WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBulla ficus (Linnaeus, 1758)

414650

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:414650

Unaccepted: synonym, or anything that is not accepted unaccepted (Recombined)
Species
marine
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature The species referred to by Linnaeus (1767) as...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature The species referred to by Linnaeus (1767) as Bulla ficus was referred to by:
- Martini (1777 Syst. Conch. Cab. III p. 22 - 24; pl. 66, Figs 734-735) under the descriptive name "Ficus maculata & fasciata". Despite Martini's drawings - which appear to be Ficus variagata Röging, 1798 (sensu Verhaeghe & Poppe, 2000)- it can be concluded from Martini's references that he had the Linnean species in mind.
- Schröter (in Martini, 1788 Vollst. Namen. p. 17 (Bulla); p. 35 (Ficus)) listing a number of descriptive words from Martini and Chemnitz volumes, some of which are in relation to Ficidae, others to Muricidae or Melongenidae, and often occur in references to pre-Linnean works. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Recombined from Murex ficus Linnaeus, 1758  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Recombined from Murex ficus Linnaeus, 1758 [details]
Bouchet, P. (2013). Bulla ficus (Linnaeus, 1758). In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=414650 on 2017-11-18

Date
action
by
2009-09-20 14:01:55Z
created
2010-01-17 10:39:28Z
changed
2011-07-15 07:41:24Z
changed
2013-04-06 13:22:05Z
changed

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basis of record Linnaeus C. (1767). Caroli Linnaei...Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio duodecima. 1. Regnum Animale. 1 & 2 Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii. pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5
page(s): 1 184 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Gmelin, J.F. (1791). Vermes. In: Gmelin J.F. (Ed.) Caroli a Linnaei Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Ed. 10. Tome 1(6). G.E. Beer, Lipsiae [Leipzig]. pp. 3021-3910. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83098#5
page(s): 3 426 [details]   

additional source Born I. von (1778) Index rerum naturalium Musei Cæsarei Vindobonensis. Pars I.ma. Testacea. Verzeichniß der natürlichen Seltenheiten des k. k. Naturalien Cabinets zu Wien. Erster Theil. Schalthiere. - pp. [1-40], 1-458, [1-82]. Vindobonæ. (Kraus)., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/43890
page(s): 190-191 [details]   

additional source Born, I. von (1780) Testacea Musei Cæsarei Vindobonensis, quæ jussu Mariæ Theresiæ Augustæ disposuit et descripsit. - pp. I-XXXVI [= 1-13], 1-442, Tab. 1-18. Vindobonæ., available online at http://resolver.sub.uni-goettingen.de/purl?PPN574450726
page(s): 204-205 [details]   

additional source Lightfoot, J. (1786). A Catalogue of the Portland Museum, lately the property of the Dutchess Dowager of Portland, deceased; which will be sold by auction by Mr. Skinner & Co.. London. viii + 194 pp., available online at http://resolver.sub.uni-goettingen.de/purl?PPN603451020
page(s): p. 44, n. 1051; p. 67, n. 1503, p. 91, n. 1503, p. 105, n. 2307; p. 137, n. 3059; p. 139, n. 3096; p. 139, n. 3120; p. 155, n. 3394; p.167, n. 3618 [details]   

additional source Houttuyn, M. (1771) Natuurlyke historie of uitvoerige beschryving der dieren, planten en mineraalen, volgens het samenstel van den Heer Linnæus. Met naauwkeurige afbeeldingen. Eerste deels, zestiende stuk. De hoorens. - pp. [1-4], 1-629, Pl. CXX-CXXV [= 120-125]. Amsterdam. (Erven van F. Houttuyn)., available online at http://www.animalbase.uni-goettingen.de/zooweb/servlet/AnimalBase/home/reference?id=4560
page(s): 128-129 [details]   

additional source Müller, P. L. S. (1775) Des Ritters Carl von Linné (...) vollständiges Natursystem nach der zwölften lateinischen Ausgabe und nach Anleitung des holländischen Houttuynischen Werks mit einer ausführlichen Erklärung. Sechster Theil. Von den Würmern. Erster Band. Nebst neunzehn Kupfertafeln. - pp. [1-15], 1-638, Tab. 1-19. Nürnberg. (Raspe)., available online at http://www.animalbase.uni-goettingen.de/zooweb/servlet/AnimalBase/home/reference?id=4508
page(s): 410 [details]   

additional source Martini, F. H. W. (1777) Neues systematisches Conchylien-Cabinet. Nach der Natur gezeichnet und mit lebendigen Farben erleuchtet. III. Band. - pp. [1-4], [I-IV [= 1-4], 1-434, [1-4], Tab. LXVI-CXXI [= 66-121]. Nürnberg. (Raspe). , available online at http://www.animalbase.uni-goettingen.de/zooweb/servlet/AnimalBase/home/reference?id=2729
page(s): 22 [details]   

additional source Schröter, J. S. (1783) Einleitung in die Conchylienkenntniß nach Linné. Erster Band, von den Schnecken. Nebst drey Kupfertafeln. - pp. I-XXXII [= 1-32], 1-860, [1-2], Tab. I-III [= 1-3]. Halle. (Gebauer). , available online at http://www.animalbase.uni-goettingen.de/zooweb/servlet/AnimalBase/home/reference?id=2106
page(s): 177-179 [details]   

additional source Davies, H. in Pennant, T. (1791) Indian Zoology. Second edition. London :Printed by Henry Hughs, for Robert Faulder,1790. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/44872#/summary
page(s): 150 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

[show all]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHomonymy Specific use of the name Bulla ficus (Linnaeus, 1758):
- Born (1778:190; 1780:204) clearly intends to follow Linnaeus and to list Linnaeus' species. However, his own specimen - present in NHMW, Vienna (Born collection) Reg. No. 14185 - is a specimen of Ficus papyratia (Say, 1822) (sensu Verhaeghe & Poppe, 2000).
- Lightfoot (1786 p. 44, n. 1051; p. 67, n. 1503, p. 91, n. 1503, p. 105, n. 2307; p. 137, n. 3059; p. 139, n. 3096; p. 139, n. 3120; p. 155, n. 3394; p.167, n. 3618) lists "Bulla ficus L.". From the comments however can be derived that more than one species of Ficus (as currently perceived) was present in the collection of the Dutchess Dowager of Portland.
- Davies (in Pennant, 1791 Ind. Zool. Ed. 2. p. 150) provides a single reference to the image of Rumphius, which can be interpreted as Ficus variegata Röding, 1798 (sensu Verhaeghe & Poppe, 2000), which could lead to consideration of Davies' interpretation as synonymous with the latter and homonymous with Bulla ficus (Linnaeus, 1758).
- Gmelin (1791 Syst. Nat., ed. 13, p. 3426, nr. 14) also lists 4 varieties of Bulla ficus (bèta, gamma, delta, èta) yet these all seem to belong to species of Busycon and Volema according to image references to Martini, Lister, Seba, Klein and Schröter.
- Gmelin (1791 Syst. Nat., ed. 13, p. 3545, nr. 66) also lists Murex ficus including two varieties (bète and gamma). All three refer to species of Volema (also see Murex ficus Gmelin, 1791 = Volema pyrum (Gmelin, 1791).) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature The species referred to by Linnaeus (1767) as Bulla ficus was referred to by:
- Martini (1777 Syst. Conch. Cab. III p. 22 - 24; pl. 66, Figs 734-735) under the descriptive name "Ficus maculata & fasciata". Despite Martini's drawings - which appear to be Ficus variagata Röging, 1798 (sensu Verhaeghe & Poppe, 2000)- it can be concluded from Martini's references that he had the Linnean species in mind.
- Schröter (in Martini, 1788 Vollst. Namen. p. 17 (Bulla); p. 35 (Ficus)) listing a number of descriptive words from Martini and Chemnitz volumes, some of which are in relation to Ficidae, others to Muricidae or Melongenidae, and often occur in references to pre-Linnean works. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Recombined from Murex ficus Linnaeus, 1758 [details]