WoRMS name details

Distoma Retzius, 1786

344914  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:344914)

 unaccepted (No longer used)
Genus

Species Distoma fenestratum Linton, 1905 (taxon inquirendum, larval name)
Species Distoma incisum Rudolphi, 1809 (taxon inquirendum, Unrecognisable. Not Fellodistomum incisum (Rud., 1809) Stafford, 1904)
Species Distoma scimna Risso, 1926 (taxon inquirendum, May be synonym of Otodistomum veliporum)

Species Distoma affine Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Derogenes affinis (Rudolphi, 1819) Lühe, 1901 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma anarrhichaelupi Rathke, 1799 accepted as Fellodistomum anarrichaelupi (Rathke, 1799) Dollfus, 1968 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma anthos Braun, 1899 accepted as Calycodes anthos (Braun, 1899) Looss, 1901 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma appendiculatum (Rudolphi, 1802) Rudolphi, 1808 accepted as Apoblema appendiculatum (Rudolphi, 1802) Dujardin, 1845 accepted as Hemiurus appendiculatus (Rudolphi, 1802) Looss, 1899 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma atomon (Rudolphi, 1802) Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Allocreadium atomon (Rudolphi, 1802) Odhner, 1901 accepted as Podocotyle atomon (Rudolphi, 1802) Odhner, 1905 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma baccigerum Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Bacciger bacciger (Rudolphi, 1819) Nicoll, 1914 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma bergense Olsson, 1868 accepted as Lecithaster gibbosus (Rudolphi, 1802) Lühe, 1901 (Synonym)
Species Distoma botryophoron Olsson, 1868 accepted as Lecithophyllum botryophoron (Olsson, 1868) Odhner, 1905 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma brachysomum Creplin, 1837 accepted as Levinsenia brachysoma (Creplin, 1837) Stossich, 1899 accepted as Levinseniella brachysoma (Creplin, 1837) Stiles & Hassall, 1901 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma capitellatum Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Anisocoelium capitellatum (Rudolphi, 1819) Lühe, 1900 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma carnosum Rudolphi, 1919 accepted as Pachycreadium carnosum (Rudolphi, 1819) Cortini & Ferretti, 1959
Species Distoma catervarium Looss, 1896 accepted as Walliniella catervaria (Looss, 1896) Yamaguti, 1971 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma caudiporum Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Lecithochirium caudiporum (Rudolphi, 1819) Lühe, 1901 accepted as Synaptobothrium caudiporum (Rudolphi, 1819) Looss, 1907 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma cesticillus (Molin, 1858) accepted as Echinostomum cesticillus (Molin, 1858) accepted as Stephanochasmus cesticillus (Molin, 1858) Looss, 1900 accepted as Stephanostomum cesticillus (Molin, 1858) Looss, 1899 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma cestoides Van Beneden, 1871 accepted as Otodistomum cestoides (Van Beneden, 1871) Odhner, 1911 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma clavatum (Menzies, 1791) Rudolphi, 1808 accepted as Hirudinella clavata (Menzies, 1791) de Blainville, 1828 accepted as Hirudinella ventricosa (Pallas, 1774) Baird, 1853 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma commune Olsson, 1868 accepted as Peracreadium commune (Olsson, 1868) Nicoll, 1909
Species Distoma concavum Creplin, 1925 accepted as Tocotrema concavum (Creplin, 1825) accepted as Cryptocotyle concava (Creplin, 1825) Lühe, 1899 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma contortum Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Accacoelium contortum (Rudolphi, 1819) Looss, 1899 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma crenatum (Rudolphi, 1802) Rudolphi, 1809 accepted as Hemiurus crenatus (Rudolphi, 1802) Lühe, 1901 accepted as Brachyphallus crenatus (Rudolphi, 1802) Odhner, 1905 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma cristatum Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Lecithocladium cristatum (Rudolphi, 1819) Looss, 1907 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma cymbiforme Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Spathidium cymbiforme (Rudolphi, 1819) Looss, 1899 accepted as Phyllodistomum cymbiforme (Rudolphi, 1819) Braun, 1899 accepted as Plesiochorus cymbiformis (Rudolphi, 1819) Looss, 1901 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma deliciosus Olsson, 1893 accepted as Gymnophallus deliciosus (Olsson, 1893) (synonym)
Species Distoma diesingi Cobbold, 1860 accepted as Distomum cochlear Diesing, 1850 accepted as Galactosomum cochlear (Diesing, 1850) Travassos, 1929 (Synonym)
Species Distoma divergens Rudolphi, 1809 accepted as Steringotrema divergens (Rudolphi, 1809) Odhner, 1911 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma fallax Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Anisocladium fallax (Rudolphi, 1819) Looss, 1902 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma fasciatum Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Helicometra fasciata (Rudolphi, 1819) Odhner, 1902
Species Distoma fellis Olsson, 1868 accepted as Fellodistomum fellis (Olsson, 1868) Nicoll, 1909 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma filiforme Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Monascus filiformis (Rudolphi, 1819) Looss, 1907 (superseded combination)
Species Distoma fractum Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Robphildollfusium fractum (Rudolphi, 1819) Paggi & Orecchia, 1963 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma furcatum Bremser in Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Opecoeloides furcatus (Bremser in Rudolphi, 1819) Odhner, 1928
Species Distoma furcigerum Olsson, 1868 accepted as Leioderma furcigerum (Olsson, 1868) Stafford, 1904 accepted as Fellodistomum furcigerum (Olsson, 1868) Yamaguti, 1953 accepted as Steringophorus furciger (Olsson, 1868) Odhner, 1905 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma gelatinosum Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Rhytidodes gelatinosus (Rudolphi, 1819) Looss, 1901 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma genu Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Peracreadium genu (Rudolphi, 1819) Nicoll, 1909
Species Distoma gibbosum (Rudolphi, 1802) Rudolphi, 1809 accepted as Lecithaster gibbosus (Rudolphi, 1802) Lühe, 1901 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma gigas Nardo, 1827 accepted as Kenmackenzia gigas (Nardo, 1827) (synonym)
Species Distoma goliath van Beneden, 1858 accepted as Lecithodesmus goliath (van Beneden, 1858) Odhner, 1905 accepted as Brachycladium goliath (van Beneden, 1858) Fraija-Fernández, Aznar, Raga, Gibson & Fernández, 2014 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma gracilescens Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Prosorhynchoides gracilescens (Rudolphi, 1819) Stunkard, 1976 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma grandiporum Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Lecithochirium grandiporum (Rudolphi, 1819) Lühe, 1901 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma hispidum Abildgaard in Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Echinostoma hispidum (Abildgaard in Rudolphi, 1819) accepted as Deropristis hispida (Abildgaard in Rudolphi, 1819) Odhner, 1902 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma hystrix Dujardin, 1845 accepted as Stephanostomum hystrix (Dujardin, 1845) Looss, 1899 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma inconstans Linton, 1905 accepted as Multitestis inconstans (Linton, 1905) Manter, 1931 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma inflata Molin, 1859 accepted as Deropristis inflata (Molin, 1859) Odhner, 1902 (synonym)
Species Distoma irroratum Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Pachypsolus irroratus (Rudolphi, 1819) Looss, 1902 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma kessleri Grebnitzky, 1872 accepted as Halipegus kessleri (Grebnitzky, 1872) Vlasenko, 1929 accepted as Halipegus ovocaudatus (Vulpian, 1859) Looss, 1899 (synonym)
Species Distoma labracis Dujardin, 1945 accepted as Cainocreadium labracis (Dujardin, 1845) Nicoll, 1909 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma laeve Linton, 1898 accepted as Hemiurus laevis (Linton, 1898) Looss, 1899 accepted as Sterrhurus laevis (Linton, 1898) Manter, 1934 accepted as Lecithochirium laeve (Linton, 1898) Crowcroft, 1946 accepted as Dissosaccus laevis (Linton, 1898) Manter, 1947 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma lasium Leidy, 1891 accepted as Zoogonus lasius (Leidy, 1891) Stunkard, 1940 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma laticolle Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Tergestia laticollis (Rudolphi, 1819) Stossich, 1899 (superseded combination)
Species Distoma lingua Creplin, 1825 accepted as Cryptocotyle lingua (Creplin, 1825) Fischoeder, 1903 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma megastomum Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Ptychogonimus megastomum (Rudolphi, 1819) Lühe, 1900 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma megnini Poirier, 1885 accepted as Accacladocoelium megnini (Poirier, 1885) Dollfus, 1946 accepted as Accacladocoelium nigroflavum (Rudolphi, 1819) Robinson, 1934 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma microcephalum Baird, 1853 accepted as Otodistomum veliporum (Creplin, 1837) Stafford, 1904 (Synonym)
Species Distoma micropharyngeum Lühe, 1898 accepted as Gymnophallus micropharyngeus (Lühe, 1898) Odhner, 1900 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma microporum Monticelli, 1899 accepted as Apoblema microporum (Monticelli, 1889) Monticelli, 1891 accepted as Hemiurus microporum (Monticelli, 1889) Looss, 1899 accepted as Botulus microporus (Monticelli, 1889) Gibson & Bray, 1977 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma miescheri Zschokke, 1890 accepted as Lampritrema miescheri (Zschokke, 1890) Margolis, 1962 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma militare (Rudolphi, 1803) Rudolphi, 1809 accepted as Echinostoma militare (Rudophi, 1803) Cobbold, 1860 accepted as Himasthla militaris (Rudolphi, 1803) Dietz, 1909 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma minutus Cobbold, 1859 accepted as Parvatrema minutum (Cobbold, 1859) (synonym)
Species Distoma mistroides Monticelli, 1896 accepted as Hapalotrema mistroides (Monticelli, 1896) Stiles & Hassall, 1908 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma muehlingi Jägerskiöld, 1899 accepted as Tocotrema muehlingi (Jägerskiöld, 1899) Looss, 1899 accepted as Apophallus muehlingi (Jägerskiöld, 1899) Lühe, 1909 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma nigroflavum Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Accacladocoelium nigroflavum (Rudolphi, 1819) Robinson, 1934 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma okenii Koelliker, 1847 accepted as Koellikeria okenii (Koelliker, 1847) Ariola, 1906 accepted as Koellikeria filicollis (Rudolphi, 1819) Cobbold, 1860 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma pachysoma Eysenhardt, 1829 accepted as Podocotyle pachysomum (Eysenhardt, 1829) Stossich, 1898 accepted as Haplosplanchnus pachysomus (Eysenhardt, 1829) Looss, 1902 accepted as Haplosplanchnus pachysoma (Eysenhardt, 1829) Looss, 1902 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma pagelli van Beneden, 1871 accepted as Steringotrema pagelli (van Beneden, 1871) Odhner, 1911 (superseded combination)
Species Distoma palleniscum Shipley & Hornell, 1905 accepted as Hamacreadium palleniscum (Shipley & Hornell, 1905) Yamaguti, 1954 accepted as Neolebouria pallenisca (Shipley & Hornell, 1905) Martin, Cutmore, Ward & Cribb, 2017 accepted as Paramanteriella pallenisca (Shipley & Hornell, 1905) Martin, Cutmore & Cribb, 2017
Species Distoma pallens Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Allocreadium pallens (Rudolphi, 1819) Wallin, 1909
Species Distoma pelagiae Kölliker, 1845 accepted as Accacoelium pelagiae (Kölliker, 1849) Monticelli, 1893 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma planicolle Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Anoiktostoma planicolle (Rudolphi, 1819) Braun, 1901 accepted as Opisthometra planicollis (Rudolphi, 1819) Poche, 1926 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma poirieri Stossich, 1895 accepted as Telorchis poirieri (Stossich, 1895) Odhner, 1902 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma pristiophori Johnston, 1902 accepted as Otodistomum pristiophori (Johnston, 1902) Woolcock, 1935 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma pristis Deslongchamps, 1824 accepted as Stephanochasmus pristis (Deslongchamps, 1824) Looss, 1901 accepted as Stephanostomum pristis (Deslongchamps, 1824) Looss, 1899 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma pseudoechinatum Olsson, 1876 accepted as Mesorchis pseudoechinatus (Olsson, 1876) accepted as Stephanoprora pseudoechinata (Olsson, 1876) Yamaguti, 1958 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma pulchellum Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Helicometra fasciata (Rudolphi, 1819) Odhner, 1902
Species Distoma rachion Cobbold, 1858 accepted as Lepodora rachiaea (Cobbold, 1858) Odhner, 1905 accepted as Lepidapedon rachion (Cobbold, 1858) Stafford, 1904 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma raynerium Nardo, 1833 accepted as Tetrochetus raynerii (Nardo, 1833) Looss, 1912 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma reflexum Creplin, 1825 accepted as Podocotyle reflexa (Creplin, 1825) Odhner, 1905 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma richiardii López, 1888 accepted as Anaporrhutum richiardii (López, 1888) Brandes in Ofenheim, 1900 accepted as Probolitrema richiardii (López, 1888) Looss, 1902 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma rubellum Olsson, 1868 accepted as Zoogonus rubellus (Olsson, 1868) Odhner, 1902 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma rufoviride Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Lecithochirium rufoviride (Rudolphi, 1819) Lühe, 1901 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma scorpaenae Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Podocotyloides scorpaenae (Rudolphi, 1819) Yamaguti, 1971 accepted as Podocotyle scorpaenae (Rudolphi, 1919) Bartoli & Gibson, 1991 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma scymni Risso, 1826 of authors accepted as Otodistomum scymni (Risso, 1826) Guiart, 1938 accepted as Otodistomum veliporum (Creplin, 1837) Stafford, 1904 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma scyphocephalum Braun, 1899 accepted as Acanthochasmus scyphocephalus (Braun, 1899) accepted as Acanthostomum scyphocephalum (Braun, 1899) (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma simplex Rudolphi, 1809 accepted as Podocotyle simplex (Rudolphi, 1809) Srivastava, 1966
Species Distoma soleae Dujardin, 1845 accepted as Macvicaria soleae (Dujardin, 1845) Gibson & Bray, 1982
Species Distoma soleare Braun, 1899 accepted as Cymatocarpus solearis (Braun, 1899) Braun, 1901 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma somateriae Levinsen, 1881 accepted as Gymnophallus somateriae (Levinsen, 1881) (synonym)
Species Distoma tectum Linstow, 1873 accepted as Brachyphallus crenatus (Rudolphi, 1802) Odhner, 1905 (synonym)
Species Distoma tornatum Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Dinurus tornatus (Rudolphi, 1819) Looss, 1907 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma truncatum (Rduolphi, 1819) accepted as Pseudamphistomum truncatum (Rudolphi, 1819) Lühe, 1908 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma tubarium Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Aphallus tubarium (Rudolphi, 1819) Poche, 1926 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma tubulatum Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Physochoerus tubulatus (Rudolphi, 1819) Poche, 1926 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma tursionis Marchi, 1873 accepted as Synthesium tursionis (Marchi, 1873) Stunkard & Alvey, 1930 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma varicum (Müller, 1784) Zeder, 1803 accepted as Derogenes varicus (Müller, 1784) Looss, 1901 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma varicum (Muller, 1784) Zeder, 1803 accepted as Derogenes varicus (Müller, 1784) Looss, 1901 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma veliporum Creplin, 1837 accepted as Otodistomum veliporum (Creplin, 1837) Stafford, 1904 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma ventricosum Rudolphi, 1819 accepted as Apoblema ventricosum (Rudolphi, 1819) Monticelli, 1893 accepted as Pronopyge ventricosa (Rudolphi, 1819) Odhner, 1911 accepted as Pronoprymna ventricosa (Rudolphi, 1819) Poche, 1926 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma verrucosum Molin, 1859 accepted as Cainocreadium labracis (Dujardin, 1845) Nicoll, 1909 (Superseded combination)
Species Distoma viviparum Olsson, 1868 accepted as Zoogonoides viviparus (Olsson, 1868) Odhner, 1902 (Superseded combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Not documented
Taxonomy in the first half of the 19th Century almost all digeneans were in this genus. It is no longer in use.  
Taxonomy in the first half of the 19th Century almost all digeneans were in this genus. It is no longer in use. [details]
WoRMS (2019). Distoma Retzius, 1786. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=344914 on 2019-10-14
Date
action
by
2008-04-29 08:01:31Z
created
2013-07-12 06:27:59Z
changed
2013-07-18 12:27:11Z
changed

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basis of record Zdzitowiecki, K. (1997). Antarctic Digenea, parasites of fishes. <em>Synopses of the Antarctic Benthos. Koeltz Scientific Books, Koenigstein, 156.</em>  [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
From editor or global species database
Taxonomy in the first half of the 19th Century almost all digeneans were in this genus. It is no longer in use. [details]