WoRMS taxon details

Stygobromus Cope, 1872

431520  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:431520)

accepted
Genus
Stygobromus vitreus Cope, 1872 (type by monotypy)
Species Stygobromus abditus Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus ackerlyi Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus alabamensis (Stout, 1911)
Species Stygobromus albapinus Taylor & Holsinger, 2011
Species Stygobromus allegheniensis (Holsinger, 1967)
Species Stygobromus amicus Holsinger, 2014
Species Stygobromus anastasiae Sidorov, Holsinger & Takhteev, 2010
Species Stygobromus apscheronicus (Derzhavin, 1945)
Species Stygobromus araeus (Holsinger, 1969)
Species Stygobromus arizonensis Holsinger, 1974
Species Stygobromus balconis (Hubricht, 1943)
Species Stygobromus baroodyi Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus barri (Holsinger, 1967)
Species Stygobromus barryi Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus bifurcatus (Holsinger, 1967)
Species Stygobromus biggersi Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus blinni Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus borealis Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus boultoni Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus bowmani (Holsinger, 1967)
Species Stygobromus caecilius Holsinger, 2011
Species Stygobromus canadensis Holsinger, 1980
Species Stygobromus carolinensis Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus chamberlaini Ellis, 1941
Species Stygobromus cherylae Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus clantoni (Creaser, 1934)
Species Stygobromus coloradensis Ward, 1977
Species Stygobromus conradi (Holsinger, 1967)
Species Stygobromus cooperi (Holsinger, 1967)
Species Stygobromus cowani Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus culveri Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus cumberlandus Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus curroae Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus dejectus (Holsinger, 1967)
Species Stygobromus dicksoni Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus duplus Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus elatus (Holsinger, 1967)
Species Stygobromus elliotti Holsinger, 1974
Species Stygobromus emarginatus (Hubricht, 1943)
Species Stygobromus ephemerus (Holsinger, 1969)
Species Stygobromus estesi Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus exilis Hubricht, 1943
Species Stygobromus fecundus Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus felleri Holsinger, 2011
Species Stygobromus fergusoni Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus finleyi Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus flagellatus (Benedict, 1896)
Species Stygobromus floridanus Holsinger & Sawicki, 2016
Species Stygobromus foliatus Holsinger, 2011
Species Stygobromus fontinalis Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus franzi Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus gallawayae Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus glacialis Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus gracilipes (Holsinger, 1967)
Species Stygobromus gradyi Holsinger, 1974
Species Stygobromus grahami Holsinger, 1974
Species Stygobromus grandis Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus hadenoecus (Holsinger, 1966)
Species Stygobromus harai Holsinger, 1974
Species Stygobromus hayi (Hubricht & Mackin, 1940)
Species Stygobromus herbsti Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus heteropodus Hubricht, 1943
Species Stygobromus hoffmani Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus holsingeri Ward, 1977
Species Stygobromus hubbardi Holsinger, 2009
Species Stygobromus hubbsi Shoemaker, 1942
Species Stygobromus hyporheicus Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus idahoensis Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus imperialis Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus indentatus (Holsinger, 1967)
Species Stygobromus inexpectatus Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus interitus Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus interstitialis Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus iowae Hubricht, 1943
Species Stygobromus jemezensis Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus kazakhstanicus Kulkina, 1992
Species Stygobromus kenki Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus lacicolus Holsinger, 1974
Species Stygobromus lanensis Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus latus Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus leensis Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus limbus Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus longipes (Holsinger, 1966)
Species Stygobromus lucifugus (O.P. Hay, 1882)
Species Stygobromus mackenziei Holsinger, 1974
Species Stygobromus mackini Hubricht, 1943
Species Stygobromus mausi Holsinger, 2009
Species Stygobromus mikhaili Sidorov, Holsinger & Takhteev, 2010
Species Stygobromus minutus Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus montanensis Holsinger, 1974
Species Stygobromus montanus (Holsinger, 1967)
Species Stygobromus morrisoni (Holsinger, 1967)
Species Stygobromus mundus (Holsinger, 1967)
Species Stygobromus myersae Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus mysticus Holsinger, 1974
Species Stygobromus nanus Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus nortoni (Holsinger, 1969)
Species Stygobromus obrutus Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus obscurus Holsinger, 1974
Species Stygobromus onondagaensis (Hubricht & Mackin, 1940)
Species Stygobromus oregonensis Holsinger, 1974
Species Stygobromus ozarkensis (Holsinger, 1967)
Species Stygobromus parvus (Holsinger, 1969)
Species Stygobromus paxillus Holsinger, 2011
Species Stygobromus pecki (Holsinger, 1967)
Species Stygobromus pennaki Ward, 1977
Species Stygobromus phreaticus Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus pizzinii (Shoemaker, 1938)
Species Stygobromus pollostus Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus pseudospinosus Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus pusillus (Martynov, 1930)
Species Stygobromus putealis (Holmes, 1909)
Species Stygobromus puteanus Holsinger, 1974
Species Stygobromus quatsinensis Holsinger & Shaw, 1987
Species Stygobromus rallus Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus redactus Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus reddelli (Holsinger, 1966)
Species Stygobromus rudolphi Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus russelli (Holsinger, 1967)
Species Stygobromus saltuaris Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus secundus Bousfield & Holsinger, 1981
Species Stygobromus sextarius Holsinger, 2009
Species Stygobromus sheldoni Holsinger, 1974
Species Stygobromus sierrensis Holsinger, 1974
Species Stygobromus simplex Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus smithi Hubricht, 1943
Species Stygobromus sparsus Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus spinatus (Holsinger, 1967)
Species Stygobromus spinosus (Hubricht & Mackin, 1940)
Species Stygobromus stegerorum Holsinger, 1978
Species Stygobromus stellmacki (Holsinger, 1967)
Species Stygobromus subtilis (Hubricht, 1943)
Species Stygobromus tahoensis Holsinger, 1974
Species Stygobromus tenuis (S.I. Smith, 1874)
Species Stygobromus trinus Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus tritus Holsinger, 1974
Species Stygobromus urospinatus Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus utahensis Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus vitreus Cope, 1872
Species Stygobromus wahkeenensis Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus wardi Wang & Holsinger, 2001
Species Stygobromus wengerorum Holsinger, 1974

Species Stygobromus kazakstanica Kulkina, 1990 (nomen nudum)

Species Stygobromus ambulans (F. Müller, 1846) accepted as Synurella ambulans (F. Müller, 1846)
Species Stygobromus behningi (Birstein, 1948) accepted as Synurella behningi (Birstein, 1948)
Species Stygobromus bifurcus (O.P. Hay, 1882) accepted as Synurella bifurca (O.P.Hay, 1882)
Species Stygobromus coeca (Dobreanu & Manolache, 1951) accepted as Synurella coeca (Dobreanu & Manolache, 1951)
Species Stygobromus dentata (Hubricht, 1943) accepted as Synurella dentata Hubricht, 1943
Species Stygobromus dershavini (Behning, 1928) accepted as Synurella dershavini Behning, 1928
Species Stygobromus donensis (Martynov, 1919) accepted as Synurella donensis (Martynov, 1919)
Species Stygobromus hyrcana (Dershavin, 1939) accepted as Lyurella hyrcana Derzhavin, 1939
Species Stygobromus intermedius (Dobreanu, Manolache & Puscariu, 1952) accepted as Synurella intermedia Dobreanu, Manolache & Puscariu, 1952
Species Stygobromus jakutana (Martynov, 1931) accepted as Synurella jakutana (Martynov, 1931)
Species Stygobromus johanseni (Shoemaker, 1920) accepted as Synurella johanseni Shoemaker, 1920
Species Stygobromus kazakhstanica Kulkina, 1992 accepted as Stygobromus kazakhstanicus Kulkina, 1992
Species Stygobromus lepida (Mateus & Mateus, 1991) accepted as Synurella lepida Mateus & Mateus, 1990
Species Stygobromus levanidovae (G. Karaman, 1991) accepted as Synurella levanidovae G. Karaman, 1991
Species Stygobromus longidactylus (S. Karaman, 1929) accepted as Synurella longidactylus S. Karaman, 1929
Species Stygobromus meschtschericus (Borutsky, 1929) accepted as Synurella ambulans (F. Müller, 1846)
Species Stygobromus osellai (Ruffo, 1974) accepted as Synurella osellai Ruffo, 1974
Species Stygobromus philareti (Birstein, 1948) accepted as Synurella philareti Birstein, 1948
Species Stygobromus stadukhini (Derzhavin, 1930) accepted as Synurella stadukhini Derzhavin, 1930
Species Stygobromus wachuschtii (Behning, 1940) accepted as Synurella wachuschtii (Behning, 1940)
Cope, E. D. (1872). On the Wyandotte Cave and its fauna. American Naturalist. 6:406-422, figs. 109-116. (vii-1872) (have partial reprint.).
page(s): 422 [details]   
Distribution Majority of species in Nearctic  
Distribution Majority of species in Nearctic [details]
Horton, T.; Lowry, J.; De Broyer, C.; Bellan-Santini, D.; Coleman, C. O.; Corbari, L.; Daneliya, M.; Dauvin, J-C.; Fišer, C.; Gasca, R.; Grabowski, M.; Guerra-García, J. M.; Hendrycks, E.; Hughes, L.; Jaume, D.; Jazdzewski, K.; Kim, Y.-H.; King, R.; Krapp-Schickel, T.; LeCroy, S.; Lörz, A.-N.; Mamos, T.; Senna, A. R.; Serejo, C.; Sket, B.; Souza-Filho, J. F.; Tandberg, A.H.; Thomas, J.; Thurston, M.; Vader, W.; Väinölä, R.; Vonk, R.; White, K.; Zeidler, W. (2018). World Amphipoda Database. Stygobromus Cope, 1872. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=431520 on 2018-02-25
Date
action
by
2009-11-20 07:10:55Z
created
2010-08-18 07:18:06Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Cope, E. D. (1872). On the Wyandotte Cave and its fauna. American Naturalist. 6:406-422, figs. 109-116. (vii-1872) (have partial reprint.).
page(s): 422 [details]   

original description  (ofApocrangonyx Stebbing, 1899) Stebbing, T. R. R. (1899). Amphipoda from the Copenhagen Museum and other sources, part II. The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London: Zoology. (ser 2) 8: 395-432, Pls 30-35., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/8599617/#page/493/mode/1up
page(s): 422 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofStygonectes W.P. Hay, 1903) Hay, W. P. (1902). Observations on the crustacean fauna of Nickajack Cave, Tennessee, and vicinity. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 25: 417-439.
page(s): 430 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofSynpleonia Creaser, 1934) Creaser, E. P. (1934). A new genus and species of blind amphipod with notes on parallel evolution in certain amphipod genera. Occassional Papers of the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. 282: 1-105.
page(s): 1 [details]   

taxonomy source Lowry, J. K.; Myers, A. A. (2013). A Phylogeny and Classification of the Senticaudata subord. nov. (Crustacea: Amphipoda). Zootaxa. 3610(1): 1-80., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2013/f/zt03610p080.pdf
page(s): 47 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

taxonomy source Sidorov, D.A.; Holsinger, J.R.; Takhteev, V.V. (2010). Two new species of the subterranean amphipod genus Stygobromus (Amphipoda: Crangonyctidae) from Siberia, with new data on Stygobromus pusillus (Martynov) and remarks on morphology and biogeographic relationships. Zootaxa, 2478: 41–58.
page(s): 55; note: remarks on morphology [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Takhteev V.V., Berezina N.A., Sidorov D.A. (2015). Checklist of the Amphipoda (Crustacea) from continental waters of Russia, with data on alien species. Arthropoda Selecta. 24(3): 335–370.
page(s): 341, 349; note: in list of genera [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Sidorov, D. A.; Palatov, D. (2012). Taxonomy of the spring dwelling amphipod Synurella ambulans (Crustacea: Crangonyctidae) in West Russia: with notes on its distribution and ecology. European Journal of Taxonomy. 23: 1-19., available online at https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2012.23
page(s): 2; note: short note [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Bousfield E.L. & Holsinger J.R. (1989). A new crangonyctid amphipod crustacean from hypogean fresh waters of Oregon. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 67, 963-968.
page(s): 964; note: in key [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Kornobis, E.; Pálsson, S.; Sidorov, D. A.; Holsinger, J. R.; Kristjánsson, B. K. (2011). Molecular taxonomy and phylogenetic affinities of two groundwater amphipods, Crangonyx islandicus and Crymostygius thingvallensis, endemic to Iceland. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 58(3): 527-539., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2010.12.010
note: mtDNA COI, 16S, nDNA 18S, 28S [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy Wang D. & Holsinger J.R. (2001). Systematics of the subterranean amphipod genus Stygobromus (Crangonyctidae) in western North America, with emphasis on species of the hubbsi group. Amphipacifica, 3, 2, pp. 39-147;62 figs.
page(s): 41; note: diagnostic notes; "Aprocrangonyx" instead of "Apocrangonyx" in synonymy; hubbsi-group diagnosis [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy Barnard, J. L.; Barnard, C. M. (1983). Freshwater Amphipoda of the World, I. Evolutionary patterns and II. Handbook and bibliography. Hayfield Associates, Mt. Vernon, Virginia. xix + 830 pp.;50 figs.
note: synonymisation of Synurella Wrześniowski, 1877 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

status source Holsinger J.R. (1977). A review of the systematics of the holarctic amphipod family Crangonyctidae. Crustaceana, suppl. 4, 244-281; 15 figs.;. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

emendation (re-diagnosis of genus) Holsinger J.R. (1978). Systematics of the Subterranean Amphipod Genus Stygobromus (Crangonyctidae), Part II: Species of the Eastern United States. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 266, 1-144. [details]   

status source  (ofStygonectes W.P. Hay, 1903) Karaman, G. S. (1974). 59. Contribution to the knowledge of the Amphipoda. Revision of the genus Stygobromus Cope 1872 (Fam. Gammaridae) from North America. Glasnik Republickog Zavoda za Zastitu Prirode. 7: 97-125. [details]   

status source  (ofApocrangonyx Stebbing, 1899) Holsinger J.R. (1977). A review of the systematics of the holarctic amphipod family Crangonyctidae. Crustaceana, suppl. 4, 244-281; 15 figs.;. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

emendation (re-diagnosis of genus)  (ofStygonectes W.P. Hay, 1903) Holsinger J.R. (1967). Systematics, Speciation, and Distribution of the Subterranean Amphipod Genus Stygonectes (Gammaridae). United States National Museum Bulletin, 259, 1-176. [details]   

status source  (ofSynpleonia Creaser, 1934) Holsinger J.R. (1967). Systematics, Speciation, and Distribution of the Subterranean Amphipod Genus Stygonectes (Gammaridae). United States National Museum Bulletin, 259, 1-176.
note: Synonymized with Stygonectes [details]   

additional source  (ofApocrangonyx Stebbing, 1899) Sidorov, D. (2015). The spring-dwelling amphipod genus Lyurella (Peracarida, Amphipoda): systematics, distribution, and affinity, with description of the second representative from the Black Sea coast region. Crustaceana. 88(1): 27-50., available online at https://doi.org/10.1163/15685403-00003392
page(s): 31 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Additional information Paleolimnic [details]

Classification Devided into several species groups [details]

Distribution Majority of species in Nearctic [details]

Environment Subterranean/Stygobitic/Hypogean [details]

Habitat Drip pools, streams and phreatic water in caves, water wells, seeps and/or seepage springs (hypotelminorheic) and underflow of surface streams (hyporheic) [details]

Morphology Stygomorphic: eyes and pigment absent [details]