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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio caudatus sensu Delle Chiaje, 1827 
AphiaID: 339371

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSedentaria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCanalipalpata (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpionida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpioniformia (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpionidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio caudatus (Species)
Status Unaccepted: synonym, or anything that is not accepted unaccepted (misidentification)
Accepted name  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeanthes acuminata (Ehlers, 1868)
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio Fabricius, 1785
Orig. name Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio caudatus Lamarck, 1818
Sources  original description Delle Chiaje, Stefano 1825 [-1827]. [POLYCHAETA context. Vol.2] Memorie sulla storia e notomia degli animali senza vertebre del Regno di Napoli: Volume 2. 185-444. Stamperia delle Societa Tipografica, Napoli., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/40280#7
page(s): 426, 432-433; note: usage of Spio caudatus Lamarck, misidentified [details]

source of synonymy Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]

status source Imajima, M. (1972). Review of the annelid worms of the family Nereidae of Japan, with descriptions of five new species or subspecies. Bulletin of the National Science Museum, Tokyo. 15(1): 37-153.
page(s): 107; note: discusses possible junior homonymy [details]

status source Pettibone, Marian H. (1963). Marine polychaete worms of the New England region. I. Aphroditidae through Trochochaetidae. Bulletin of the United States National Museum. 227(1): 1-356., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/33229#page/7/mode/1up
page(s): 162; note: simply presents the Spio caudatus usage of Delle Chiaje as NOT Lamarck's species, rather than a homonym  [details]

Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality contained in Mediterranean Sea [details]
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature Usually treated as a junior homonym, arising from a long standing treatment as the original name of a nereidid (eg in Quatrefages, 1866) but this is not correct. Delle Chiaje appears not to be creating a new name. He was aware of Spio caudatus Lamarck and is here applying the name, although misidentified to a nereidid. Spio caudatus is mentioned on p.426, but this is in the context of Polydora cornuta and Lamarck's Spio caudatus unnecessary replacement name. Then on p. 432-433 it is mentioned in the caption for plate 28, fig. 10 & 15, and is clearly a nereidid. This is a misidentification and Spio caudatus Delle Chiaje, 1827 cannot be used as an available name (Art.49). The many past usages (e.g., a modern usage in Nunez p.352, as Neanthes caudata (Delle Chiaje, 1827) in Vieitez et al. (2004)) have not been valid. Neanthes acuminata is the next available name (see note on nomenclature of Spio caudatus Lamarck) [G. Read original analysis, Jan 2016]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPublication date Quatrefages (1866:551) is evidently the source for Hartman's (1959:390) catalogue record date of 1828 (she uses "in Quatrefages", her standard method of indicating secondhand information). Actually Quatrefages gives no date, but reports the publication details as Delle Chiaje's 'memorie' (vol. 2, pl. 28, fig. 10 & 15 [date 1827, plates dated 1822 but possibly 1830]) and 'animali senza vetebre' (pl. 102, fig. 10 & 15 [date 1841]) [a reprint of the first publication of the plates]. [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Mediterranean Sea [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:339371
Edit history
Date   action   by
2008-03-18 12:55:09Z  created  Fauchald, Kristian
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
2016-01-17 22:16:43Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
2016-01-18 21:05:34Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
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  Citation: Read, G. (2016). Spio caudatus sensu Delle Chiaje, 1827. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=339371 on 2017-09-24
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