.e. it cannot be used as a valid name. The type species of Fusus Helbling is Murex intertextus Helbling, 1779, and it belongs in the family Colubrariidae.
2. Fusus Bruguière, 1789, is invalid because it is a junior homonym of Fusus Helbling, 1779, and it has also been placed on the Official Index by Opinion 1765. The type species (by subsequent monotypy) of Fusus Bruguière is Murex colus Linnaeus, 1758, and it belongs in the family Fasciolariidae.
3. It is uncertain whether Röding really intended to establish a new genus or whether he merely used the Fusus of Helbling (unlikely) or Bruguière (probably). Whatever, Fusus Röding, 1798, has also been placed on the Official Index by Opinion 1765.

To summarize, the name Fusus, in whatever taxonomical sense, is now invalid.
Rafinesque (1815) had substituted "Fusus Lamarck" [= Fusus Bruguière] with the name Fusinus. Fusinus then becomes the valid name for the species congeneric with Murex colus Linnaeus, 1759, i.e. Fusinus colus (Linnaeus, 1758). However, many of the species historically placed in Fusus are not congeneric or even confamilial with Fusinus colus.

When databasing names in WoRMS, it is not clear to which of the different Fusus an author originally combined a specific epithet. We have arbitrarily attributed to Fusus Helbling the specific epithets of species now placed in Colubrariidae, and we have attributed to Fusus Bruguière all the others.
 [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:446049
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2009-12-30 10:54:54Z  created  Tran, Bastien
2010-07-05 09:58:42Z  changed  Tran, Bastien
2010-08-23 09:42:56Z  changed  Tran, Bastien
2010-08-31 06:44:05Z  checked  Bouchet, Philippe
  
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  Citation: Bouchet, P. (2014). Fusus Röding, 1798. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=446049 on 2014-09-18
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