WoRMS name details

Fusus Röding, 1798

446049  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:446049)

temporary name (Invalid: junior homonym of Fusus Helbling, 1779. See Nomenclature note below.)
Genus

Subgenus Fusus (Pisania) Bivona-Bernardi, 1832 accepted as Pisania Bivona-Bernardi, 1832
Species Fusus aduncus Bronn, 1831 † accepted as Euthria adunca (Bronn, 1831) † (original combination)
Species Fusus albus Forbes, 1847 accepted as Thesbia nana (Lovén, 1846) (synonym)
Species Fusus arthriticus Valenciennes, 1858 accepted as Neptunea arthritica (Valenciennes, 1858) (original combination)
Species Fusus attenuatus Jeffreys, 1877 accepted as Colus jeffreysianus (P. Fischer, 1868) (synonym)
Species Fusus azoricus Dautzenberg, 1889 accepted as Fusinus bocagei (P. Fischer, 1882) (synonym)
Species Fusus bengasiensis Sturany, 1896 accepted as Fusinus rostratus (Olivi, 1792) (synonym)
Species Fusus bicinctus Hutton, 1873 accepted as Buccinulum vittatum bicinctum (Hutton, 1873) (basionym)
Species Fusus boothi J. Smith, 1839 accepted as Raphitoma concinna (Scacchi, 1836) (synonym)
Species Fusus cingulatus Röding, 1798 accepted as Leucozonia nassa (Gmelin, 1791)
Species Fusus consimilis J. T. Marshall, 1902 accepted as Colus jeffreysianus (P. Fischer, 1868) (synonym)
Species Fusus conulus Risso, 1826 accepted as Euthria cornea (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Species Fusus costatus Hisinger, 1837 accepted as Boreotrophon clathratus (Linnaeus, 1767) (synonym)
Species Fusus cumingii Reeve, 1848 accepted as Afer cumingii (Reeve, 1848) (basionym)
Species Fusus edwardiensis R. B. Watson, 1882 accepted as Probuccinum edwardiense (R. B. Watson, 1882) (original combination)
Species Fusus fasciolarioides Forbes, 1844 accepted as Enginella leucozona (Philippi, 1844) (synonym)
Species Fusus fluvialis Say, 1825 accepted as Io fluvialis (Say, 1825) (original combination)
Species Fusus fragilis Risso, 1826 accepted as Aporrhais pespelecani (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Species Fusus granulatus Calcara, 1839 accepted as Chauvetia lefebvrii (Maravigna, 1840) (synonym)
Species Fusus grimaldii Dautzenberg & Fischer H., 1896 accepted as Amiantofusus amiantus (Dall, 1889) (synonym)
Species Fusus hellerianus Brusina, 1866 accepted as Ocinebrina helleri (Brusina, 1865) accepted as Ocenebra helleri (Brusina, 1865) (unjustified emendation of helleri Brusina, 1865)
Species Fusus intertextus (Helbling, 1779) accepted as Cumia reticulata (Blainville, 1829)
Species Fusus jeffreysianus Fischer P., 1868 accepted as Colus jeffreysianus (P. Fischer, 1868)
Species Fusus karamanensis Forbes, 1844 accepted as Enginella leucozona (Philippi, 1844) (dubious synonym)
Species Fusus latericeus Møller, 1842 accepted as Retifusus latericeus (Möller, 1842) (original combination)
Species Fusus laviae Calcara, 1845 accepted as Teretia teres (Reeve, 1844) (synonym)
Species Fusus maroccanus Reeve, 1848 accepted as Fusinus maroccensis (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
Species Fusus minutus Deshayes, 1835 accepted as Ocinebrina aciculata (Lamarck, 1822) (synonym)
Species Fusus nodosus Gray, 1843 accepted as Austrofusus glans (Röding, 1798)
Species Fusus obesus Sowerby G.B. III, 1880 accepted as Colus islandicus (Mohr, 1786) (synonym)
Species Fusus pellucidus Hancock, 1846 accepted as Retifusus latericeus (Möller, 1842) (synonym)
Species Fusus propinquus Alder, 1848 accepted as Colus jeffreysianus (P. Fischer, 1868) (non Münster, 1844)
Species Fusus provencalis Risso, 1826 accepted as Hadriania craticulata Bucquoy & Dautzenberg, 1882 (dubious synonym)
Species Fusus pulchellus Philippi, 1840 accepted as Fusinus pulchellus (Philippi, 1840) (original combination)
Species Fusus pullus Reeve, 1848 accepted as Retifusus latericeus (Möller, 1842) (synonym)
Species Fusus rissoianus Locard, 1891 accepted as Fusinus rostratus (Olivi, 1792) (dubious synonym)
Species Fusus sinistralis Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Fusinus maroccensis (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
Species Fusus squamulosus Philippi, 1836 accepted as Coralliophila squamosa (Bivona Ant. in Bivona And., 1838) accepted as Hirtomurex squamosus (Bivona Ant. in Bivona And., 1838) (synonym)
Species Fusus strigosus Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Fusinus rostratus (Olivi, 1792) (synonym)
Species Fusus subaciculatus Brugnone, 1876 accepted as Ocinebrina edwardsii (Payraudeau, 1826) accepted as Ocenebra edwardsii (Payraudeau, 1826) (synonym)
Species Fusus subnigeris Brown, 1827 accepted as Chauvetia brunnea (Donovan, 1804) (synonym)
Species Fusus taeniatus G.B. Sowerby II, 1880 accepted as Neptunea cumingii Crosse, 1862
Species Fusus tornatus Gould, 1840 accepted as Neptunea vinlandica Fraussen & Terryn, 2007 (invalid: junior homonym of Fusus tornatus Borson, 1821; Neptunea vinlandica is a replacement name)
Species Fusus turgidulus Friele, 1877 accepted as Colus turgidulus (Friele, 1877)
Species Fusus turricula (Montagu, 1803) accepted as Propebela turricula (Montagu, 1803)
Species Fusus vittatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Buccinulum vittatum vittatum (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) represented as Buccinulum vittatum (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (basionym)
Nomenclature Historically, the name Fusus was used rather indiscriminately for any kind of spindle-shaped shell, for species now placed...  
Nomenclature Historically, the name Fusus was used rather indiscriminately for any kind of spindle-shaped shell, for species now placed throughout the families of Buccinoidea and beyond (Muricoidea and even some Conoidea). However, there were several nomenclatural establishments of the name.
1. Fusus Helbling, 1779, has been placed on the Official Index by Opinion 1765 (1994, Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 51(2): 159-161), i.e. it cannot be used as a valid name. The type species of Fusus Helbling is Murex intertextus Helbling, 1779, and it belongs in the family Colubrariidae.
2. Fusus Bruguière, 1789, is invalid because it is a junior homonym of Fusus Helbling, 1779, and it has also been placed on the Official Index by Opinion 1765. The type species (by subsequent monotypy) of Fusus Bruguière is Murex colus Linnaeus, 1758, and it belongs in the family Fasciolariidae.
3. It is uncertain whether Röding really intended to establish a new genus or whether he merely used the Fusus of Helbling (unlikely) or Bruguière (probably). Whatever, Fusus Röding, 1798, has also been placed on the Official Index by Opinion 1765.

To summarize, the name Fusus, in whatever taxonomical sense, is now invalid.
Rafinesque (1815) had substituted "Fusus Lamarck" [= Fusus Bruguière] with the name Fusinus. Fusinus then becomes the valid name for the species congeneric with Murex colus Linnaeus, 1759, i.e. Fusinus colus (Linnaeus, 1758). However, many of the species historically placed in Fusus are not congeneric or even confamilial with Fusinus colus.

When databasing names in WoRMS, it is not clear to which of the different Fusus an author originally combined a specific epithet. We have arbitrarily attributed to Fusus Helbling the specific epithets of species now placed in Colubrariidae, and we have attributed to Fusus Bruguière all the others.
 [details]
MolluscaBase (2018). Fusus Röding, 1798. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=446049 on 2018-05-24
Date
action
by
2009-12-30 10:54:54Z
created
2010-07-05 09:58:42Z
changed
2010-08-23 09:42:56Z
changed
2010-08-31 06:44:05Z
checked

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status source ICZN 1993. Opinion 1765. Fusus Helbling, 1779 (Mollusca, Gastropoda): suppressed, and Fusinus Rafinesque, 1815 and Colubraria Schumacher, 1817: conserved. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 51(2): 159-161., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12251905 [details]   
From editor or global species database
Nomenclature Historically, the name Fusus was used rather indiscriminately for any kind of spindle-shaped shell, for species now placed throughout the families of Buccinoidea and beyond (Muricoidea and even some Conoidea). However, there were several nomenclatural establishments of the name.
1. Fusus Helbling, 1779, has been placed on the Official Index by Opinion 1765 (1994, Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 51(2): 159-161), i.e. it cannot be used as a valid name. The type species of Fusus Helbling is Murex intertextus Helbling, 1779, and it belongs in the family Colubrariidae.
2. Fusus Bruguière, 1789, is invalid because it is a junior homonym of Fusus Helbling, 1779, and it has also been placed on the Official Index by Opinion 1765. The type species (by subsequent monotypy) of Fusus Bruguière is Murex colus Linnaeus, 1758, and it belongs in the family Fasciolariidae.
3. It is uncertain whether Röding really intended to establish a new genus or whether he merely used the Fusus of Helbling (unlikely) or Bruguière (probably). Whatever, Fusus Röding, 1798, has also been placed on the Official Index by Opinion 1765.

To summarize, the name Fusus, in whatever taxonomical sense, is now invalid.
Rafinesque (1815) had substituted "Fusus Lamarck" [= Fusus Bruguière] with the name Fusinus. Fusinus then becomes the valid name for the species congeneric with Murex colus Linnaeus, 1759, i.e. Fusinus colus (Linnaeus, 1758). However, many of the species historically placed in Fusus are not congeneric or even confamilial with Fusinus colus.

When databasing names in WoRMS, it is not clear to which of the different Fusus an author originally combined a specific epithet. We have arbitrarily attributed to Fusus Helbling the specific epithets of species now placed in Colubrariidae, and we have attributed to Fusus Bruguière all the others.
 [details]