WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpinosphaera oculata Hartman, 1944

332040  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:332040)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Hartman, O. 1944. Polychaetous annelids from California, including the descriptions of two new genera and nine new species. Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions, 10(2): 239-307., available online at http://digitallibrary.usc.edu/cdm/ref/collection/p15799coll82/id/12856
page(s): 274-275, plate 22 figs. 33-36 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype  LACM AHF Poly 0218, locality Tomales Point...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype LACM AHF Poly 0218, locality Tomales Point (Tomales Point, ocean side, central California, USA, Pacific Ocean (gazetteer estimate 38.24°, -122.9955°); intertidal, rocky habitats) [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNote Tomales Point, ocean side, central California,...  
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Tomales Point, ocean side, central California, USA, Pacific Ocean (gazetteer estimate 38.24°, -122.9955°), intertidal, rocky habitats. [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDepth range Intertidal.  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDepth range Intertidal. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Pacific Ocean: from central California (USA)...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Pacific Ocean: from central California (USA) to Baja California Sur (Mexico). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Not stated. The specific epithet oculata...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Not stated. The specific epithet oculata (masculine: oculatus) is a Latin adjective meaning 'having eyes', and refers presumably to the presence of irregular rows of dark eyespots on the peristomial ring of the species: ''S. oculata differs from S. pacifica, the only known species in the genus, in having numerous peristomial eyespots'' (Hartman, 1944: 275). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy According to Nogueira & Hutchings (2003)...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy According to Nogueira & Hutchings (2003) Spinosphaera oculata probably does not belong to this genus, as it lacks some important morphological features typical of Spinosphaera. This way, on the posterior thoracic chaetigers it lacks (against having) alimbate and serrate chaetae with blade at an angle with the shaft, and 'spinosphaera chaetae', on the anterior and posterior tier of the bundle, respectively, it has 41 pairs of notopodia (against 20-23), and the uncini arranged in double rows end close to the pygidium (against ending near segment 44, where notopodia end). The correct taxonomic placement of the species is subordinate to an ongoing phylogenetic analysis of the group, in preparation by the same authors. [details]
Traits (2008). Spinosphaera oculata Hartman, 1944. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/traits/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=332040 on 2017-12-15

Date
action
by
2008-03-17 10:44:16Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

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original description Hartman, O. 1944. Polychaetous annelids from California, including the descriptions of two new genera and nine new species. Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions, 10(2): 239-307., available online at http://digitallibrary.usc.edu/cdm/ref/collection/p15799coll82/id/12856
page(s): 274-275, plate 22 figs. 33-36 [details]   

redescription Londoño-Mesa, Mario H. (2003). Revision of Spinosphaera and establishment of the new genus Hutchingsiella (Polychaeta: Terebellidae: Terebellinae). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK. 83(4): 747-759., available online at https://doi.org/10.1017/s0025315403007744h
page(s): 755-756, fig. 5A-E [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNontype ECOSUR TERE-12, locality Baja California Sur (Baja California Sur, Mexico, Pacific Ocean (provided geocoordinates 33°09'N, 115°51'W are misplaced; corrected here to approximately 23.04°, -109.68°)) [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype LACM AHF Poly 0218, locality Tomales Point (Tomales Point, ocean side, central California, USA, Pacific Ocean (gazetteer estimate 38.24°, -122.9955°); intertidal, rocky habitats) [details]
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDepth range Intertidal. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Pacific Ocean: from central California (USA) to Baja California Sur (Mexico). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Not stated. The specific epithet oculata (masculine: oculatus) is a Latin adjective meaning 'having eyes', and refers presumably to the presence of irregular rows of dark eyespots on the peristomial ring of the species: ''S. oculata differs from S. pacifica, the only known species in the genus, in having numerous peristomial eyespots'' (Hartman, 1944: 275). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Intertidal rocky habitats. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy According to Nogueira & Hutchings (2003) Spinosphaera oculata probably does not belong to this genus, as it lacks some important morphological features typical of Spinosphaera. This way, on the posterior thoracic chaetigers it lacks (against having) alimbate and serrate chaetae with blade at an angle with the shaft, and 'spinosphaera chaetae', on the anterior and posterior tier of the bundle, respectively, it has 41 pairs of notopodia (against 20-23), and the uncini arranged in double rows end close to the pygidium (against ending near segment 44, where notopodia end). The correct taxonomic placement of the species is subordinate to an ongoing phylogenetic analysis of the group, in preparation by the same authors. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Tomales Point, ocean side, central California, USA, Pacific Ocean (gazetteer estimate 38.24°, -122.9955°), intertidal, rocky habitats. [details]