WoRMS taxon details

Hirudo Linnaeus, 1758

370714  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:370714)

accepted
Genus
Species Hirudo medicinalis Linnaeus, 1758
Species Hirudo orientalis Utevsky & Trontelj, 2005
Species Hirudo sulukii Saglam, Saunders, Lang & Shain, 2016

Species Hirudo alpina Dana, 1766 accepted as Crenobia alpina (Dana, 1766)
Species Hirudo anceps Dalyell, 1853 accepted as Malacobdella grossa (Müller, 1776) (synonym - the generic name was used by a number of the earlier authors for species of bdellonemerteans, which bear a superficial resemblance to leeches through their possession of a posterior ventral sucker)
Species Hirudo branchiatus Menzies, 1791 accepted as Ozobranchus branchiatus (Menzies, 1791) (Synonym)
Species Hirudo geometra Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Piscicola geometra (Linnaeus, 1761) (Synonym)
Species Hirudo grossa Müller, 1776 accepted as Malacobdella grossa (Müller, 1776) (synonym: the generic name was used by a number of the earlier authors for species of bdellonemerteans, which bear a superficial resemblance to leeches through their possession of a posterior ventral sucker)
Species Hirudo muricata Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Pontobdella muricata (Linnaeus, 1758) (Synonym)
Species Hirudo officinalis Savigny, 1820 accepted as Hirudo medicinalis Linnaeus, 1758
Species Hirudo viridis Shaw, 1791 accepted as Dalyellia viridis (Shaw, 1791) (superseded original combination, and platyhelminth, not an annelid)
marine
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Distribution once from western and southern Europe to the Ural mountains and the countries bordering the northeastern Mediterranean...  
Distribution once from western and southern Europe to the Ural mountains and the countries bordering the northeastern Mediterranean (Sawyer, 1986, p. 571), today uncommon to rare due to overcollection in 19th century and severe habitat destruction [details]

Taxonomy A currently valid genus of leeches, the generic name was used by a number of the earlier authors for species of...  
Taxonomy A currently valid genus of leeches, the generic name was used by a number of the earlier authors for species of bdellonemerteans, which bear a superficial resemblance to leeches through their possession of a posterior ventral sucker [details]
Norenburg, J.; Gibson, R.; Herrera Bachiller, A.; Strand, M. (2018). World Nemertea Database. Hirudo Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=370714 on 2018-05-24
Date
action
by
2008-11-28 06:40:21Z
created
2013-04-09 01:06:46Z
changed
2017-01-23 13:50:16Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

taxonomy source Gibson, R. (1995). Nemertean genera and species of the world: an annotated checklist of original names and description citations, synonyms, current taxonomic status, habitats and recorded zoogeographic distribution. Journal of Natural History. 29(2): 271-561., available online at http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~db=all~content=a770866456 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

taxonomy source Phillips, A. J.; Siddall, M. E. (2009). Poly-paraphyly of Hirudinidae: many lineages of medicinal leeches. BMC Evolutionary Biology. 9(1): 246., available online at https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-9-246 [details]   

basis of record Sawyer, R.T. (1986). Leech biology and behaviour. Vol. II. Feeding biology, ecology, and systematics. Clarendon Press. 375 p. [details]   

additional source van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO). , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/urmo/ [details]   
From editor or global species database
Distribution once from western and southern Europe to the Ural mountains and the countries bordering the northeastern Mediterranean (Sawyer, 1986, p. 571), today uncommon to rare due to overcollection in 19th century and severe habitat destruction [details]

Habitat typically a small pond with muddy substrate and edged with littoral vegetation (Sawyer, 1986, p. 573) [details]

From other sources
Taxonomy A currently valid genus of leeches, the generic name was used by a number of the earlier authors for species of bdellonemerteans, which bear a superficial resemblance to leeches through their possession of a posterior ventral sucker [details]