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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBulla ficus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
AphiaID: 414650

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMollusca (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGastropoda (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterobranchia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOpisthobranchia (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCephalaspidea (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBulloidea (Superfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBullidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBulla (Genus)
Status Unaccepted: synonym, or anything that is not accepted unaccepted (Recombined)
Accepted name  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFicus ficus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Rank Species
Typetaxon of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPyrula Lamarck, 1799
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBulla Linnaeus, 1758
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPirula ficus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Synonym)
Sources  basis of record Linnaeus, C. (1767). Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae. 12th ed. v. 1 (pt 2): 533-1327, available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5
page(s): 1184 [details] [full text]

[show all]
Environment marine
Distribution 
From other sources
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Specimen 

[show all]
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHomonymy Specific use of the name Bulla ficus (Linnaeus, 1758):
- Born (1778:190; 1780:204) clearly intends to follow Linnaeus and to list Linnaeus' species. However, his own specimen - present in NHMW, Vienna (Born collection) Reg. No. 14185 - is a specimen of Ficus papyratia (Say, 1822) (sensu Verhaeghe & Poppe, 2000).
- Lightfoot (1786 p. 44, n. 1051; p. 67, n. 1503, p. 91, n. 1503, p. 105, n. 2307; p. 137, n. 3059; p. 139, n. 3096; p. 139, n. 3120; p. 155, n. 3394; p.167, n. 3618) lists "Bulla ficus L.". From the comments however can be derived that more than one species of Ficus (as currently perceived) was present in the collection of the Dutchess Dowager of Portland.
- Davies (in Pennant, 1791 Ind. Zool. Ed. 2. p. 150) provides a single reference to the image of Rumphius, which can be interpreted as Ficus variegata Röding, 1798 (sensu Verhaeghe & Poppe, 2000), which could lead to consideration of Davies' interpretation as synonymous with the latter and homonymous with Bulla ficus (Linnaeus, 1758).
- Gmelin (1791 Syst. Nat., ed. 13, p. 3426, nr. 14) also lists 4 varieties of Bulla ficus (bèta, gamma, delta, èta) yet these all seem to belong to species of Busycon and Volema according to image references to Martini, Lister, Seba, Klein and Schröter.
- Gmelin (1791 Syst. Nat., ed. 13, p. 3545, nr. 66) also lists Murex ficus including two varieties (bète and gamma). All three refer to species of Volema (also see Murex ficus Gmelin, 1791 = Volema pyrum (Gmelin, 1791).) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature The species referred to by Linnaeus (1767) as Bulla ficus was referred to by:
- Martini (1777 Syst. Conch. Cab. III p. 22 - 24; pl. 66, Figs 734-735) under the descriptive name "Ficus maculata & fasciata". Despite Martini's drawings - which appear to be Ficus variagata Röging, 1798 (sensu Verhaeghe & Poppe, 2000)- it can be concluded from Martini's references that he had the Linnean species in mind.
- Schröter (in Martini, 1788 Vollst. Namen. p. 17 (Bulla); p. 35 (Ficus)) listing a number of descriptive words from Martini and Chemnitz volumes, some of which are in relation to Ficidae, others to Muricidae or Melongenidae, and often occur in references to pre-Linnean works. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Recombined from Murex ficus Linnaeus, 1758 [details]
ImageChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
NHMW 14185 - Coll. I. von Born.
NHMW 14185 - Coll. I. ...
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:414650
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2009-09-20 14:01:55Z  created  Vos, Chris
2010-01-17 10:39:28Z  changed  Vos, Chris
2011-07-15 07:41:24Z  changed  Bouchet, Philippe
2013-04-06 13:22:05Z  changed  Vos, Chris
  
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  Citation: Bouchet, P. (2014). Bulla ficus (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=414650 on 2014-04-21
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